Ya½ panettha keci vadanti “manopubbaªgam± dhamm±ti (dha. pa. 1, 2) vuttatt± sabb±niakusal±ni pubbe v²tikkamavatthu½ j±nantasseva hont²”ti. Ta½ tesa½ sutt±dhipp±y±nabhiññ±tameva pak±seti. Na hi “manopubbaªgam± dhamm±”ti ida½ vacana½ pubbe v²tikkamavatthu½j±nantasseva akusal± dhamm± uppajjant²ti imamattha½ d²peti, atha kho kusal±kusal±dhamm± uppajjam±n± upp±dapaccayaµµhena pubbaªgamabh³ta½ sahaj±tacitta½ niss±yeva uppajjanti,na vin± citten±ti imamattha½ d²peti. Na hettha “sur±ti aj±nitv± pivantassa akusalamev±”tivutte sahaj±tacitta½ vin±pi lobh±di-akusalacetasik± dhamm± uppajjant²ti ayamattho±pajjati. Yena ta½ nisedh±ya ida½ sutta½ ±haraº²ya½ siy±, abhidhammavirodhopettha natthipubbe n±maj±ti-±divasena aj±nantasseva pañcaviññ±ºav²thiya½ kusal±kusalajavanuppattivacanato.
Apica b±laputhujjan±na½ chasu dv±resu uppajjam±n±ni javan±ni yebhuyyena akusal±nevauppajjanti. Kusal±ni pana tesa½ kaly±ºamitt±di-upanissayabalena appak±neva uppajjanti,tuºh²bh³t±nampi nidd±yitv± supina½ passant±nampi uddhacc±di-akusalajavanasseva yebhuyyappavattitokusal±kusalavirahitassa javanassa tesa½ abh±v±. Akusal± hi visay±nuguºa½ v±san±nuguºañcayath±paccaya½ samuppajjanti, tattha ki½ pubbe j±nan±j±nananibaddhena. Ye pana j±nan±di-aªgasampann±p±º±tip±t±dayo, ye ca j±nan±di½ vin±pi sijjham±n± sur±p±namicch±diµµhi-±dayo, tete tath± tath± y±th±vato ñatv± samm±sambuddhena niddiµµh±, tesañca yath±niddiµµhavasena gahaºeko n±ma abhidhammavirodho. Eva½ sutt±divirodh±bh±vato, aµµhakath±ya ca vuttatt± yath±vuttavasenevetthaattho gahetabbo. Yadi eva½ kasm± “s±maºero j±nitv± pivanto s²labheda½ ±pajjati,na aj±nitv±”ti aµµhakath±ya½ vuttanti? N±ya½ doso s²labhedassa bhagavato ±º±yattatt±ukkhitt±nuvattik±d²na½ s²labhedo viya. Na hi t±sa½ akusaluppattiy± eva s²labhedohoti saªgh±yattasamanubh±san±nantareyeva vihitatt±. Evamidh±pi j±nitv± pivane eva vihito,na aj±nitv± pivane. Añño hi sikkh±padavisayo, añño akusalavisayo. Teneva s±maºer±na½purimesu pañcasu sikkh±padesu ekasmi½ bhinne sabb±nipi sikkh±pad±ni bhijjanti.Akusala½ pana ya½ bhinna½, tena ekeneva hoti, n±ññehi. Tasm± s±maºerassa j±nitv± pivantassa s²labhed±bh±vepi kammapathappatta½ akusalamev±ti gahetabba½.
