5. Khuddakavatthukkhandhako

Khuddakavatthukath±vaººan±

243. Khuddakavatthukkhandhake aµµhapad±k±ren±ti j³taphalake aµµhagabbhar±ji-±k±rena.Mallakam³lasaºµh±nen±ti khe¼amallakam³lasaºµh±nena. Idañca vaµµ±dh±raka½ sandh±ya vutta½,kaºµake uµµh±petv± katavaµµakap±lasseta½ adhivacana½.
244. Puthup±ºikanti muµµhi½ akatv± vikasitahatthatalehi piµµhiparikamma½ vuccati.Etameva sandh±ya “hatthaparikamman”ti vutta½.
245. Muttolambak±d²nanti ±di-saddena kuº¹al±di½ saªgaºh±ti. Palambakasuttantibr±hmaº±na½ yaññopacitasutt±di-±k±ra½ vuccati. Valayanti hatthap±davalaya½.
246. Dvaªguleti upayogabahuvacana½, dvaªgulappam±ºa½ atikk±metu½ na vaµµat²ti attho.Ettha ca dum±sassa v± dvaªgulassa v± atikkantabh±va½ aj±nantass±pi kesamassugaºan±ya acittak±pattiyohont²ti vadanti.
Kocchen±ti us²ratiº±d²ni bandhitv± sama½ chinditv± gahitakocchena. Cikkalen±tisilesayuttatelena. Uºh±bhitattarajasir±namp²ti uºh±bhitatt±na½ rajokiººasir±na½.Addahatthen±ti allahatthena.
248-9. S±dhug²tanti aniccat±dipaµisaññutta½ g²ta½. Caturassena vatten±ti paripuººenaucc±raºavattena. Taraªgavatt±d²na½ sabbesampi s±maññalakkhaºa½ dassetu½ “sabbesa½…pe…lakkhaºan”ti vutta½. Yattak±hi matt±hi akkhara½ paripuººa½ hoti, tatopi adhikamatt±yutta½katv± kathana½ vik±rakathana½ n±ma, tath± akatv± kathanameva lakkhaºanti attho.B±hiralominti bh±vanapu½sakaniddeso, yath± bahiddh± lom±ni dissanti, eva½ dh±rentassadukkaµanti attho.
250. P±¼iya½ taruºaññeva ambanti taruºa½ asañj±tab²ja½ eva ambaphala½.P±t±petv±ti chind±petv±va. “Matt±vaººit±”ti ida½ “pare nindant²”tis±sanahitesit±ya vutta½. Na pariy±puºi½s³ti n±sikkhi½su.
251. Catt±ri ahir±jakul±n²ti sabbesa½ ahibhed±na½ cat³su eva saªgahato vutta½.Attaparitta½ k±tunti attano paritt±ºa½ k±tu½.
Vir³pakkhehi me mettanti vir³pakkhaj±tikehi n±gehi saha mayha½ mittabh±vo hotu,mett± hot³ti attho, te sukhit± niddukkh± aver± hont³ti adhipp±yo. Evañhimett±pharaºa½ hoti. Sesesupi eseva nayo. Ap±dakeh²ti ahikulehi sahasabbasattesu odhiso mett±pharaºadassana½. M± ma½ ap±dako hi½s²ti t±ya mett±yaattarakkh±vidh±nadassana½.
Sabbe satt±ti-±di att±na½ upama½ katv± sabbasattesu anodhiso mett±pharaºadassana½.Tattha m± kañci p±pam±gam±ti kañci satta½ l±maka½ dukkhahetu, dukkhañca m± ±gacchatu.
