Paµhamamah±saªg²tikath±vaººan±

Paµhamamah±saªg²ti n±ma ces±ti ettha ca-saddo vattabbasampiº¹anattho, upaññ±sattho v±,upaññ±soti ca v±ky±rambho vuccati. Es± hi ganthak±r±na½ pakati, yadida½ kiñcivatv± puna apara½ vattum±rabhant±na½ ca-saddappayogo. Yath±paccaya½ tattha tattha desitatt±vippakiºº±na½ dhammavinay±na½ sabh±gatthavasena saªgahetv± g±yana½ kathana½ saªg²ti, mah±visayatt±p³jan²yatt± ca mahat² saªg²ti mah±saªg²ti. Dutiy±di½ up±d±ya ces± “paµhamamah±saªg²t²”tivutt±. Nidad±ti desana½ desak±l±divasena avidita½ vidita½ katv± nidasset²tinid±na½, tattha kosallattha½.
Veneyy±na½ maggaphaluppattihetubh³t±va kiriy± nippariy±yena buddhakiccanti ±ha“dhammacakkappavattanañhi ±di½ katv±”ti. Tattha satipaµµh±n±didhammo eva pavattanaµµhenacakkanti dhammacakka½, cakkanti v± ±º±, ta½ dhammato anapetatt± dhammacakka½, dhammenañ±yena cakkantipi dhammacakka½. Katabuddhakicceti niµµhitabuddhakicce bhagavati lokan±thetisambandho. Kusin±r±yanti sam²patthe eta½ bhummavacana½. Upavattane mall±na½ s±lavanetitassa nagarassa upavattanabh³ta½ mallar±j³na½ s±lavanuyy±na½ dasseti. Tattha nagara½ pavisant±uyy±nato upecca vattanti gacchanti eten±ti “upavattanan”ti uyy±nassa ca nagarassaca majjhe s±lavana½ vuccati. Kusin±r±ya hi dakkhiºapacchimadis±ya ta½ uyy±na½ hoti,tato uyy±nato s±lavanar±jivir±jito maggo p±c²n±bhimukho gantv± nagarassa dakkhiºadv±r±bhimukhouttarena nivatto, tena maggena manuss± nagara½ pavisanti, tasm± ta½ “upavattanan”tivuccati. Tattha kira upavattane aññamaññasa½saµµhaviµap±na½ sampannach±y±na½ s±lapant²namantarebhagavato parinibb±namañco paññatto, ta½ sandh±ya vutta½ “yamakas±l±namantare”ti. Up±d²yatikammakileseh²ti up±di, vip±kakkhandh± kaµatt± ca r³pa½. Tadeva kammakilesehisamm± appah²nat±ya seso, natthi ettha up±disesoti anup±dises±, nibb±nadh±tu,t±ya. Itthambh³talakkhaºe c±ya½ karaºaniddeso. Parinibb±neti nimittatthebhumma½, parinibb±nahetu tasmi½ µh±ne sannipatit±nanti attho. Saªghassa thero jeµµhosaªghatthero. Ettha ca saªghasaddassa bhikkhusatasahassasaddas±pekkhattepi gamakatt± therasaddena sam±soyath± devadattassa garukulanti. ¾yasm± mah±kassapo dhammavinayasaªg±yanattha½ bhikkh³na½ uss±ha½janes²ti sambandho.
Tath± uss±ha½ jananassa k±raºam±ha satt±haparinibbuteti-±di. Satta ah±ni sam±haµ±nisatt±ha½, satt±ha½ parinibbutassa ass±ti satt±haparinibbuto, satt±haparinibbutesubhaddena vu¹¹hapabbajitena vuttavacanamanussarantoti sambandho. Ala½, ±vusoti-±din±tena vuttavacana½ dasseti. Tattha alanti paµikkhepavacana½. Tena mah±samaºen±tinissakke karaºavacana½, tato mah±samaºato suµµhu mutt± mayanti attho, upaddut± cahoma tad±ti adhipp±yo, hom±ti v± at²tatthe vattam±navacana½, ahumh±ti attho. Ýh±na½kho paneta½ vijjat²ti tiµµhati ettha phala½ tad±yattavuttit±y±ti µh±na½, hetu.Khoti avadh±raºe, eta½ k±raºa½ vijjateva, no na vijjat²ti attho. Ki½ ta½ k±raºanti?¾ha ya½ p±pabhikkh³ti-±di. Ettha yanti nip±tamatta½, k±raºaniddeso v±, yenak±raºena antaradh±peyyu½, tadeta½ k±raºa½ vijjat²ti attho. At²to atikkanto satth±ettha, etass±ti v± at²tasatthuka½, p±vacana½. Padh±na½ vacana½ p±vacana½, dhammavinayantivutta½ hoti. Pakkha½ labhitv±ti alajj²pakkha½ labhitv±. Na cirassev±ti na cireneva.Y±va ca dhammavinayo tiµµhat²ti yattaka½ k±la½ dhammo ca vinayo ca lajj²puggalesutiµµhati.
