Vinayapaññattiy±canakath±vaººan±

18. Vinayapaññattiy± m³lato pabhut²ti p±r±jik±digaruk±na½, tadaññesañca sikkh±pad±na½p±timokkhuddesakkamena yebhuyyena apaññattata½ sandh±ya vutta½, na sabbena sabba½ apaññattat±ya.Teneva thero bhagavanta½ “s±vak±na½ sikkh±pada½ paññapeyya uddiseyya p±timokkhan”ti p±timokkhuddesenasaha sikkh±padapaññatti½ y±ci. Khandhake hi ±nandatther±d²na½ pabbajjato puretaramevar±hulabhaddassa pabbajj±ya “na, bhikkhave, ananuññ±to m±t±pit³hi putto pabb±jetabbo,yo pabb±jeyya ±patti dukkaµass±”ti (mah±va. 105) paññattasikkh±pada½ dissati.Idheva aµµhakath±yampi “s±mampi pacana½…pe… na vaµµat²”ti ca, “ratticchedo vassacchedov± na kato”ti ca vuttatt± pubbeva s±map±k±dipaµikkhepo atth²ti paññ±yati.Eva½ katipayasikkh±pad±na½ paññattisabbh±vepi apaññattap±r±jik±dike sandh±ya “nat±va, s±riputta, satth± s±vak±na½ sikkh±pada½ paññapet²”ti vuttanti gahetabba½. Puthutt±rammaºatopaµinivattitv± sammadeva ek±rammaºe cittena l²no paµisall²no n±m±ti ±ha “ek²bh±va½gatass±”ti, cittaviveka½ gatass±ti attho. Ciranti accantasa½yoge upayogavacana½.
So¼asavidh±ya paññ±y±ti majjhimanik±ye anupadasuttantadesan±ya½ “mah±pañño, bhikkhave,s±riputto puthupañño h±sapañño javanapañño tikkhapañño nibbedhikapañño”ti ±gat±cha paññ± ca nav±nupubbavih±rasam±pattipaññ± ca arahattamaggapaññ± c±ti eva½ so¼asavidhena±gat±ya paññ±ya. Yesa½ buddh±na½ s±vak± suddh±v±sesu sandissanti, teyeva oke p±kaµ±ti vipass²-±dayova idha uddhaµ±, na itare pubbabuddh±. Teneva ±µ±n±µiyasutte(d². ni. 3.275 ±dayo) dev±pi attano p±kaµ±na½ tesaññeva gahaºa½ aka½su, n±ññesantiveditabba½.
19. Kil±sunoti appossukk± payojan±bh±vena niruss±h± ahesu½, na ±lasiyena,ten±ha na ±lasiyakil±sunoti-±di. Niddosat±y±ti k±yavac²v²tikkamasamuµµh±pakados±bh±v±.P±ºa½ na hane na c±dinnam±diyeti-±din± (su. ni. 402) ov±dasikkh±pad±na½ vijjam±natt±vutta½ satt±pattikkhandhavasen±ti-±di. Channa½ channa½ vass±na½ os±nadivasa½ apekkhitv±“saki½ sakin”ti vuttatt± tadapekkhamettha s±mivacana½. Sakalajambud²pe sabbopibhikkhusaªgho uposatha½ ak±s²ti sambandho.