Eva½ mett±ya attagutti½ dassetv± id±ni ratanattay±nussaraºena dassetu½ “appam±ºo”ti-±divutta½. Tattha pam±ºakaradhamm± akusal±, tabbip±k± ca pam±º±, tappaµipakkh± s²l±dayoguº±, tabbip±k± ca lokiyalokuttaraphal±ni appam±º±, te assa atth²ti appam±ºo,appam±º± v± aparimeyyaguº± ass±tipi appam±ºo. Pam±ºavant±n²ti yath±vuttapam±ºakaradhammayutt±ni.Ahivicchik±ti sar²sap±naññeva pabhedadassana½. Uººan±bh²ti lomasan±bhikomakkaµo. Sarab³ti gharago¼ik±.
Paµikkamant³ti apagacchantu, m± ma½ vihesayi½s³ti attho. Soha½ namoti ettha“karom²”ti p±µhaseso. Yasm± may± mett±d²hi tumh±kañca mayhañca rakkh± kat±,yasm± ca soha½ bhagavato namo karomi, vipass²-±d²na½ sattannampi namo karomi, tasm±paµikkamantu bh³t±n²ti yojan±.
Aññamh²ti k±mar±ge asubhamanasik±r±din± chetabbeti attho. Aªgaj±tanti b²javirahita½purisanimitta½. B²je hi chinne opakkamikapaº¹ako n±ma abhabbo hot²ti vadanti.Eke pana “b²jass±pi chedanakkhaºe dukkaµ±patti eva kamena purisindriy±dikeantarahite paº¹ako n±ma abhabbo hoti, tad± liªgan±san±ya n±setabbo”ti vadanti.T±disa½ v± dukkha½ upp±dentass±ti muµµhippah±r±d²hi attano dukkha½ upp±dentassa.
252. P±¼iya½ tuyheso pattoti “yo ca arah± ceva iddhim± ca, tassa dinnamev±”tiseµµhin± vutta½, ta½ sandh±ya vadati. Ta½ patta½ gahetv± tikkhattu½ r±jagaha½ anupariy±y²tiettha ve¼uparampar±ya baddhapattassa uparibh±ge ±k±se nagara½ tikkhattu½ anupariy±yitv±µhitabh±va½ sandh±ya “patta½ gahetv±”ti vutta½, na pana thero hatthena patta½ sayamevaaggahesi. Keci pana vadanti “iddhibalena ta½ patta½ ve¼uparamparato muñcitv± thera½anubandham±no aµµh±si, so ca anena hatthena gahito viya ahos²”ti. Tath± µhitameva panasandh±ya “bh±radv±jassa hatthato patta½ gahetv±”ti vutta½. Te ca manuss±…pe…anubandhi½s³ti ye ca manuss± paµhama½ p±µih±riya½ n±ddasa½su, te amh±kampi p±µih±riya½dasseh²ti theramanubandhi½su. Thero ca s²habyaggh±dir³pa½ gahetv± vikubbaniddhi½ dasseti,te ca acchariyabbhutaj±t± ucc±sadd± mah±sadd± ahesu½. Ten±ha “ki½ nu kho so, ±nanda,ucc±saddo mah±saddo”ti. Iddhip±µih±riya½ na dassetabbanti ettha “yo pakativaººa½vijahitv± kum±ravaººa½ v± dasseti, n±gavaººa½ v±…pe… vividhampi sen±by³ha½dasset²”ti (paµi. ma. 3.13) evam±gat± attano sar²rassa vik±r±p±danavasappavatt± vikubbaniddhiadhippet±ti ±ha “adhiµµh±niddhi pana appaµikkhitt±”ti. Pakatiy± ekobahuka½ ±vajjati, sata½ v± sahassa½ v± satasahassa½ v± ±vajjetv± ñ±ºena adhiµµh±ti“bahuko hom²”ti (paµi. ma. 3.10) eva½ dassit± adhiµµh±navasena nipphann± adhiµµh±niddhin±ma. Gihivikaµ±n²ti gihisantak±ni.
