Catubbidhavinay±dikath±vaººan±

45. N²haritv±ti p±¼ito uddharitv±, tath± hi “pañcahup±li, aªgehi samann±gatenabhikkhun± n±nuyuñjitabba½. Katamehi pañcahi? Sutta½ na j±n±ti, sutt±nuloma½ naj±n±t²”ti-±dip±¼ito sutta½ sutt±nulomañca n²hari½su. “An±patti eva½ amh±ka½±cariy±na½ uggaho paripucch±ti bhaºat²”ti evam±dito ±cariyav±da½. “¾yasm±up±li evam±ha– ‘an±patti, ±vuso, supinanten±’ti” evam±dito attano mati½n²hari½su, s± ca therassa attanomati suttena saªgahitatt± sutta½ j±ta½, evamaññ±pi sutt±d²hisaªgahit±va gahetabb±, netar±ti veditabba½. Atha v± n²haritv±ti vibhajitv± s±µµhakatha½sakala½ vinayapiµaka½ sutt±d²su cat³su padesesu pakkhipitv± catudh± vibhajitv± vinaya½pak±sesu½ tabbinimuttassa abh±v±ti adhipp±yo. Vuttanti n±gasenattherenamilindapañhe vutta½. Kaºµh±divaººuppattiµµh±nakaraº±d²hi ±haritv± attano vac²viññattiy±vabh±sitavacana½ ±haccapada½. Rasoti s±ro “pattaraso”ti-±d²su (dha. sa. 628-630)viya, paµikkhitta-anuññ±tasuttas±roti attho, rasoti v± lakkhaºa½ paµivatthuka½ anuddharitv±lakkhaº±nulomena vuttatt±. Dhammasaªg±hak±di-±cariyava½sena ±bhat± aµµhakath± ±cariyava½soti±ha “±cariyava½soti ±cariyav±do”ti.
Vinayapiµake p±¼²ti idha adhik±ravasena vutta½. Sesapiµakesupi sutt±dicatunay±yath±nur³pa½ labbhanteva. Mah±pades±ti mah±-ok±s± mah±visay±, te atthato “ya½,bhikkhave”ti-±dip±¼ivasena akappiy±nulomato kappiy±nulomato ca puggalehi nayatotath± tath± gayham±n± atthanay± eva. Te hi bhagavat± sar³pato avuttesupi paµikkhitt±nulomesu,anuññ±t±nulomesu ca sesesu kiccesu nivattipavattihetut±ya mah±gocar±ti “mah±pades±”tivutt±, na pana “ya½, bhikkhave, may± ida½ na kappat²”ti-±din± vutt± s±dhipp±y±p±¼iyeva tass± sutte paviµµhatt±. “Sutt±nulomampi sutte ot±retabba½…pe…suttameva balavataran”ti (p±r±. aµµha. 1.45) hi vutta½, na hes± s±dhipp±y± p±¼isutte ot±retabb±, na gahetabb± v± hoti, yen±ya½ sutt±nuloma½ siy±. Tasm±ima½ p±¼i-adhipp±ya½ niss±ya puggalehi gahit± yath±vutta-atth±va sutt±nuloma½. Tappak±sakatt±pana aya½ p±¼ipi sutt±nulomanti gahetabba½, ten±ha ye bhagavat± eva½ vutt±ti-±di.Ya½ bhikkhaveti-±dip±¼inayena hi puggalehi gahetabb± ye akappiy±nulom±dayo atth±vutt±, te mah±pades±ti attho.