Ya½ pana s±ratthad²paniya½ (s±rattha. µ². p±r±jikakaº¹a 2.42) “s±maºerassa sur±tiaj±nitv± pivantassa p±r±jika½ natthi, akusala½ pana hot²”ti kehici vuttavacana½“ta½ tesa½ matimattan”ti paµikkhipitv± “bhikkhuno aj±nitv±pi b²jato paµµh±ya majja½pivantassa p±cittiya½. S±maºero j±nitv± pivanto s²labheda½ ±pajjati, na aj±nitv±tiettakameva hi aµµhakath±ya½ vutta½, akusala½ pana hot²ti na vuttan”ti tattha k±raºa½vutta½, ta½ ak±raºa½. Na hi aµµhakath±ya½ s±maºer±na½ j±nitv± pivane eva s²labhedo,na aj±nitv±ti s²labhedakathanaµµh±ne akusala½ pana hot²ti avacana½ aj±nanapakkhe akusal±bh±vassak±raºa½ hoti, tattha pasaªg±bh±v±, vattabbaµµh±ne eva “akusaleneva p±tabbat±ya lokavajjat±”tivuttatt± ca. Na ca te “akusala½ pana hot²”ti vadant± ±cariy± ima½ s±maºer±na½s²labhedappak±saka½ khandhakaµµhakath±p±µhameva gahetv± avocu½, yena “ettakameva aµµhakath±ya½vuttan”ti vattabba½ siy±, atha kho sur±p±naµµhakath±gata½ suttapiµakaµµhakath±gatañca anekavidha½vacana½, mah±vih±rav±s²na½ paramparopadesañca gahetv± avocu½. Bhinnaladdhik±na½ abhayagirik±d²na½matañheta½, yadida½ j±nitv± pivantasseva akusalanti gahaºa½. Tasm± ya½ vutta½ kehici“s±maºerassa sur±ti aj±nitv± pivantassa p±r±jika½ natthi, akusala½ pana hot²”ti,ta½ suvuttanti gahetabba½.
Yañca s±ratthad²paniya½ (s±rattha. µ². p±r±jikakaº¹a 2.42) “aj±nitv± pivantass±pisot±pannassa mukha½ sur± na pavisati kammapathappatta-akusalacitteneva p±tabbato”tikehici vuttavacana½ “na sundaran”ti paµikkhipitv± “bodhisatte kucchigate bodhisattam±tus²la½ viya hi idampi ariyas±vak±na½ dhammat±siddhanti veditabban”ti vatv± dhammat±siddhatta½yevasamatthetu½ “bhavantarepi hi ariyas±vako j²vitahetupi neva p±ºa½ hanati, na sura½pivati. Sace pissa surañca kh²rañca missetv± mukhe pakkhipanti, kh²rameva pavisati,na sur±. Yath± ki½? Yath± koñcasakuº±na½ kh²ramissake udake kh²rameva pavisati,na udaka½. Ida½ yonisiddhanti ce, idampi dhammat±siddhanti veditabban”ti ida½aµµhakath±vacana½ dassita½, tampi na yuttameva. Yath± hi bodhisattam±tu s²la½ viya ariyas±vak±na½dhammat±siddhanti ettha bodhisattam±tu dhammat± n±ma bodhisattassa ca attanoca p±ramit±nubh±vena akusal±nuppattiniyamo eva. Tath± ariyas±vak±nampi bhavantarep±º±tip±t±d²na½ dasanna½ kammapath±na½ aññesañca ap±yahetuk±na½ akusal±na½ accantappah±yakassamaggassa ±nubh±vena ta½ta½s²lav²tikkamahetukassa akusalassa anuppattiniyamo eva dhammat±.Na hi sabh±vav±d²na½ dhammat± viya ahetukat± idha dhammat± n±ma. Yath± v± eva½dhammat±nayek±raºassa bh±ve abh±ve ca k±riyassa bh±vo abh±vo ca dhammat±, na ahetu-appaccay±bh±v±bh±vo,evamidh±pi p±º±tip±t±dikammapath±na½ hetubh³tassa kilesassa accant±bh±vena tesa½abh±vo, tadavases±na½ akusal±na½ hetuno bh±vena bh±vo ca dhammat± na ahetukat±.Tasm± ap±yahetuno r±gassa abh±veneva ariy±na½ aj±nitv±pi sur±ya anajjhoharaºantisuvuttamevida½ kehici “aj±nitv± pivantass±pi sot±pannassa mukha½ sur± napavisati kammapathappatta-akusalacitteneva p±tabbato”ti, ta½ kena hetun± na sundara½ j±tantina ñ±yati, dhammat±siddhanti v± kathanena katha½ ta½ paµikkhittanti.