253. P±¼iya½ na acchupiyant²ti na phusit±ni honti. R³pak±kiºº±n²tiitthir³p±d²hi ±kiºº±ni.
254. Bh³mi-±dh±raketi dant±d²hi kate valay±dh±rake. Etassa valay±dh±rakassa anuccat±yaµhapit± patt± na paripatant²ti “tayo patte µhapetu½ vaµµat²”ti vutta½.Anuccatañhi sandh±ya aya½ “bh³mi-±dh±rako”ti vutto. D±ru-±dh±rakadaº¹±dh±rakes³tiekad±run± kata-±dh±rake, bah³hi daº¹ehi kata-±dh±rake ca. Ete ca uccatar± hontipattehi saha patanasabh±v±. Tena “susajjites³”ti vutta½. Bhamakoµisadisotiyattha dhamakaraº±di½ pavesetv± likhanti, tassa bhamakassa koµiy± sadiso. T±disassad±ru-±dh±rakassa avitthiººat±ya µhapitopi patto patat²ti “anok±so”ti vutto.
¾lindakami¹¹hik±d²nanti pamukhami¹¹hik±d²na½, uccavatthuk±nanti attho. B±hirapassetip±s±d±d²na½ bahikuµµe. Tanukami¹¹hik±y±ti vedik±ya. Sabbattha pana hatthappam±ºatoabbhantare µhapetu½ vaµµati. ¾dh±re pana tato bahipi vaµµati.
P±¼iya½ oµµhoti mukhavaµµi. Pattam±¼akanti upacik±na½ anuµµhahanatth±ya bh³mitouccatara½ kata½ vedik±k±ram±¼aka½. Mah±mukhakuº¹asaºµh±n±ti mah±mukhac±µisaºµh±n±.Laggentassa dukkaµanti kevala½ patta½ laggentassa, na thavik±ya laggentass±ti vadanti.V²ma½sitabba½. Aññena pana bhaº¹aken±ti aññena bh±rabandhanena bhaº¹akena. “Bandhitv±olambetun”ti vuttatt± pattatthavik±ya a½sabaddhako yath± laggitaµµh±nato na pariga¼ati,tath± sabbath±pi bandhitv± µhapetu½ vaµµati. Bandhitv±pi upari µhapetu½ na vaµµat²tiupari nis²dant± ottharitv± bhindant²ti vutta½. Tattha µhapetu½ vaµµat²ti nis²danasaªk±bh±vatovutta½. Bandhitv± v±ti bandhitv± µhapitachatte v±. Yo koc²ti bhattap³ropitucchapattopi.
255. Pariharitunti divase divase piº¹±ya caraºatth±ya µhapetu½. Patta½ alabhantenapana ekadivasa½ piº¹±ya caritv± bhuñjitv± cha¹¹etu½ vaµµati. Ten±ha “t±vak±lika½paribhuñjitu½ vaµµat²”ti. Paººapuµ±d²supi eseva nayo. Abhu½ meti abh³timayha½, vin±so mayhanti attho. P±¼iya½ pis±co vatamanti pis±co vat±ya½, ayamevav± p±µho. Pis±cillik±ti pis±cad±rak±. Chavas²sassa pattoti chavas²samayopatto. Pakativik±rasambandhe ceta½ s±mivacana½.
Cabbetv±ti niµµhubhitv±. “Paµiggaha½ katv±”ti vuttatt±ucchiµµhahatthena udaka½ gahetv± patta½ paripphositv± dhovanagha½sanavasena hattha½ dhovitu½vaµµati, ettakena patta½ paµiggaha½ katv± hattho dhovito n±ma na hoti. Eka½ udakagaº¹usa½gahetv±ti patta½ aphusitv± tattha udakameva ucchiµµhahatthena ukkhipitv± gaº¹usa½katv±, v±mahattheneva v± patta½ ukkhipitv± mukhena gaº¹usa½ gahetumpi vaµµati. Bahiudakena vikkh±letv±ti dv²su aªgul²su ±misamatta½ vikkh±letv± bahi gahetumpivaµµati. Paµikh±dituk±moti ettha na saya½ kh±dituk±mopi aññesa½ kh±dan±raha½µhapetu½ labhati Tattheva katv±ti patteyeva yath±µhapitaµµh±nato anuddharitv±. Luñcitv±titato ma½sameva niravasesa½ uppaµµetv±.
