Pubbeniv±sakath±vaººan±

12. Cittekaggat±sabh±gatt± jh±n±na½ “kesañci cittekaggatatth±n²”ti±ha. Kusal±na½ bhavokkamanasabh±gatt± “kesañci bhavokkamanatth±n²”ti. Asabh±gatt±sesaµµh±nesu “p±dakatth±n²”ti avatv± “p±dak±n²”ti ±ha. Tena p±dakabh³t±nampiyath±sambhava½ cittekaggat± bhavokkamanat±vahata½, itaresa½ yath±sambhava½ p±dakat±vahatañcad²peti. Asabh±gatt± javanavipassan±p±dak±ni sam±n±ni abhiññ±p±dak±ni ca honti,abhiññ±p±dak±ni ca vipassan±p±dak±ni hont²tipi d²peti, tath± p±dak±bh±va½ d²peti.Abhiññ±ya hi catutthameva p±daka½, na itar±ni. Tesu catutthassa tatiya½ p±daka½, tatiyassadutiya½, dutiyassa paµhamanti. Atha v± “catt±ri jh±n±n²”ti yath±l±bhato vutta½.
Vinayanid±nanimitta½, verañjaniv±sakappana½;
satthu yasm± tasm± bhagav±, vijjattayam±ha verañje.
Vuttañheta½ “vinaye suppaµipanno bhikkhu s²lasampatti½ niss±y±”ti-±di (p±r±.aµµha. 1.paµhamamah±saªg²tikath±). S²lavato hi s²lapaccavekkhaºattha½ rattiµµh±nadiv±µh±nesu nisinnassanisajjanato paµµh±ya attano at²takiriy±nussaraºabahulat±ya pubbeniv±s±nussativijj± appakasirena samijjhati. Tath± att±na½ paµicca satt±na½ cutipariggahaºas²lat±ya cut³pap±tañ±ºa½ appakasirenasamijjhati, udak±d²su sukhumatta dassanas²lat±ya dibbacakkhuñ±ºa½ samijjhati. Yasm± sattavidhamethunasa½yogaparivajjanena,k±m±sav±diparivajjanena v± brahmacariya½ akhaº¹±dibh±va½ p±puº±ti, tasm±ssa ±savakkhayañ±ºa½appakasirena samijjhat²ti ettha vinayanid±ne vijjattayameva dassita½, tasm± ±ha “yesañcaguº±na½ d±yaka½ ahosi, tesa½ ekadesa½ dassento”ti, aññath± vijjattayapaµil±bhamattappasaªgosiy±ti.
So evanti imin± kiñc±pi catunna½ jh±n±na½ pubbabh±gapaµipad±pi saªgaha½ gacchati, na kevala½purimajjh±nattikameva, tath±pi kevala½ purimajjh±nattikameva gaºhanto “evanti catutthajjh±nakkamanidassanameta½,imin± paµhamajjh±n±dhigam±din± kamena catutthajjh±na½ paµilabhitv±ti vutta½ hot²”ti±ha, ta½ kasm±ti ce? Sambh±rabh³mitt±. Vuttañheta½ aµµhakath±ya½ (visuddhi.2.381) “ettha ca purim±ni t²ºi jh±n±ni yasm± p²tipharaºena ca sukhapharaºena casukhasaññañca lahusaññañca okkamitv± lahumudukammaññak±yo hutv± iddhi½ p±puº±ti,tasm± imin± pariy±yena iddhil±bh±ya sa½vattanato sambh±rabh³miyoti veditabb±ni. Catutthajjh±na½pana iddhil±bh±ya pakatibh³mi ev±”ti. Idameva v± attha½ sandh±y±ha “pubbe im±nicatt±ri jh±n±ni kesañci abhiññ±p±dak±n²”ti. Yadi eva½ catutthajjh±nampiantokatv± evanti kimattha½ na vutta½. Tañhi pakatibh³m²ti ce? Na vattabba½, catutthajjh±natoparassa sam±hit±dibh±vappattassa cittassa atthibh±vappasaªgato. Yasm± yasmi½ sati “pubbeniv±s±nussatiñ±º±yacitta½ abhininn±mesin”ti vutta½, tasm± tasmi½ catutthajjh±nacitte pakatibh³mibh±vappatteabhiññ±p±dake j±te parikammacitta½ “pubbeniv±s±nussatiñ±º±ya abhininn±mesin”ti±ha. Abhin²h±rakkhama½ hot²ti ettha ta½ iddhividh±dhigamatth±ya parikammacitta½abhin²harati. Kasiº±rammaºato apanetv± iddhividh±bhimukha½ pesesi. Gaºµhipade pana“abhiññ±p±dakajjh±nato iddhividhañ±º±d²na½ n²haraºatthan”ti vuttatt± abhin²h±rakkhamantiattho pakappito.
So eva½ sam±hite eva½ ±neñjappatteti yojan± veditabb± dutiyavikappe, n²varaºad³r²bh±venavitakk±disamatikkamen±ti paµhamajjh±n±d²na½ kiccasaªgaºhanato. Aya½ yojan± paµhamavikappena sambhavati “parisuddheti-±d²su pan±”ti vacanena “evan”ti padassa anuppabandhaniv±raºato.Teneva “upekkh±satip±risuddhibh±vena parisuddhe”ti-±dim±ha. Icch±vacar±nanti“aho vat±ha½ ±pattiñceva ±panno assa½, na ca ma½ bhikkh³ j±neyyun”ti-±din± (ma. ni. 1.60) nayena uppanna-icch±vasena pavatt±na½ kopa-apaccay±na½ abh±vena anaªgaºetiattho. Ettha ca pana yath±vuttappak±r± icch±pi paµhamajjh±n±d²na½ adhigam±ya antar±yik±“sampaj±namus±v±do kho pan±yasmanto antar±yiko dhammo”ti (mah±va. 134) vuttatt±,pageva icch±vacar± kopa-apaccay±, tasm± vutta½ “jh±napaµil±bhapaccan²k±na½ p±pak±na½icch±vacar±nan”ti-±di. Katthaci pana “jh±napaµil±bhapaccay±na½ icch±vacar±nan”ti potthakesup±µho dissati, so pam±dalekho, gaºµhipade ca “aho vata satth± mamaññeva paµipucchitv±dhamma½ deseyy±”ti yo tadattho likhito, so dullikhito. Na hi jh±napaµil±bhapaccay±kop±dayo anaªgaºasutte (ma. ni. 1.57 ±dayo) vutt±, “na ca yuttito sambhavantijh±nal±bhino tadabh±v±”ti ±cariyo vadati, ta½ v²ma½sitabba½. Ettha vijjattayassa uttaruttaravisesadassanattha½“so eva½ sam±hite citte”ti-±din± punappuna½ aµµhaªganidassana½ katanti veditabba½.Uttaruttaravises± cebh±sa½ attadukkhaparadukkhadassanatadupasamattad²panato veditabb±. Bhagav±hi pubbeniv±s±nussatiñ±ºena attano anantasa½s±radukkha½ passitv±, cut³pap±tañ±ºenaparassa ca lokassa ±savakkhayañ±ºena tadubhayav³pasamattañca passitv± ta½ deseti, paµhamenav± attadukkhadassanato attasinehaparicc±ga½ d²peti. Dutiyena paradukkhadassanato paresukopaparicc±ga½, tatiyena ariyamaggadassanato mohaparicc±gañca d²peti. Eva½ n±n±guºavisesad²panatoimasseva lokiy±bhiññ±dvayassa idha gahaºa½ katanti veditabba½.
Yasm± at²taj±ti eva niv±so, tasm± “at²taj±t²s³”ti na vattabbanti ce? Na, j±tiy±ekadesepi niv±savoh±rasiddhidassanato. P±¼iya½ kiñc±pi “ekampi j±ti½ dvepij±tiyo”ti-±divacanena sakalaj±tiy± anussaraºameva pubbeniv±s±nussati viya dissati,na eva½ daµµhabba½. Tadekades±nussaraºampi pubbeniv±s±nussati ev±ti dassanattha½, bhummavacana½kata½ ok±s±disaªgahatthañca. “Chinnavaµumak±nussaraº±d²s³”ti ±di-saddenaanivutthalokadh±tud²paraµµhanagarag±m±diggahaºa½ veditabba½. Gaºµhipade pana “tesa½ chinnavaµumak±na½lokuttaras²l±d²ni na bhagavat± bodhisattak±le viññ±t±n²”ti vutta½. Atth±pattitolokiy±ni viññ±t±n²ti ±pajjati, ta½ dibbacakkhuñ±º±dhik±re “ariy±na½ upav±dak±”tivacanena samenta½ viya dissati. Na hi ariye apassantassa eva½ hoti. Kimattha½ panetthaanussati vutt±, nanu esa vijj±dhik±roti ce? ¾dikammikassa sativasena nibbattito,at²tadhamm±na½ satiy± vises±dhik±ratt± ca. Vuttañhi “anussar±m²”ti.
“Vattam±nesu vijj±na-mat²tesvassa sarati;
an±gatesu dhammesu, sarati vijj±na paºidh²”ti.

