Paccakkh±navibhaªgavaººan±

Dubbalye ±vikateti ya½n³n±ha½ buddha½ paccakkheyyanti-±din±dubbalabh±ve pak±site. Mukh±ru¼hat±ti lokajan±na½ sattaµµh±ti-±d²su mukh±ru¼hañ±yen±tiadhipp±yo. Dirattatirattanti (p±ci. 52) ettha yath± antarantar± sahaseyy±vasenatiratta½ aggahetv± nirantarameva tisso rattiyo anupasampannena saddhi½ sahaseyy±ya aruºuµµh±panavasenatirattaggahaºattha½ “dirattatirattan”ti abyavadh±nena vuttanti dirattaggahaºassa payojanampisakk± gahetu½, evamidh±pi dubbalya½ an±vikatv±ti imass±pi gahaºassa payojanamatthev±tidassetu½ yasm± v± sikkh±paccakkh±nass±ti-±di vutta½.
Id±ni dubbalya½ an±vikatv±ti imassa purimapadasseva vivaraºabh±va½ vin±pi visu½atthasabbh±va½ dassetu½ apic±ti-±di vutta½. Vises±visesanti ettha yena v±kyenadubbaly±vikammameva hoti, na sikkh±paccakkh±na½, tattha sikkh±paccakkh±nadubbaly±vikamm±na½aññamañña½ viseso hoti. Yena pana vacanena tadubhayampi hoti, tattha nevatthi visesoavisesopi, ta½ vises±visesa½. “Kaµha kicchaj²vane”ti dh±t³su paµhitatt± vutta½“kicchaj²vikappatto”ti. Ukkaºµhanañhi ukkaºµh±, ta½ ito gatoti ukkaºµhito,kicchaj²vika½ pattoti attho. Uddha½ gato kaºµho etiss±ti ukkaºµh±, anabhiratiy±vaje niruddhagogaºo viya gamanamagga½ gavesanto puggalo ukkaºµho hoti, ta½ ukkaºµha½.Anabhirati½ itotipi ukkaºµhitoti attha½ dassento ±ha– “uddha½ kaºµha½ katv± viharam±no”ti.S± ca ukkaºµhat± vikkhepenev±ti vikkhittoti-±di vutta½.
Samaºabh±vatoti upasampadato. Bh±vavikapp±k±ren±ti bhikkhubh±vato cavitv± ya½ya½ gihi-±dibh±va½ pattuk±mo “aha½ assan”ti attano bhavana½ vikappeti, tenatena gihi-±di-±k±rena, attano bhavanassa vikappan±k±ren±ti adhipp±yo.
46. P±¼iya½ yadi pan±hanti aha½ yadi buddha½ paccakkheyya½, s±dhu vatass±ti attho.Ap±ha½, hand±hanti etth±pi vuttanayeneva attho gahetabbo. “Hoti me buddha½ paccakkheyyan”timama citta½ uppajjat²ti vadati.
50. Na ram±m²ti pabbajj±ya dukkhabahulat±ya sukh±bh±va½ dasseti.N±bhiram±m²ti pabbajj±ya vijjam±nepi anavajjasukhe attano abhirati-abh±va½ dasseti.
51. Teneva vac²bheden±ti vac²bheda½ katv±pi aññena k±yappayogena viññ±pana½nivatteti. Aya½ s±sana½ jahituk±moti-±din± bh±s±kosall±bh±vena sabbaso padatth±vabodh±bh±vepi“aya½ attano pabbajitabh±va½ jahituk±mo ima½ v±kyabheda½ karot²”ti ettaka½ adhippetatthamatta½cepi so t±va j±n±ti, paccakkh±nameva hot²ti dasseti. Ten±ha “ettakamattampij±n±t²”ti. Padapacch±bhaµµhanti padapar±vatti, m±gadhabh±sato avasiµµh± sabb±pi bh±s±“milakkhabh±s±”ti veditabb±. Khettameva otiººanti sikkh±paccakkh±nassa ruhanaµµh±nabh³ta½khettameva otiººa½.
