Padabh±jan²yavaººan±

Yo viya dissat²ti y±diso, ya½-saddatthe yath±-saddo vattat²ti ±ha “yenav± tena v± yutto”ti. Yena ten±ti hi padadvayena aniyamato ya½-saddatthova dassito.V±sadhurayuttoti vipassan±dhurayutto. Y± j±ti ass±ti ya½j±ti, puggalo,sova ya½jacco sakatthe yapaccaya½ katv±. Gottavasena yena v± tena v± gottena yath±gottov± tath±gotto v± hot³ti sambandho. S²les³ti pakat²su. Atha khoti ida½kint³ti imasmi½ atthe. Ki½ vutta½ hot²ti attho. Imasmi½ attheti imasmi½p±r±jikavisaye. Esoti yath±vuttehi pak±rehi yutto. Ariy±y±ti “uddissaariy± tiµµhanti, es± ariy±na½ y±can±”ti eva½ vutt±ya, na, “dehi me”ti kapaº±ya.Liªgasampaµicchanen±ti “bhikkha½ cariss±m²”ti citt±bh±vepi bhikkh±h±ranissitapabbajj±liªgassasampaµicchanena. K±jabhattanti k±jehi ±n²tabhatta½. Adhammik±y±ti adhis²lasikkh±dibhikkhuguº±bh±vatovutta½, ten±ha “abh³t±y±”ti. “Maya½ bhikkh³”ti vadant± paµiññ±matteneva bhikkh³,na atthatoti attho. Idañca “maya½ bhikkh³”ti paµij±nanass±pi sambhavato vutta½. “Maya½bhikkh³”ti appaµij±nant±pi hi bhikkhuvoh±ranimittassa liªgassa gahaºena ceva bhikkh³na½dinnapaccayabh±gaggahaº±din± ca bhikkhupaµiññ± eva n±ma honti. Tath± hi vutta½ puggalapaññatti-aµµhakath±ya½
“‘Abrahmac±r² brahmac±ripaµiñño’ti aññe brahmac±rino sunivatthe sup±rute sumbhakapattadhareg±manigamajanapadar±jadh±n²su piº¹±ya caritv± j²vika½ kappente disv± sayampi t±disena±k±rena tath± paµipajjanato ‘aha½ brahmac±r²’ti paµiñña½ dento viya hoti. ‘Aha½bhikkh³’ti vatv± uposathagg±d²ni pavisanto pana brahmac±ripaµiñño hotiyeva, tath± saªghika½l±bha½ gaºhanto”ti (pu. pa. aµµha. 91).
Tasm± evar³pehi paµiññ±ya bhikkh³hi gotrabhupariyos±nehi saddhi½ sambhogaparibhogo na vaµµati,alajj²paribhogova hoti. Sañcicca ±patti-±pajjan±di-alajj²lakkhaºa½ pana ukkaµµh±na½ bhikkh³na½vasena vutta½ s±maºer±d²nampi alajj²voh±radassanato. “Alajj²s±maºerehihatthakammampi na k±retabban”ti hi vutta½. Yath±vihitapaµipattiya½ atiµµhanañhi sabbas±dh±raºa½alajj²lakkhaºa½. Duss²l± liªgaggahaºato paµµh±ya yath±vihitapaµipattiy± abh±vato ekant±lajjinova mah±saªghik±dinik±yantarik± viya, liªgatthenak±dayo viya, ca. Y±va 11 ca tesa½bhikkhupaµiññ± anuvattati, t±va bhikkhu eva, tehi ca paribhogo alajjipa-abhogova,tesañca bhikkhusaªghasaññ±ya dinna½ saªghe dinna½ n±ma hoti. Vuttañhi bhagavat±–
“Bhavissanti kho pan±nanda, an±gatamaddh±na½ gotrabhuno k±s±vakaºµh± duss²l± p±padhamm±,tesu duss²lesu saªgha½ uddissa d±na½ dassanti, tad±p±ha½, ±nanda, saªghagata½ dakkhiºa½ asaªkhyeyya½appameyya½ vad±m²”ti (ma. ni. 3.380).
Bhagavato saªgha½ uddissa dinnatt± dakkhiº± asaªkhyeyy± appameyy± j±t±. Duss²l±na½ dinnatt±n±ti ce? Na, tesu saªgha½ uddiss±ti gotrabh³na½ paµigg±hakattena par±maµµhatt±, itarath±“yesu kesuci gahaµµhesu v± pabbajitesu v± saªgha½ uddiss±”ti vattabbat±pasaªgato,tath± ca “tad±p±ha½, ±nand±”ti heµµhimakoµidassanassa payojana½ na siy±. Tasm± gotrabh³nampiabh±ve saªgha½ uddissa d±na½ natthi, heµµhimakoµiy± tesupi dinn± saªghagat± dakkhiº±asaªkhyeyy±, na tato para½ sijjhat²ti tepi paµiññ±ya bhikkhu ev±ti gahetabba½.