Bhagavato pakiººakadesan±bh³t± ca sutt±nulomabh³t± ca aµµhakath±. Yasm± dhammasaªg±hakattherehip±¼ivaººan±kkamena saªgahetv± vutt±, tasm± “±cariyav±do”ti vutt±, etenaca aµµhakath± suttasutt±nulomesu atthato saªgayhat²ti veditabb±. Yath± ca es±, eva½attanomatipi pam±ºabh³t±. Na hi bhagavato vacana½ vacan±nulomañca aniss±ya aggas±vak±dayopiattano ñ±ºabalena sutt±bhidhammavinayesu kañci sammutiparamatthabheda½ attha½vattu½ sakkonti, tasm± sabbampi vacana½ sutte sutt±nulome ca saªgayhati. Visu½pana aµµhakath±d²na½ saªgahitatt± tadavasesa½ suttasutt±nulomato gahetv± catudh± vinayoniddiµµho. Sutt±dayo niss±yeva pavatt±pi attanomati tesu sar³pena an±gatatt± vutta½“suttasutt±nuloma-±cariyav±de muñcitv±”ti, ten±ha “anubuddhiy± nayagg±hen±”ti.Tattha sutt±d²ni anugat±ya eva buddhiy± tehi laddhanayagg±hena c±ti attho.
Therav±doti mah±sumatther±d²na½ g±ho. Sutt±di½ niss±yeva vipar²tatopi attanomatiuppajjat²ti ±ha ta½ pan±ti-±di. Atthen±ti attan± nayaggahitena atthena.P±¼inti attano g±hassa nissayabh³ta½ s±µµhakatha½ p±¼i½. P±¼iy±ti tappaµikkhepattha½paren±haµ±ya s±µµhakath±ya p±¼iy±, attan± gahita½ attha½ niss±ya p±¼iñca sa½sanditv±tiattho. ¾cariyav±deti attan± parena ca samuddhaµa-aµµhakath±ya. Otarati ceva sametic±ti attan± uddhaµehi sa½sandanavasena otarati, parena uddhaµena sameti. Sabbadubbal±tiasabbaññupuggalassa dosav±san±ya y±th±vato atthasampaµipatti-abh±vato vutta½. Pam±dap±µhavasena±cariyav±dassa sutt±nulomena asa½sandan±pi siy±ti ±ha “itaro na gahetabbo”ti.
Samentameva gahetabbanti ye suttena sa½sandanti, evar³p±va atth± mah±padesato uddharitabb±tidasseti tath± tath± uddhaµa-atth±nameva sutt±nulomatt±, ten±ha “sutt±nulomato hi suttamevabalavataran”ti. Appaµivattiyanti appaµib±hiya½. K±rakasaªghasadisanti pam±ºatt±saªg²tik±rakasaªghasadisa½. Buddh±na½ µhitak±lasadisanti dharam±nakabuddhasadisantiattho. Sakav±d² sutta½ gahetv± kathet²ti-±d²su yo yath±bh³tamattha½ gahetv±kathanas²lo, so sakav±d². Suttanti saªg²tittay±ru¼ha½ p±¼ivacana½. Parav±d²timah±vih±rav±s² v± hotu aññanik±yav±s² v±, yo vipar²tato attha½ gahetv± kathanas²lo,sova idha “parav±d²”ti vutto. Sutt±nulomanti saªg²tittay±ru¼ha½ v± an±ru¼ha½v± ya½kiñci vipall±sato v± vañcan±ya v± “saªg²tittay±gatamidan”ti dassiyam±na½sutt±nuloma½. Keci “aññanik±ye sutt±nuloman”ti vadanti,ta½ na yutta½ sakav±d²parav±d²na½ ubhinnampi saªg²tittay±ru¼hasutt±d²na½ eva gahetabbato.Tath± hi vakkhati “tisso saªg²tiyo ±ru¼ha½ p±¼i-±gata½ paññ±yati, gahetabban”ti-±di.Na hi sakav±d² aññanik±yasutt±di½ pam±ºato gaºh±ti, yena tesu sutt±d²su dassitesutattha µh±tabba½ bhaveyya, vakkhati ca “paro tassa akappiyabh±vas±dhaka½ suttato bahu½ k±raºañcavinicchayañca dasseti…pe… ‘s±dh³’ti sampaµicchitv± akappiyeyeva µh±tabban”ti(p±r±. aµµha. 1.45). Tasm± parav±din±pi saªg²tittaye an±ru¼hampi an±ru¼hamiccevadass²yati, kevala½ tassa tassa sutt±dino saªg²tittaye an±gatassa k³µat±, ±gatassaca byañjanacch±y±ya aññath± adhipp±yayojan± ca viseso. Tattha ca ya½ k³µa½, ta½ apan²yati.Ya½ aññath± yojita½, tassa vipar²tat±sandassanattha½ tadaññena sutt±din± sa½sandan± kar²yati.Yo pana parav±din± gahito adhipp±yo suttant±din± sa½sandati, so sakav±din±pi attanog±ha½ vissajjetv± gahetabboti ubhinnampi saªg²tittay±gatameva sutt±dipam±ºanti veditabba½.Teneva kath±vatthuppakaraºe sakav±de pañca suttasat±ni parav±de pañc±ti (dha. sa. aµµha.nid±nakath±; kath±. aµµha. nid±nakath±) suttasahassampi adhipp±yaggahaºan±nattena saªg²tittay±gatamevagahita½, na nik±yantare kiñc²ti.
