Idha pana “arańńe samant± sattabbhantar±”ti eva½ p±¼iya½ vińjh±µavisadise arańńe samant±sattabbhantar±ti aµµhakath±yańca rukkh±dinirantarepi arańńe sattabbhantaras²m±ya vihitatt±attano nissayabh³t±ya arańńas²m±ya saha etass± rukkh±disambandhe dos±bh±vo pageva ag±makerukkheti nissitepi padese c²varavippav±sassa rukkhaparih±ra½ vin±va abbhok±saparih±rovaanumatoti siddhoti veditabbo.
Upac±ratth±y±ti s²mantarikatth±ya sattabbhantarato adhika½ vaµµati. Šnaka½pana na vaµµati eva sattabbhantaraparicchedassa dubbij±natt±. Tasm± saŖgha½ vin± eken±pibhikkhun± bahi tiµµhantena ańńa½ sattabbhantara½ atikkamitv± atid³re eva µh±tabba½, itarath±kammakopasaŖkato. Udakukkhepepi eseva nayo. Teneva vakkhati “³naka½ pana na vaµµat²”ti(mah±va. aµµha. 147). Idańcettha s²mantarikavidh±na½ dvinna½ baddhas²m±na½ s²mantarik±nuj±nanasutt±nulomatosiddhanti daµµhabba½. Kińc±pi hi bhagavat± nid±navasena ekag±mas²m±nissit±na½ ekasabh±g±nańcadvinna½ baddhas²m±nameva ańńamańńa½ sambhedajjhottharaŗadosaparih±r±ya s²mantarik± anuńń±t±,tath±pi tadanulomato eka-arańńas²m±nadi-±dis²mańca nissit±na½ ekasabh±g±na½ dvinna½sattabbhantaras²m±nampi udakukkhepas²m±nampi ańńamańńa½ sambhedajjhottharaŗa½, s²mantarika½vin± abyavadh±nena µh±nańca bhagavat± anabhimatamev±ti ńatv± aµµhakath±cariy± idh±pi s²mantarikavidh±namaka½su.Visabh±gas²m±nampi hi ekas²m±nissitatta½, ekasabh±gattańc±ti dv²haŖgehi samann±gatesati eka½ s²mantarika½ vin± µh±na½ sambhed±ya hoti, n±sat²ti daµµhabba½. S²mantarikavidh±nas±matthiyenevacet±sa½ rukkh±disambandhopi baddhas²m±na½ viya ańńamańńa½ na vaµµat²ti ayampi nayatodassito ev±ti gahetabba½.
“Sabh±venev±”ti imin± g±mas²m± viya abaddhas²m±ti dasseti. Sabbamettha saŖghakamma½k±tu½ vaµµat²ti sam±nasa½v±s± ek³posath±ti dasseti. Yena kenac²ti antamasos³kar±din± sattena. Mahoghena pana unnataµµh±nato ninnaµµh±ne patantena khato khuddako v±mahanto v± lakkhaŗayutto j±tassarova. Etth±pi khuddake udakukkhepakicca½ natthi, samuddepana sabbath± udakukkhepas²m±yameva kamma½ k±tabba½ sodhetu½ dukkaratt±.
Puna tatth±ti lokavoh±rasiddh±su et±su nadi-±d²su t²su abaddhas²m±su puna vaggakammaparih±rattha½s±sanavoh±rasiddh±ya abaddhas²m±ya pariccheda½ dassentoti adhipp±yo. P±¼iya½ ya½ majjhimassapurisass±ti-±d²su udaka½ ukkhipitv± khip²yati etth±ti udakukkhepo, udakassapatanok±so, tasm± udakukkhep±. Ayańhettha padasambandhavasena attho– parisapariyantatopaµµh±ya samant± y±va majjhimassa purisassa udakukkhepo udakapatanaµµh±na½, t±vaya½ ta½ paricchinnaµµh±na½, aya½ tattha nadi-±d²su apar± sam±nasa½v±s± udakukkhepas²m±ti.
