Up±sakattapaµivedan±kath±vaººan±

15. Aññ±ºanti dhi-saddayogena s±mi-atthe upayogavacana½. P±d±n²ti p±de.Yasas±ti pariv±rena. Kot³halacchareti kot³hale acchare ca. Ayanti amikkanta-saddo.Nayida½ ±me¹itavasena dvikkhattu½, atha kho atthadvayavasen±ti dassento atha v±ti-±dim±ha.Avisesena atthas±maññena nipphanno abhikkantanti bh±vanapu½sakaniddeso, desan±pas±d±divises±pekkh±yapitatheva tiµµhati pubbe nipphannatt±ti ±ha “abhikkanta½…pe… pas±do”ti.Adhomukhaµhapita½ kenaci. Heµµh±mukhaj±ta½ sayameva. Pariy±yeh²ti pak±rehi,arasar³patt±dipaµip±dakak±raºehi v±.
Gamudh±tussa dvikammakatt±bh±v± gotama½ saraºanti ida½ padadvayampi na upayogavacana½. Apica kho purimameva, pacchima½ pana paccattavacananti dassetu½ “gotama½ saraºanti gacch±m²”tivutta½. Tena ca iti-saddo luttaniddiµµhoti dasseti. Aghass±ti aghato p±pato.T±t±ti hi pada½ apekkhitv± nissakkasseva yuttatt±. Adhigatamagge sacchikatanirodhetipadadvayen±pi phalaµµh± eva dassit±, na maggaµµh±ti dassento “yath±nusiµµha½ paµipajjam±nec±”ti ±ha. Vitth±roti imin± “y±vat±, bhikkhave, dhamm± saªkhat± v± asaªkhat±v±, vir±go tesa½ aggamakkh±yat²”ti (itivu. 90; a. ni. 4.34) vuttapada½ saªgaºh±ti.Anejanti nittaºha½. Appaµik³lanti avirodhatthad²panato aviruddhasuci½ paº²ta½v±. V±c±ya paguº²kattabbato, pakaµµhehi saddatthaguºehi yogato v± paguºa½. Sa½hatotighaµito sameto Yatth±ti yesu purisayuges³ti sambandho. Aµµha capuggaladhammadas± teti te aµµha puggal± ariyadhammassa diµµhatt± dhammadas±.
Saraºanti-±d²su aya½ saªkhepattho– bhayahi½san±di-atthena ratanattaya½ saraºa½ n±ma, tadevame ratanattaya½ t±ºa½ leºa½ par±yaºanti buddhasubuddhat±diguºavasena tappar±yaºat±k±rappavattocittupp±do saraºagamana½ n±ma. Yath±vuttena imin± cittupp±dena samann±gato saraºa½gacchati n±ma. Etassa ca saraºagamanassa lokiyalokuttaravasena duvidho pabhedo. Tatthalokuttara½ saraºagaman³pakkilesasamucchedena maggakkhaºeyeva sijjhati. Lokiyasaraºagamana½catudh± pavattati aha½ att±na½ buddhassa pariccaj±m²ti-±din± attaniyy±tanena, yath±vuttatappar±yaºat±ya,sissabh±v³pagamanena, paºip±tena c±ti. Sabbatth±pi cettha seµµhadakkhiºeyyabh±vavaseneva saraºagamana½hoti, na ñ±tibhay±cariy±divasen±ti veditabba½. Eva½ ñ±ti-±divasena titthiya½ vandatosaraºa½ na bhijjati, dakkhiºeyyabh±vena añña½ vandato saraºa½ bhijjati. Lokiyassa saraºagamanassanibb±nappattiniyama½ sadisaphala½ saraºagatassa an±gate nibb±nappattiniyamato. Sabbalokiyasampattisamadhigamopana ap±yadukkh±disamatikkamo ca ±nisa½saphala½. T²su vatth³su cassa sa½sayamicch±ñ±º±disa½kileso. Bhedopissa s±vajj±navajjavasena duvidho. Tattha paµhamo micch±diµµhipubbakehititthiyapaºip±t±d²hi hoti, so ca aniµµhaphalatt± s±vajjo. Anavajjo pana k±lakiriy±yahoti. Lokuttarasaraºagamanassa sabbath± sa½kileso v± bhedo v± natth²ti veditabba½.
Ko up±sakoti-±di up±sakattasar³pak±raº±dipucch±. Tattha yo gahaµµho manusso v± amanussov± vuttanayena tisaraºa½ gato, aya½ up±sako. Yo ca saraºagaman±dikiriy±ya ratanattaya½ up±sanato “up±sako”ti vuccati. Pañca veramaºiyo cassa s²la½. Pañcamicch±v±ºijj±dip±p±j²va½pah±ya dhammena samena j²vitakappanamassa ±j²vo. Assaddhiyaduss²lat±dayo up±sakattassavipatti, tadabh±vo sampatt²ti veditabb±.