Vuttañheta½ bhagavat±ti parinibb±namañce nipannena bhagavat± vuttanti attho. Desitopaññattoti sutt±bhidhammapiµakasaªgahitassa dhammassa ceva vinayapiµakasaªgahitassa vinayassaca atisajjana½ pabodhana½ desan±. Tasseva pak±rato ñ±pana½ asaªkarato µhapana½ paññ±pana½. Sovo mamaccayena satth±ti so dhammavinayo tumh±ka½ mamaccayena satth± mayi parinibbute satthukicca½s±dhessati. S±sananti pariyattipaµipattipaµivedhavasena tividha½ s±sana½, nippariy±yatopana sattatti½sa bodhipakkhiyadhamm±. Addhaniyanti addh±nakkhama½, tadeva ciraµµhitika½assa bhaveyy±ti sambandho.
Id±ni samm±sambuddhena attano kata½ anuggahavisesa½ vibh±vento ±ha yañc±ha½bhagavat±ti-±di. Tattha yañc±hanti etassa anuggahitoti etena sambandho. Tattha yantiyasm±, yena k±raºen±ti vutta½ hoti. Kiriy±par±masana½ v± eta½, tena anuggahitotiettha anuggahaºa½ par±masati. Dh±ressas²ti-±dika½ bhagavat± mah±kassapattherena saddhi½c²varaparivattana½ k±tuk±mena vuttavacana½. Dh±ressasi pana me tva½ kassap±ti “kassapa,tva½ im±ni paribhogajiºº±ni pa½suk³l±ni p±rupitu½ sakkhissas²”ti vadati, tañcakho na k±yabala½ sandh±ya, paµipattip³raºa½ pana sandh±ya evam±ha. S±º±ni pa½suk³l±n²timataka¼evara½ paliveµhetv± cha¹¹it±ni tumbamatte kimayo papphoµetv± gahit±ni s±ºav±kamay±nipa½suk³lac²var±ni. Rathik±d²na½ yattha katthaci pa½s³na½ upari µhitatt± abbhuggataµµhenatesu k³lamiv±ti pa½suk³la½. Atha v± pa½su viya kucchitabh±va½ ulati gacchat²tipa½suk³lanti pa½suk³lasaddassa attho daµµhabbo. Nibbasan±n²ti niµµhitavasanakicc±ni,paribhogajiºº±n²ti attho. Ekameva ta½ c²vara½ anek±vayavatt± bahuvacana½ kata½.S±dh±raºaparibhogen±ti attan± sam±naparibhogena, s±dh±raºaparibhogena ca samasamaµµhapanena caanuggahitoti sambandho.
Id±ni nav±nupubbavih±racha¼abhiññ±ppabhede uttarimanussadhamme attan± samasamaµµhapanatth±ya bhagavat±vutta½ kassapasa½yutte (sa½. ni. 2.152) ±gata½ p±¼i½ peyy±lamukhena ±diggahaºenaca saªkhipitv± dassento ±ha aha½, bhikkhaveti-±di. Tattha y±vade ±kaªkh±m²tiy±vadeva ±kaªkh±mi, yattaka½ k±la½ icch±m²ti attho, “y±vadev±”tipi p±µho.Nav±nupubbavih±racha¼abhiññ±ppabhedeti ettha nav±nupubbavih±ro n±ma anupaµip±µiy±sam±pajjitabbabh±vato eva½saññit± nirodhasam±pattiy± saha aµµha r³p±r³pasam±pattiyo. Cha¼abhiññ±n±ma ±savakkhayañ±ºena saddhi½ pañc±bhiññ±yo. Attan± samasamaµµhapanen±ti “aha½ yattaka½k±la½ yattake sam±pattivih±re abhiññ±yo ca va¼añjemi, tath± kassapop²”ti eva½yath±vutta-uttarimanussadhamme attan± samasama½ katv± µhapanena, idañca uttarimanussadhammas±maññenatherassa pasa½s±mattena vutta½, na bhagavat± saddhi½ sabbath± samat±ya. Bhagavatohi guºavisesa½ up±d±ya s±vak± paccekabuddh± ca kalampi kalabh±gampi na upenti,tassa kimañña½ ±ºaºya½ bhavissati aññatra dhammavinayasaªg±yan±ti adhipp±yo. Tattha tass±titassa anuggahassa, tassa meti v± attho gahetabbo. Potthakesu hi kesuci “tassa me”tip±µho dissati. ¾ºaºya½ aºaºabh±vo. Sakakavaca-issariy±nuppad±nen±ti ettha c²varassanidassanavasena kavacasseva gahaºa½ kata½, sam±pattiy± nidassanavasena issariya½ gahita½.
Id±ni yath±vuttamattha½ p±¼iy± vibh±vento ±ha yath±h±ti-±di. Tattha ekamid±hantiettha idanti nip±tamatta½. Eka½ samayanti ekasmi½ samayeti attho. P±v±y±tip±v±nagarato. Addh±namaggappaµipannoti d²ghamaggappaµipanno. D²ghapariy±yo hettha addh±nasaddo.Sabba½ subhaddakaº¹a½ vitth±rato veditabbanti pañcasatikakkhandhake ±gata½ subhaddakaº¹a½idha ±netv± vitth±retabba½.
