S²m±nuj±nanakath±vaŗŗan±

138. “Puratthim±ya dis±y±”ti ida½ nidassanamatta½. Tassa½ panadis±ya½ nimitte asati yattha atthi, tato paµµh±ya paµhama½ “puratthim±ya anudis±ya, dakkhiŗ±yadis±y±”ti-±din± samant± vijjam±naµµh±nesu nimitt±ni kittetv± puna “puratthim±yaanudis±y±”ti paµhamakittita½ kittetu½ vaµµati, t²hi nimittehi siŖgh±µakasaŗµh±n±yapis²m±ya sammannitabbato. Tikkhattu½ s²m±maŗ¹ala½ sambandhanten±ti vinayadharena saya½ekasmi½yeva µh±ne µhatv± kevala½ nimittakittanavacaneneva s²m±maŗ¹ala½ samant± nimittenanimitta½ bandhanten±ti attho. Ta½ ta½ nimittaµµh±na½ agantv±pi hi kittetu½ vaµµati.Tiyojanaparam±ya s²m±ya samantato tikkhattu½ anuparigamanassa ekadivasena dukkaratt± vinayadharenasaya½ adiµµhampi pubbe bhikkh³hi yath±vavatthita½ nimitta½ “p±s±ŗo bhante”ti-±din±kenaci vutt±nus±rena sallakkhetv± “eso p±s±ŗo nimittan”ti-±din± kittetumpivaµµati eva.
Suddhapa½supabbatoti na kenaci kato saya½j±tova vutto. Tath± ses±pi. Itarop²tisuddhapa½supabbat±dikopi pabbato. Hatthippam±ŗatoti ettha bh³mito uggatappadesena hatthippam±ŗa½gahetabba½. Cat³hi v± t²hi v±ti s²m±bh³miya½ cat³su, t²su v± dis±su µhitehi.Ekiss± eva pana dis±ya µhitehi tato bah³hipi sammannitu½ na vaµµati. Dv²hi pana dv²sudis±su µhitehipi na vaµµati. Tasm±ti yasm± ekena na vaµµati, tasm±. Ta½ bahiddh±katv±ti kittitanimittassa as²matt± antos²m±ya karaŗa½ ayuttanti vutta½.Ten±ha “sace”ti-±di.
Dvatti½sapalagu¼apiŗ¹appam±ŗat± saŗµh±nato gahetabb±, na tulagaŗan±vasena, bh±rato palaparim±ŗańcamagadhatul±ya gahetabba½. S± ca lokiyatul±ya dviguŗ±ti vadanti. Atimahantop²tibh³mito hatthippam±ŗa½ anuggantv± heµµh±bh³miya½ otiŗŗaghanato anekayojanappam±ŗopi.Sace hi tato hatthippam±ŗa½ k³µa½ uggacchati, pabbatasaŖkhyameva gacchati.
Antos±r±nanti tasmi½ khaŗe taruŗat±ya s±re avijjam±nepi pariŗ±mena bhavissam±nas±repisandh±ya vutta½. T±dis±nańhi s³cidaŗ¹akappam±ŗapariŗ±h±na½ catupańcamattampi vana½vaµµati. Antos±ramissak±nanti antos±rehi rukkhehi sammiss±na½.Etena ca s±rarukkhamissampi vana½ vaµµat²ti dasseti. Catupańcarukkhamattamp²ti s±rarukkhesandh±ya vutta½. Vanamajjhe vih±ra½ karont²ti rukkhaghaµ±ya antare rukkhe acchinditv±vati-±d²hi vih±rapariccheda½ katv±va antorukkhantaresu eva pariveŗapaŗŗas±l±d²na½karaŗavasena yath± antovih±rampi vanameva hoti, eva½ vih±ra½ karont²ti attho. Yadihi sabba½ rukkha½ chinditv± vih±ra½ kareyyu½, vih±rassa avanatt± ta½ parikkhipitv±µhita½ vana½ ekattha kittetabba½ siy±. Idha pana antopi vanatt± “vana½ na kittetabban”tivutta½. Sace hi ta½ kittenti, “nimittassa upari vih±ro hot²”ti-±din±anantare vuttadosa½ ±pajjati. Ekadesanti vanekadesa½, rukkhavirahitaµµh±ne katavih±rassaekapasse µhitavanassa ekadesanti attho.