Khepanti “ki½ imin±”ti paµikkhepa½ cha¹¹ana½. Garahanti “kimesa b±lo j±n±t²”tinindana½. Sutte ot±retabbanti yassa suttassa anulomanato ida½ sutt±nuloma½ak±si, tasmi½, tadanur³pe v± aññatarasmi½ sutte attan± gahita½ sutt±nuloma½atthato sa½sandanavasena ot±retabba½, “imin± ca imin± ca k±raºena imasmi½ suttesa½sandat²”ti sa½sanditv± dassetabbanti attho. Ayanti sakav±d². Parotiparav±d². ¾cariyav±do sutte ot±retabboti yassa suttassa vaººan±vasena aya½±cariyav±do pavatto, tasmi½, t±dise ca aññatarasmi½ sutte pubb±para-atthasa½sandanavasenaot±retabba½. G±rayh±cariyav±doti pam±dalikhito, bhinnaladdhikehi v± µhapito,esa nayo sabbattha.
Ya½ kiñci k³µasutta½ b±hirakasutt±divacana½ na gahetabbanti dassetu½ sutta½ sutt±nulomeot±retabbanti-±di vutta½. Gu¼havessantar±d²ni mah±saªghik±dibhinnaladdhik±na½ pakaraº±ni.¾di-saddena gu¼ha-ummagg±d²na½ gahaºa½ Sakav±d² sutta½ gahetv± katheti,parav±d²pi suttanti-±din± aññepi v±d±lamban± vuttanayena sakk± ñ±tunti idha navutt±.
Eva½ suttasutt±nulom±dimukhena s±maññato viv±da½ dassetv± id±ni visesato viv±davatthu½tabbinicchayamukhena sutt±d²nañca dassetu½ atha pan±ya½ kappiyanti-±di vutta½.Sutte ca sutt±nulome c±ti ettha ca-k±ro vikappattho, tena ±cariyav±d±d²nampisaªgaho, ten±ha “k±raºañca vinicchayañca dasset²”ti. Tattha k±raºanti sutt±dinaya½niss±ya attanomatiy± uddhaµa½ hetu½. Vinicchayanti aµµhakath±vinicchaya½. K±raºacch±y±tisutt±d²su “kappiyan”ti g±hassa, “akappiyan”ti g±hassa ca nimittabh³ta½kicchena paµip±dan²ya½ avibh³tak±raºa½ k±raºacch±y±, k±raºapatir³pakanti attho.Vinayañhi patv±ti imassa vivaraºa½ kappiy±kappiyavic±raºam±gamm±ti. Rundhitabbantikappiyasaññ±ya v²tikkamakaraºa½ rundhitabba½, ta½niv±raºacitta½ da¼hatara½ k±tabba½.Sota½ pacchinditabbanti tattha v²tikkamappavatti pacchinditabb±. Garukabh±vetiakappiyabh±ve. Suttavinicchayak±raºeh²ti suttena aµµhakath±vinicchayena ca laddhak±raºehi.Evanti-±di yath±vuttassa atthassa nigamanavacana½. Atirekak±raºanti sutt±d²supurima½ purima½ atirekak±raºa½ n±ma, bahuk±raºa½ v±.