256. Kiººacuººen±ti sur±kiººacuººena. Makkhetunti s³ci½ makkhetu½.Nisseºimp²ti cat³hi daº¹ehi c²varappam±ºena ±yatacaturassa½ katv± baddhapaµalampi.Ettha hi c²varakoµiyo samaka½ bandhitv± c²vara½ yath±sukha½ sibbanti. Tattha attharitabbantitass± nisseºiy± upari c²varassa upatthambhanatth±ya attharitabba½. Kathinasaªkh±t±ya nisseºiy±c²varassa bandhanakarajju kathinarajj³ti majjhimapadalop²sam±soti ±ha “y±y±”ti-±di.Tattha yasm± dvinna½ paµal±na½ ekasmi½ adhike j±te tattha valiyo honti, tasm± dupaµµac²varassapaµaladvayampi samaka½ katv± bandhanakarajju kathinarajj³ti veditabba½.
P±¼iya½ kathinassa anto j²rat²ti kathine baddhassa c²varassa pariyanto j²rati. Kathinanissitañhic²vara½ idha nissayavoh±rena “kathinan”ti vutta½ “mañc± ghosant²”ti-±d²suviya. Anuv±ta½ paribhaº¹anti kathine bandhanarajj³hi c²varassa samant± pariyantassaaj²raºattha½ yehi kehici co¼akehi d²ghato anuv±ta½, tiriyato paribhaº¹añca sibbitv±k±tu½ yattha rajjuke pavesetv± daº¹esu paliveµhetv± c²varasamaka½ ±ka¹¹hitu½ sakk±,t±disanti attho. Keci pana “kathinasaªkh±tesu kilañj±d²su eva aj²raºatth±ya anuv±taparibhaº¹akaraºa½anuññ±tan”ti vadanti. Tassa majjheti pur±ºakathinasseva anto. Bhikkhunopam±ºen±ti bhikkhuno c²varassa pam±ºena. Añña½ nisseºinti d²ghato ca tiriyatoca añña½ daº¹a½ µhapetv± bandhitu½.
Bidalakanti diguºakaraºasaªkh±takiriy±visesassa adhivacana½. Ten±ha“duguºakaraºan”ti. Pavesanasal±kanti val²na½ aggahaºatth±ya pavesanakave¼usal±k±di.P±¼iya½ paµiggahanti aªgulikañcuka½.
257. P±ti n±ma bhaº¹aµµhapanako bh±janaviseso. P±¼iya½ paµiggahathavikanti p±ti-±dibh±janatthavika½.Cinitunti uccavatthupariyantassa apatanatth±ya iµµhak±d²hi cinitu½. ¾lambanab±hanti±lambanarajjudaº¹±di. Paribhijjat²ti kaµas±r±dika½ kathinamajjhe bhaªga½ hoti.Uss±petv±ti daº¹akathina½ sandh±ya vutta½.
258-9. Udaka½ akappiyanti sapp±ºaka½. Upanandh²ti vera½ bandhi. Addh±namaggopaµipajjitabboti ettha addhayojana½ addh±namaggo n±ma, ta½ paµipajjituk±massa sañcicca vih±r³pac±r±tikkamane±patti. Asañcicca gatassa pana yattha sarati, tattha µhatv± saªgh±µikaºº±di½ anadhiµµhahitv±gamane padav±rena ±patt²ti veditabba½. Na sammat²ti na pahoti.
260. Abhisannak±y±ti semh±didosasannicitak±y±. Tattha majjheti agga¼ap±sakassamajjhe. Upar²ti agga¼ap±sakassa uparibh±ge. Udakaµµhapanaµµh±nanti udakaµµhapanatth±ya paricchinditv±kataµµh±na½.