D³tanti mukhas±sana½. S±sananti paººas±sana½, bhittithambh±d²su akkhara½ v± chinditv±dasseti. Paccakkh±tuk±mat±citte dharanteyeva vac²bhedasamuppatti½ sandh±ya “cittasampayuttan”tivutta½, cittasamuµµh±nanti attho. Niyamit±niyamitavasena vij±nanabheda½ dassetum±hayadi ayameva j±n±t³ti-±di. Ayañca vibh±go vadati viññ±pet²ti ettha yassa vadati,tasseva vij±nana½ adhippetanti imin± vuttanayena laddhoti daµµhabba½, na hettha ekassa vadatiaññassa viññ±pet²ti ayamattho sambhavati. “Tesu ekasmi½ j±nantep²”ti vuttatt±“dveyeva j±nantu eko m± j±n±t³”ti eva½ dvinnampi jan±na½ niyametv± ±rocitepitesu ekasmimpi j±nante paccakkh±na½ hotiyev±ti gahetabba½. Parisaªkam±noti“v±ressant²”ti ±saªkam±no. Samayaññ³ti s±sanasaªketaññ³, idha pana adhipp±yamattaj±nanen±pisamayaññ³ n±ma hoti, ten±ha ukkaºµhitoti-±di. Tasm± buddha½ paccakkh±m²ti-±dikhettapad±na½sabbaso attha½ ñatv±pi sace “bhikkhubh±vato cavituk±mat±ya esa vadat²”ti adhipp±ya½na j±n±ti, appaccakkh±t±va hoti sikkh±. Attha½ pana aj±nitv±pi “ukkaºµhito vadat²”tita½ j±n±ti, paccakkh±t±va hoti sikkh±. Sotaviññ±ºav²thiy± saddamattaggahaºameva, atthaggahaºa½pana manoviññ±ºav²thiparampar±y±ti ±ha taªkhaºaññev±ti-±di.
53. Vaººapaµµh±nanti satthuguºavaººappak±saka½ pakaraºa½. Up±lig±th±s³tiup±lisutte up±ligahapatin± dh²rassa vigatamohass±ti-±din± vuttag±th±su. Yath±rutantip±¼iya½ vuttamev±ti attho. Anantabuddh²ti-±d²ni vaººapaµµh±ne ±gatan±m±ni.Dh²ranti-±d²ni (ma. ni. 2.76) pana up±lig±th±su. Tattha bodhi vuccati sabbaññutaññ±ºa½,s± j±nanahetutt± paññ±ºa½ etass±ti bodhipaññ±ºo. Sv±kkh±ta½ dhammanti-±d²sudhamma-saddo sv±kkh±t±dipad±na½ dhammavevacanabh±va½ dassetu½ vutto. Tasm± sv±kkh±ta½paccakkh±m²ti-±din± vutteyeva vevacanena paccakkh±na½ n±ma hoti. Dhamma-saddena saha yojetv±vutte pana yath±rutavasena paccakkh±nanti veditabba½. Suppaµipanna½ saªghanti-±d²supieseva nayo. Kusala½ dhammanti-±d²nipi kusal± dhamm± akusal± dhamm±ti-±didhammameva(dha. sa. tikam±tik± 1) sandh±ya vuttan±m±ni, itarath± akusaladhammapaccakkh±ne dos±bh±vappasaªgatoti,ten±ha catur±s²tidhammakkhandhasahasses³ti-±di. Paµhamap±r±jikanti-±din± sikkh±pad±na½yevagahaºa½ veditabba½, na ±patt²na½.
Yassa m³len±ti yassa santike. ¾cariyavevacanesu yo upajjha½ adatv± ±cariyova hutv±pabb±jesi, ta½ sandh±ya “yo ma½ pabb±jes²”ti vutta½. Tassa m³len±ti tassasantike. Okallakoti khuppip±s±didukkh±tur±na½ kisal³khasar²raves±na½gahaµµhamanuss±na½ adhivacana½. Mo¼ibaddhoti baddhakesakal±po gahaµµho. Kum±rakotikum±r±vattho ativiya daharo s±maºero. Cellakoti tato kiñci mahanto. Ceµakotimajjhimo. Mo¼igalloti mah±s±maºero. Samaºuddesoti avisesato s±maºer±dhivacana½.Asucisaªkassarasam±c±roti asuci hutv± “may± kata½ pare j±nanti nu kho, na nukho”ti attan±, “asukena nu kho ida½ katan”ti parehi ca saªk±ya saritabbena anussaritabbenasam±c±rena yutto. Sañj±tar±g±dikacavaratt± kasambuj±to. Koºµhoti duss²l±dhivacanameta½.
54. Tihetukapaµisandhik±ti atikhippa½ j±nanasamatthe sandh±ya vutta½, na duhetuk±na½tattha asambhavato. Sabh±gass±ti purisassa. Visabh±gass±ti m±tug±massa. Potthakar³pasadisass±timattik±d²hi katar³pasadisassa Garumedhass±ti ±rammaºesu lahuppavattiy±abh±vato dandhagatikat±ya garupaññassa, mandapaññass±ti vutta½ hoti.