S³cidaŗ¹akappam±ŗoti va½sadaŗ¹appam±ŗo. Lekhanidaŗ¹appam±ŗoti keci. M±tik±µµhakath±ya½pana avebhaŖgiyavinicchaye “yo koci aµµhaŖgulas³cidaŗ¹akamattopi ve¼u…pe… garubhaŗ¹an”ti(kaŖkh±. aµµha. dubbattasikkh±padavaŗŗan±) vuttatt± tanutaro ve¼udaŗ¹oti ca s³cidaŗ¹otica gahetabba½. Va½sana¼akasar±v±d²s³ti ve¼upabbe v± na¼apabbe v± kapallak±dimattikabh±janesuv±ti attho. TaŖkhaŗamp²ti taruŗapotake amil±yitv± viruhanaj±tike sandh±ya vutta½.Ye pana pariŗat± sam³la½ uddharitv± ropit±pi chinnas±kh± viya mil±yitv± cirena navam³laŖkuruppattiy±j²vanti, m²yantiyeva v±, t±dise kittetu½ na vaµµati. Etanti navam³las±kh±niggamana½.
Majjheti s²m±ya mah±dis±na½ anto. Koŗanti s²m±ya cat³su koŗesu dvinna½dvinna½ magg±na½ sambandhaµµh±na½. Parabh±ge kittetu½ vaµµat²ti tesa½ catunna½ koŗ±na½bahi nikkhamitv± µhitesu maggesu ekiss± dis±ya eka½, ańńiss± dis±ya c±parantieva½ catt±ropi magg± cat³su dis±su kittetu½ vaµµat²ti adhipp±yo. Eva½ pana kittitamattenakatha½ ek±baddhat± vigacchat²ti vińń±yat²ti. Parato gataµµh±nepi ete eva te catt±ro magg±.“Cat³su dis±su gacchant²”ti hi vutta½. Tasm± ettha k±raŗa½ vicinitabba½.
“Uttarantiy± bhikkhuniy±”ti idańca p±¼iya½ (p±ci. 692) bhikkhun²na½ nad²p±ragamanenadilakkhaŗassa ±gatatt± vutta½. Bhikkh³na½ antarav±sakatemanamattampi vaµµati eva “Nadicatukkepi eseva nayo”ti imin± ekattha kittetv± ańńattha parato gataµµh±nepikittetu½ na vaµµat²ti dasseti. Teneva ca “assammissanadiyo catassopi kittetu½ vaµµat²”tiasammissa-ggahaŗa½ kata½. M³leti ±dik±le. Nadi½ bhinditv±ti yath± udaka½anicchantehi kassakehi mahoghe nivattetu½ na sakk±, eva½ nadik³la½ bhinditv±.
Ukkhepimanti d²gharajjun± kuµena ussińcan²ya½.
Asammisseh²ti sabbadis±su µhitapabbatehi eva, p±s±ŗ±d²su ańńatarehi v± nimittantar±byavahitehi.Sammisseh²ti ekattha pabbato, ańńattha p±s±ŗoti eva½ µhitehi aµµhahipi. “Nimitt±na½saten±p²”ti imin± ekiss±ya eva dis±ya bahunimitt±ni “puratthim±ya dis±yaki½ nimitta½? Pabbato bhante. Puna puratthim±ya dis±ya ki½ nimitta½? P±s±ŗo bhante”ti-±din±kittetu½ vaµµat²ti dasseti. SiŖgh±µakasaŗµh±n±ti tikoŗ±. Caturass±ti samacaturass±,mudiŖgasaŗµh±n± pana ±yatacaturass±. Ekakoµiya½ saŖkocit±, tadańń±ya vitthiŗŗ± v±hot²ti. S²m±ya upac±ra½ µhapetv±ti ±yati½ bandhitabb±ya s²m±ya nesa½ vih±r±na½paricchedato bahi s²mantarikappahonaka½ upac±ra½ µhapetv±. Baddh± s²m± yesu vih±resu,te baddhas²m±. P±µekkanti pacceka½. Baddhas²m±sadis±n²ti yath± baddhas²m±suµhit± ańńamańńa½ chand±di½ anapekkhitv± pacceka½ kamma½ k±tu½ labhanti, eva½ g±mas²m±suµhit±p²ti dasseti. ¾gantabbanti s±m²cimattavasena vutta½. Ten±ha “±gamanamp²”ti-±di.