Vih±raggen±ti ovarak±divasanaµµh±nakoµµh±sena. Ajjabh±vanti asmi½ahani pavatta½ pas±d±di½. K±yaviññattihetuko sar²r±vayavo k±yaªga½. Vac²viññattihetuka½oµµhajivh±di v±caªga½. Acopetv±ti ac±letv±. Etena ca vac²pavattiy± pubbabh±geµh±nakaraº±na½ calanapaccayo v±yodh±tuy± vik±r±k±ro visu½ k±yaviññatti na hoti,tena visu½ viññ±petabbassa adhipp±yassa abh±v± vac²viññattiyameva saªgayhati tadupak±ratt±.Yath± k±yena k±yakaº¹uyan±d²su sadduppattihetubh³to pathav²dh±tuy± ±k±ravik±rovisu½ adhipp±yassa aviññ±panato vac²viññatti na hoti, evamayamp²ti dasseti. Adhipp±yaviññ±panatohet± viññattiyo n±ma j±t±, na kevala½ v±yupathav²na½ calanasadduppattipaccayabh³tavik±r±k±ramattat±ya.Evañca bahiddh± rukkh±d²su calanasadduppattipaccay±na½ yath±vuttappak±r±na½ vik±r±k±r±na½aviññattit± samatthit± hot²ti veditabb±. Keci v±caªganti “hotu s±dh³”tievam±div±c±ya avayavanti-±di½ vadanti, ta½ acopetv±ti imin± na sameti. Khanti½c±retv±ti anumati½ pavattetv±. “Khanti½ dh±retv±”tipi p±µho, bahi anikkhamanavasenagaºhitv±ti attho. Paµimukhoti bhagavati paµinivattamukho, ten±ha “apakkamitv±”ti.
16. Y±cadh±tussa dvikammakatt± “bhagav± vass±v±sa½ y±cito”ti vutta½. Susassak±lep²tivuttamevattha½ p±kaµa½ k±tu½ “atisamagghep²”ti vutta½. Ativiya appagghepi yad±kiñcideva datv± bahu½ pubbaºº±paraººa½ gaºhanti, t±dise k±lep²ti attho. Bhikkham±n±tiy±cam±n±. Vuttasassanti vapitasassa½. Tatth±ti verañj±ya½, etena “vutta½sal±k± eva hoti etth±ti sal±k±vutt±”ti visesanassa paranip±tena nibbacana½ dasseti.Atha v± “sabba½ sassa½ sal±k±mattameva vutta½ nibbatta½ sampanna½ etth±ti sal±k±vutt±”tipinibbacana½ daµµhabba½, ten±ha “sal±k± eva sampajjat²”ti. “Sal±k±ya vutta½ j²vik±etissanti sal±k±vutt±”tipi nibbacana½ dassetu½ sal±k±ya v±ti-±di vutta½.Dhaññakaraºaµµh±neti dhaññaminanaµµh±ne. Vaººajjhakkhanti kah±paºaparikkhaka½.
Uñchena paggahen±ti ettha paggahen±ti pattena, ta½ gahetv±ti attho. Paggayhatietena bhikkh±ti hi paggaho, patto. Ten±ha paggahena yo uñchoti-±di.Atha v± paggahen±ti gahaºena, uñchatth±ya gahetabbo pattoti sijjhat²ti ±ha “patta½gahetv±”ti.
Gaªg±ya uttaradis±padeso uttar±patho, so niv±so etesa½, tato v± ±gat±ti uttar±pathak±,ten±ha uttar±pathav±sik±ti-±di. “Uttar±hak±”tipi p±µho, so eva attho niruttinayena.Mandiranti assas±la½. “Mandaran”tipi likhanti, ta½ na sundara½. S± ca mandir±yasm± parimaº¹al±k±rena bahuvidh± ca kat±, tasm± “assamaº¹alik±yo”ti vutt±.
Gaªg±ya dakkhiº±ya dis±ya deso dakkhiº±patho, tattha j±t± manuss± dakkhiº±pathamanuss±.Buddha½ mam±yanti mamev±yanti gaºhanas²l± buddham±mak±, eva½ sesesupi. Evantipacch± vuttanayena atthe gayham±ne. Paµiv²santi koµµh±sa½. Tadupiyanti tadanur³pa½tappahonaka½. Laddh±ti labhitv± no hot²ti sambandho. “Laddho”ti v± p±µho, upaµµh±kaµµh±na½neva labhinti attho. ѱti ca pasatthatamaguºayogato seµµho c±ti ñ±tiseµµho. Evar³pesuµh±nesu ayameva patir³poti ±misassa dullabhak±lesu parikathobh±s±di½ akatv± paramasallekhavuttiy±±j²vasuddhiya½ µhatv± bhagavato adhipp±y±nuguºa½ ±misa½ vic±rentena n±ma ñ±tisinehayuttenaariyas±vakeneva k±tu½ yuttanti adhipp±yo.
