Pakiŗŗakakath±vaŗŗan±

Pakiŗŗakanti vomissakanaya½. Samuµµh±nanti uppattik±raŗa½. Kiriy±ti-±dinidassanamatta½ akiriy±d²nampi saŖgahato. Vedan±ya saha kusalańca veditabbanti yojetabba½.SabbasaŖg±hakavasen±ti sabbesa½ sikkh±pad±na½ saŖg±hakavasena “k±yo v±c± k±yav±c±k±yacitta½ v±c±citta½ k±yav±c±cittan”ti eva½ vutt±ni cha ±pattisamuµµh±n±ni.Samuµµh±n±dayo hi ±pattiy± eva honti, na sikkh±padassa. Ta½ta½sikkh±padassa niyata-±pattiy±eva gahaŗattha½ pana sikkh±padas²sena samuµµh±n±d²na½ kathana½. Evańhi ±pattiviseso pańń±yati±patti-saddassa sabb±pattis±dh±raŗatt±, imesu pana chasu samuµµh±nesu purim±ni t²ŗi acittak±ni,pacchim±ni sacittak±ni. Sam±sato ta½ ima½ pakiŗŗaka½ viditv± veditabbanti sambandho.Cha samuµµh±n±ni etass±ti chasamuµµh±na½. Eva½ sesesupi.
Atthi kathinasamuµµh±nanti-±di samuµµh±nas²savasena dvisamuµµh±na-ekasamuµµh±n±na½ dassana½.Terasa hi samuµµh±nas²s±ni paµhamap±r±jikasamuµµh±na½ adinn±d±nasamuµµh±na½ sańcarittasamuµµh±na½samanubh±sanasamuµµh±na½ kathinasamuµµh±na½ e¼akalomasamuµµh±na½ padasodhammasamuµµh±na½ addh±nasamuµµh±na½theyyasatthasamuµµh±na½ dhammadesan±samuµµh±na½ bh³t±rocanasamuµµh±na½ cor²vuµµh±panasamuµµh±na½ ananuńń±tasama-uµµh±nanti.Tattha atthi chasamuµµh±nanti imin± sańcarittasamuµµh±na½ vutta½, pańcasamuµµh±nassa abh±vato “atthi pańcasamuµµh±nan”ti avatv± “atthi catusamuµµh±nan”ti vutta½, imin± ca addh±nasamuµµh±na½ananuńń±tasamuµµh±nańca saŖgahita½. Yańhi paµhamatatiyacatutthachaµµhehi samuµµh±nehi samuµµh±ti ida½ addh±nasamuµµh±na½. Ya½ pana dutiyatatiyapańcamachaµµhehi samuµµh±ti, ida½ananuńń±tasamuµµh±na½. Atthi tisamuµµh±nanti imin± adinn±d±nasamuµµh±na½ bh³t±rocanasamuµµh±nańcasaŖgahita½. Yańhi sacittakehi t²hi samuµµh±ti, ida½ adinn±d±nasamuµµh±na½. Ya½ panaacittakehi t²hi samuµµh±ti, ida½ bh³t±rocanasamuµµh±na½. Atthi kathinasamuµµh±nanti-±din±pana avasesasama-uµµh±nas²savasena dvisamuµµh±na½ ekasamuµµh±nańca saŖgaŗh±ti. Tattha hi ya½ tatiyachaµµhehisamuµµh±ti, ida½ kathinasamuµµh±na½ n±ma. Ya½ pana paµhamacatutthehi samuµµh±ti, ida½ e¼akalomasamuµµh±na½.Ya½ chaµµheneva samuµµh±ti, ida½ dhuranikkhepasamuµµh±na½, “samanubh±sanasama-uµµh±nan”tipitasseva n±ma½. Iti sar³pena aµµha ±pattis²s±ni dassit±ni. ¾disaddena panettha avases±nipaµhamap±r±jikasamuµµh±napadasodhammatheyyasatthadhammadesan±cor²vuµµh±panasamuµµh±n±ni pańcapi samuµµh±nas²s±nisaŖgahit±ni. Tattha ya½ k±yacittato samuµµh±ti, ida½ paµhamap±r±jikasamuµµh±na½. Ya½ dutiyapańcamehisamuµµh±ti, ida½ padasodhammasamuµµh±na½. Ya½ catutthachaµµhehi samuµµh±ti, ida½ theyyasatthasamuµµh±na½.Ya½ pańcameneva samuµµh±ti, ida½ dhammadesan±sama-uµµh±na½. Ya½ pańcamachaµµhehi samuµµh±ti,ida½ cor²vuµµh±panasamuµµh±na½. Ettha ca pacchimesu t²su sacittakasamuµµh±nesu ekekasamuµµh±navasenaekasamuµµh±n±ni tividh±ni. Dvisamuµµh±n±ni pana paµhamacatutthehi v± dutiyapańcamehi v±tatiyachaµµhehi v± catutthachaµµhehi v± pańcamachaµµhehi v± samuµµh±navasena pańcavidh±n²ti veditabb±ni.
