Ganth±rambhakath±vaººan±

Vinayasa½vaººan±rambhe ratanattaya½ namassituk±mo tassa visiµµhaguºayogasandassanattha½ yo kappakoµ²hip²ti-±dim±ha.Visiµµhaguºayogena hi vandan±rahabh±vo, vandan±rahe ca kat± vandan± yath±dhippetamattha½s±dheti Ettha ca sa½vaººan±rambhe ratanattayapaº±makaraºappayojana½ tattha tatthabahudh± papañcenti ±cariy±, maya½ pana idh±dhippetameva payojana½ dassayiss±ma. Tasm± sa½vaººan±rambheratanattayapaº±makaraºa½ yath±paµiññ±tasa½vaººan±ya anantar±yena parisam±panatthanti veditabba½.Tath± hi vutta½ “tass±nubh±vena hatantar±yo”ti. Ratanattayapaº±makaraºena hi r±g±didosavigamatopaññ±diguºap±µavato ±yu-±diva¹¹hanato puññ±tisayabh±v±dito ca hoteva yath±paµiññ±tasa½vaººan±yaanantar±yena parisam±pana½.
Tattha paµhama½ t±va bhagavato vandana½ kattuk±mo “yo kappakoµ²hipi…pe… tass±”ti±ha. Imiss± pana vinayadesan±ya karuº±ppadh±nañ±ºasamuµµhitat±ya karuº±ppadh±nameva thomana½±raddha½. Es± hi ±cariyassa pakati, yadida½ ±rambh±nur³pathoman±. Karuº±ggahaºena cetthaaparimeyyappabh±v± sabbepi buddhaguº± nayato saªgahit±ti daµµhabb± ta½m³lakatt± sesabuddhaguº±na½.Tattha yoti imassa aniyamavacanassa n±thoti imin± sambandho. Kappakoµ²hipi appameyya½k±lanti kappakoµigaºan±vasenapi “ettak± kappakoµiyo”ti pametu½ asakkuºeyya½k±la½. Api-saddena pageva vassagaºan±y±ti dasseti. Appameyya½ k±lanti ca accantasa½yogeupayogavacana½, tena kappakoµigaºan±vasena paricchinditumasakkuºeyyamapi, asaªkhyeyyavasenapana paricchinditabbato salakkha½ caturasaªkhyeyyakappak±la½ accantameva nirantara½ pañcamah±pa-acc±g±diatidukkar±nikaronto kheda½ k±yika½ parissama½ pattoti dasseti.
Lokahit±y±ti sattalokassa hit±ya. N±that²ti n±tho, veneyy±na½ hitasukha½ ±s²sat²tiattho. Atha v± n±thati veneyyagate kilese upat±peti, n±thati v± y±cati veneyyeattano hitakaraºe y±citv±pi niyojet²ti n±tho, lokapaµisaraºo lokas±m² lokan±yakotivutta½ hoti. Mah±k±ruºikass±ti yo karuº±ya kampitahadayatt± lokahitattha½ atidukkarakiriy±yaanekappak±ra½ t±disa½ dukkha½ anubhavitv± ±gato, tassa mah±k±ruºikass±tiattho. Tattha kirat²ti karuº±, paradukkha½ vikkhipati apanet²ti attho. Dukkhitesuv± kiriyati pas±riyat²ti karuº±. Atha v± kiº±t²ti karuº±, paradukkhe satik±ruºika½ hi½sati vib±dheti, vin±seti v± parassa dukkhanti attho.Paradukkhe sati s±dh³na½ kampana½ hadayakheda½ karot²ti v± karuº±. Atha v± kamiti sukha½,ta½ rundhat²ti karuº±. Es± hi paradukkh±panayanak±mat±lakkhaº± attasukhanirapekkhat±yak±ruºik±na½ sukha½ rundhati vib±dheti. Karuº±ya niyutto k±ruºiko, mahantok±ruºiko mah±k±ruºiko, tassa namo atth³ti p±µhaseso.
