“Lobha½ bhikkhave, eka½ dhamma½ pajahath±”ti-±din± (itivu. 1) nayenaekak±divasen±gate gahetv± vadati. Sa½kilesataºh±diµµhiduccaritasa½kilesavasena aniccadukkhamanatt±subhesuniccanti-±divipariyes±. C²varahetu v±, bhikkhave, bhikkhuno taºh± uppajjam±n±uppajjati, piº¹ap±ta sen±sana-itibhav±bhavahetu v± (a. ni. 4.9). Cetokhil±satthari kaªkhati, dhamme, saªghe, sikkh±ya, sabrahmac±r²su kupitoti (d². ni. 3.319;vibha. 941) ±gat± pañca. K±me av²tar±go hoti…pe… k±ye, r³pe, y±vadattha½udar±vadehaka½ bhuñjitv±, aññatara½ devanik±ya½ paºidh±ya brahmacariya½ carat²ti (d².ni. 3.320; vibha. 941) ±gat± pañca vinibandh±. Viv±dam³l±ni kodhoupan±ho makkho pa¼±so iss± macchariya½ m±y± s±µheyya½ thambho s±rambho sandiµµhipar±m±sit±±dh±nagg±h² duppaµinissaggit± (a. ni. 6.36; d². ni. 3.325). Vibhaªge pana“kodho makkho iss± s±µheyya½ p±picchat± sandiµµhipar±m±sit±”ti (vibha. 944)±gata½. Taºha½ paµicca pariyesan±, pariyesana½ paµicca l±bho, l±bha½ paµicca vinicchayo,eva½ chandar±go, ajjhos±na½, pariggaho, macchariya½, ±rakkho, ±rakkh±dhikaraºa½,daº¹±d±nasatth±d±na…pe… akusal± dhamm± sambhavant²ti (d². ni. 2.104; 3.359;a. ni. 9.23; vibha. 963) vutt±na½. R³pasaddagandharasaphoµµhabbadhammataºh±ti cha, t±k±mabhavavibhavataºh±vaseneva aµµh±rasa, t± eva ajjhattikassup±d±ya aµµh±rasa, b±hirassup±d±yaaµµh±ras±ti chatti½sa, t± at²te chatti½sa, an±gate chatti½sa, paccuppanne chatti½s±tieva½ aµµhasatataºh±vicarit±n²ti. M±ret²ti m±ro, pam±do “pam±do maccuno padan”ti(dha. pa. 21) vacanato. Samm±-±j²vavin±sanato v± kiles± vuccanti “m±ro”ti, vadhak³pamatt±khandh±va m±r±. Abhisaªkh±r± j±tidukkh±bhinibbatt±panato, j±tassa jar±disambhavato ca m±r±.Ekabhavapariy±pannaj²vitam±raºato maccu m±ro. Aºimat± n±ma param±ºu viya adassan³pagamana½.Laghimat± sar²rena, cittena v± s²ghagamana½. Mahimat± candimas³riy±d²nampip±ºin±par±masan±di. Patti n±ma yathicchitadesappatti. Pak±sanat±, l±bhakassatthas±dhana½v± p±kamma½. ¿satta½ n±ma saya½vasit±. Vasitta½ n±ma aparavasit±. Yatthak±m±vas±yita½n±ma yatthicchati yadicchati y±vadicchati, tattha t±va tadatthas±dhana½. P²¼anasaªkhatasant±pavipariº±maµµhenav± dukkhamariyasaccanti-±dimhi ida½ codan±pubbaªgama½ atthavissajjana½– dukkh±d²na½aññepi r³pataºh±dayo atth± atthi, atha kasm± catt±ro eva vutt±ti ce? Aññasaccadassanavasena±vibh±vato.