Yampi d²ghanik±yaµµhakath±ya½ (d². ni. aµµha. 1.352) “surañca kh²rañca missetv±…pe…ida½ dhammat±siddhan”ti vacana½, tampi sur±p±nassa acittakapakkhepi akusalacittaññevas±dheti. Tath± hi “bhavantarepi hi ariyas±vako j²vitahetupi p±ºa½ na hanati, n±dinna½±diyati…pe… na sura½ pivat²”ti vutte “purim±na½ t±va catunna½ kammapath±na½sacittakatt± viramaºa½ sukara½, pacchimassa pana sur±p±nassa acittakatt± katha½ viramaºa½bhaveyy±”ti codan±sambhava½ manasikatv± vatthu-aj±nanavasena acittakattepi yasm± kammapathappatta-akusalenevasur± ajjhoharitabb±, t±dis² ca akusalappavatti ariyas±vakassa maggeneva hat±, tasm±ssaparagala½ sur±ya pavisana½ natth²ti atthato gamyam±nattha½ parih±ravacana½ vadat± “sace pissasurañca kh²rañc±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha kh²rameva pavisati, na sur±ti ida½ sur±ya sabbath±piparagalappaves±bh±vadassanapara½, na pana sur±missakh²rassa sur±ya viyojanas±matthiyadassanapara½.Ayañhettha adhipp±yo– yadi hi sur±misse kh²re kiñci paviseyya, kh²rameva paviseyya,na sur±. Kh²re pana sur±ya aviyutte na kiñci pavisat²ti Ida½ yonisiddhantiudakassa mukhe appavisana½ yonisiddha½. Yon²ti cettha j±ti adhippet±. Tasm± koñcaj±tik±na½mukhatuº¹asaªkh±t±na½ r³padhamm±na½ kh²ramissa-udakajjhoharaºahetutt±bh±vena ta½ appavisana½siddhanti attho. Idampi hi kh²ramiss±ya sur±ya kh²re pavisantepi paragal±pavisananti.Dhammat±siddhanti ariyas±vakassa ar³padhamm±na½ sur±pivanahetubh³takilesasahitatt±bh±vasaªkh±t±yadhammat±ya siddha½. Evamettha acittakapakkhepi sur±ya akusalacitteneva p±tabbato ariyas±vak±na½apivana½ samatthitanti veditabba½. Ath±pi siy± aj±nanapakkhe akusalacittena vin±vap±tabbattepi sur±ya apivana½ ariy±na½ dhammat±ti samatthanaparametanti, ta½ na, aµµhakath±vacanantarehivirujjhanato. Yath± hi vacanantarehi na virujjhati, tath±yeva attho gahetabbo.
Apica p±º±tip±t±d²na½ pañcanna½ kammapath±na½ bhavantarepi akaraºa½ ariy±na½ dhammat±s²lameva,tesañca yadi sacittakata½ sam±na½. Sur±p±na½ viya itar±nipi catt±ri aj±nanten±piariyas±vakena na kattabb±ni siyu½, tath± ca aj±nant±na½ ariy±na½ kusal±by±katacittehipiviramaºaparam±raºaparasantakagahaº±d²su k±yavac²pavatti na sampajjeyya, no ce sampajjati,cakkhup±lattherassa caªkamanena p±ºaviyogassa, uppalavaººattheriy± balakk±rena maggenamaggaphusanassaca pavattatt±. Tasm± sur±p±nassa acittakapakkhepi akusaleneva p±tabbat±ya sur± ariy±na½paragala½ na pavisat²ti visesetv± vuttanti veditabba½.