Tassa antoti tassa udakukkhepaparicchinnassa µh±nassa anto. Na kevalańca tasseva anto,tato bahipi, ekassa udakukkhepassa anto µh±tu½ na vaµµat²ti vacana½ udakukkhepaparicchedassadubbij±nato kammakopasaŖk± hot²ti. Teneva m±tik±µµhakath±ya½ “paricchedabbhantarehatthap±sa½ vijahitv± µhitopi paricchedato bahi ańńa½ tattaka½yeva pariccheda½ anatikkamitv±µhitopi kamma½ kopeti ida½ sabba-aµµhakath±su sanniµµh±nan”ti (kaŖkh±. aµµha. nid±navaŗŗan±)vutta½. Ya½ panettha s±ratthad²paniya½ “tassa anto hatthap±sa½ vijahitv± µhitokamma½ kopet²ti imin± bahiparicchedato yattha katthaci µhito kamma½ na kopet²”ti(s±rattha. µ². mah±vagga 3.147) vatv± m±tik±µµhakath±vacanampi paµikkhipitv± “nevap±¼iya½ na aµµhakath±ya½ upalabbhat²”ti-±di bahu papańcita½, ta½ na sundara½ idha aµµhakath±vacanenam±tik±µµhakath±vacanassa nayato sa½sandanato saŖghaµanato. Tath± hi dvinna½ udakukkhepaparicched±namantar±vidatthicaturaŖgulamattampi s²mantarika½ aµµhapetv± “ańńo udakukkhepo s²mantarik±yaµhapetabbo, tato adhika½ vaµµati eva, ³naka½ pana na vaµµat²”ti eva½ idheva vuttena imin±aµµhakath±vacanena s²mantarikopac±rena udakukkhepato ³nake µhapite s²m±ya s²m±sambhedatokammakopopi vutto eva. Yadaggena ca eva½ vutto, tadaggena tattha ekabhikkhuno pavesepisati tassa s²maµµhabh±vato kammakopo vutto eva hoti. Aµµhakath±ya½ “³naka½ pana na vaµµat²”tikathanańceta½ udakukkhepaparicchedassa dubbij±nantenapi s²m±sambhedasaŖka-±parih±rattha½ vutta½.Sattabbhantaras²m±namantar± tattakaparicchedeneva s²mantarikavidh±navacanatopi et±sa½ dubbij±naparicchedat±,tattha ca µhit±na½ kammakopasaŖk± sijjhati. KammakopasaŖkaµµh±nampi ±cariy± d³rato parih±rattha½kammakopaµµh±nanti vatv±va µhapesunti gahetabba½.
Tanti s²ma½. “S²ghameva atikk±met²”ti imin± ta½ anatikkamitv± anto evaparivattam±n±ya k±tu½ vaµµat²ti dasseti. Etadatthameva hi v±luk±d²hi s²m±paricchindana½,itarath± bahi parivatt± nu kho, no v±ti kammakopasaŖk± bhaveyy±ti. Ańńiss± anuss±van±tikeval±ya nadis²m±ya anuss±van± Antonadiya½ j±tarukkhe v±tiudakukkhepaparicchedassa bahi µhite rukkhepi v±. Bahinadit²rameva hi visabh±gas²matt±abandhitabbaµµh±na½, na antonad² nissayattena sabh±gatt±. Teneva “bahinadit²re vih±ras²m±yav±”ti-±din± t²rameva abandhitabbaµµh±nattena dassita½, na pana nad². “Rukkhepi µhiteh²”tiida½ anto-udakukkhepaµµha½ sandh±ya vutta½. Na hi bahi-udakukkhepe bhikkh³na½ µh±tu½vaµµati.
Rukkhass±ti tasseva anto-udakukkhepaµµhassa rukkhassa. S²ma½ v± sodhetv±ti yath±vutta½vih±re baddhas²ma½, g±mas²mańca tattha µhitabhikkh³na½ hatthap±s±nayanabahis²m±karaŗavaseneva sodhetv±.Yath± ca udakukkhepas²m±ya½ kamma½ karontehi, eva½ baddhas²m±ya½, g±mas²m±ya½ v± kamma½karontehipi udakukkhepas²maµµhe sodhetv±va k±tabba½. Eteneva sattabbhantara-arańńas²m±hipiudakukkhepas²m±ya, im±ya ca saddhi½ t±sa½ rukkh±disambandhadosopi nayato dassitova hoti.Imin±va nayena sattabbhantaras²m±ya baddhas²m±g±mas²m±hipi saddhi½, et±sańca sattabbhantaras²m±ya saddhi½ sambandhadoso ń±tabbo. Aµµhakath±ya½ paneta½ sabba½ vuttanayato sakk± ń±tuntiańńamańńasam±sann±namevettha dassita½.