“Tattha katama½ dukkheñ±ºa½, dukkha½ ±rabbha y± uppajjati paññ±”ti-±din±pi (vibha.794) nayena ekekasacc±rammaºavasen±pi saccañ±ºa½ vutta½. “Yo, bhikkhave, dukkha½passati, dukkhasamudayampi so passat²”ti-±din± (sa½. ni. 5.1100) nayena eka½sacca½ ±rammaºa½ katv± sesesu kiccanipphattivasen±pi vutta½. Tattha yad± ekeka½sacca½ ±rammaºa½ karoti, tad± samudayadassanena t±va sabh±vato p²¼analakkhaºass±pi dukkhassayasm± ta½ ±y³hanalakkhaºena samudayena ±y³hita½ saªkhata½, tasm±ssa so saªkhataµµho ±vibhavati. Yasm± pana maggo kilesasant±paharo sus²talo, tasm±ssa maggadassanena sant±paµµho±vi bhavati nandassa acchar±dassanena sundariy± anabhir³pabh±vo viya. Avipariº±madhammassapana nirodhassa dassanena tassa vipariº±maµµho ±vi bhavat²ti vattabbameva natthi. Sabh±vato±y³hanalakkhaºassapi samudayassa dukkhadassanena nid±naµµho ±vi bhavati asapp±yabhojanatouppannaby±dhidassanena bhojanassa by±dhinid±nabh±vo viya. Visa½yogabh³tassa nirodhassa dassanenasa½yogaµµho. Niyy±nabh³tassa ca maggassa dassanena palibodhaµµhoti. Tath± nissaraºass±pinirodhassa avivekabh³tassa samudayassa dassanena vivekaµµho ±vi bhavati. Maggadassanenaasaªkhataµµho. Imin± hi anamatagge sa½s±re maggo na diµµhapubbo, sopi ca sappaccayatt±saªkhato ev±ti appaccayadhammassa asaªkhatabh±vo ativiya p±kaµo hoti. Dukkhadassanena panassaamataµµho ±vi bhavati. Dukkhañhi visa½, amata½ nibb±nanti. Tath± niyy±nalakkhaºass±pi maggassa samudayadassanena “n±ya½ hetu nibb±nassa pattiy±, aya½ het³”ti hetvattho±vi bhavati. Nirodhadassanena dassanaµµho paramasukhumar³p±ni passato “vippasanna½ vatame cakkh³”ti cakkhussa vippasannabh±vo viya. Dukkhadassanena adhipateyyaµµho anekarog±turakapaºajanadassanenaissarajanassa u¼±rabh±vo viy±ti evamettha lakkhaºavasena, ekassa aññasaccadassanavasena ca itaresa½tiººa½ ±vibh±vato ekekassa catt±ro atth± vutt±. Upadhivivekonikkilesat±.
Paµipakkha½ atthayant²ti paccatthik±. Pati viruddh± amitt± pacc±mitt±. Sacchikatv±pavedet²ti ett±vat± bhagavato sabbaññuta½ d²peti. Tena ñ±ºasampatti½ d²petv±id±ni karuº±sampatti½ d²petu½ “so dhamma½ deses²”ti-±dim±ha. Atha v±ki½ so pavedes²ti? ѱºa½, ta½ sabba½ tilokahitabh³tameva. So dhamma½ deses²tik²disa½? “¾dikaly±ºan”ti-±di. Anena vacanena vattu½ arahabh±va½ d²peti.S±sanadhammoti ov±dapariyatti. Kiccasuddhiy±ti kilesappah±nanibb±n±rammaºakiccasuddhiy±.S±sanabrahmacariya½ n±ma