7. Sekhiyakaº¹a½

1. Parimaº¹alavaggavaººan±

576. Sekhiyesu yasm± vattakkhandhake (c³¼ava. 356 ±dayo) vuttavatt±nipisikkhitabbatt± sekhiy±neva, tasm± p±r±jik±d²su viyettha p±¼iya½ paricchedo nakato. C±rittanayadassanatthañca “yo pana bhikkhu olambento niv±seyya, dukkaµan”tiavatv± “sikkh± karaº²y±”ti sabbattha p±¼i ±ropit±. Padabh±jane pana “±pattidukkaµass±”ti vuttatt± sabbattha an±dariyakaraºe dukkaµa½ veditabba½.
Aµµhaªgulamattanti matta-saddena tato kiñci adhika½, ³nampi saªgaºh±ti. Teneva nisinnassacaturaªgulamattampi vutta½. Na hi nisinnassa caturaªgulappam±ºa½, µhitassa aµµhaªgulamev±tisakk± niyametu½ ³n±dhikattasambhavato. Tasm± yath± s±ruppa½ hoti eva½ aµµhaªgul±nus±renaniv±sanaññeva adhippetanti gahetabba½. Teneva vakkhati “yo pana bhikkhu sukkhajaªghov±”ti-±di. Kurundiya½ “aj±nantassa an±patt²”ti ±dara½ katv± uggaºhantass±piaj±nana½ sandh±ya vutta½. Ten±pi nirantara½ niv±sanap±rupanavatta½ sikkhitabba½, asikkhitoan±dariyameva. Parimaº¹alaggahaºena ukkhipitv± niv±sanampi paµikkhittanti ±ha “ukkhipitv±v± ot±retv± v±”ti.
Sacittakanti vatthuvij±nanacittena sacittaka½. S±ratthad²paniya½ pana upatissattherav±danayenalokavajjatta½ gahetv± “vatthuvij±nanacittena, paººattivij±nanacittena ca sacittakan”ti(s±rattha. µ². sekhiyakaº¹a 3.576) vutta½. Tattha ca vatthuvij±nana½ visu½ na vattabba½.Paººattivij±nanena tass±pi antogadhabh±vato ida½ vatthu½ eva½ v²tikkamantassa ±patt²tivij±nanto hi paººatti½ vij±n±t²ti vuccati. Upatissattherav±de cettha paººatti½aj±nitv± aparimaº¹alaniv±san±divatthumeva j±nantassa paººattiv²tikkam±n±dariy±bh±v±sabbasekhiyesu an±patti eva abhimat±, tañca na yutta½ kosambakkhandhake (mah±va. 451±dayo) vaccakuµiya½ udak±vasesa½ µhapentassa paººattivij±nan±bh±vepi ±pattiy± vuttatt±.Vuttañhi tattha “tena kho pana samayena aññataro bhikkhu ±patti½ ±panno hoti pe…so aparena samayena tass± ±pattiy± an±pattidiµµhi hot²”ti-±di (mah±va. 451).Aµµhakath±yañcassa “tva½ ettha ±pattibh±va½ na j±n±s²ti, ±ma na j±n±m²ti. Hotu±vuso, ettha ±patt²ti, sace hoti, desess±m²ti. Sace pana te, ±vuso, asañciccaasatiy± kata½, natthi ±patt²ti. So tass± ±pattiy± an±pattidiµµhi ahos²”ti(mah±va. aµµha. 451) vutta½, tath± “adhammav±d²ti ukkhitt±nuvattakesu aññataro”ti(mah±va. aµµha. 457-458) ca vutta½. Khandhakavatt±nañhi sekhiyatt± tattha vutto nayoimesa½, idha vutto ca tesa½ s±dh±raºova hot²ti. Teneva “asañcicca asatiy± kata½,natthi ±patt²”ti eva½ idha vutto ±pattinayo tatth±pi dassito. Tasm± phussadevattherav±deeva µhatv± vatthuvij±nanacitteneva sabbasekhiy±ni sacittak±ni, na paººattivij±nanacittena.Bhiyyokamyat±yas³pabyañjanapaµicch±dana-ujjh±nasaññ²ti dve sikkh±pad±ni lokavajj±ni akusalacitt±ni,ses±ni paººattivajj±ni, ticitt±ni, tivedan±ni c±ti gahaºameva yuttatara½ dissati.Tenevettha “asañcicc±ti purato v± pacchato v± olambetv± niv±sess±m²ti eva½asañcicc±”ti-±din± vatthu-aj±nanavaseneva an±pattivaººan± kat±, na paººattivij±nanacittavasena.