M±r±vaµµan±y±ti m±rena katacittaparivaµµanena, cittasammohanen±ti attho. Tamp²tiuttarakuru½ v± tidasapura½ v± ±vaµµeyya.
“Phussass±ha½ p±vacane, s±vake paribh±sayi½;
yava½ kh±datha bhuñjatha, m± ca bhuñjatha s±layo”ti. (Apa. thera 1.39.88)–

Apad±ne vuttassa akusalassa tad± ok±sakatatt±. Nibaddhad±nass±ti “dass±m±”tiv±c±ya niyamitad±nassa. Appitavattass±ti k±yena atiharitv± dinnavatthunopi.Visahat²ti sakkoti. Saªkhepen±ti n²h±rena. By±mappabh±y±ti samantatoheµµh± ca upari ca as²tihatthamatte µh±ne ghan²bh³t±ya chabbaºº±ya pabh±ya, yato chabbaººara½siyota¼±kato m±tik±yo viya nikkhamitv± dasasu dis±su dh±vanti, s± yasm±by±mamatt± viya kh±yati, tasm± “by±mappabh±”ti vuccati. Yasm± anubyañjan±ni capacceka½ bhagavato sar²re pabh±sampattiyutt± ±k±se candas³riy±dayo viya vibh±t±virocanti, tasm± t±ni by±mappabh±ya saha kenaci anabhibhavan²y±ni vutt±ni.

Anatthasañhiteti gh±t±pekkha½ s±mi-atthe bhummavacana½, ten±ha “t±disassa vacanassagh±to”ti. Attho dhammadesan±ya hetu uppajjati ettha, dhammadesan±diko v± attho uppajjatiet±y±ti aµµhuppatti, paccuppannavatthu.
Eka½ gahetv±ti dhammadesan±sikkh±padapaññattisaªkh±tesu dv²su dhammadesan±k±raºa½ gahetv±.Ratticchedo v±ti satt±hakaraº²yavasena gantv± bahi aruºuµµh±panavasena vutto, navassacchedavasena tassa visu½ vuccam±natt±. Etena ca vassacchedapaccaye satt±hakaraº²yenagamana½ anuññ±tanti veditabba½. Na kismiñc²ti kismiñci guºe sambh±van±vasenana maññanti. Pacch± s²la½ adhiµµhaheyy±m±ti ±j²vahetu santaguºappak±sanena±j²vavipatti½ sandh±ya vutta½. Atimaññissat²ti avamaññissati.
17. “¾yasm±ti piyavacanametan”ti uccan²cajanas±maññavasena vatv± puna uccajan±veºikavasenevadassento “garug±ravasappatiss±dhivacanan”ti ±ha. Tattha saha patissayena nissayen±tisappatisso, sanissayo, tassa garuguºayuttesu g±ravavacananti attho. Idha pana vacanamevaadhivacana½. Pappaµakojanti ±dikappe udak³pari paµhama½ pathav²bh±vena sañj±ta½ navan²tapiº¹asadisa½udakepi uppilanasabh±va½ avil²yanaka½ atisiniddhamadhura½ anekayojanasahassabahala½ ras±talasaªkh±ta½pathavoja½. Ya½ ±dikappikehi manussehi rasataºh±ya gahetv± bhuñjam±na½ tesa½ kammabalenauparibh±ge kakkha¼abh±va½ ±pajjitv± heµµh± purim±k±reneva µhita½, yassa ca balenaaya½ mah±pathav² sapabbatasamuddak±nan± heµµh±-udake animujjam±n± avikiriyam±n± kullupariviya niccal± tiµµhati, ta½ pathav²s±ramaº¹anti attho, ten±ha pathav²maº¹oti-±di. Sampannantimadhurarasena upeta½, ten±ha “s±durasan”ti. Upapannaphaloti bahuphalo.“Nimmakkhikan”ti vatv± puna “nimmakkhikaº¹an”ti makkhikaº¹±nampi abh±va½dasseti. Ye pathav²nissit± p±º±, te tattha saªk±mess±m²ti ettha manuss±manussatiracch±nagatitth²nampihatthasaªk±mane ki½ an±m±sadoso na hot²ti? Na hoti, kasm±? “An±patti, bhikkhave,iddhimassa iddhivisaye”ti (p±r±. 159) vacanato, teneva bhagav±pi an±m±sadosa½ adassetv±“vipall±sampi satt± paµilabheyyun”ti ±ha, khuddako g±mo. Mahanto s±paºo nigamo.Padav²tih±ren±ti padanikkhepena.