sikkhattaya½, navakoµisahass±n²ti-±dika½ v±. Maggamevabrahmacariya½ maggabrahmacariya½. Tassa pak±saka½ piµakattaya½ idha s±ttha½ sabyañjana½n±ma. Chasu atthapadesu saªkhepato k±sana½ saªk±sana½. ¾dito k±sana½ pak±sana½.Ubhayampi vitth±retv± desana½ vivaraºa½. Puna vibh±gakaraºa½ vibhajana½. Opamm±din±p±kaµakaraºa½ utt±n²karaºa½. Sot³na½ cittaparitosajananena, cittanis±nena ca paññ±pana½veditabba½. Byañjanapadesu akkharaºato akkhara½, “ekakkharapadamakkharan”ti eke.Vibhatti-anta½ pada½. Byañjayat²ti byañjana½, v±kya½. Padasamud±yo v± v±kya½.Vibh±gapak±so ±k±ro n±ma. Phusat²ti phassoti-±di nibbacana½ nirutti,niruttiy± niddiµµhassa apadeso niddeso n±ma. Phusat²ti phasso, so tividho– sukhavedan²yodukkhavedan²yo adukkhamasukhavedan²yoti. Etesu aya½ yojan±– akkharehi saªk±sayati,padehi pak±sayati, byañjanehi vivarati, ±k±rehi vibhajati, nirutt²hi utt±ni½ karoti,niddesehi paññ±peti. Akkharehi v± saªk±sayitv± padehi pak±seti, byañjanehi vivaritv±±k±rehi vibhajati, nirutt²hi utt±ni½ katv± niddesehi paññ±peti. Akkharehiv± uggh±µetv± padehi vineti ugghaµitaññu½, byañjanehi vivaritv± ±k±rehi vinetivipañcitaññu½, nirutt²hi netv± niddesehi vineti neyyanti veditabba½. Atthotibh±sitattho. Tassevatthassa paµivijjhitabbo sako sako bh±vo paµivedho n±ma. Ta½ubhayampi attho n±ma. Tena vutta½ “atthagambh²rat±paµivedhagambh²rat±hi s±tthan”ti.Dhammoti v± desan±ti v± byañjanameva. Niddosabh±vena parisuddha½ s±sanabrahmacariya½,sikkhattayapariggahito maggo ca, ubhayampi brahmacariyapadena saªgahita½. Paµipattiy±tipaµipattihetu. ¾gamabyattitoti punappuna½ adh²yam±n± khandh±dayo p±kaµ± honti.Duruttasatth±ni adh²yam±n±ni sammohamev±v±hanti.
2-3. Kacci khaman²ya½ s²tuºh±di. Kacci y±pan²ya½ yath±laddhehi j²vitas±dhanehij²vita½. App±b±dhanti appopasagga½, app±taªkanti apparoga½. Kacci lahuµµh±na½sar²rakicce. Kacci bala½ samaºakicce. Kacci ph±suvih±ro yath±vuttanayenaapp±b±dhat±ya, anukkaºµhan±divasena v±. Sattasaµµhito paµµh±ya pacchimavayo, uttar±mukhotivutta½ hoti. Lokavivaraºe j±te idha ki½ olokesi, natthettha tay± sadisop²ti±ha “tva½ sadevakassa lokassa aggo”ti-±di. ¾sabhi½ uttama½. Upapattivasenadev±. R³p±na½ paribhogavasena, patthan±vasena v± uppann± r±gasampayutt± somanassavedan±nur³patouppajjitv± hadayatappanato ambaras±dayo viya “r³paras±”ti vuccanti. Tath±gatassa pah²n±tiadhik±ravasen±ha. Tath±gatassapi hi