Makkaµ²vatthukath±vaººan±

40. Pacuratthe hi vattam±navacananti ekad± paµisevitv± pacch± anoramitv± divasedivase sevanicch±ya vattam±natt± sevan±ya abh±vakkhaºepi iha mall± yujjhant²ti-±d²su viyaabbocchinnata½ b±hullavuttitañca up±d±ya paµisevat²ti vattam±navacana½ katanti attho.¾hiº¹ant±ti vicarant±.
41. Saho¹¹haggahitoti sabhaº¹aggahito, ayameva v± p±µho. Ta½ sikkh±pada½tatheva hot²ti manuss±manuss±dipuggalavisesa½ kiñci anup±diyitv± s±maññato “yopana bhikkhu methuna½ dhamma½ paµiseveyy±”ti (p±r±. 39) vuttatt± manuss±manussatiracch±nagat±na½itthipurisapaº¹aka-ubhatobyañjan±na½ ti½savidhepi magge methuna½ sevantassa ta½ sikkh±pada½m³lacchejjakara½ hoti ev±ti adhipp±yo. Etena ya½ anupaññattim³lapaññattiy± evaadhipp±yappak±sanavasena subodhatth±ya vatthuvasena pavatt±na½ visesatthajotakavasen±ti dassita½hoti. ¾masana½ ±maµµhamatta½. Tato da¼hatara½ phusana½. Ghaµµana½ pana tato da¼hatara½katv± sar²rena sar²rassa saªghaµµana½. Ta½ sabbamp²ti anur±gena pavattita½ dassan±disabbampi.
42. P±º±tip±t±disacittakasikkh±pad±na½ sur±p±n±di-acittakasikkh±pad±nañca(p±ci. 326 ±dayo) ekeneva lakkhaºavacanena lokavajjata½ dassetu½ “yassa sacittakapakkhecitta½ akusalameva hoti, ta½ lokavajja½ n±m±”ti vutta½. Tattha sacittakapakkhetiida½ kiñc±pi acittakasikkh±pada½ sandh±yeva vattu½ yutta½ tasseva sacittakapakkhasambhavato,tath±pi sacittakasikkh±pad±nampi asañcicca caªkaman±d²su loke p±ºagh±tavoh±rasambhavenaacittakapakkha½ parikappetv± ubhinnampi sacittak±cittakasikkh±pad±na½ s±dh±raºavasena“sacittakapakkhe”ti vutta½. Itarath± sacittakasikkh±pad±na½ imasmi½ v±kye lokavajjat±lakkhaºa½na vutta½ siy±. “Sacittakapakkhe citta½ akusalamev±”ti vutte pana sacittakasikkh±pad±na½citta½ akusalameva, itaresa½ sacittakapakkheyeva akusalaniyamo, na acittakapakkhe.Tattha pana yath±sambhava½ kusala½ v± siy±, akusala½ v±, aby±kata½ v±ti ayamattho s±matthiyatosijjhat²ti veditabba½. Sacittakapakkheti vatthuv²tikkamavij±nanacittena sacittakapakkhetigahetabba½, na paººattivij±nanacittena tath± sati sabbasikkh±pad±nampi lokavajjat±pasaªgato.“Paµikkhittamida½ k±tu½ na vaµµat²”ti j±nantassa hi paººattivajjepi an±dariyavasenapaµighacittameva uppajjati, tasm± ida½ v±kya½ niratthakameva siy± sabbasikkh±pad±nipilokavajj±n²ti ettakamattasseva vattabbat±pasaªgato.