Apica “yassa sacittakapakkhe citta½ akusalameva hoti, ta½ lokavajjan”ti (kaªkh±.aµµha. paµhamap±r±jikavaººan±) imin± lakkhaºavacanen±pi ceta½ sijjhati. Vatthuvij±nanacittavasenevahettha “sacittakapakkhe”ti vutta½. Itarath± paººattivij±nanacittavasena sabbasikkh±pad±nampisacittakapakkhe cittassa akusalattaniyamena lokavajjattappasaªgato paººattivajjameva nasiy±, idañca vacana½ niratthaka½ siy± imin± vacanena nivattetabbassa sikkh±padassa abh±v±.Na ca sekhiyesu vatthuvij±nanacittena sacittakapakkhe citta½ p±º±tip±t±d²su viya akusalamev±tiniyamo atthi, yenettha lokavajjat± pasajjeyya, “an±dariya½ paµicc±”ti ceta½ p±¼ivacana½vatthu½ j±nitv± t²hi cittehi v²tikkamameva an±dariya½ katv± vutta½, na paººatti½j±nitv± akusalacitteneva v²tikkamanti gahetabba½. Aññath± khandhakap±¼iy±, aµµhakath±yañcapubb±parañca virujjhanatoti amh±ka½ khanti. Yath± v± na virujjhati, tath± ettha adhipp±yogavesitabbo. An±dariya½, an±pattik±raº±bh±vo aparimaº¹alaniv±sananti im±nettha t²ºi aªg±ni. Yath± cettha, eva½ sabbattha. Kevala½ tattha tattha vuttapaµipakkhakaraºavasenatatiyaªgayojanameva viseso.
577. Dutiy±d²su gihip±rutanti setapaµap±rut±di. Vih±rep²ti saªghasannip±tabuddhupaµµh±n±dik±la½sandh±ya vutta½.
578. Gaºµhika½ paµimuñcitv±ti-±di paµicch±danavidhidassana½. G²va½ paµicch±detv±ti-±din±vuttatt± sañcicca g²va½, maºibandhanañca appaµicch±dentassa ±patti. Etth±pi parimaº¹alasikkh±padassas±dh±raºatt± j±ºumaº¹alato heµµh± caturaªgulamatta½ ot±retv± anolambetv± parimaº¹alamevap±rupitabba½.
579. Vivaritv± nis²datoti vih±re viya eka½sap±rupana½ sandh±ya vutta½.“V±satth±ya upagatass±”ti vuttatt± v±s±dhipp±ya½ vin± dhammadesanaparittabhaºan±di-atth±yasucirampi nis²dantena sabba½ antaragharavatta½ p³renteneva nis²ditabba½. Nis²danapaµisa½yuttesueva ca sikkh±padesu “v±s³pagatass±”ti an±pattiy± vuttatt± v±satth±ya antaraghara½upagacchanten±pi suppaµicchannat±disabba½ akopenteneva gantabba½. “V±s³pagatass±”tihi vutta½, na pana upagaccham±nass±ti. Keci pana “ekekasmi½ paµhama½ gantv± v±sapariggahekate tato aññehi yath±sukha½ gantu½ vaµµat²”ti vadanti. Apare pana “gehass±mikehi‘y±va tumhe nivasissatha, t±va tumh±ka½ ima½ geha½ dem²’ti dinne aññehi av±s±dhipp±yehiantar±r±me viya yath±sukha½ gantu½, nis²dituñca vaµµat²”ti vadanti, ta½ sabba½ na gahetabba½tath±vacan±bh±v±, d±nalakkhaº±bh±v±, t±vattakena vih±rasaªkhy±nupagamanato ca. “Y±va nis²dissatha,t±va tumh±ka½ ima½ geha½ dem²”ti dentopi hi t±vak±likameva deti vatthuparicc±galakkhaºatt±d±nassa.
582. Catuhatthappam±ºanti va¹¹hak²hattha½ sandh±ya vuttanti vadanti.
584. Ukkhittac²varo hutv±ti kaµito uddha½ k±yabandhan±didassanavasenevukkhipana½sandh±ya vutta½ piº¹±ya carato pattaggahaº±dimattassa anuññ±tatt±. Teneva “nisinnak±lepana dhamakaraºan”ti-±di vutta½. Nisinnak±le hi khandhe laggapattatthavik±dito dhamakaraºa½n²harantassa kaµito uddhampi dissati, tath± adassetv± n²haritabbanti adhipp±yo. ¾sanenis²dantass±pi ca p±rupitac²vara½ kiñci ukkhipitv± saªgh±µi½ jaªghapiº¹ehi anukkhipitv±vanis²ditabba½. Imasmiññeva pana sikkh±pade “v±s³pagatass±”ti vuttatt± nis²danapaµisa½yuttesuchaµµha-aµµhamesu avuttatt± v±s³pagaten±pi susa½vutena okkhittacakkhun±va nis²ditabba½.Teneva m±tik±µµhakath±yampi tesa½ visesa½ avatv± idheva “v±s³pagatassa pana an±patt²”ti(kaªkh±. aµµha. ukkhittakasikkh±padavaººan±) vutt±.

Parimaº¹alavaggavaººan± niµµhit±.