Eva½ karuº±mukhena saªkhepato sakalasabbaññuguºehi bhagavanta½ thometv± id±ni saddhamma½ thometu½asambudhanti-±dim±ha. Tattha buddhanisevita½ ya½ asambudha½ j²valoko bhav± bhava½ gacchati,tassa dhammavarassa namoti sambandho. Tattha asambudhanti asambujjhanto, yath±sabh±va½ appaµivijjhanatotivutta½ hoti. Hetu-attho hettha antapaccayo. Yanti aniyamato sapariyattiko navalokuttaradhammokammabh±vena niddiµµho. Buddhanisevitanti tasseva visesana½, samm±sambuddhena, paccekabuddhas±vakabuddhehipiv± gocar±sevanabh±van±sevan±hi yath±raha½ nisevita½, ajahitanti attho. Tattha pariyattiphalanibb±n±nigocar±sevanavaseneva nisevit±ni, maggo pana bh±van±sevanavasen±pi paccavekkhaºañ±º±divasenagocar±sevanavasen±pi nisevito. Bhav±bhavanti bhavato bhava½. Atha v± h²napaº²t±divasenakhuddaka½ mahantañca bhavanti attho. Vu¹¹hatthopi hi a-k±ro dissati asekkh± dhamm±ti-±d²su(dha. sa. tikam±tik± 11) viya. Atha v± bhavoti vu¹¹hi, abhavoti h±ni. Bhavotiv± sassatadiµµhi, abhavoti ucchedadiµµhi Vuttappak±ro bhavo ca abhavo ca bhav±bhavo,ta½ bhav±bhava½. Gacchat²ti upagacchati. J²valokoti sattaloko. Avijj±dikilesaj±laviddha½sinotidhammavisesana½. Tattha na vidati dhamm±na½ yath±sabh±va½ na vij±n±t²ti avijj±, aññ±ºa½.S± ±di yesa½ taºh±d²na½, teyeva kilissanti etehi satt±ti kiles±, teyevaca satt±na½ vib±dhanaµµhena j±lasadis±ti j±la½, ta½ viddha½seti sabbaso vin±seti s²len±tiavijj±dikilesaj±laviddha½s², tassa.
Nanu cettha sapariyattiko navalokuttaradhammo adhippeto, tattha ca maggoyeva kileseviddha½seti, netareti ce? Vuccate– maggass±pi nibb±nam±gamma kilesaviddha½sanatonibb±nampi kilese viddha½seti n±ma, maggassa kilesaviddha½sanakicca½ phalena niµµhitantiphalampi “kilesaviddha½s²”ti vuccati, pariyattidhammopi kilesaviddha½sanassa upanissayapaccayatt±“kilesaviddha½s²”ti vattu½ arahat²ti na koci doso. Dhammavarassa tass±ti pubbeaniyamitassa niy±makavacana½. Tattha yath±nusiµµha½ paµipajjam±ne cat³su ap±yesu sa½s±radukkheca apatam±ne dh±ret²ti dhammo. Vuttappak±ro dhammo eva attano uttaritar±bh±vena varopavaro anuttaroti dhammavaro, tassa dhammavarassa namo atth³ti attho.
Eva½ saªkhepanayeneva sabbadhammaguºehi saddhamma½ thometv± id±ni ariyasaªgha½ thometu½ guºeh²ti-±dim±ha.Tattha guºehi yo yutto, tamariyasaªgha½ nam±m²ti sambandho. S²l±dayo guº± cettha lokiyalokuttar±adhippet±. “Vimuttivimuttiñ±ºan”ti vattabbe ekadesasar³pekasesanayena “vimuttiñ±ºan”tivutta½, ±disaddapariy±yena pabhutisaddena v± vimuttiggahaºa½ veditabba½. Tattha vimutt²tiphala½. Vimuttiñ±ºanti paccavekkhaºañ±ºa½. Pabhuti-saddena cha¼abhiññ±catupaµisambhid±dayoguº± saªgahit±ti daµµhabb±. Kusalatthik±na½ jan±na½ puññ±tisayavu¹¹hiy± khettasadisatt±khettanti ±ha “khetta½ jan±na½ kusalatthik±nan”ti. Khitta½ b²ja½ mahapphalabh±vakaraºenat±yat²ti hi khetta½. Ariyasaªghanti ettha ±rakatt± kilesehi, anaye na iriyanato,aye ca iriyanato, sadevakena lokena “saraºan”ti araº²yato upagantabbato, upagat±nañcatadatthasiddhito ariy±, aµµha ariyapuggal±, ariy±na½ saªgho sam³hoti ariyasaªgho, ta½ ariyasaªgha½.