Khant² paramanti-±d²su titikkh±saªkh±t± khanti sattasaªkh±rehi nibbatt±niµµh±khamanakilesatapanatoparama½ tapo n±ma. V±nasaªkh±t±ya taºh±ya nikkhantatt± nibb±na½ sabbadhammehi parama½uttamanti buddh± vadanti. Yath±vuttakhantiy± abh±vena p±ºavadha½ v± chedanat±¼an±di½ v±karonto par³pagh±t² parassaharaºaparad±r±tikkaman±d²hi mus±pesuññapharus±d²hi capara½ viheµhayanto ca b±hitap±pat±ya abh±vena pabbajito v± samitap±pat±ya abh±vena samaºov± na hot²ti attho. S²lasa½varena sabbap±passa anupp±dana½ lokiyasam±dhivipassan±hikusalassa upasamp±dana½ nipph±dana½ sabbehi maggaphalehi attano cittassa parisodhana½pabhassarabh±vakaraºa½ ya½, tameta½ buddh±na½ s±sana½ anusiµµhi. Anupav±doti v±c±yakassaci anupavadana½. Anupagh±toti k±yena kassaci upagh±t±karaºa½ vutt±vasese cap±timokkhasaªkh±te s²le att±na½ sa½varaºa½. Bhattasmi½ mattaññut±saªkh±ta-±j²vap±risuddhipaccayasannissitas²lasam±yogotammukhena indriyasa½varo pantasen±sanasaªkh±ta½ araññav±sa½ tammukhena pak±site catupaccayasantosabh±van±r±mat±saªkh±tamah±-ariyava½sepatiµµh±nañca adhicittasaªkh±te lokiyalokuttarasam±dhimhi tadupp±danavasena ±yogoanuyogo ca ya½, tameta½ buddh±na½ anusiµµh²ti yojan±.
“Y±va s±sanapariyant±”ti ±º±p±timokkhassa abh±vato vutta½. Parinibb±natopana uddha½ ov±dap±timokkhuddesopi nattheva, buddh± eva hi ta½ uddisanti, na s±vak±.Paµhamabodhiyanti bodhito v²sativassaparicchinne k±le, ±cariyadhammap±lattherenapana “pañcacatt±l²s±ya vassesu ±dito pannarasa vass±ni paµhamabodh²”ti vutta½, sikkh±padapaññattika-±latopana pabhuti ±º±p±timokkhameva uddisant²ti ida½ p±timokkhuddesakkameneva paripuººa½katv± sikkh±padapaññattik±la½ sandh±ya vutta½. Aµµh±na½ anavak±soti yath±kkama½hetupaccayapaµikkhepavasena k±raºapaµikkhepo. Yanti yena k±raºena. Aparisuddh±yaparis±y±ti alajj²puggalehi vomissat±ya asuddh±ya paris±ya, na kevala½ buddh±naññevaaparisuddh±ya paris±ya p±timokkhuddeso ayutto, atha kho s±vak±nampi. Codan±s±raº±divasenapana sodhetv± sa½v±sakaraºa½ s±vak±naññeva bh±ro, buddh± pana sikkh±pad±ni paññapetv±uposath±dikaraºavidh±na½ sikkh±petv± vissajjenti, codan±s±raº±d²ni na karonti,teneva bhagav± asuddh±ya paris±ya p±timokkha½ anuddisitv± sakalaratti½ tuºh²bh³to nis²di.Bhikkh³ ca bhagavato adhipp±ya½ ñatv± asuddhapuggala½ bahi n²hari½su. Tasm± s±vak±nampiasuddh±ya paris±ya ñatv± uposath±disaªghakammakaraºa½ brahmacariyantar±yakaraºa½ vin± na vaµµat²tiveditabba½.
Sammukhas±vak±nanti buddh±na½ sammukhe dharam±nak±le pabbajit±na½ sabbantim±na½ s±vak±na½.U¼±r±tisayajotanattha½ “u¼±ru¼±rabhog±dikulavasena v±”ti puna u¼±rasaddaggahaºa½ kata½.¾di-saddena u¼±ramajjhatta-anu¼±r±d²na½ gahaºa½ veditabba½. Te pacchim± s±vak± antaradh±pesuntisambandho.