Tatrida½ sutt±nulomato nayaggahaŗamukha½– yath± hi baddhas²m±ya½ sammat± vipattis²m± hot²tit±sa½ ańńamańńa½ rukkh±disambandho na vaµµati, eva½ nadi-±d²su sammat±pi baddhas²m± vipattis²m±vahot²ti t±hipi saddhi½ tass± rukkh±disambandho na vaµµat²ti sijjhati. Imin± nayena sattabbhantaras²m±yag±manadi-±d²hi saddhi½, udakukkhepas²m±ya ca arańń±d²hi saddhi½ rukkh±disambandhassa na vaµµanakabh±voń±tabbo, evamet± bhagavat± anuńń±t± baddhas²m± sattabbhantara-udakukkhepas²m± ańńamańńańcevaattano nissayavirahit±hi itar²tar±sa½ nissayas²m±hi ca rukkh±disambandhe sati sambhedadosam±pajjat²tisutt±nulomanayo ń±tabbova.
Attano attano pana nissayabh³tag±m±d²hi saddhi½ baddhas²m±d²na½ tissanna½ uppattik±le bhagavat±anuńń±tassa sambhedajjhottharaŗassa anulomato rukkh±disambandhopi anuńń±tova hot²tidaµµhabba½. Yadi eva½ udakukkhepabaddhas²m±d²na½ antar± kasm± s²mantarik± na vihit±ti?Nissayabhedasabh±vabhedehi sayameva bhinnatt±. Ekanissaya-ekasabh±v±nameva his²mantarik±ya vin±sa½ karot²ti vuttov±yamattho. Eteneva nadinimitta½ katv± baddh±yas²m±ya saŖghe kamma½ karonte nadiyampi y±va g±makhetta½ ±hacca µhit±ya udakukkhepas²m±yaańńesa½ kamma½ k±tu½ vaµµat²ti siddha½ hoti. Y± panet± lokavoh±rasiddh± g±m±rańńanadisamuddaj±tassaras²m±pańca, t± ańńamańńarukkh±disambandhepi sambhedadosa½ n±pajjati, tath± lokavoh±r±bh±vato.Na hi g±m±dayo g±mantar±d²hi, nadi-±d²hi ca rukkh±disambandhamattena sambhinn±ti lokevoharanti. Lokavoh±rasiddh±nańca lokavoh±ratova sambhedo v± asambhedo v± gahetabbo,n±ńńato. Teneva aµµhakath±ya½ t±sa½ ańńamańńa½ katthacipi sambhedanayo na dassito, s±sanavoh±rasiddhoyevadassitoti.
Ettha pana baddhas²m±ya t±va “heµµh± pathav²sandh±raka½ udakapariyanta½ katv± s²m±gat± hot²”ti-±din±(mah±va. aµµha. 138) adhobh±gaparicchedo aµµhakath±ya½ sabbath± dassito. G±mas²m±d²na½pana na dassito. Kathamaya½ j±nitabboti? Keci t±vettha “g±mas²m±dayopi baddhas²m±viya pathav²sandh±raka½ udaka½ ±hacca tiµµhat²”ti vadanti.