Pabbajj³pasampad±d²nanti ettha bhaŗ¹ukamm±pucchana½ sandh±ya pabbajj±gahaŗa½. Ekav²satibhikkh³ti nisinne sandh±ya vutta½. Idańca kamm±rahena saha abbh±nak±rak±nampi pahonakattha½vutta½. “Nimittupag± p±s±ŗ± µhapetabb±”ti ida½ yath±rucitaµµh±ne rukkhanimitt±d²na½dullabhat±ya va¹¹hitv± ubhinna½ baddhas²m±na½ saŖkarakaraŗato ca p±s±ŗanimittassa ca tadabh±vatoyattha katthaci ±netv± µhapetu½ sukarat±ya ca vutta½. Tath± s²mantarikap±s±ŗ±µhapetabb±ti etth±pi. CaturaŖgulappam±ŗ±p²ti yath± khandhas²m±paricchedato bahi nimittap±s±ŗ±na½caturaŖgulamattaµµh±na½ samant± nigacchati, avasesa½ µh±na½ antokhandhas²m±ya hotiyeva, eva½tesupi µhapitesu caturaŖgulamatt± s²mantarik± hot²ti daµµhabba½.
S²mantarikap±s±ŗ±ti s²mantarik±ya µhapitanimittap±s±ŗ±. Te panakittentena padakkhiŗato anupariy±yanteneva kittetabb±. Katha½? Khaŗ¹as²mato hi pacchim±yadis±ya puratth±bhimukhena µhatv± “puratthim±ya dis±ya ki½ nimittan”ti tattha sabb±ninimitt±ni anukkamena kittetv± tath± uttar±ya dis±ya dakkhiŗ±bhimukhena µhatv± “dakkhiŗ±yadis±ya ki½ nimittan”ti anukkamena kittetv± tath± puratthim±ya dis±ya pacchim±bhimukhenaµhatv± “pacchim±ya dis±ya ki½ nimittan”ti anukkamena kittetv± tath± dakkhiŗ±yadis±ya uttar±bhimukhena µhatv± “uttar±ya dis±ya ki½ nimittan”ti tattha sabb±ni nimitt±nianukkamena kittetv± puna pacchim±ya dis±ya puratth±bhimukhena µhatv± purimakittita½vuttanayena puna kittetabba½. Eva½ bah³nampi khaŗ¹as²m±na½ s²mantarikap±s±ŗ± pacceka½kittetabb±. Tatoti pacch±. Avasesanimitt±n²ti mah±s²m±ya b±hirantaresuavasesanimitt±ni. Ubhinnampi na kopent²ti ubhinnampi kamma½ na kopenti.
Kuµigeheti bh³miya½ katatiŗakuµiya½. Udukkhalanti udukkhal±v±µasadisakhuddak±v±µa½.Nimitta½ na k±tabbanti ta½ r±ji½ v± udukkhala½ v± nimitta½ na k±tabba½. Idańcayath±vuttesu nimittesu an±gatattena na vaµµat²ti siddhampi avinassakasańń±ya koci mohenanimitta½ kareyy±ti d³ratopi vipattiparih±rattha½ vutta½. Eva½ upari “bhitti½akittetv±”ti-±d²supi siddhamevattha½ punappuna½ kathane k±raŗa½ veditabba½. S²m±vipattihi upasampad±disabbakammavipattim³lanti tass± sabba½ dv±ra½ sabbath± pidahanavasena vattabba½.Sabba½ vatv±va idha ±cariy± vinicchaya½ µhapesunti daµµhabba½.