Apaññattepi sikkh±pade yadi s±vak± sam±naj±ti-±dik± siyu½, attano kul±nugatagantha½viya bhagavato vacana½ na n±seyyu½. Yasm± pana sikkh±padañca na paññatta½, ime ca bhikkh³na sam±naj±ti-±dik±, tasm± vin±sesunti imamattha½ dassetu½ yasm± ekan±m±…pe…tasm± aññamañña½ viheµhent±ti-±di vutta½. Ciraµµhitikav±re pana s±vak±na½ n±n±jacc±dibh±vesam±nepi sikkh±padapaññattiy± paripuººat±ya s±sanassa cirappavatti veditabb±. Yadieva½ kasm± sabbepi buddh± sikkh±pad±ni na paññapent²ti? Yasm± ca s±sanassacirappavattiy± na kevala½ sikkh±padapaññattiyeva hetu, atha kho ±yati½ dhammavinaya½ gahetv±s±vakehi vinetabbapuggal±na½ sambhavopi, tasm± tesa½ sambhave sati buddh± sikkh±pada½paññapenti, n±sat²ti paripuºº±paññattiyeva veneyyasambhavass±pi s³canato s±sanassa cirappavattiy±hetu vutt±ti veditabb±. P±¼iya½ sahassa½ bhikkhusaªgha½…pe… ovadat²ti etthasahassasaªkhy±paricchinno saªgho sahasso sahassilokadh±t³ti-±d²su (d². ni. 2.18) viya.Ta½ sahassa½ bhikkhusaªghanti yojan±. Sahassasaddassa ekavacanantat±ya “bhikkhusahassass±”tivatv± avayav±pekkh±ya “ovadiyam±n±nan”ti bahuvacananiddeso katoti daµµhabbo.
Anup±d±ya ±savehi citt±ni vimucci½s³ti ettha ±saveh²ti kattu-atthekaraºavacana½. Citt±n²ti paccattabahuvacana½. Vimucci½s³ti kammas±dhana½. Tasm±±savehi kattubh³tehi anup±d±ya ±rammaºakaraºavasena aggahetv± citt±ni vimocit±n²tievamettha attho gahetabboti ±ha tesañhi citt±n²ti-±di. Yehi ±saveh²tietth±pi kattu-atthe eva karaºavacana½. Vimucci½s³ti kammas±dhana½. Teti ±sav±.T±n²ti citt±ni, upayogabahuvacanañceta½. Vimucci½s³ti kattus±dhana½, vimocesuntiattho. Aggahetv± vimucci½s³ti ±rammaºavasena t±ni citt±ni aggahetv±±sav± tehi cittehi muttavanto ahesunti attho. Atha v± ±saveh²ti nissakkavacana½,vimucci½s³ti kattus±dhana½. Tasm± kañci saªkhatadhamma½ taºh±divasena anup±diyitv±citt±ni vimuttavant±ni ahesunti attho gahetabbo. Purimavacan±pekkhanti aññatarasmi½bhi½sanake vanasaº¹eti vuttavacanassa apekkhana½ tasmi½ purimavacaneti eva½ apekkhananti attho,ten±ha ya½ vuttanti-±di. Bhi½sanassa bhayassa kata½ karaºa½ kiriy± bhi½sanakata½, tasmi½bhi½sanakiriy±y±ti attha½ dassento ±ha “bhi½sanakiriy±y±”ti. Bhi½sayat²ti bhi½sano,sova bhi½sanako, tassa bh±vo “bhi½sanakattan”ti vattabbe ta-k±rassa lopa½ katv± vuttantipak±rantarena attha½ dassento ±ha “atha v±”ti-±di. Bahutar±na½ satt±na½ v±tiyebhuyyen±ti padassa atthadassana½. Tena ca yo koc²ti padass±pi yo yo avisat²ti vicch±vasena n±natthena attho gahetabboti dasseti, yo yo pavisati, tesubahutar±nanti atthasambhavato.