Keci pana ta½ paµikkhipitv± “nadisamuddaj±tassaras²m±, t±va tannissita-udakukkhepas²m±ca pathaviy± uparitale, heµµh± ca udakajjhottharaŗappadese eva tiµµhanti, na tato heµµh± udakassaajjhottharaŗ±bh±v±. Sace pana udakogh±din± yojanappam±ŗampi ninnaµµh±na½ hoti, nadis²m±dayovahonti, na tato heµµh±. Tasm± nadi-±d²na½ heµµh± bahit²ramukhena umaŖgena, iddhiy± v±paviµµho bhikkhu nadiya½ µhit±na½ kamma½ na kopeti. So pana ±sannag±me bhikkh³na½ kamma½kopeti. Sace pana so ubhinna½ t²rag±m±na½ majjhe nisinno hoti, ubhayag±maµµh±na½ kamma½kopeti. Sace pana t²ra½ g±makhetta½ na hoti, ag±mak±rańńameva. Tattha pana t²radvayepisattabbhantaras²ma½ vin± keval±ya khuddak±rańńas²m±ya kamma½ karont±na½ kamma½kopeti. Sace sattabbhantaras²m±ya½ karonti, tad± yadi tesa½ sattabbhantaras²m±ya paricchedoetassa nisinnok±sassa parato eka½ sattabbhantara½ atikkamitv± µhito na kammakopo No ce, kammakopo. G±mas²m±ya½ pana anto-umaŖge v± bile v± yatthapavisitu½ sakk±, yattha v± suvaŗŗamaŗi-±di½ khaŗitv± gaŗhanti, gahetu½ sakk±ti v±sambh±van± hoti, tattaka½ heµµh±pi g±mas²m±, tattha iddhiy± anto nisinnopi kamma½kopeti. Yattha pana pakatimanuss±na½ pavesasambh±van±pi natthi, ta½ sabba½ y±va pathavisandh±raka-udak±arańńas²m±va, na g±mas²m±. Arańńas²m±yampi eseva nayo. Tatthapi hi yattake padesepavesasambh±van±, tattakameva uparitale arańńas²m± pavattati. Tato pana heµµh± na arańńas²m±,tattha uparitalena saha ek±rańńavoh±r±bh±vato. Na hi tattha paviµµha½ arańńa½ paviµµho tivoharanti. Tasm± tatraµµho upari arańńaµµh±na½ kamma½ na kopeti umaŖganadiya½ µhito viyauparinadiya½ µhit±na½. Ekasmińhi cakkav±¼e g±manadisamuddaj±tassare muńcitv± tadavasesa½amanuss±v±sa½ devabrahmaloka½ up±d±ya sabba½ arańńameva. ‘G±m± v± arańń± v±’tivuttatt± hi nadisamuddaj±tassar±dipi arańńameva. Idha pana nadi-±d²na½ visu½ s²m±bh±venagahitatt± tadavasesameva arańńa½ gahetabba½. Tattha ca yattake padese eka½ ‘arańńan’tivoharanti, ayamek±rańńas²m±. Indapurańhi sabba½ ek±rańńas²m±. Tath± asurayakkhapur±di.¾k±saµµhadevabrahmavim±n±ni pana samant± ±k±saparicchinn±ni pacceka½ arańńas²m±samuddamajjhe pabbatad²pak± viya. Tattha sabbattha sattabbhantaras²m±ya½, arańńas²m±yameva v±tikamma½ k±tabba½. Tasm± idh±pi upari-arańńatalena saddhi½ heµµh±pathaviy± arańńavoh±r±bh±v±visu½ arańńas²m±ti gahetabba½. Tenevettha g±manadi-±dis²m±kath±ya aµµhakath±ya½‘iddhim± bhikkhu heµµh±pathavitale µhito kamma½ kopet²’ti (mah±va. aµµha. 138) baddhas²m±ya½dassitanayo na dassito”ti vadanti.
Idańcet±sa½ g±mas²m±d²na½ heµµh±pam±ŗadassana½ sutt±divirodh±bh±v± yutta½ viya dissati.V²ma½sitv± gahetabba½. Eva½ gahaŗe ca g±mas²m±ya½ sammat± baddhas²m± upari g±mas²ma½,heµµh± udakapariyanta½ arańńas²mańca avattharat²ti tass± arańńas²m±pi khettanti sijjhati.Bhagavat± ca “sabb±, bhikkhave, nad² as²m±”ti-±din± (mah±va. aµµha. 147) nadisamuddaj±tassar±baddhas²m±ya akhettabh±vena vutt±, na pana arańńa½. Tasm± arańńampi baddhas²m±yakhettamev±ti gahetabba½. Yadi eva½ kasm± tattha s± na bajjhat²ti? Payojan±bh±v±. S²m±pekkh±nantaramevasattabbhantaras²m±ya sambhavato. Tass± ca upari sammat±ya baddhas²m±ya sambhedajjhottharaŗ±nulomatovipattis²m± eva siy±. G±makhette pana µhatv± ag±mak±rańńekadesampi antokaritv±sammat± kińc±pi susammat±, ag±mak±rańńe bhagavat± vihit±ya sattabbhantaras²m±yapi anivattito.Tattha pana kamma½ k±tu½ paviµµh±nampi tato bahi keval±rańńe karont±nampi antar± t²ŗisattabbhantar±ni µhapetabb±ni, ańńath± vipatti eva siy±ti sabbath± niratthakameva ag±mak±rańńebaddhas²m±karaŗanti veditabba½.
