Adhikaraºakath±vaººan±

215. Vir³pato vipariº±maµµhena citta½ dukkha½ vipaccat²ti ±ha “cittadukkhattha½ voh±ro”ti-±di.Upavadan±ti codan±. Tatthev±ti anuvadane.
¾dito paµµh±ya ca tassa tassa kammassa viññ±tatt±ti vitth±rato ±gatakammavaggassa ±ditopaµµh±ya vaººan±mukhena viññ±tatt± vinicchayo bhavissat²ti yojan±.
216. P±¼iya½ ajjhatta½ v±ti attani v± attano paris±ya v±. Bahiddh± v±tiparasmi½ v± parassa paris±ya v±. Anavassav±y±ti anupp±d±ya.
220. “Viv±d±dhikaraºa½ kusala½ akusala½ aby±katan”ti ida½ pucch±vacana½.Viv±d±dhikaraºa½ siy± kusalanti-±di visajjana½. Esa nayo sesesupi.
222. Sammutisabh±v±yapi ±pattiy± k±raº³pac±rena akusal±by±katabh±vena vuccam±nekusalass±pi ±pattik±raºatt± tadupac±rena “±patt±dhikaraºa½ siy± kusalan”ti vattabba½bhaveyya tath± avatv± “natthi ±patt±dhikaraºa½ kusalan”ti eva½vacanassak±raºa½ dassetu½ “ettha sandh±yabh±sitavasena attho veditabbo”ti vutta½. Etthac±yamadhipp±yo– yadi hi ±patti n±ma paramatthadhammasabh±v± bhaveyya, tad± “±patt±dhikaraºa½siy± akusalan”ti-±divacana½ yujjeyya. Yasm± duµµhadosasikkh±padaµµhakath±d²su dassitadosappasaªgatoparamatthasabha-±vat± na yutt±, ekantasammutisabh±v± eva s± hoti, tasm± “siy± akusala½siy± aby±katan”tipi nippariy±yato na vattabb±. Yadi pana akusala-aby±katadhammasamuµµhitattamevaup±d±ya pariy±yato “siy± akusala½ siy± aby±katan”ti vutta½. Tad± kusaladhammasama-uµµhitattampiup±d±ya pariy±yato “±patt±dhikaraºa½ siy± kusalan”tipi vattabba½ bhaveyya. Yatoceta½ vacana½ ±pattiy± akusal±by±kat³pac±r±rahattassa kusal³pac±r±n±rahattassa visu½k±raºasabbh±va½ sandh±ya bh±sita½, tasm± ya½ ta½ k±raºavisesa½ sandh±ya ida½ bh±sita½, tassavasenevettha attho veditabbo.
Id±ni pana yo aªgappahonakacittameva sandh±ya ±pattiy± akusal±dibh±vo vutto, n±ñña½visesak±raºa½ sandh±y±ti gaºheyya, tassa g±he dosa½ dassento “yasmi½ h²”ti-±dim±ha.Tattha pathav²khaºan±diketi pathav²khaºan±dinimitte paººattivajje. ¾patt±dhikaraºekusalacitta½ aªganti paººatti½ aj±nitv± kusalacittena cetiyaªgaº±d²su bh³misodhan±divasenapathav²bh³tag±mavikopan±dik±le kusalacitta½ k±raºa½ hoti. Tasmi½ sat²ti tasmi½±patt±dhikaraºe vijjam±ne kusalacittasamuµµhitattena kusalavoh±r±rah±ya ±pattiy± vijjam±n±y±tiadhipp±yo. S±ratthad²paniya½ (s±rattha. µ². c³¼avagga 3.222) pana “tasmi½ sat²”tiimassa “tasmi½ kusalacitte ±pattibh±vena gahite”ti attho vutto, ta½ na yujjati“yasmin”ti ya-saddena par±maµµhasseva ±patt±dhikaraºassa “tasmin”ti par±masitabbato.
Na sakk± vattunti yadi sammutisabh±v±yapi ±pattiy± akusal±disamuµµhitattena akusal±divoh±rokar²yati, tad± kusalavoh±ropi kattabboti “natthi ±patt±dhikaraºa½ kusalan”tina sakk± vattu½, aññath± akusal±dibh±vopissa paµikkhipitabboti adhipp±yo. Tasm±ti yasm± kusal±d²na½ tiººa½ sam±nepi ±pattiy± aªgappahonakatte kusalavoh±rova±pattiy± paµikkhitto, na akusal±divoh±ro, tasm± nayida½ aªgappahonaka½ citta½sandh±ya vuttanti “±patt±dhikaraºa½ siy± akusala½ siy± aby±kata½, natthi ±patt±dhikaraºa½kusalan”ti ida½ ±pattiy± samuµµh±pakattena aªgappahonaka½ k±raºabh³ta½ cittamatta½sandh±ya na vutta½ aññath± “±patt±dhikaraºa½ siy± kusalan”tipi vattabbatoti adhipp±yo.Etena ±pattiy± akusal±dibh±vopi kenaci nimittena pariy±yatova vutto, na paramatthatotidasseti. Yath±ha “ya½ kusalacittena ±pajjati, ta½ kusala½, itarehi itaran”ti.