Nigamananti pakate atthe yath±vuttassa atthassa upasa½h±ro. Ayañhettha nigamanakkamo–y± hi, s±riputta, vipass²-±d²na½ tiººa½ buddh±na½ attano parinibb±nato uparipariyattivasena vinetabb±na½ puggal±na½ abh±vena tesa½ atth±ya vitth±rato sikkh±padapaññattiya½kil±sut± appossukkat±, y± ca upanissayasampann±na½ veneyy±na½ cetas± ceto pariccabhi½sanakavanasaº¹epi gantv± ovadant±na½ tesa½ maggaphalupp±danatth±ya dhammadesan±ya eva akil±sut±sa-uss±hat±, na vitth±rato dhammavinayadesan±ya, aya½ kho, s±riputta, hetu, aya½ paccayo,yena vipass²-±d²na½ tiººa½ buddh±na½ brahmacariya½ na ciraµµhitika½ ahos²ti. Purisayugavasen±tipuris±na½ yuga½ pavattik±lo, tassa vasena, purisavasen±ti attho. Sabbapacchimakotiparinibb±nadivase pabbajito subhaddasadiso. Satasahassa½ saµµhimatt±ni ca vassasahass±n²tiida½ bhagavato j±tito paµµh±ya vutta½, bodhito paµµh±ya pana gaºiyam±na½ ³na½ hot²ti daµµhabba½.Dveyev±ti dharam±ne bhagavati eka½, parinibbute ekanti dve eva purisayug±ni.
20-1. Asambhuºanten±ti ap±puºantena. Ko anusandh²ti purimakath±ya imassa kosambandhoti attho. Ya½ vuttanti ya½ y±citanti attho. Yes³ti v²tikkamadhammesu.Nesanti diµµhadhammik±di-±sav±na½. Teti v²tikkamadhamm±. ѱtiyeva pit±mahapituputt±divasenaparivaµµanato parivaµµoti ñ±tiparivaµµo. Lok±misabh³tanti lokapariy±panna½hutv± kilesehi ±masitabbato lok±misabh³ta½. Pabbajj±saªkhepenev±ti dasasikkh±padad±n±dipabbajj±mukhena.Etanti methun±d²na½ akaraºa½. Th±manti sikkh±padapaññ±panas±matthiya½. Sañchavintisukkacchavi½ pakaticchavi½, sundaracchavi½ v±. Sesanti sesapadayojanadassana½. Id±niatthayojana½ dassento ±ha aya½ v± hetth±ti-±di. Tattha -saddo avadh±raºe. Hi-saddopasiddhiya½, ayameva hetth±ti attho. Atha satth±ti padassa attha½ dasseti “tad± satth±”ti.Ropetv±ti ph±litaµµh±ne ninna½ ma½sa½ sama½ va¹¹hetv±. Sake ±cariyaketiattano ±cariyabh±ve, ±cariyakamme v±.
Vipulabh±ven±ti bahubh±vena. Ayoniso ummujjam±n±ti anup±yena abhinivisam±n±,vipar²tato j±nam±n±ti attho. Rasena rasa½ sa½sanditv±ti anavajjasabh±vena s±vajjasabh±va½sammissetv±. Uddhamma½ ubbinayanti uggatadhamma½ uggatavinayañca, yath± dhammo cavinayo ca vinassissati, eva½ katv±ti attho. Imasmi½ attheti imasmi½ saªgh±dhik±re.Pabhassaroti pabh±sanas²lo. Eva½n±mo eva½gottoti soyam±yasm± sot±pannotin±magottenasamann±gato, aya½ vuccati sot±pannoti pakatena sambandho. Avinip±tadhammotiettha dhamma-saddo sabh±vav±c², so ca atthato ap±yesu khipanako diµµhi-±di-akusaladhammoev±ti ±ha “ye dhamm±”ti-±di. Id±ni sabh±vavaseneva attha½ dassetu½ vinipatana½v±ti-±di vutta½. Niyatoti sattabhavabbhantare niyatakkhandhaparinibb±no. Tassak±raºam±ha “sambodhipar±yaºo”ti.