Nanu vatthu½ j±nantasseva sabbe kammapath± vutt±ti? Na, micch±diµµhiy± vipar²taggahaºenevapavattatt±. Kathañhi n±ma asabbaññu½ sabbaññuto, anicc±di½ nicc±dito ca gahaºant²diµµhi vatthu½ vij±n±ti. Yadi hi j±neyya, micch±diµµhiyeva na siy±. S± ca kammapathesugaºit±ti kuto j±nantasseva kammapathappavattiniyamo. Atha sabbaññu½ sabbaññ³ti gaºhant²pi“aya½ satto”ti tassa sar³paggahaºato diµµhipi vatthu½ vij±n±t²ti ce? Na, sur±p±nassapi“aya½ na sur±”ti sar³paggahaºassa sam±natt±. “Ayan”ti ca vatthupar±masanepi “sur±”tivisesavij±nan±bh±v± na j±n±t²ti ce? “Ayan”ti puggalatta½ j±nant²pi “asabbaññ³”tipivisesaj±nan±bh±v± diµµhipi vatthu½ na j±n±t²ti sam±nameva. Evañhi tesa½ uddh±ti ahitoti ahita½ v± p³raºakassap±di½ hito paµighassa v± anunayassa v± upp±danepieseva nayo. Vipall±sapubbakañhi sabba½ akusala½.
Apica sur±ya p²yam±n±ya niyamena akusalupp±dana½ sabh±vo p²t±ya viya. Kh²r±disaññ±yap²tasurassa puggalassa m±tubhagini-±d²supi r±gados±di-akusalappabandho vatthusabh±venevauppajjati, eva½ p²yam±nakkhaºepi tikhiºo r±go uppajjateva, teneva s±gatattherassa aj±nitv±pivanak±le pañc±bhiññ±dijh±naparih±ni, pacch± ca buddh±d²su ag±rav±di-akusalappabandhoy±va sur±vigam± pavattittha. Teneva bhagav±pi tassa ag±rav±di-aka-usalappavattidassanamukhenasur±dosa½ pak±setv± sikkh±pada½ paññapesi. Na hi pañcan²varaºuppatti½ vin±jh±naparih±ni hoti. Tasm± aj±nantass±pi sur± p²yam±n± p²t± ca attano sabh±venevaakusalupp±dik±ti ayamattho s±gatattherassa jh±naparih±niy± anvayatopi, ariy±na½kiles±bh±vena mukhena sur±ya appavesasaªkh±tabyatirekatopi sijjhat²ti niµµhamettha gantabba½,eva½ gahaºameva hi vibhajjav±d²mat±nus±ra½.
Ya½ pana “j±nitv± pivantasseva akusalan”ti gahaºa½, ta½ bhinnaladdhik±na½ abhayagirik±d²nameva mata½, ta½ pana gaºµhipadak±rak±d²hi “parav±do”ti aj±nantehi attano matiy± sa½sanditv±likhita½ vibhajjav±d²maº¹alampi pavisitv± y±vajjatan± s±sana½ d³seti, pur±pi kiraimasmimpi dami¼araµµhe koci bhinnaladdhiko n±gaseno n±ma thero kuº¹alakes²vatthu½parav±damathananayadassanattha½ dami¼akabbar³pena k±rento “ima½ sur±p±nassa j±nitv±va pivaneakusalanaya½, aññañca desak±l±dibhedena anantampi ñeyya½ sabbaññutaññ±ºa½ salakkhaºavasenevañ±tu½ na sakkoti ñ±ºena paricchinnattena ñeyyassa anantattah±nippasaªgato. Anicc±dis±maññalakkhaºavasenevapana ñ±tu½ sakkot²”ti ca, “paramatthadhammesu n±mar³panti-±dibhedo viya puggal±disammutipivisu½ vatthubhedo ev±”ti ca evam±dika½ bahu½ vipar²tatthanaya½ kabb±k±rassa kavinoupadisitv± tasmi½ pabandhe k±raº±bh±sehi sati½ sammohetv± pabandh±pesi, tañca kabba½niss±ya ima½ bhinnaladdhikamata½ idha vibhajjav±d²mate sammissa½ cira½ pavattittha.Ta½ pana pacch± ±cariyabuddhappiyamah±therena b±hirabbharika½ diµµhij±la½ vigh±µetv± idha parisuddha½s±sana½ patiµµh±pentena sodhitampi s±ratthad²paniy± (s±rattha. µ². p±r±jikakaº¹a2.42) vinayaµ²k±ya sur±p±nassa sacittakapakkheyeva citta½ akusalanti samatthanavacana½niss±ya kehici vipallattacittehi puna ukkhittasira½ j±ta½, tañca mah±therehi vinicchinitv±g±rayhav±da½ katv± madditv± laddhig±hake ca bhikkh³ viyojetv± dhammena vinayena satthus±sanenacireneva v³pasamita½. Tenevettha maya½ eva½ vitth±rato ida½ paµikkhipimha “m± aññepivibhajjav±dino aya½ laddhi d³ses²”ti. Tasm± idha vutt±ni avutt±ni ca k±raº±nisuµµhu sallakkhetv± yath± ±gamavirodho na hoti, tath± attho gahetabbo.