Ettha ca sacittakapakkheyeva citta½ akusalanti niyamassa akatatt± sur±p±n±d²suacittakapakkhe citta½ akusala½ na hotev±ti na sakk± niyametu½, kevala½ pana sacittakapakkhecitta½ akusalameva, na kusal±d²ti evamettha niyamo sijjhati, evañca sur±ti aj±nitv±pivant±nampi akusalacitteneva p±na½ gandhavaººak±dibh±va½ aj±nitv± limpant²na½ bhikkhun²na½vin±pi akusalacittena limpanañca, ubhayatth±pi ±pattisambhavo ca samatthito hoti. Ya½pana s±ratthad²paniya½ (s±rattha. µ². p±r±jikakaº¹a 2.42) “sacittakapakkhe citta½akusalamev±ti vacanato acittakassa vatthu-aj±nanavasena acittakapakkhe citta½ akusalamev±tiaya½ niyamo natth²ti viññ±yat²”ti vutta½, ta½ na yutta½ Acittakesu hi terasasulokavajjesu sur±p±nasseva acittakapakkhepi akusalacittaniyamo, na itaresa½ dv±dasanna½akusal±dicitten±pi ±pajjitabbato. Ya½ pana eva½ kenaci aniccham±na½ saddatopi apat²yam±namima½niyama½ par±dhipp±ya½ katv± dassetu½ “yadi hi acittakassa acittakapakkhepi citta½akusalameva siy±, sacittakapakkheti ida½ visesana½ niratthaka½ siy±”ti-±di vutta½,ta½ niratthakameva eva½ niyamassa kenaci anadhippetatt±. Na hi koci saddasatthavid³niyama½ icchati, yena sacittakapakkheti ida½ visesana½ niratthaka½ siy±ti-±di vutta½bhaveyya, kintu sacittakapakkhe citta½ akusalameva, acittakapakkhe pana citta½ aniyata½akusalameva v± siy±, kusal±d²su v± aññataranti evameva icchati. Tena sacittakapakkhetivisesanampi s±tthaka½ siy±. Acittakasikkh±pad±na½ sacittakapakkhesu akusalaniyamenalokavajjat± ca sijjhati. Tesu ca sur±p±nasseva acittakapakkhepi lokavajjat± akusalacittat±ca, itaresa½ pana sacittakapakkhe ev±ti v±dopi na virujjhat²ti na kiñcettha anupapanna½n±ma.
Ya½ panettha “sur±ti aj±nitv± pivantassa…pe… vin±pi akusalacittena ±pattisambhavato…pe…sur±p±n±di-acittakasikkh±pad±na½ lokavajjat± na siy±”ti-±di vutta½. Yañca tamattha½s±dhetu½ gaºµhipadesu ±gatavacana½ dassetv± bahu½ papañcita½, ta½ na s±rato paccetabba½aµµhakath±hi viruddhatt±. Tath± hi “vatthu-aj±nanat±ya cettha acittakat± veditabb± akusalenevap±tabbat±ya lokavajjat±”ti vutta½. Yañcetassa “sacittakapakkhe akusalenevap±tabbato lokavajjat±”ti vutta½ aµµhakath±vacana½, ta½ na sundara½. “Sacittakapakkhe citta½akusalamev±”ti sabbesa½ lokavajj±na½ idheva p±r±jikaµµhakath±ya s±maññato vatv± sur±p±nasikkh±padaµµhakath±ya½“akusaleneva p±tabbat±y±”ti eva½ acittakapakkhepi akusalacittat±ya visesetv±vuttatt±. Na hi “s±maññato idha vuttova attho puna sur±p±naµµhakath±yampi vutto”tisakk± vattu½ vuttasseva puna vacane payojan±bh±v±, tadaññesupi acittakalokavajjesuvattabbat±pasaªgato ca, n±pi ekattha vutto nayo tadaññesupi ekalakkhaºat±ya vutto evahot²ti “sur±p±nasikkh±padeyeva (p±ci. 326 ±dayo) vutto”ti sakk± vattu½acittakalokavajj±na½ sabbapaµhame uyyuttasikkh±padeyeva (p±ci. 311 ±dayo) vattabbato,sur±p±nasikkh±padeyeva v± vatv± eseva nayo sesesu acittakalokavajjesup²ti atidisitabbatoca.