22. Anudhammat±ti lokuttaradhamm±nugato sabh±vo. Pav±raº±saªgaha½ datv±ti “±g±miniy±puººamiy± pav±ress±m±”ti anumatid±navasena datv±, pav±raºa½ ukka¹¹hitv±ti attho,etena nayena kenaci paccayena pav±raºukka¹¹hana½ k±tu½ vaµµat²ti d²pita½ hoti. M±gasirassapaµhamadivaseti candam±savasena vutta½, aparakattikapuººam±ya anantare p±µipadadivasetiattho. Phussam±sassa paµhamadivaseti etth±pi eseva nayo. Idañca nidassanamatta½ veneyy±na½aparip±ka½ paµicca phussam±sato parañca ekadviticatum±sampi tattheva vasitv± sesam±sehic±rik±ya pariyos±panato. Dasasahassacakkav±¼eti ida½ devabrahm±na½ vasena vutta½.Manuss± pana imasmi½yeva cakkav±¼e bodhaneyy± honti. Itaracakkav±¼esu pana manuss±na½imasmi½ cakkav±¼e uppattiy± chandupp±danattha½ anantampi cakkav±¼a½ oloketv±tadanuguº±nus±san² p±µih±riya½ karontiyeva.
¾y±m±ti ettha ±-saddo ±gacch±ti imin± sam±natthoti ±ha “±gacchay±m±”ti, ehi gacch±m±ti attho. Suvaººarasapiñjar±h²ti vil²nasuvaººajala½ viyapiñjar±hi suvaººavaºº±h²ti attho. P±¼iya½ nimantitamh±ti-±d²su “nimantit±vassa½vutth± amh±”ti ca, “nimantit± vassa½vutth± atth±”ti ca sambandho.
Yanti deyyadhammaj±ta½, ya½ kiñc²ti attho. No natth²ti amh±ka½ natthi, notiv± etassa vivaraºa½ natth²ti. Etth±ti ghar±v±se. Tanti ta½ k±raºa½, kicca½v±. Kutoti katarahetuto. Yanti yena k±raºena, kiccena v±. Dutiyeatthavikappe etth±ti imassa vivaraºa½ imasmi½ tem±sabbhantareti. Tanti ta½deyyadhamma½.
Tattha ti kusale. Tikkhavisadabh±v±p±danena samuttejetv±. Vassetv±ti ±yati½v±san±bh±giya½ dhammaratanavassa½ ot±retv±. Ya½ divasanti yasmi½ divase.
23. Pattuººapattapaµe c±ti pattuººapaµe c²napaµe ca. Tumb±n²ti cammamayatelabh±jan±ni.Anubandhitv±ti anupagamana½ katv±. Abhiranta-saddo idha abhirucipariy±yoti ±ha“yath±jjh±sayan”ti-±di. Soreyy±d²ni mah±maº¹alac±rik±ya maggabh³t±ni soreyyanagar±d²ni.Pay±gapatiµµh±nanti gaªg±ya ekassa titthavisesass±pi, ta½sam²pe g±mass±pi n±ma½.Samantap±s±dik±y±ti samantato sabbaso pas±da½ janet²ti samantap±s±dik±, tass±.
Ye pana pak±re sandh±ya “samantato”ti vuccati, te pak±re vitth±retv± dassetu½tatridanti-±di vutta½. Tattha “samantap±s±dik±”ti y± sa½vaººan± vutt±, tatratassa½ samantap±s±dik±ya½ samantapas±dikabh±ve ida½ vakkham±nag±th±vacana½ hot²ti yojan±.B±hiranid±na-abbhantaranid±nasikkh±padanid±n±na½ vasena nid±nappabhedad²pana½ veditabba½.“Therav±dappak±sana½ vatthuppabhedad²panan”tipi vadanti. “Sikkh±pad±na½ paccuppannavatthuppabhedad²panan”tipivattu½ vaµµati. Sikkh±padanid±nanti pana ves±l²-±di sikkh±padapaññattiy± ±raºabh³tadesaviseso veditabbo. Etth±ti samantap±s±dik±ya. Sampassata½ viññ³nantisambandho, tasm± aya½ samantap±s±dik±tveva pavatt±ti yojetabb±.

Iti samantap±s±dik±ya vinayaµµhakath±ya vimativinodaniya½

Verañjakaº¹avaººan±nayo niµµhito.