261. P±¼iya½ udap±nanti k³pa½. N²cavatthukoti k³passa samant± k³laµµh±na½,bh³misama½ tiµµhat²ti attho. Udakena otthariyyat²ti samant± vassodaka½ ±gantv±k³pe patat²ti attho.
262. V±hent²ti ussiñcanti. Arahaµaghaµiyanta½ n±ma cakkasaºµh±na½ anek±ra½are are ghaµik±ni bandhitv± ekena, dv²hi v± paribbhamiyam±nayanta½.
263. ¾viddhapakkhap±sakanti kaººikamaº¹alassa samant± µhapitapakkhap±saka½. Maº¹aletikaººikamaº¹ale. Pakkhap±sake µhapetv±ti samant± caturass±k±rena phalak±d²niµhapetv±.
264. Namataka½ n±ma santhatasadisanti keci vadanti. Keci pana “rukkhatacamayan”ti.Cammakhaº¹aparih±ren±ti anadhiµµhahitv± sayan±sanavidhin±ti attho. Pe¼±y±ti aµµha½saso¼asa½s±di-±k±renakat±ya bh±jan±k±r±ya pe¼±ya. Yattha uºhap±y±s±di½ pakkhipitv± upari bhojanap±ti½ µhapentibhattassa uºhabh±v±vigamanattha½, t±disassa bh±jan±k±rassa ±dh±rasseta½ adhivacana½. Tenevap±¼iya½ “±sittak³padh±nan”ti vutta½. Tassa ca p±y±s±d²hi ±sittak±dh±rotiattho. Idañca ±sittak³padh±na½ paccantesu na j±nanti k±tu½, majjhimadeseyevakaronti. Keci pana “gihiparibhogo ayomay±di sabbopi ±dh±ro ±sittak³padh±namevaanulomet²”ti vadanti, eke pana “kappiyalohamayo ±dh±ro ma¼orikameva anulomet²”ti.V²ma½sitv± gahetabba½. Pubbe pattaguttiy± ±dh±ro anuññ±to. Id±ni bhuñjitu½ma¼orik± anuññ±t±. Chiddanti chiddayutta½. Viddhanti antovinividdhachidda½.¾viddhanti samantato chidda½.
265. Patta½ nikkujjitunti ettha kammav±c±ya asambhogakaraºavaseneva nikkujjana½,na patt±na½ adhomukhaµµhapanena. Ten±ha “asambhoga½ saªghena karot³”ti-±di, ta½ va¹¹ha½kammav±c±ya saªghena saddhi½ asambhoga½ saªgho karot³ti attho.
Patta½ nikkujjeyy±ti va¹¹hassa pattanikkujjanadaº¹akamma½ kareyya. Asambhoga½saªghena karaºanti saªghena va¹¹hassa asambhogakaraºa½. Yath± asambhogo hoti, tath± karaºanti attho.Nikkujjito…pe… asambhoga½ saªghen±ti ettha saªghena asambhogo hot²ti attho daµµhabbo.Eva½ bhagavat± asambhogakaraºassa ±ºattatt±, kammav±c±ya ca s±vitatt±, aµµhakath±yañca “kocideyyadhammo na gahetabbo”ti vuttatt± patte nikkujjite tassa santaka½ ñatv± gaºhantassadukkaµamev±ti gahetabba½.
Accayoti ñ±yappaµipatti½ atikkamitv± pavatti, apar±dhoti attho. Ma½ accagam±tima½ atikkamma pavatto. Ta½ te maya½ paµiggaºh±m±ti ta½ te apar±dha½ maya½ kham±ma.Bhikkh³na½ al±bh±ya parisakkat²ti-±d²su al±bh±ya parisakkan±dito viratotievamattho gahetabbo. Asambhoga½ bhikkhusaªghen±ti ettha “kato”ti p±µhaseso.