Brahmaghosanti uttamaghosa½, brahmuno ghosasadisa½ v± ghosa½. Ehi bhikkh³ti “bhikkh³”tisambodhana½.Sa½s±re bhaya-ikkhaka tassa bhayassa sabbaso vin±sanattha½ tisaraºa½, s±sana½ v± ehi manas±“t±ºa½ leºan”ti pavisa upagaccha. Upagantv±pi cara brahmacariyanti s±sanabrahmacariya½maggabrahmacariyañca carassu. Bhaº¹³ti muº¹itakeso. V±s²ti dantakaµµh±dicchedanav±si.Bandhananti k±yabandhana½. Yutto yogo sam±dhipaññ±vasena so yuttayogo, tassaaµµhete parikkh±r±ti seso. Sar²re paµimukkehiyeva upalakkhitoti seso. “T²ºisat±n²”ti vattabbe g±th±bandhasukhattha½ “t²ºi satan”ti vutta½.
Tasm±ti bhagav± heµµh± vutta½ par±masati. Heµµh± hi “aha½ kho pana,kassapa, j±naññeva vad±mi ‘j±n±m²’ti, passaññeva vad±mi ‘pass±m²”’ti (sa½. ni.2.154) vutta½, ta½ par±masati, yasm± aha½ j±na½ vad±mi, tasm±ti attho. Ih±tiimasmi½ s±sane. Tibbanti mahanta½. Paccupaµµhita½ bhavissat²ti ther±di-upasaªkamanatopuretarameva tesu ya½n³na me hirottappa½ upaµµhita½ bhavissat²ti attho. Kusal³pasa½hitantianavajjadhammanissita½. Aµµhi½ katv±ti att±na½ tena dhammena aµµhika½ katv±, ta½v± dhamma½ “esa me attho”ti attha½ katv±. Ohitasototi dhamme nihitasoto.Evañhi te, kassapa, sikkhitabbanti ñ±ºasotañca pas±dasotañca odahitv± “dhamma½sakkaccameva suºiss±m²”ti evameva tay± sikkhitabba½. S±tasahagat± ca me k±yagat±sat²ti asubhesu ceva ±n±p±ne ca paµhamajjh±navasena sukhasampayuttak±yagat±sati. Ya½ panetassaov±dassa sakkaccapaµiggahaºa½, ayameva therassa pabbajj± ca upasampad± ca ahosi (sa½. ni.aµµha. 2.2.154).
Uddhum±takapaµibh±g±rammaºa½ jh±na½ uddhum±takasaññ±. Kasiº±rammaºa½ r³p±vacarajjh±na½r³pasaññ±. Imeti saññ±s²sena niddiµµh± ime dve jh±nadhamm±. Sop±ko ca bhagavat±puµµho “r³p±vacarabh±vena ekatth±, byañjanameva n±nan”ti ±ha. ¾raddhacittoti ±r±dhitacitto.Garudhammapaµiggahaº±di-upasampad± upari sayameva ±vi bhavissati.
Sabbantimena pariy±yen±ti sabbantimena paricchedena. Ñatticatutth± kammav±c±upasampad±kammassa k±raºatt± µh±na½, tassa µh±nassa araha½ anucchavikanti vatthudos±divinimuttakamma½“µh±n±rahan”ti vutta½ vatth±didosayuttassa kammassa sabh±vato kammav±c±rahatt±bh±v±.Atha v± µh±nanti nibb±nappattihetuto sikkhattayasaªgaha½ s±sana½ vuccati, tassa anucchavika½kamma½ µh±n±raha½. Yath±vihitalakkhaºena hi kammena upasampannova sakala½ s±sana½ sam±d±yaparip³retumarahati. Tasm± parisuddhakammav±c±pariyos±na½ sabba½ saªghakicca½ µh±n±raha½n±ma, ten±ha “satthus±san±rahen±”ti, s²l±disakalas±sanaparipuººassa anucchaviken±tiattho. Aya½ imasmi½ attheti ñatticatutthakammena upasampannasseva sabbasikkh±padesuvuttatt± kiñc±pi ehibhikkh³pasampad±d²hi upasampann±na½ suddhasatt±na½ paººattivajjasikkh±padav²tikkamepiabhabbat± v± dos±bh±vo v± saddato paññ±yati, tath±pi atthato tesampi paººattivajjesu,lokavajjesupi v± sur±p±n±dilahukesu magguppattito pubbe asañcicc±din± ±patti-±pajjana½sijjhatiyeva. Tath± hi “dve puggal± abhabb± ±patti½ ±pajjitu½ buddh± ca paccekabuddh±ca. Dve puggal± bhabb± ±patti½ ±pajjitu½ bhikkh³ ca bhikkhuniyo c±”ti (pari.322) vutta½. Ñatticatutthena kammena upasampannoti ida½ pana sabbasikkh±padav²tikkam±rahesabbak±like ca bhikkh³ gahetv± yebhuyyavasena vutta½. Niruttivasen±ti nibbacanavasena.Abhil±pavasen±ti voh±ravasena. Guºavasen±ti bhikkhuvoh±ranimitt±na½guº±na½ vasena.