Aµµhac²varam±tik±kath±vaººan±

379. Puggal±dhiµµh±nanayena vuttanti “s²m±ya d±nan”ti-±din± vattabbe “s²m±yadet²”ti-±di puggal±dhiµµh±nena vutta½. “Apic±”ti-±din± paµhamale¹¹up±tabh³taparikkhep±rahaµµh±natobahi dutiyale¹¹up±topi upac±ras²m± ev±ti dasseti. Dhuvasannip±taµµh±n±dikampi pariyanteµhitameva gahetabba½. Loke g±mas²m±dayo viya l±bhas²m± n±ma visu½ pasiddh± n±ma natthi,ken±ya½ anuññ±t±ti ±ha “neva samm±sambuddhen±”ti-±di. Etena n±ya½ s±sanavoh±rasiddh±,lokavoh±rasiddh± ev±ti dasseti. “Janapadaparicchedo”ti ida½ lokapasiddhas²m±saddatthavasenavutta½. Paricchedabbhantara½ pana sabba½ janapadas²m±ti gahetabba½, janapado eva janapadas²m±.Eva½ raµµhas²m±d²supi. Ten±ha “±º±pavattiµµh±nan”ti-±di.
Pathav²vemajjhe gatass±ti y±va udakapariyant± khaº¹as²matt± vutta½, upac±ras²m±d²supana abaddhas²m±su heµµh±pathaviya½ sabbattha µhit±na½ na p±puº±ti, k³p±dipaves±rahaµµh±ne µhit±naññevap±puº±t²ti heµµh± s²m±kath±ya½ vuttanayena ta½ta½s²maµµhabh±vo veditabbo. Cakkav±¼as²m±yapana dinna½ pathav²sandh±raka-udakaµµh±nepi µhit±na½ p±puº±ti sabbattha cakkav±¼avoh±ratt±.
Buddh±dhivutthoti buddhena bhagavat± nivuttho. P±kavaµµanti nibaddhad±na½. Vattat²tipavattati. Teh²ti yesa½ sammukhe esa deti, tehi bhikkh³hi. Dutiyabh±ge pana ther±sana½±ru¼heti y±va saªghanavak± ekav±ra½ sabbesa½ bh±ga½ datv± c²vare aparikkh²ºe punasabbesa½ d±tu½ dutiyabh±ge therassa dinneti attho. Pa½suk³lik±nampi vaµµat²tiettha “tuyha½ dem±”ti avuttatt±ti k±raºa½ vadanti. Yadi eva½ “saªghassa dem±”tivuttepi vaµµeyya, “bhikkh³na½ dema, ther±na½ dema, saªghassa dem±”ti (mah±va.aµµha. 379) vacanato bhedo na dissati. V²ma½sitabbamettha k±raºa½.
P±rupitu½ vaµµat²ti pa½suk³lik±na½ vaµµati. Bhikkhusaªghassa ca bhikkhun²nañca damm²tivutte pana na majjhe bhinditv± d±tabbanti ettha yasm± bhikkhunipakkhe saªghassa pacceka½apar±maµµhatt± bhikkhun²na½ gaºan±ya bh±go d±tabboti d±yakassa adhipp±yoti sijjhati,tath± d±nañca bhikkh³pi gaºetv± dinne eva yujjati. Itarath± hi kittaka½ bhikkh³na½ d±tabba½,kittaka½ bhikkhun²nanti na viññ±yati, tasm± “bhikkhusaªghass±”ti vuttavacanampi “bhikkh³nan”tivuttavacanasadisamev±ti ±ha “bhikkh³ ca bhikkhuniyo ca gaºetv± d±tabban”ti. Ten±ha“puggalo …pe… bhikkhusaªghaggahaºena aggahitatt±”ti. Bhikkhusaªgha-saddena bhikkh³naññevagahitatt±, puggalassa pana “tuyhañc±”ti visu½ gahitatt± ca tatthassa aggahitat± daµµhabb±,“bhikkh³nañca bhikkhun²nañca tuyhañc±”ti vuttaµµh±nasadisatt±ti adhipp±yo. Puggalappadh±nohettha saªgha-saddo daµµhabbo. Keci pana “bhikkhusaªghaggahaºena gahitatt±”ti (s±rattha. µ².mah±vagga 3.379) p±µha½ likhanti, ta½ na sundara½ tassa visu½ l±bhaggahaºe k±raºavacanatt±.Tath± hi visu½ saªghaggahaºena gahitatt±ti visu½ puggalassapi bh±gaggahaºe k±raºa½ vutta½.Yath± cettha puggalassa aggahaºa½, eva½ upari “bhikkhusaªghassa ca tuyhañc±”ti-±d²supisaªgh±di-saddehi puggalassa aggahaºa½ daµµhabba½. Yadi hi gahaºa½ siy±, saªghatopi, visump²tibh±gadvaya½ labheyya ubhayattha gahitatt±.
P³jetabbanti-±di gihikamma½ na hot²ti dassanattha½ vutta½. “Bhikkhusaªghassa har±”tiida½ piº¹ap±taharaºa½ sandh±ya vutta½. Ten±ha “bhuñjitu½ vaµµat²”ti. “Antohemante”tiimin± anatthate kathine vass±na½ pacchime m±se dinna½ purimavassa½vutth±naññeva p±puº±ti,tato para½ hemante dinna½ pacchimavassa½vutth±nampi vutthavassatt± p±puº±ti. Hemantatopana para½ piµµhisamaye “vassa½vutthasaªghass±”ti eva½ vatv± dinna½ anantare vasse v± tatoparesu v± yattha katthaci tasmi½ vutthavass±na½ sabbesa½ p±puº±ti. Ye pana sabbath±avutthavass±, tesa½ na p±puº±t²ti dasseti. Sabbesamp²ti hi tasmi½ bhikkhubh±vevutthavass±na½ sabbesamp²ti attho daµµhabbo. “Vassa½vutthasaªghass±”tivuttatt± sammukh²bh³t±na½ sabbesanti etth±pi eseva nayo. At²tavassanti anantar±t²tavassa½.
Uddesa½ gahetu½ ±gatoti uddese aggahitepi antev±sikov±ti vutta½. Gahetv±gacchantoti pariniµµhita-uddeso hutv± gacchanto. “Vatta½ katv± uddesaparipucch±d²nigahetv± vicarant±nan”ti ida½ “uddesantev±sik±nan”ti imasseva visesana½, tenauddesak±le ±gantv± uddesa½ gahetv± gantv± aññattha nivasante anibaddhac±rike nivatteti.

Aµµhac²varam±tik±kath±vaººan± niµµhit±.

C²varakkhandhakavaººan±nayo niµµhito.