Bhittinti iµµhakad±rumattik±maya½. Sil±may±ya pana bhittiy± nimittupaga½ eka½p±s±ŗa½ ta½ta½dis±ya kittetu½ vaµµati. Anekasil±hi cinita½ sakalabhitti½ kittetu½na vaµµati “eso p±s±ŗo nimittan”ti ekavacanena vattabbato. Antokuµµamev±tiettha antokuµµepi nimitt±na½ µhitok±sato anto eva s²m±ti gahetabba½. Pamukhenimittap±s±ŗe µhapetv±ti gabbh±bhimukhepi bahipamukhe gabbhavitth±rappam±ŗe µh±ne p±s±ŗeµhapetv± sammannitabb±. Evańhi gabbhapamukh±na½ antare µhitakuµµampi up±d±ya anto ca bahica caturassasaŗµh±n±va s²m± hoti. Bah²ti sakalassa kuµigehassa samantato bahi.
Anto ca bahi ca s²m± hot²ti majjhe µhitabhittiy± saha caturassas²m±hoti.
“Uparip±s±deyeva hot²”ti imin± gabbhassa ca pamukhassa ca antar± µhitabhittiy± ekatt±tattha ca ekav²satiy± bhikkh³na½ ok±s±bh±vena heµµh± na otarati, uparibhitti pana s²maµµh±vahot²ti dasseti. Heµµhimatale kuµµoti heµµhimatale cat³su dis±su µhitakuµµo.Sace hi dv²su, t²su v± dis±su eva kuµµo tiµµheyya, heµµh± na otarati. Heµµh±piotarat²ti catunnampi bhitt²na½ anto bhitt²hi saha ekav²satiy± bhikkh³na½ pahonakatt±vutta½. Otaram±n± ca uparis²mappam±ŗena otarati, catunna½ pana bhitt²na½ b±hirantaraparicchedeheµµh±bh³mibh±ge udakapariyanta½ katv± otarati. Na pana bhitt²na½ bahi kesaggamattampiµh±na½. P±s±dabhittitoti uparitale bhittito. Otaraŗ±notaraŗa½ vuttanayenevaveditabbanti uparis²mappam±ŗassa antogadh±na½ heµµhimatale cat³su dis±su kuµµ±na½tul±rukkhehi ekasambandhata½ tadanto pacchimas²mappam±ŗat±dińca sandh±ya vutta½. Kińc±petthaniyy³hak±dayo nimitt±na½ µhitok±sat±ya bajjham±nakkhaŗe s²m± na honti, baddh±ya pana s²m±yas²maµµh±va hont²ti daµµhabb±. Pariyantathambh±nanti nimittagatap±s±ŗatthambhe sandh±ya vutta½.“Uparimatalena sambaddho hot²”ti ida½ kuµµ±na½ antar± s²maµµh±na½ thambh±na½ abh±vatovutta½. Yadi hi bhaveyyu½, kuµµe uparimatalena asambandhepi s²maµµhatthambh±na½ upariµhito p±s±do s²maµµhova hoti.
Sace pana bah³na½ thambhapant²na½ upari katap±s±dassa heµµh± pathaviya½ sabbab±hir±ya thambhapantiy±anto nimittap±s±ŗe µhapetv± s²m± baddh± hoti, ettha kathanti? Etth±pi ya½ t±vas²maµµhatthambheheva dh±riyam±n±na½ tul±na½ uparimatala½, sabba½ ta½ s²maµµhameva, ettha viv±donatthi. Ya½ pana s²maµµhatthambhapantiy±, as²maµµh±ya b±hiratthambhapantiy± ca samadhura½ dh±riyam±n±na½tul±na½ uparimatala½, tattha upa¹¹ha½ s²m±ti keci vadanti. Sakalampi g±mas²m±tiapare. Baddhas²m± ev±ti ańńe. Tasm± kamma½ karontehi garuke nir±saŖkaµµh±neµhatv± sabba½ ta½ ±saŖkaµµh±na½ sodhetv±va kamma½ k±tabba½, sanniµµh±nak±raŗa½ v± gavesitv±tadanuguŗa½ k±tabba½.