Tato paranti subhaddakaº¹ato para½. Sabba½ subhaddakaº¹a½ vitth±rato veditabbanti imin±“ya½ na icchiss±ma, na ta½ kariss±m±”ti eta½ pariyanta½ subhaddakaº¹ap±¼i½ dassetv±id±ni avasesa½ uss±hajananappak±rappavatta½ p±¼imeva dassento handa maya½ ±vusoti-±dim±ha.Tattha pure adhammo dippat²ti ettha “adhammo n±ma dasakusalakammapathapaµipakkhabh³toadhammo”ti s±ratthad²paniya½ (s±rattha. µ². 1.paµhamamah±saªg²tikath±vaººan±) vutta½.Dhammasaªgahaºattha½ uss±hajananappasaªgatt± pana dhammavinay±na½ asaªg±yanahetudosagaºo sambhavati, soeva ettha adhammo dippati tappaµipakkho dhammo ca paµib±h²yat²ti vattabba½. Api ca “adhammav±dinobalavanto honti dhammav±dino dubbal± hont²”ti vuccam±natt± yena adhammena te subhaddavajjiputtak±dayoadhammav±dino, yena ca dhammena itare dhammav±dinova honti. Teyeva idha “adhammo” “dhammo”ti ca vattabb±. Tasm± s²lavipatti-±dihetuko p±picchat±didosagaºo adhammo,tappaµipakkho s²lasampad±dihetuko appicchat±diguºasam³ho dhammoti ca gahetabba½.Pure dippat²ti api n±ma dippati. Atha v± y±va adhammo dhamma½ paµib±hitu½ samatthohoti, tato puretaramev±ti attho. Dippat²ti dippissati. Puresaddayogenahi an±gatatthe aya½ vattam±nappayogo, yath± pur± vassati devoti. Avinayoti pah±navinay±d²na½paµipakkhabh³to avinayo.
Tena h²ti uyyojanatthe nip±to. Sakalanavaªgasatthus±sanapariyattidhareti sakala½ suttageyy±dinavaªga½ettha, etassa v± atth²ti sakalanavaªga½, satthus±sana½. Atthak±mena pariy±puºitabbato diµµhadhammik±dipurisatthapariyattibh±vatoca “pariyatt²”ti t²ºi piµak±ni vuccanti, ta½ sakalanavaªgasatthus±sanasaªkh±ta½ pariyatti½dh±rent²ti sakalanavaªgasatthus±sanapa-ayattidhar±, t±diseti attho. Samathabh±van±sineh±bh±venasukkh± l³kh± asiniddh± vipassan± etesanti sukkhavipassak±. Tipiµakasabbapariyattippabhedadharetitiººa½ piµak±na½ sam±h±ro tipiµaka½, tadeva navaªg±divasena anekabhedabhinna½ sabba½pariyattippabheda½ dh±rent²ti tipiµakasabbapariyattippabhedadhar±.
Kissa pan±ti kasm± pana. Sikkhat²ti sekkho. Tamev±ha “sakaraº²yo”ti.Uparimaggattayakiccassa apariyositatt± sakiccoti attho. Ass±ti anena.Bahuk±ratt±ti bahupak±ratt±. Ass±ti bhaveyya. Ativiya vissatthoti ativiyaviss±siko. Nanti ±nandatthera½ ovadat²ti sambandho. ¾nandattherassa kad±ciasaññat±ya navak±ya saddhivih±rikaparis±ya janapadac±rik±caraºa½, tesañca saddhivih±rik±na½ekakkhaºe uppabbajjanañca paµicca mah±kassapatthero ta½ niggaºhanto evam±ha “na v±ya½kum±rako mattamaññ±s²”ti. Ettha ca -saddo padap³raºo, aya½ kum±ro attanopam±ºa½ na paµij±n±t²ti thera½ tajjento ±ha. Tatr±ti eva½ sati.
Kiñc±pi sekkhoti ida½ na sekkh±na½ agatigamanasabbh±vena vutta½, asekkh±naññeva panauccinitv± gahitatt±ti daµµhabba½. Tasm± “kiñc±pi sekkho, tath±pi thero ±yasmantampi±nanda½ uccinat³”ti evamettha sambandho veditabbo, na pana kiñc±pi sekkho, tath±piabhabbo agati½ gantunti yojetabba½. Abhabboti-±di panassa sabh±vakathana½. Tattha chand±ti chandena sinehena. Agati½ gantunti akattabba½ k±tu½. Pariyattotiadh²to uggahito.
R±jagaha½ kho mah±gocaranti ettha g±vo caranti etth±ti gocaro, gunna½ gocaraµµh±na½.Gocaro viy±ti gocaro, bhikkh±caraºaµµh±na½. So mahanto ass±ti mah±gocara½, r±jagaha½.Ukkoµeyy±ti niv±reyya.