Id±nettha sikkh±paccakkh±nav±rassa p±¼iya½ aµµhakath±yañca vuttanay±na½ sampiº¹anatthavasenaeva½ vinicchayo veditabbo– tattha hi s±maññ± cavituk±moti-±d²hi padehi cittaniyama½dasseti. Buddhanti-±d²hi padehi khettaniyama½, paccakkh±mi dh±ret²ti etena k±laniyama½,vadat²ti imin± payoganiyama½, ala½ me buddhena, ki½ nu me, na mamattho, sumutt±hanti-±d²hian±maµµhak±lavasenapi paccakkh±na½ hot²ti dasseti, viññ±pet²ti imin± vij±nananiyama½,ummattako sikkha½ paccakkh±ti ummattakassa santiketi-±d²hi puggalaniyama½, so canappaµivij±n±t²ti-±d²hi vij±nananiyam±bh±vena paccakkh±n±bh±va½ dasseti, dav±y±ti-±d²hicittaniyam±bh±vena, s±vetuk±mo na s±vet²ti imin± payoganiyam±bh±vena, aviññussas±veti viññussa na s±vet²ti etehi ya½ puggala½ uddissa s±veti, tasseva savane s²sa½eti, n±ññass±ti. Sabbaso v± pana na s±veti appaccakkh±t± hoti sikkh±ti ida½ panacitt±diniyameneva sikkh±paccakkh±na½ hoti, na aññath±ti dassanattha½ vutta½. Tasm±cittakhettak±lapayogapuggalavij±nanavasena sikkh±ya paccakkh±na½ ñatv± tadabh±vena appaccakkh±na½veditabba½.
Katha½? Upasampannabh±vato cavituk±mat±citteneva hi sikkh±paccakkh±na½ hoti, na dav± v±rav± v± bhaºantassa. Eva½ cittavasena sikkh±paccakkh±na½ hoti, na tadabh±vena. Tath± buddha½paccakkh±m²ti-±din± vutt±na½ buddh±d²na½ sabrahmac±ripariyos±n±na½ catuddasannañceva gih²tima½ dh±reh²ti-±din± vutt±na½ gihi-±d²na½ asakyaputtiyapariyos±n±na½ aµµhannañc±tiimesa½ dv±v²satiy± khettapad±na½ yassa kassaci savevacanassa vasena tesu ya½ kiñci vattuk±massaya½ kiñci vadatopi sikkh±paccakkh±na½ hoti. Eva½ khettavasena sikkh±paccakkh±na½ hoti,na tadabh±vena. Tattha yadeta½ “paccakkh±m²ti ca ma½ dh±reh²ti c±”ti vutta½ vattam±nak±lavacana½,y±ni ca “ala½ me buddhena, ki½ nu me buddhena, na mamattho buddhena, sumutt±ha½ buddhen±”ti-±din±nayena ±khy±tavasena k±la½ an±masitv± purimehi cuddasahi padehi saddhi½ yojetv±vutt±ni ala½ meti-±d²ni catt±ri pad±ni, tesa½yeva ca savevacan±na½ vasena accakkh±na½ hoti, na pana “paccakkh±sin”ti v±, “paccakkhissan”ti v±, “ma½ dh±res²”tiv±, “ma½ dh±ressas²”ti v±, “ya½n³na paccakkheyyan”ti v±ti-±d²ni at²t±n±gataparikappavacan±nibhaºantassa. Eva½ vattam±nak±lavasena ceva an±maµµhak±lavasena ca paccakkh±na½ hoti, na tadabh±vena.Payogo pana duvidho k±yiko v±casiko, tattha buddha½ paccakkh±m²ti-±din± nayena y±yak±yaci bh±s±ya vac²bheda½ katv± v±casikapayogeneva paccakkh±na½ hoti, na akkharalikhana½v± hatthamudd±didassana½ v± k±yapayoga½ karontassa. Eva½ v±casikapayogeneva paccakkh±na½hoti, na tadabh±vena.
Puggalo pana duvidho yo ca paccakkh±ti, yassa ca paccakkh±ti, tattha yo paccakkh±ti, so saceummattakakhittacittavedanaµµ±na½ aññataro na hoti, yassa pana paccakkh±ti, so sace manussaj±tikohoti, na ca ummattak±d²na½ aññataro sammukh²bh³to ca, sikkh±paccakkh±na½ hoti. Nahi asammukh²bh³tassa d³tena v± paººena v± ±rocana½ ruhati. Eva½ yath±vuttapuggalavasenapaccakkh±na½ hoti, na tadabh±vena. Vij±nanampi niyamit±niyamitavasena duvidha½. Tatthayassa yesa½ v± niyametv± imassa imesa½ v± ±rocem²ti vadati, sace te yath± pakatiy±loke manuss± vacana½ sutv± ±vajjanasamaye j±nanti, eva½ tassa vacan±nantarameva “aya½ukkaºµhito”ti v±, “gihibh±va½ patthayat²”ti v± yena kenaci ±k±rena manussaj±tikovacanattha½ j±n±ti, paccakkh±t±va hoti sikkh±. Atha aparabh±ge “ki½ imin± vuttan”ticintetv± j±nanti, aññe v± j±nanti, appaccakkh±t±va hoti. Aniyametv± ±rocentassapana sace vuttanayena yo koci manussaj±tiko vacanattha½ j±n±ti, paccakkh±t± hotisikkh±, eva½ j±nanavasena paccakkh±na½ hoti, na tadabh±vena. Iti imesa½ vuttappak±r±na½citt±d²na½ vaseneva sikkh±paccakkh±na½ hoti, na aññath±ti daµµhabba½.

Sikkh±paccakkh±navaººan±nayo niµµhito.