Sesanti yassa vatthuvij±nanacittena sacittakapakkhepi citta½ akusalamev±ti niyamonatthi, ta½ sabbanti attho. Rundhant²ti “tiracch±nagatitthiy± doso natth²”ti-±din±an±pattiy± lesaggahaºa½ niv±rent². Dv±ra½ pidahant²ti “tañca kho manussitthiy±”ti-±din±(p±r±. 41) lesaggahaºassa k±raºasaªkh±ta½ dv±ra½ pidahant². Sota½ pacchindam±n±titadubhayalesaggahaºadv±r±na½ vasena avicchinna½ v²tikkamasota½ pacchindam±n±. G±¼hatara½karont²ti yath±vuttehi k±raºehi paµhamapaññattisiddha½ ±pattiññeva da¼ha½ karont²,an±pattiy± ok±sa½ adadam±n±ti attho. S± ca yasm± v²tikkam±bh±ve, avisayat±yaabboh±rike v²tikkame ca lokavajjepi sithila½ karont² uppajjati, tasm± tath±uppatti½ uppattik±raºañca dassento ±ha aññatra adhim±n±ti-±di. Aññatra adhim±n±tiimiss± anupaññattiy± “v²tikkam±bh±v±”ti k±raºa½ vutta½. Aññatra supinant±tiimiss± “abboh±rikatt±”ti k±raºa½ vutta½. Tattha v²tikkam±bh±v±ti p±picch±yaavijjam±nassa uttarimanussadhammassa vijjam±nato pak±sanavasappavattavisa½v±dan±dhipp±yasaªkh±tassav²tikkamassa abh±vato. Adhim±nikassa hi anadhigate adhigatasaññit±ya yath±vuttav²tikkamonatthi. Abboh±rikatt±ti “atthes±, bhikkhave, cetan±, s± ca kho abboh±rik±”ti(p±r±. 235) vacanato mocanass±dacetan±ya upakkamanassa ca vijjam±nattepi thinamiddhena abhibh³tat±ya avasattena abboh±rikatt±, ±pattik±raºavoh±r±bh±v±ti attho. -saddocettha samuccayattho daµµhabbo, “abboh±rikatt± c±”ti v± p±µho. Vutt±ti duvidh±pices± anupaññatti an±pattikar± vutt±ti adhipp±yo.
Akate v²tikkameti ±pad±supi bhikkh³hi sikkh±padav²tikkame akate, kukkucc±na bhuñji½s³ti-±d²su viya v²tikkama½ akatv± bhikkh³hi attano dukkhuppattiy± ±rocit±y±tiattho. Sithila½ karont²ti paµhama½ s±maññato baddhasikkh±pada½ mocetv± attano visayean±pattikaraºavasena sithila½ karont². Dv±ra½ dadam±n±ti an±pattiy± dv±ra½ dadam±n±.Apar±parampi an±patti½ kurum±n±ti dinnena tena dv±rena upar³pari an±pattibh±va½d²pent². Paññattepi sikkh±pade ud±yin± “muhuttik±ya vesiy± na doso”tilesena v²tikkamitv± sañcaritt±pajjanavatthusmi½ (p±r±. 296 ±dayo) paññattatt±“kate v²tikkame”ti vutta½. Paññattigatik±ti atthato m³lapaññattiyev±tiadhipp±yo.

Makkaµ²vatthukath±vaººan±nayo niµµhito.