V±cuggatanti v±c±ya uggata½, tattha nirantara½ µhitanti attho. “Sutta½ n±ma sakala½vinayapiµakan”ti vuttatt± puna suttatoti tadatthapaµip±daka½ sutt±bhidhammap±¼ivacana½adhippeta½. Anubyañjanatoti imassa vivaraºa½ paripucchato ca aµµhakath±to c±ti.Tattha paripucch±ti ±cariyassa santik± p±¼iy± atthasavana½. Aµµhakath±ti p±¼imuttakavinicchayo.Tadubhayampi hi p±¼i½ anugantv± atthassa byañjanato “anubyañjanan”ti vutta½. Vinayetivinay±c±re, teneva vakkhati vinaya½ avijahanto avokkamantoti-±di. Tatthapatiµµh±na½ n±ma sañcicca ±pattiy± an±pajjan±di hot²ti ±ha “lajj²bh±vena patiµµhito”ti,tena lajj² hot²ti vutta½ hoti. Vinayadharassa lakkhaºe vattabbe ki½ imin± lajj²bh±ven±ti±ha alajj² h²ti-±di. Tattha bahussutop²ti imin± paµhamalakkhaºasamann±gama½ dasseti.L±bhagarut±y±ti-±din± vinaye µhitat±ya abh±ve paµhamalakkhaºayogo kiccakaro nahoti, atha kho akiccakaro anatthakaro ev±ti dasseti. Saªghabhedassa pubbabh±gokalaho saªghar±ji.
Vitthunat²ti vitthambhati, nitthunati v± santiµµhitu½ na sakkoti, ten±ha ya½ yanti-±di.¾cariyaparampar±ti ±cariy±na½ vinicchayaparampar±, teneva vakkhati “attano mati½pah±ya…pe… yath± ±cariyo ca ±cariy±cariyo ca p±¼iñca paripucchañca vadanti, tath±ñ±tu½ vaµµat²”ti. Na hi ±cariy±na½ n±mamattato parampar±j±nane payojanamatthi. Pubb±par±nusandhitotipubbavacanassa aparavacanena saha atthasambandhaj±nanato. Atthatoti padatthapiº¹attha-adhippetatth±dito.K±raºatoti tadatthupapattito. Therav±daªganti therav±dapaµip±µi½, tesa½ vinicchayapaµip±µintiattho.
Imehi ca pana t²hi lakkhaºeh²ti ettha paµhamena lakkhaºena vinayassa suµµhu uggahitabh±vovutto. Dutiyenassa lajj²bh±vena ceva acalat±ya ca patiµµhitat±. Tatiyena p±¼i-aµµhakath±suanur³pena an±gatampi tadanulomato ±cariyehi dinnanayato vinicchinitu½ samatthat±.Otiººe vatthusminti codan±vasena v²tikkamavatthusmi½ saªghamajjhe otiººe. Codakenacuditakena ca vutte vattabbeti eva½ otiººe vatthu½ niss±ya codakena “diµµha½sutan”ti-±din± cuditakena “atthi natth²”ti-±din± ca ya½ vattabba½, tasmi½vattabbe vutteti attho. Thullaccayadubbh±sit±na½ m±tik±ya an±gatatt± “pañcanna½±patt²nan”ti vutta½. Tikadukkaµanti “anupasampanne upasampannasaññ² ujjh±yativ± kh²yati v± ±patti dukkaµass±”ti-±din± (p±ci. 106 thoka½ visadisa½) ±gata½tikadukkaµa½. Aññatara½ v± ±pattinti “k±le vik±lasaññ² ±patti dukkaµassa,k±le vematiko ±patti dukkaµass±”ti-±dika½ (p±ci. 250) dukadukkaµa½ sandh±yavutta½. Antar±pattinti tasmi½ tasmi½ sikkh±pade ±gatavatthuv²tikkama½ vin±aññasmi½ vatthuv²tikkame nid±nato pabhuti vin²tavatthupariyos±n± antarantar± vutta½±patti½. Idha pana “vatthu½ oloket²”ti visu½ gahitatt± tadavases± antar±patt²tigahit±. Paµil±ta½ ukkhipat²ti ida½ visibbanasikkh±pade (p±ci. 350-351) ±gata½.Tattha ¹ayham±na½ al±ta½ aggikap±l±dito bahi patita½ avijjh±tameva paµi-ukkhipati puna yath±µh±ne µhapet²ti attho. Vijjh±ta½ pana pakkhipantassa p±cittiyameva.An±pattinti ettha antarantar± vutt± an±pattipi atthi, “an±patti, bhikkhave,iddhimassa iddhivisaye”ti-±di (p±r±. 159) viya s±pi saªgayhati.