Eva½ samuµµh±navasena sabbasikkh±pad±ni terasadh± dassetv± id±ni kiriy±vasena pańcadh± dassetu½tatr±p²ti-±di vutta½. Kińc²ti sikkh±pada½. Kiriyatoti pathav²khaŗan±di(p±ci. 84-85) viya k±yavac²vińńattijanitakammato. Akiriyatoti paµhamakathin±di(p±r±. 459 ±dayo) viya kattabbassa akaraŗeneva. Kiriy±kiriyatoti ańń±tik±yabhikkhuniy± hatthato c²varapaµiggahaŗ±di (p±r±. 508 ±dayo) viya. Siy± kiriyato,siy± akiriyato r³piyapaµiggahaŗ±di (p±r±. 582 ±dayo) viya, siy± kiriyato,siy± kiriy±kiriyato kuµik±r±di (p±r±. 342) viya. V²tikkamasańń±ya abh±venavimokkho ass±ti sańń±vimokkhanti majjhepadalop²sam±so daµµhabbo. CittaŖga½ labhatisacittakasamuµµh±neheva samuµµhahanato. Itaranti yassa cittaŖganiyamo natthi,ta½, an±pattimukhena ceta½ sańń±duka½ vutta½, ±pattimukhena sacittakadukanti ettakamevaviseso, atthato sam±n±va.
K±yavac²dv±rehi ±pajjitabbampi k±yakamme v± vac²kamme v± saŖgayhati. Tattha b±hullavuttitoadinn±d±namus±v±d±dayo viy±ti atthi sikkh±pada½ k±yakammanti-±din± k±yakamma½vac²kammańc±ti dukameva vutta½, vibh±gato pana k±yavac²kammena saddhi½ tikameva hoti.Teneva m±tik±µµhakath±ya½ (kaŖkh±. aµµha. paµhamap±r±jikavaŗŗan±) vutta½ “sabb± cak±yakammavac²kammatadubhayavasena tividh± hont²”ti. Tatoyeva idh±pi adinn±d±n±d²su(p±r±. 89) k±yakammavac²kammanti tadubhayavasena dassita½. Atthi pana sikkh±pada½kusalanti-±di ±pattisamuµµh±pakacittavasena k±riye k±raŗopac±rena vutta½, napana ±pattiy± kusal±diparamatthadhammat±vasena ±pattiy± sammutisabh±vatt±. Kusal±kusal±diparamatthadhammeup±d±ya hi bhagavat± ±pattisammuti pańńatt±. Vakkhati hi “ya½ kusalacittena ±pajjati,ta½ kusalan”ti-±di (p±r±. aµµha. 1.66 pakaŗŗakakath±). Na hi bhagavato ±ŗ±yatt±±patti kusal±diparamatthasabh±v± hoti anupasampann±na½ ±dikammik±nańca ±pattippasaŖgato,tass± desan±d²hi visuddhi-abh±vappasaŖgato ca. Na hi k±raŗabalena uppajjam±n± kusal±disabh±v±±patti anupasampann±d²su nivattati, uppann±ya ca tass± kenaci vin±so na sambhavati.Sarasavin±sato desan±din± ca ±patti vigacchat²ti vacanamatthi, na pana tena akusal±divigacchati. Pitugh±t±dikammena hi p±r±jika½ ±pannassa bhikkhuno gihiliŖga½ gahetv±bhikkhubh±vaparicc±gena p±r±jik±patti vigacchati, na p±ŗ±tip±t±di-akusala½ ±nantariy±dibh±vato.Tasm± dummaŖk³na½ niggah±didasa-atthavase (p±r±. 