Antonadiya½ paviµµhas±kh±y±ti nadiy± pathavitala½ ±hacca µhit±ya s±kh±yapi, pagevaan±hacca µhit±ya. P±rohepi eseva nayo. Etena sabh±ga½ nadis²ma½ phusitv± µhitenapivisabh±gas²m±sambandhas±kh±din± udakukkhepas²m±ya sambandho na vaµµat²ti dasseti. Etenevamah±s²ma½, g±mas²mańca phusitv± µhitena s±kh±din± m±¼akas²m±ya sambandho na vaµµat²tiń±pitoti daµµhabbo.
Antonadiya½yev±ti setup±d±na½ t²raµµhata½ nivatteti. Tena udakukkhepaparicchedatobahi nadiya½ patiµµhitattepi sambhed±bh±va½ dasseti. Ten±ha “bahit²re patiµµhit±”ti-±di.Yadi hi udakukkhepato bahi antonadiyampi patiµµhitatte sambhedo bhaveyya, tampi paµikkhipitabba½bhaveyya kammakopassa sam±natt±, na ca paµikkhitta½. Tasm± sabbattha attano nissayas²m±yasambhedadoso natthev±ti gahetabba½.
¾varaŗena v±ti d±ru-±di½ nikhaŗitv± udakaniv±raŗena. Koµµakabandhanena v±timattik±d²hi p³retv± katasetubandhena. Ubhayen±pi ±varaŗameva dasseti. “Nadi½vin±setv±”ti vuttamevattha½ vibh±veti “heµµh± p±¼i baddh±”ti, heµµh± nadi½±varitv± p±¼i baddh±ti attho. Cha¹¹itamodakanti atirittodaka½. “Nadi½ ottharitv±sandanaµµh±nato”ti imin± ta¼±kanad²na½ antar± pavattanaµµh±ne na vaµµat²ti dasseti. Uppatitv±tit²r±dibhindanavasena vipul± hutv±. Vih±ras²manti baddhas²ma½.
Agamanapatheti tadaheva gantv± nivattitu½ asakkuŗeyye. Arańńas²m±saŖkhyamevagacchat²ti lokavoh±rasiddha½ ag±mak±rańńas²ma½ sandh±ya vadati. Tatth±ti pakatiy±macchabandh±na½ gamanapathesu d²pakesu.
Ta½ µh±nanti ±v±µ±d²na½ kataµµh±nameva, na akatanti attho. Loŗ²ti samuddodakassauppattiveganinno m±tik±k±rena pavattanako.