Id±ni ratanattayapaº±majanita½ kusal±bhisanda½ yath±dhippete payojane niyojetv± attan±sa½vaººiyam±nassa vinayassa sakalas±sanam³labh±vadassanamukhena sa½vaººan±karaºass±pi s±sanam³lata½ dassetu½ iccevamicc±dig±th±dvayam±ha. Puññ±bhisandanti puññogha½, puññappav±ha½puññar±sinti attho. Tass±nubh±ven±ti tassa yath±vuttassa puññappav±hassa ±nubh±venabalena hatantar±yo vinaya½ vaººayissanti sambandho.
Aµµhitassa susaºµhitassa bhagavato s±sana½ yasmi½ µhite patiµµhita½ hot²ti yojetabba½. Tatthayasminti yasmi½ vinayapiµake. Ýhiteti p±¼ito ca atthato ca an³na½ hutv±lajj²puggalesu pavattanaµµhena µhite. S±sananti sikkhattayasaªgahita½ s±sana½.Aµµhitass±ti k±masukhallikattakilamath±nuyogasaªkh±te antadvaye aµµhitassa, “parinibbutassapibhagavato”tipi vadanti. Susaºµhitass±ti antadvayavirahit±ya majjhim±ya paµipad±ya suµµhuµhitassa. Amissanti bh±vanapu½sakaniddeso, nik±yantaraladdh²hi asammissa½ katv±an±kula½ katv± vaººayissanti vutta½ hoti. Niss±ya pubb±cariy±nubh±vanti pubb±cariyehisa½vaººita½ aµµhakatha½ niss±ya, na attano balen±ti adhipp±yo.
Atha por±ºaµµhakath±su vijjam±n±su puna vinayasa½vaººan± ki½payojan±ti? ¾ha k±mañc±ti-±di.Tattha k±manti ekantena, yathicchaka½ v±, sabbasoti vutta½ hoti, tassa sa½vaººitoya½vinayoti imin± sambandho. Pubb±cariy±sabheh²ti mah±kassapatther±dayo pubb±cariy±eva akampiyaµµhena uttamaµµhena ca ±sabh±, tehi pubb±cariyavareh²ti vutta½ hoti. K²dis±pana te pubb±cariy±ti? ¾ha ñ±ºamb³ti-±di. Aggamaggañ±ºasaªkh±tena ambun± salilenaniddhot±ni nissesato ±yati½ anuppattidhammat±p±danena dhot±ni visodhit±ni r±g±d²nit²ºi mal±ni k±m±sav±dayo ca catt±ro ±sav± yehi te ñ±ºambuniddhotamal±sav±, tehikh²º±saveh²ti attho. Kh²º±savabh±vepi na ete sukkhavipassak±ti ±ha “visuddhavijj±paµisambhideh²”ti.Tattha vijj±ti tisso vijj±, aµµha vijj± v±. Paµisambhid±ppattesupi mah±kassapatther±d²na½uccinitv± gahitat±ya tesa½ saddhammasa½vaººane s±matthiya½ s±tisayanti dassento ±ha “saddhammasa½vaººanakovideh²”ti.
Kilesaj±ta½, parikkh±rab±hulla½ v± sallikhati tanu½ karot²ti sallekho, appicchat±diguºasam³ho,idha pana kh²º±sav±dhik±ratt± parikkh±rab±hullassa sallikhanavaseneva attho gahetabbo.Sallekhena nibbatta½ sallekhiya½, tasmi½ sallekhiye, dhutaªgapariharaº±disallekhapa-apattiyantivutta½ hoti. Nosulabh³pameh²ti sallekhapaµipattiy± “asukasadis±”ti natthisulabh± upam± etesanti nosulabh³pam±, tehi. Mah±vih±rass±ti imin± nik±yantara½paµikkhipati Vih±ras²sena hettha tattha niv±s²nañceva tehi samaladdhik±nañca sabbesa½bhikkh³na½ gahaºa½ daµµhabba½. Tasm± tesa½ mah±vih±rav±s²na½ diµµhis²lavisuddhiy± pabhavattenasaññ±ºabh³tatt± dhammasaªg±hak± mah±kassapatther±dayo “mah±vih±rassa dhaj³pam±”tivutt±, tehi aya½ vinayo sa½vaººito samm± an³na½ katv± vaººito. Kathanti±ha “cittehi nayeh²”ti. Vicittehi nayehi sambuddhavaranvayehi sabbaññubuddhavara½anugatehi, bhagavato adhipp±y±nugatehi nayeh²ti vutta½ hoti.