Ida½ pan±ti-±d²su aya½ adhipp±yo– “±patt±dhikaraºa½ siy± akusala½ siy± aby±katan”tiidañhi ya½ kiñci kad±ci katthaci k±raºa½ bhavanta½ aniyatak±raºa½ sandh±ya vutta½na hoti. Ya½ pana sabbasikkh±padesu ±pattiy± k±raºa½ bhavitumarahati, idameva k±raºa½sandh±ya vutta½. Akusalañhi paººatti½ ñatv± v²tikkamantassa sabb±pattiy± k±raºa½hoti, lokavajj±pattiy± pana paººatti½ aj±nantassapi k±raºa½ hoti. Kevala½ paººattivajj±patt²sukusal±by±katacittapavattikkhaºe eva akusala½ na vattati, tadaññattha sayameva pavattati.Aby±kata½ pana k±yavac²bh³ta½ kusal±kusal±d²na½ pavattikkhaºe nirodhasam±pannassa sahaseyy±pattiyantisabb±pattiy± aªgameva hoti channa½ ±pattisamuµµh±n±na½ k±yav±caªgavirahitatt±bh±v±.Tasm± imesa½ akusal±by±kat±na½ sabb±pattim³lakattameva sandh±ya ida½ ±pattiy±akusalatta½, aby±katattañca vutta½. Yattha pana pathav²khaºan±d²su kusalampi ±pattiy±k±raºa½ hoti, tatth±pi ±pattiy± tadupac±rena kusalattavoh±ro ayutto s±vajj±navajj±na½ekattavoh±rassa viruddhatt±. Yadaggena aññamañña½ viruddh±, tadaggena k±raºak±riyavoh±ropinesa½ ayutto. Tasm± tattha vijjam±nampi kusala½ abboh±rika½, k±yavac²dv±rameva±veºika½ k±raºanti.
Tattha ekantato akusalamev±ti akusalacittena samuµµhahanato k±raº³pac±rato eva½ vutta½.Tatth±ti lokavajje. Vikappo natth²ti siy±-saddassa vikappanatthata½ dasseti.Akusala½ hot²ti akusalasamuµµhit±ya k±raº³pac±rena akusala½ hoti. Sahaseyy±divasena±pajjanato aby±kata½ hot²ti itthiy±d²hi saha piµµhipas±raºavasappavattak±yadv±rasaªkh±tar³p±by±katavaseneva±pajjitabbato k±raº³pac±reneva ±patti aby±kata½ hoti. Tatth±ti tasmi½ paººattivajj±patt±dhikaraºe.Sañcicc±sañciccavasen±ti paººatti½ ñatv±, aññatv± ca ±pajjanavasena ima½ vikappabh±va½sandh±ya akusalatta-aby±katattasaªkh±ta½ yath±vutta½ ima½ vikappasabh±va½ sandh±ya ida½ vacana½vutta½.
Yadi eva½ asañcicc±pajjanapakkhe kusalen±pi ±pajjanato tampi vikappa½ sandh±ya “±patt±dhikaraºa½siy± kusalan”tipi kasm± na vuttanti ±ha “sace pan±”ti-±di. “Acittak±nan”ti vuttamevattha½ samuµµh±navasena vibh±vetu½ “e¼akalomapadasodhamm±disamuµµh±n±namp²”tivutta½. Acittakasamuµµh±n±na½ “kusalacitta½ ±pajjeyy±”ti etena s±vajjabh³t±ya±pattiy± k±raº³pac±ren±pi anavajjabh³takusalavoh±ro ayuttoti dasseti. “Naca tatth±”ti-±din± kusalassa ±pattiy± k±raºatta½ vijjam±nampi tath± voharitu½ ayuttantipaµikkhipitv± k±yav±c±saªkh±ta½ aby±katasseva k±raºatta½ dasseti. Tattha calitappavatt±nanticalit±na½, pavatt±nañca. Calito hi k±yo, pavatt± v±c±. Ettha ca k±yav±c±namaññataramevaaªga½. Tañca…pe… aby±katanti eva½ aby±katassa ±pattik±raºabh±veneva vuttatt±.“¾patt±dhikaraºa½ siy± akusala½ siy± aby±katan”ti ida½ k±raº³pac±rena pariy±yatovutta½, na nippariy±yatoti sijjhati.
Ya½ pana s±ratthad²paniya½ (s±rattha. µ². c³¼ava. 3.222) ±pattiy± nippariy±yatovaakusal±disabh±vata½ samatthetu½ bahu½ papañcita½, ta½ na s±rato paccetabba½ duµµhadosasikkh±padaµµhakath±yamevapaµikkhittatt±. Tenevetth±pi “ya½ citta½ ±pattiy± aªga½ hot²”ti-±din± akusalacittass±pi±pattiy± k±raºattena bhinnat±va dassit±. Ya½ panettha vattabba½, ta½ heµµh± dassitamev±tiidha na vitth±rayimha. Eva½ v²tikkamato yo v²tikkamoti ettha akusalacittenañatv± v²tikkamantassa k±yavac²v²tikkamasamuµµhit± ±pattiv²tikkamoti vutto.Esa nayo aby±katav±repi.

Adhikaraºakath±vaººan± niµµhit±.