268. Y±va pacchim± sop±naka¼evar±ti paµhamasop±naphalaka½ sandh±ya vutta½. Tañhipacch± dussena santhatatt± eva vutta½. “Pacchima½ janata½ tath±gato anukampat²”tiida½ thero an±gate bhikkh³na½ celapaµikassa akkamanapaccay± apav±da½ sikkh±padapaññattiy±niv±raºena bhagavato anukampa½ sandh±y±ha. Apagatagabbh±ti vij±taputt±. Ten±ha“maªgalatth±y±”ti.
269-270. B²janinti caturassab²jani½. Ekapaººacchattanti t±lapaºº±din± ekenapattena katachatta½.
274-5. Anurakkhaºatthanti pariggahetv± gopanattha½. D²gha½ k±rent²ti kesehisaddhi½ acchinditv± µhap±penti. Catukoºanti yath± upari nal±µantesu dve, heµµh±hanukapasse dveti catt±ro koº± paññ±yanti, eva½ caturassa½ katv± kapp±pana½.P±¼iya½ d±µhika½ µhap±pent²ti uttaroµµhe massu½ acchinditv± µhap±penti. Rudh²tikhuddakavaºa½.
277. P±¼iya½ lohabhaº¹aka½sabhaº¹asannicayoti lohabhaº¹assa, ka½sabhaº¹assa ca sannicayoti attho. Bandhanamattanti v±sidaº¹±d²na½ koµ²su ap±tanattha½ lohehi bandhana½. Tantakanti±yogav±yanattha½ tad±k±rena pas±ritatanta½.
278. “Yattha sarati, tattha bandhitabban”ti etena asañcicca k±yabandhana½ abandhitv±paviµµhassa an±patt²ti dasseti. Murajavaµµisaºµh±na½ veµhetv± katanti eva½ bahurajjukeekato katv± n±n±vaººehi suttehi katanti keci vadanti. Ekavaººasutten±pi valayaghaµak±divik±ra½dassetv± veµhitampi murajameva. Vik±ra½ pana adassetv± maµµha½ katv± nirantara½ veµhita½vaµµati. Teneva dutiyap±r±jikasa½vaººan±ya½ vutta½ “bahurajjuke ekato katv±ekena nirantara½ veµhetv± kata½ ‘bahurajjukan’ti na vattabba½, vaµµat²”ti. Muddikak±yabandhana½n±ma caturassa½ akatv± sajjita½. P±maªgadas± caturass±. Mudiªgasaºµh±nen±tivarakas²s±k±rena. P±santoti das±pariyos±na½.
279. P±¼iya½ gaºµhikaphalaka½ p±sakaphalakanti ettha d±rudant±dimayesu phalakesugaºµhikap±sak±ni appetv± c²vare µhapetu½ anuññ±ta½. Koµµo vivariyat²tianuv±to vivariyati.
280-1. P±¼ik±rakoti bhikkh³na½ yath±vu¹¹ha½ p±¼iy± patiµµh±pako. Tass±pi tath±p±rupitu½ na vaµµati. P±¼iya½ muº¹avaµµ²ti mall±dayo.
282. Pam±ºaªgulen±ti va¹¹hak²-aªgulena. Keci pana “pakati-aªgulen±”ti vadanti,ta½ caturaªgulapacchimakavacanena na sameti. Na hi pakataªgulena caturaªgulappam±ºa½ dantakaµµha½kaºµhe avilagga½ kh±ditu½ sak±ti.
285. P±¼iya½ sak±ya niruttiy± buddhavacana½ d³sent²ti m±gadhabh±s±ya sabbesa½ vattu½sukarat±ya h²najacc±pi uggaºhant± d³sent²ti attho.
289. M± bhikkh³ by±b±dhayi½s³ti lasuºagandhena bhikkh³ m± b±dhayi½su.
291. Avalekhanap²µharoti avalekhanakaµµh±na½ µhapanabh±janaviseso. Apidh±nanti pidh±naphalak±di.

Khuddakavatthukath±vaººan± niµµhit±.

Khuddakavatthukkhandhakavaººan±nayo niµµhito.