39; pari. 2) paµicca bhagavat± yath±paccaya½samuppajjam±ne kusal±kusal±din±mar³padhamme up±d±ya pańńatt± sammutiyeva ±patti,s± ca yath±vidhipaµikammakaraŗena vigat± n±ma hot²ti veditabba½, ten±ha dvatti½sevahi ±pattisamuµµh±pakacitt±n²ti-±di. ¾pattisamuµµh±pakatteneva hettha kusal±d²na½±pattito bhedo siddho. Na hi ta½samuµµhitassa tato abhedo yutto samuµµh±nasamuµµhitabhedabyavah±rupacchedappasaŖgato.S±ratthad²paniya½ (s±rattha. µ². p±r±jikakaŗ¹a 2.66 pakiŗŗakakath±vaŗŗan±) pana±pattiy± paramatthato kusalattameva na sambhavati “±patt±dhikaraŗa½ siy± akusala½,siy± aby±kata½, natthi ±patt±dhikaraŗa½ kusalan”ti vacanato, “akusalatta½ panaaby±katattańca ±pattiy± sambhavat²”ti sańń±ya kusalacittasamuµµh±nakkhaŗepi r³p±by±katatta½±pattiy± samatthetu½ ya½ kusalacittena ±pajjati, ta½ kusala½, itarehi itaranti (p±r±.aµµha. 1.66 pakiŗŗakakath±) ima½ aµµhakath±vacana½ niss±ya vutta½ “ya½ kusalacittena±pajjat²ti ya½ sikkh±padas²se gahita½ ±patti½ kusalacittasamaŖg² ±pajjati, imin±pana vacanena ta½ kusalanti ±pattiy± vuccam±no kusalabh±vo pariy±yato, na paramatthatotidasseti. Kusalacittena hi ±patti½ ±pajjanto savińńattika½ avińńattika½ v±sikkh±padav²tikkam±k±rappavatta½ r³pakkhandhasaŖkh±ta½ aby±kat±patti½ ±pajjat²”ti. Tatthaya½ kusalacittena ±pajjat²ti ima½ vacana½ uddissa “imin± pana vacanena ta½ kusalanti±pattiy± vuccam±no kusalabh±vo pariy±yato, na paramatthatoti dasset²”ti vutta½,eva½ itarehi itaranti vacanena “ya½ akusalacittena ±pajjahi, ta½ akusala½, ya½ aby±katacittena±pajjati, ta½ aby±katan”ti imassa atthassa vuttatt± itareh²ti vacana½ uddissa “imin±pivacanena itaranti ±pattiy± vuccam±no akusalabh±vo aby±katabh±vo ca pariy±yato dasset²”tivattabba½. Eva½ avatv± kusalapakkhe eva kathanassa k±raŗa½ na pass±ma. Ya½ pana ±patt±dhikaraŗa½siy± akusalanti-±divacana½ k±raŗattena vutta½, tampi ak±raŗa½ ya½ akusalacittena±pajjati, ta½ akusalanti-±din± heµµh± vuttanayena akusal±dibh±vassa pariy±yadesitatt±,±pattiy± kusalavoh±rassa ayuttat±ya natthi ±patt±dhikaraŗa½ kusalanti vuttatt±ca. ¾pattiy± hi kusalacittasamuµµhitattepi bhagavat± paµikkhittabh±vena s±vajjadhammatt± k±raŗ³pac±ren±pianavajjakusalavoh±ro na yutto s±vajj±navajj±na½ ańńamańńaviruddhatt±. Yath± ±k±s±disammutisacc±na½uppannat±divoh±ro viya j±tijar±bhaŖg±na½ uppannat±divoh±ro anavaµµh±n±didesato ayutto,evamidh±pi kusalavoh±ro ayutto viruddhatt±. Akusal±divoh±ro pana yutto k±raŗ³pac±rena pana akusal±disabh±vat± yath±vuttados±nativattanato. Suttass±pi hiyath± suttasutt±nulom±d²hi virodho na hoti, tatheva attho gahetabbo.