148. Sambhindant²ti yattha cat³hi bhikkh³hi nis²ditu½ na sakk±, tattakato paµµh±yay±va kesaggamattampi antos²m±ya karonto sambhindati. Catunna½ bhikkh³na½ pahonakatopaµµh±ya y±va sakalampi anto karonto ajjhottharant²ti veditabba½. Sa½saµµhaviµap±tiańńamańńa½ sibbitv± µhitamah±s±kham³l±, etena ańńamańńassa acc±sannata½ d²peti.S±kh±ya s±kha½ phusant± hi d³raµµh±pi siyyu½, tato eka½sato sambhedalakkhaŗa½ dassita½na siy±ti ta½ dassetu½ viµapaggahaŗa½ kata½. Evańhi bhikkh³na½ nis²ditu½ appahonakaµµh±na½attano s²m±ya antos²maµµha½ karitv± pur±ŗavih±ra½ karonto s²m±ya s²ma½ sambhindatin±ma, na tato paranti dassitameva hoti. Baddh± hot²ti por±ŗakavih±ras²ma½ sandh±yavutta½. Ambanti aparena samayena pur±ŗavih±raparikkhep±d²na½ vinaµµhatt± aj±nant±na½ta½ pur±ŗas²m±ya nimittabh³ta½ amba½. Attano s²m±ya antos²maµµha½ karitv± pur±ŗavih±ras²maµµha½jambu½ kittetv± ambajamb³na½ antare ya½ µh±na½, ta½ attano s²m±ya pavesetv± bandhant²tiattho. Ettha ca pur±ŗas²m±ya nimittabh³tassa g±maµµhassa ambarukkhassa antos²maµµh±ya jambuy±saha sa½saµµhaviµapattepi s²m±ya bandhanak±le vipatti v± pacch± g±mas²m±ya saha sambhedo v±kammavipatti v± na hot²ti mukhatova vuttanti veditabba½.
Padesanti saŖghassa nis²danappahonakappadesa½. “S²mantarika½ µhapetv±”ti-±din±sambhedajjhottharaŗa½ akatv± baddhas²m±hi ańńamańńa½ phus±petv± abyavadh±nena baddh±pi s²m±as²m± ev±ti dasseti. Tasm± ekadvaŖgulamatt±pi s²mantarik± vaµµati eva. S± panadubbodh±ti aµµhakath±su caturaŖgul±dik± vutt±ti daµµhabba½. Dvinna½ s²m±nantidvinna½ baddhas²m±na½. Nimitta½ hot²ti nimittassa s²mato b±hiratt± bandhanak±let±va sambhedadoso natth²ti adhipp±yo Na kevalańca nimittakatt± eva saŖkara½ karoti atha kho s²mantarik±ya µhito ańńopi rukkho karoti eva. Tasm± appamattik±yas²mantarik±ya va¹¹hanak± rukkh±dayo na vaµµanti eva. Ettha ca upari dissam±nakhandhas±kh±dipaveseeva saŖkaradosassa sabbattha dassitatt± adissam±n±na½ m³l±na½ pavesepi bh³migatikatt±doso natth²ti sijjhati. Sace pana m³l±nipi dissam±n±neva pavisanti, saŖkarova. Pabbatap±s±ŗ±pana dissam±n±pi bh³migatik± eva. Yadi pana bandhanak±le eva eko th³larukkho ubhayampis²ma½ ±hacca tiµµhati, pacch± baddh± as²m± hot²ti daµµhabba½.
S²m±saŖkaranti s²m±sambheda½. Ya½ pana s±ratthad²paniya½ vutta½ “s²m±saŖkara½karot²ti va¹¹hitv± s²mappadesa½ paviµµhe dvinna½ s²m±na½ gataµµh±nassa duvińńeyyatt± vuttan”ti(s±rattha. µ². mah±vagga 3.148), ta½ na yutta½ g±mas²m±yapi saha saŖkara½ karot²ti vattabbato.Tatth±pi hi nimitte va¹¹hite g±mas²m±baddhas²m±na½ gataµµh±na½ dubbińńeyyameva hoti, tatthapana avatv± dvinna½ baddhas²m±nameva saŖkarassa vuttatt± yath±vuttasambaddhadosova saŖkara-saddena vuttotigahetabba½. P±¼iya½ pana nid±navasena “yesa½, bhikkhave, s²m± pacch± sammat±, tesa½ta½ kamma½ adhammikan”ti-±din± (mah±va. 148) pacch± sammat±ya as²matte vuttepidv²su g±mas²m±su µhatv± dv²hi saŖghehi sambheda½ v± ajjhottharaŗa½ v± katv± s²mantarika½aµµhapetv± v± rukkhap±roh±disambandha½ aviyojetv± v± ekasmi½ khaŗe kammav±c±niµµh±panavasenaekato sammat±na½ dvinna½ s²m±nampi as²mat± pak±sit±ti veditabba½.

G±mas²m±dikath±vaŗŗan± niµµhit±.