¾cariyakum±ritena silokopi vutto.

Tattha r±ge ussannatare tejosa½vaµµo. Dose ±posa½vaµµo. Mohe v±yosa½vaµµo.Keci “dose tejosa½vaµµo, r±ge ±posa½vaµµo, mohe v±yosa½vaµµo”ti vadanti.Yasm± amutr±ti citta½, vacana½ v± bhav±diniyamena hoti, tasm± “bhave v±”ti-±di.Eva½n±mo eva½gottoti padadvayena ajjhattabahiddh±m³laka½ paññattisaªkh±ta½ gocaraniv±sa½d²peti. Pavattaphalabhojano saya½patitaphal±h±ro. Catur±s²tikappasahassaparam±yupariyantov±ti paºidh±nato pubbe. Paµinivattantassa paccavekkhaºa½ pubbeniv±s±nussatiñ±ºa½na hoti. “Pubbeniv±s±nussatiñ±ºal±bh²na½ paneta½ ±nubh±vaparid²panan”ti gaºµhipadevutta½. Amutr±ti ettha paµhamayojan±ya½ s²hokkantavasena anussaraºa½ vutta½, tañcakho anulomavasena. “Paµilomavasen±”tipi likhanti, ta½ duviññeyya½. S²hokkanta½dassetu½ “anek±su kappakoµ²s³”ti-±di vutta½. Yath± tanti nidassanenapaµipattis±dh±raºena phalas±dh±raºata½ dassento br±hmaºassa ±dara½ janeti, att±nameveka½ukka½set²ti vacana½ niv±reti. “S±dhu kho pana tath±r³p±na½ arahata½ dassana½ hot²”titassa pubbe uppannacitte eva niyojeti. Paµham± abhinibbhid±ti vacanena avijjaº¹akosassabahupaµalabh±va½ dasseti, tena aµµhaguºissariy±din± anabhinibbhida½ d²peti.

Pubbeniv±sakath±vaººan± niµµhit±.