Ya½ pana vutta½ “kusalacittena hi ±patti½ ±pajjanto…pe… r³pakkhandhasaŖkh±ta½ aby±kat±patti½±pajjat²”ti, ta½ ayuttameva r³pakkhandhassa khaŗikat±ya ±pattiy±pi desan±dipaµikamma½vin±va paµipassaddhippasaŖgato. R³paparampar± ±patt²ti ce? Tanna, paµikammen±pi avigamappasaŖgato.Na hi r³pasantatidesan±d²hi vigacchati sak±raŗ±yattatt±, iti sabbath± ±pattiy± paramatthat±ayutt±, eteneva ya½ vutta½ “nipajjitv± nirodhasam±pannassa sahaseyyavasena tath±k±rappavattar³padhammasseva±pattibh±vato”ti-±di, tampi paµisiddhanti veditabba½. Idha pana nirodhasam±pann±na½r³padhammameva paµicca uppannatt± ±patti acitt± avedan±, ańńattha pana sacitt± savedan±va,sabbatth±pi pańńattisabh±v±ti veditabb±. Teneva duµµhadosasikkh±padaµµhakath±ya½ ±pattiy±akusal±disabh±va½ paraparikappita½ nisedhetu½ “±dikammikassa an±pattivacanato…pe…paŗŗattimattameva ±patt±dhikaraŗanti veditabban”ti sayameva vakkhati, tasm± “ta½ta½kusal±didhammasamuppattiy±bhagavat± pańńatt± ±pattisammuti samuµµhit±”ti ca, “y±va paµippassaddhik±raŗ± tiµµhat²”tica, “paµippassaddhik±raŗehi vinassat²”ti ca vohar²yati. ¾pattiy± ca sammutisabh±vattepihi sańcicca ta½ ±pajjantassa, paµikiriya½ akarontassa ca an±dare akusalar±si cevasaggamaggantar±yo ca hot²ti lajjino yath±vidhi½ n±tikkamanti, anatikkamanappaccay±ca tesa½ anantappabhed± s²l±dayo dhamm± pariva¹¹hant²ti gahetabba½. Dvatti½sev±ti niyamo±pattinimitt±na½ k±yavac²vińńatt²na½ eteheva samuppajjanato kato, na pana sabb±patt²nampieteheva samuppajjanato. Nipajjitv± nidd±yant±nańhi jh±nanirodhasam±pann±nańca avińńattijanakehivip±ka-appan±cittehi ceva r³padhammehi ca sahaseyy±di-±patti sambhavati.
Das±ti kiriy±hetukamanovińń±ŗadh±tudvayena saha aµµha mah±kiriyacitt±ni. Pańńatti½aj±nitv± iddhivikubban±d²su abhińń±na½ ±pattisamuµµh±pakatta½ veditabba½. Etthaca kińci sikkh±pada½ akusalacittameva, kińci kusal±by±katavasenadvicitta½, kińci ticittanti ayameva bhedo labbhati, n±ńńoti veditabba½. Kiriy±samuµµh±nantipar³pakkamena j±yam±na½ aŖgaj±t±dicalana½ s±diyanacittasaŖkh±te sevanacitte uppanne tena cittenasamupp±ditameva hot²ti vutta½ itarath± “siy± kiriyasamuµµh±na½, siy± akiriyasamuµµh±nan”tivattabbato.
Ya½ pana s±ratthad²paniya½ (s±rattha. µ². p±r±jikakaŗ¹a 2.66 pakiŗŗakakath±vaŗŗan±)vutta½ “kiriyasamuµµh±nanti ida½ yebhuyyavasena vutta½ par³pakkame sati s±diyantassaakiriyasamuµµh±nabh±vato”ti-±di, ta½ na gahetabba½ paµhamap±r±jikassa akiriyasamuµµh±nat±yap±¼i-aµµhakath±su avuttatt±. “Manodv±re ±patti n±ma natth²”ti (kaŖkh±. aµµha. paµhamap±r±jikavaŗŗan±;p±r±. aµµha. 2.583-4) hi vutta½. Kathańhi n±ma par³pakkamena methuna½ s±diyanto attanoaŖgaj±t±dik±yacalana½ na s±diyeyya, s±diyanacitt±nuguŗameva pana sakalasar²re cittajar³pasamuppattiy±vińńattipi sukhum± samuppann± eva hot²ti daµµhabba½, ten±ha k±yadv±reneva samuµµh±natok±yakammanti-±di. Citta½ panettha aŖgamatta½ hot²ti k±yavińńatti evak±yakammabh±ve k±raŗa½, na citta½. Ta½ panettha k±yasaŖkh±t±ya vińńattiy±yeva aŖgamatta½,na k±yakammabh±vassa, itarath± methunassa “manokamman”ti vattabbato, ten±ha “na tassavasena kammabh±vo labbhat²”ti. Kammabh±voti k±yakammabh±vo. Sabbańcetantieta½ samuµµh±n±dika½. Sikkh±padas²sen±ti ta½ta½sikkh±padaniyata-±pattiy± eva gahaŗattha½sikkh±padamukhena.

Pakiŗŗakakath±vaŗŗan±nayo niµµhito.