P±r±jik±patt²ti na t±va vattabbanti ida½ ±pannapuggalena lajj²dhamme µhatv± yath±bh³ta½±vikaraºepi dubbinicchaya½ adinn±d±n±di½ sandh±ya vutta½. Ya½ pana methun±d²suvij±nana½, ta½ vattabbameva, ten±ha methunadhammav²tikkamo h²ti-±di. Yo pana alajjit±yapaµiñña½ adatv± vikkhepa½ karoti, tassa ±patti na sakk± o¼±rik±pi vinicchinitu½,y±va so yath±bh³ta½ n±vi karoti, saªghassa ca ±pattisandeho na vigacchati, t±va n±sitakovabhavissati. Sukhum±ti cittaparivattiy± sukhumat±ya sukhum±. Ten±ha “cittalahuk±”ti,citta½ tassa lahukanti attho. Teti v²tikkame. Ta½vatthukanti adinn±d±n±dim³laka½.Ya½ ±cariyo bhaºati, ta½ karoh²ti-±di sabba½ lajj²pesala½ kukkuccakamevasandh±ya vutta½. Yo y±th±vato pak±setv± suddhimeva gavesati, ten±pi, p±r±jikos²tina vattabboti an±pattikoµiy±pi saªkiyam±natt± vutta½, teneva “p±r±jikacch±y±”tivutta½. S²l±ni sodhetv±ti yasmi½ v²tikkame p±r±jik±saªk± vattati,tattha p±r±jik±bh±vapakkha½ gahetv± desan±vuµµh±nag±min²na½ ±patt²na½ sodhanavasena s²l±nisodhetv±. Dvatti½s±k±ranti p±kaµabh±vato upalakkhaºavasena vutta½, ya½ kiñciabhirucita½ manasik±tu½ vaµµateva. Kammaµµh±na½ ghaµiyat²ti vippaµis±ram³lakenavikkhepena antarantar± khaº¹a½ adassetv± pabandhavasena cittena saªghaµiyati. Saªkh±r±tivipassan±kammaµµh±navasena vutta½. S±pattikassa hi paguºampi kammaµµh±na½ na suµµhu upaµµh±ti,pageva p±r±jikassa. Tassa hi vippaµis±raninnat±ya citta½ ekagga½ na hoti. Ekassapana vitakkavikkhep±dibahulassa suddhas²lassapi citta½ na sam±dhiyati, ta½ idha p±r±jikam³lakantina gahetabba½. Katap±pam³lakena vippaµis±renevettha cittassa asam±dhiyana½ sandh±ya“kammaµµh±na½ na ghaµiyat²”ti vutta½, ten±ha vippaµis±raggin±ti-±di. Attan±ticittena karaºabh³tena puggalo katt± j±n±ti, paccatte v± karaºavacana½, att± saya½ paj±n±t²tiattho.

Catubbidhavinay±dikath±vaººan±nayo niµµhito.