kassaci te pah²n±ti matthakacchinnat±lo viyakat±. Katha½? R³paras±divacanena vip±kadhammadhamm± gahit±, te vijjam±n±pi matthakasadis±na½taºh±vijj±na½ maggasatthena chinnatt± ±yati½ t±lapantisadise vip±kakkhandhe nibbattetu½asamatth± j±t±. Tasm± t±l±vatthu viya kat±. “Kusalasomanass±pi ettha saªgahit±”tivadanti. Paµhamamaggena pah²n± kammapathaµµh±niy±, dutiyena ucchinnam³l± o¼±rik±, tatiyenat±l±vatthukat± k±mar±gaµµh±niy±. Catutthena anabh±va½kat± r³par±g±r³par±gaµµh±niy±.Aparih±nadhammata½ pana d²pento “±yati½ anupp±dadhamm±”ti ±ha. Tadaªgappah±nenav± pah²n± vipassan±kkhaºe, jh±nassa pubbabh±gakkhaºe v±, vikkhambhanappah±nena ucchinnam³l±jh±nakkhaºe. “Vivicceva k±meh²”ti (p±r±. 11) hi vutta½. Samucchedappah±nenat±l±vatthukat± tatiyavijj±dhigamakkhaºe. Itthambh³t± pana te r³paras±dayo anabh±va½kat±±yatimanupp±dadhamm±ti ekamevida½ atthapada½. Paµham±ya v± abhinibbhid±ya pah²n±, dutiy±yaucchinnam³l±, tatiy±ya t±l±vatthukat±. Itthambh³t± yasm± anabh±va½kat± n±ma honti,tasm± ±yati½ana-upp±dadhamm±ti veditabb±. Atha v± dukkhañ±ºena pah²n±, samudayañ±ºenaucchinnam³l± nirodhañ±ºena t±l±vatthukat±, maggañ±ºena anabh±va½kat±,paccavekkhaºañ±ºena ±yati½ anupp±dadhamm±ti veditabb±. Lokiyamaggena v± pah²n±,dassanamaggena ucchinnam³l±, tividhena bh±van±maggena t±l±vatthukat±ti-±di. Br±hmaºassaavisayatt± dhammaras± na uddhaµ±.
11. Dhammadh±tunti ettha sabbaññutaññ±ºa½ dhammadh±tu n±ma. Anukampavacan±nur³pa½“puººacando viy±”ti vutta½, s³riyavacana½ “suppaµividdhatt±”tivacan±nur³pa½,pathav²samacittat±ya k±raºa½ “karuº±vipph±ran”ti vadanti. Paµicch±detabbehi attano guºe “±raddha½ kho pana me v²riyan”ti-±din± pak±sento attano karuº±vipph±ra½pak±set²ti gahetabbo. Varabh³rimedhaso varaputhulañ±ºo, bh³r²ti v± bh³mi,bh³mi viya patthaµavarapaññoti attho. Abujjhi etth±tipi adhikaraºena rukkho bodhi.Saya½ bujjhati, bujjhanti v± tena ta½samaªginoti maggo bodhi, eva½ sabbaññutaññ±ºampi.Bujjh²yat²ti nibb±na½ bodhi. Tissanna½ vijj±na½ upanissayavato yath±sambhava½ tissovijj± veditabb±. Ekaggat±vasena tikkhabh±vo. Tikkhopi ekacco saro lakkha½patv± kuºµho hoti, na tath± ida½. Satindriyavasenassa kharabh±vo, saddhindriyavasenavippasannabh±vo, antar± anosakkitv± kilesapaccatthik±na½ suµµhu abhibhavanatov²riyindriyavasenassa s³rabh±vo ca veditabbo. Maggavij±yanattha½ gabbhaggahaºak±losaªkh±rupekkh±nantaramanulomatt±.