Apica vuttamevattha½ vadantena “sacittakapakkhe akusaleneva p±tabbat±y±”ti pubbe vuttakkameneva attabba½ sandeh±divigamatthatt± puna vacanassa. Sikkh±padavisaye ca visesitabba½ visesetv±vavuccati, itarath± ±patt±n±patt±dibhedassa duviññeyyatt±. Tath± hi bhikkhun²vibhaªgaµµhakath±ya½“vin±pi cittena ±pajjitabbatt± acittak±ni, citte pana sati akusaleneva ±pajjitabbatt±lokavajj±ni ceva akusalacitt±ni c±”ti giraggasamajj±d²na½ sacittakapakkhe evalokavajjat± akusalacittat± ca visesetv± vutt±, na eva½ sur±p±nassa. Tassa panapakkhadvayass±pi s±dh±raºavasena “akusaleneva p±tabbat±y±”ti vutta½, na pana “sacittakapakkhe”tivisesetv±. Tasm± ida½ sur±p±na½ sacittak±cittakapakkhadvayepi lokavajja½ akusalacittañc±tidassetumeva “akusaleneva p±tabbat±ya lokavajjat±”ti visu½ vuttanti suµµhu sijjhati.Eteneva ya½ s±ratthad²paniya½ “sacittakapakkhe akusaleneva p±tabbat±ya lokavajjat±”tivuttassa imasseva adhipp±yassa paµip±dakametanti saññ±ya imin± eva hi adhipp±yenaaññesupi lokavajjesu acittakasikkh±padesu akusalacittat± eva vutt±, na pana ticittat±.Teneva bhikkhun²vibhaªgaµµhakath±ya½ vutta½ “giraggasamajja½ citt±g±rasikkh±pada½saªgh±ºi itth±laªk±ro gandhavaººako v±sitakapiññ±ko bhikkhun²-±d²hi ummaddanaparimaddan±n²tiim±ni dasa sikkh±pad±ni acittak±ni akusalacitt±ni, aya½ panettha adhipp±yo vin±picittena ±pajjitabbatt± acittak±ni, citte pana sati akusaleneva ±pajjitabbatt± lokavajj±niceva akusalacitt±ni c±”ti vutta½, tampi paµisiddha½ hoti tabbipar²tasseva atthassayath±vuttanayena s±dhanato. Tasm± sur±p±nassa acittakapakkhepi citta½ akusalamev±tiima½ visesa½ dassetumeva ida½ vacana½ vuttanti gahetabba½. Ayañhettha attho vatthu-aj±nanat±yacetth±ti ettha ca-k±ro visesatthajotako apic±ti imin± sam±nattho. Tasm± yadida½aññesu acittakalokavajjesu vin±pi cittena ±pajjitabbatt± acittak±ni, cittepana sati akusaleneva ±pajjitabbatt± lokavajj±ni ceva akusalacitt±ni c±ti lokavajjat±yaakusalacittat±ya ca lakkhaºa½ vuccati, ta½ ettha sur±p±nasikkh±pade n±gacchati, idha panaviseso atth²ti vutta½ hoti. So kataroti ce? Vatthu-aj±nanat±ya eva vatthuj±nanacittenavin±pi ±pajjitabbat±ya eva acittakat± veditabb±, natthettha acittakat±ya viseso.Kintu vatthu-aj±nanasaªkh±ta-acittakapakkhepi akusalacitteneva sur±merayassa ajjhoharitabbat±y±tiimassa sikkh±padassa sacittakapakkhepi acittakapakkhepi lokavajjat± akusalacittat± caveditabb±ti ayamettha viseso. Idha hi “citte pana sat²”ti avisesetv± “akusalenev±”tis±maññato vuttatt± ubhayapakkhepi lokavajjat± akusalacittat± ca siddh±ti veditabb±.Teneva paramatthajotik±ya (khu. p±. aµµha. 