Eva½ por±ºaµµhakath±ya an³nabh±va½ dassetv± id±ni attano sa½vaººan±ya payojanavisesa½ ajjhesakañcadassetu½ sa½vaººan±ti-±dim±ha. Tattha saªkhatatt±ti racitatt±. Na kañci attha½abhisambhuº±t²ti na kañci attha½ s±dheti.
Sa½vaººana½ tañc±ti-±din± attano sa½vaººan±ya karaºappak±ra½ dasseti. Tattha tañca id±nivuccam±na½ sa½vaººana½ sam±rabhanto sakal±yapi mah±-aµµhakath±ya idha gahetabbato mah±-aµµhakatha½tass± id±ni vuccam±n±ya sa½vaººan±ya sar²ra½ katv± mah±paccariya½ yo vinicchayovutto, tatheva kurund²n±m±d²su vissut±su aµµhakath±su yo vinicchayo vutto,tatopi vinicchayato yuttamattha½ apariccajanto antogadhattherav±da½ katv± sa½vaººana½samm± sam±rabhissanti padatthasambandho veditabbo. Ettha ca attho kath²yati et±y±tiaµµhakath± ttha-k±rassa µµha-k±ra½ katv±. Mah±paccariyanti mah±paccar²n±mika½.Ettha ca paccar²ti u¼umpa½ vuccati, tasmi½ nis²ditv± katatt± tameva n±ma½ j±ta½.“Kurund²vallivih±ro n±ma atthi, tattha katatt± ‘kurund²’ti n±ma½ j±tan”tivadanti. ¾disaddena andhakaµµhakatha½ saªkhepaµµhakathañca saªgaºh±ti.
Yuttamatthanti mah±-aµµhakath±nayena, catubbidhavinayayuttiy± v± yuttamattha½. “Aµµhakatha½yevagahetv± sa½vaººana½ kariss±m²”ti vutte aµµhakath±su vuttattherav±d±na½ b±hirabh±vosiy±ti tepi antokattuk±mo “antogadhatherav±dan”ti ±ha, therav±depi antokatv±tivutta½ hoti.
Ta½ meti g±th±ya sot³hi paµipajjitabbavidhi½ dasseti. Tattha dhammappad²pass±ti dhammoeva mohandhak±raviddha½sanato pad²pasadisatt± pad²po ass±ti dhammappad²po, bhagav±, tassa.Patim±nayant±ti p³jent± manas± garu½ karont± nis±mentu suºantu.
Buddhen±ti-±din± attano sa½vaººan±ya ±gamanasuddhidassanamukhena pam±ºabh±va½dassetv± anusikkhitabbata½ dasseti. Tattha yatheva buddhena yo dhammo vinayo ca vutto,so tassa buddhassa yehi puttehi mah±kassapatther±d²hi tatheva ñ±to, tesa½ buddhaputt±na½matimaccajant± s²ha¼aµµhakath±cariy± yasm± pure aµµhakath± aka½s³ti sambandho veditabbo.Tattha dhammoti sutt±bhidhamme saªgaºh±ti. Vinayoti sakala½ vinayapiµaka½. Vuttotip±¼ito ca atthato ca buddhena bhagavat± vutto. Na hi bhagavat± aby±kata½ n±ma tantipada½atthi, tattha tattha bhagavat± pavattitapakiººakadesan±yeva hi aµµhakath±. Tatheva ñ±totiyatheva buddhena vutto, tatheva ekapadampi ekakkharampi avin±setv± adhipp±yañca avikopetv±ñ±to viditoti attho. Tesa½ matimaccajant±ti tesa½ buddhaputt±na½ matisaªkh±ta½theraparampar±ya uggahetv± ±bhata½ abbocchinna½ p±¼ivaººan±vasena ceva p±¼imuttakavasenaca pavatta½ sabba½ aµµhakath±vinicchaya½ apariccajant±. Aµµhakath± aka½s³ti mah±-aµµhakath±mah±paccari-±dik±s²ha¼aµµhakath±yo aka½su. “Aµµhakath±maka½s³”tipi p±µho, tatth±pi soyevattho.
Tasm±ti yasm± tesa½ buddhaputt±na½ adhipp±ya½ avikopetv± pure aµµhakath± aka½su,tasm±. Ya½ aµµhakath±su vutta½, ta½ sabbampi pam±ºanti yojan±. ti nip±tamatta½hetu-atthassa tasm±ti imin±yeva pak±sitatt±, avadh±raºattho v±, pam±ºamev±ti. Yadiaµµhakath±su vutta½ sabbampi pam±ºa½, eva½ sati tattha pam±dalekh±pi pam±ºa½ siy±ti ±ha“vajjayitv±na pam±dalekhan”ti, apar±para½ likhantehi pam±dena sati½ apaccupaµµhapetv± aññatthalikhitabba½ aññattha likhan±divasena pavattit± pam±dalekh± n±ma, s± ca samantap±s±dik±ya½tattha tattha sayameva ±vibhavissati. Puna yasm±ti padassa sambandhadassanavasena aya½ atthayojan±–yasm± aµµhakath±su vutta½ idha imasmi½ s±sane sikkh±su sag±rav±na½ paº¹it±na½ pam±ºameva,yasm± ca aya½ vaººan±pi bh±santaraparicc±g±dimattavisiµµhat±ya atthato abhinn±, tato evapam±ºabh³t±va hessati, tasm± anusikkhitabb±ti.
Tatoti t±hi aµµhakath±hi. Bh±santarameva hitv±ti s²ha¼abh±sa½yeva apanetv±. Vitth±ramaggañcasam±sayitv±ti por±ºaµµhakath±su yath±µh±ne vattabbampi padatthavinicchay±dika½ativitthiººena vacanakkamena ceva vuttameva atthanaya½ appamattakavisesena punappuna½kathanena ca tattha tattha papañcita½ t±disa½ vitth±ramagga½ pah±ya sallahukena atthaviññ±pakenapadakkamena ceva vuttanayasadisa½ vattabba½ atidisitv± ca saªkhepanayeneva vaººayiss±m±tiadhipp±yo. S±ratthad²paniya½ pana vinayaµ²k±ya½ “por±ºaµµhakath±su upari vuccam±nampi±netv± tattha tattha papañcita½ ñatticatutthena kammena…pe… upasampannoti bhikkh³tiettha apalokan±d²na½ catunnampi kamm±na½ vitth±rakath± viya t±disa½ vitth±ramagga½ saªkhipitv±”tivutta½, ta½ tantikkama½ kañci avokkamitv±ti ettheva vattu½ yutta½. Aññattha p±¼iy±vattabba½ aññattha kathanañhi tantikkama½ vokkamitv± kathana½ n±ma. Tath± hi vutta½ “tathevavaººitu½ yuttar³pa½ hutv± anukkamena ±gata½ p±¼i½ pariccajitv± sa½vaººanato s²ha¼aµµhakath±suayuttaµµh±ne vaººita½ yath±µh±neyeva vaººanato ca vutta½ ‘tantikkama½ kañci avokkamitv±”’ti.Tasm± yath±vuttanayeneva attho gahetabbo. Katha½ pana vitth±ramaggassa saªkhipane vinicchayona h²yat²ti? ¾ha “vinicchaya½ sabbamasesayitv±”ti. Saªkhipantopi punappuna½ vacan±dimevasaªkhipanto, vinicchaya½ pana aµµhakath±su sabb±supi vutta½ sabbampi asesayitv±, kiñcimattampiaparih±petv±ti vutta½ hoti. Tantikkama½ kañci avokkamitv±ti kañci p±¼ikkama½anatikkamitv±, anukkameneva p±¼i½ vaººayiss±m±ti attho.
Suttantik±na½ vacan±namatthanti verañjakaº¹±d²su ±gat±na½ jh±nakath±d²na½ suttantavacan±na½s²ha¼aµµhakath±su “suttantik±na½ bh±ro”ti vatv± avaººitabbaµµh±na½ attha½ ta½ta½sutt±nur³pa½sabbaso parid²payiss±m±ti adhipp±yo. Hessat²ti bhavissati, kar²yissat²ti v±attho. Ettha ca paµhamasmi½ atthavikappe “bh±santaraparicc±g±dika½ catubbidha½ kicca½nipph±detv± suttantik±na½ vacan±namattha½ parid²payant² aya½ vaººan± bhavissat²”tivaººan±vasena sam±nakattukat± veditabb±. Pacchimasmi½ atthavikappe pana “heµµh± vuttabh±santaraparicc±g±dika½katv± suttantik±na½ vacan±namattha½ parid²payant² aya½ vaººan± amhehi kar²yissat²”tieva½ ±cariyavasena sam±nakattukat± veditabb±.

Ganth±rambhakath±vaººan±nayo niµµhito.