2.pacchimapañcasikkh±padavaººan±) khuddakaµµhakath±yasikkh±padavaººan±ya “sur±merayamajjapam±daµµh±na½ k±yato ca k±yacittato c±ti dvisamuµµh±nan”tivutta½. Sur±ti j±nanacitt±bh±veneva hettha cittaªgavirahito kevalopi k±yoekasamuµµh±na½ vutto, tasmiñca ekasamuµµh±nakkhaºepi y±ya cetan±ya pivati, s± ekanta-akusal±eva hoti. Teneva tattheva aµµhakath±ya½ “paµham± cettha pañca ekanta-akusalacittasamuµµh±natt±p±º±tip±t±d²na½ pakativajjato veramaºiyo, ses± paººattivajjato”ti eva½ pañcannampis±maññato akusalacittat± lokavajjat±saªkh±t± pakativajjat± ca vutt±. Aªgesu ca j±nanaªga½na vutta½. Tath± hi “sur±merayamajjapam±daµµh±nassa pana sur±d²na½ aññatara½hoti madan²ya½, p±tuk±mat±cittañca paccupaµµhita½ hoti, tajjañca v±y±ma½ ±pajjati,p²te ca pavisat²ti im±ni catt±ri aªg±n²”ti vutta½, na pana sur±ti j±nanaªgena saddhi½pañc±ti. Yadi hi sur±ti j±nanampi aªga½ siy±, avassameva ta½ vattabba½ siy±, naca vutta½. Yath± cettha, eva½ aññ±supi suttapiµak±di-aµµhakath±su katthaci j±nanaªga½na vutta½. Tasm± “akusaleneva p±tabbat±ya lokavajjat±”ti imassa aµµhakath±p±µhassa acittakapakkhepi“akusaleneva p±tabbat±ya lokavajjat±”ti evameva atthoti niµµhamettha gantabba½.
Apica ya½ gaºµhipadesu “eta½ satta½ m±ress±m²ti tasmi½yeva padese nipanna½ añña½m±rentassa p±ºas±maññassa atthit±ya yath± p±º±tip±to hoti, eva½ eta½ majja½ piviss±m²tiañña½ majja½ pivantassa majjas±maññassa atthit±ya akusalameva hoti, yath± pana kaµµhasaññ±yasappa½ gh±tentassa p±º±tip±to na hoti, eva½ n±¼ikerap±nasaññ±ya majja½ pivantassaakusala½ na hot²”ti p±º±tip±tena saddhi½ sabbath± sam±nattena upametv± vutta½, ta½ativiya ayutta½ sabbesa½ sikkh±pad±na½ p±º±tip±t±di-akusal±nañca aññamañña½ sam±nat±yaniyam±bh±v±. P±º±tip±to hi pariy±yen±pi sijjhati, na tath± adinn±d±na½. Ta½ pana±ºattiy±pi sijjhati, na ca methun±d²su. Tasm± payogaªg±d²hipi bhinn±nameva sa½saµµha½sabbath± sam²karaºa½ ayuttameva. “P±º±tip±to viya adinn±d±namethun±d²nipi pariy±yakath±d²hisijjhant²”ti kenaci vutte ta½ kinti na gayhati tath± vacan±bh±v±ti ce? Idh±pi“tath± p±º±tip±tasadisa½ sur±p±nan”ti vacan±bh±v± idampi na gahetabbameva. Kiñciaµµhakath±vacaneneva siddhamevattha½ paµib±hantena vinayaññun± suttasutt±nulom±d²hi tassavirodha½ dassetv± paµib±hetabba½, na pana payogaªg±d²hi accantavibhinnena sikkh±padantarenasaha sam²karaºamattena. Na hi “sur±ti aj±nitv± pivantass±pi akusalamev±”ti etthasutt±divirodho atthi, vinayapiµake t±va etassa atthassa viruddha½ sutt±dika½ na dissati,n±pi suttapiµak±d²su.