Chandoti ca saªkappoti ca avatthantarabhedabhinno r±gova–
“Senah±tthyaªgamupeti,
rattahadayo r±gena;
sammagate rattak±mamupeti,
k±mapatita½ lokassa m±tr±lamat²”ti–

¾d²su viya–

Vibhaªgeyeva kiñc±pi attho vuttoti ettha ayamadhipp±yo– vibhaªgap±¼i½ ±netv± idhavuttopi sabbesa½ upak±r±ya na hoti, tasm± ta½ aµµhakath±nayeneva pak±sayiss±m²ti.Itoti k±mehi. K±yavivek±d²su upadhiviveko tatiyo, tasm±tatiya½ cha¹¹etv± dve gahetv± tadaªg±d²su vikkhambhanaviveka½ gahetv± “tayo ev±”tivutt±. Eva½ sati cittavikkhambhan± ekatth± ev±ti viseso na siy±ti ce? Appan±v±ratt±na paneva½ daµµhabba½. K±yavivekaggahaºena pubbabh±gaggahaºa½ ñ±yati, tasm± cittavivekotitadaªgaviveko vutto, vikkhambhanena appan±k±leti gahetabba½ asaªkarato. Atha v± cittavivekenatadaªgavikkhambhan± gahit±, itarena vikkhambhanaviveko ev±tipi yutta½, kilesak±matt±v± dv²su kammesu pariy±panno puriso viya. Yath± avijjam±nena avijjam±napaññattivasenaloke “saphalo rukkho”ti vuccati, tatheva vijjam±nena vijjam±napaññattivasenas±sane “savitakka½ savic±ra½ jh±nan”ti vuccat²ti adhipp±yo.
V³pasam±ti ettha kesa½ v³pasam±ti, ki½ paµhamajjh±nik±na½, ud±hu dutiyajjh±nik±nanti?Ettha yadi paµhamajjh±nik±na½, natthi tesa½ v³pasamo. Na hi paµhamajjh±na½ vitakkavic±rarahita½atthi. Yadi dutiyajjh±nik±na½, nattheva v³pasamo tattha tadabh±v±ti ce? Teneta½ vuccati“samatikkam±”ti, samatikkamopi na tesa½yeva. Kintu sakalassapi paµhamajjh±nadhammar±siss±tice? Teneta½ vuccati “o¼±rikassa pana samatikkam±”ti-±di. Sabbepi paµhamajjh±nadhamm±o¼±rik±va dutiyajjh±nato, na kevala½ vitakkavic±radvayamev±ti ce? Na vitakkavic±r±yevatehi sampayutt±na½ o¼±rikabh±vatoti tesveva ±d²navadassanena dutiyajjh±nakkhaºe tesa½abh±vo hoti. Tena vutta½ “dutiyajjh±nakkhaºe ap±tubh±v±”ti, yassa dhammass±nubh±vena,yogena v± ida½ jh±na½ “sampas±danan”ti vuccati “ekodibh±van”ti ca,tassa dassanattha½ saddh±sam±dhayo vibhaªge vutt±. Paº²tabhojanasikkh±pade (p±ci. 257 ±dayo)sappi-±dayo viy±ti vutte aya½ atthavaººan± na virujjhati. Sama½ passat²ti l²nuddhacca½pah±ya kh²º±savassa chasu dv±resu iµµh±niµµhacha¼±rammaº±p±the parisuddhapakatibh±v±vijahan±k±rabh³t±upekkh± cha¼aªgupekkh±. N²varaº±dipaµisaªkh±santiµµhan±gahaºe majjhattabh³t± upekkh±,aya½ saªkh±rupekkh± n±ma. Vicinane majjhattabh³t± upekkh± vipassanupekkh± n±ma.Tattha cha¼aªgupekkh± brahmavih±rupekkh± bojjhaªgupekkh± tatramajjhattupekkh± jh±nupekkh±p±risuddhupekkh± ca atthato ek± tatramajjhattupekkh±va, avatth±bhedena bhedonesa½. Saªkh±rupekkh±vipassanupekkh±nampi ekat± paññ±vasena, kiccavasena pana duvidhat±veditabb±.
Cha¼aªgupekkh± k±m±vacar±, brahmavih±rupekkh± r³p±vacar±ti-±din± bh³mivasena. Cha¼aªgupekkh±kh²º±savasseva, brahmavih±rupekkh± tiººampi puthujjanasekkh±sekkh±nanti eva½ puggalavasena.Cha¼aªgupekkh± somanassupekkh±sahagatacittasampayutt±, brahmavih±rupekkh± upekkh±sahagatacittasampayutt±ev±ti eva½ cittavasena. Cha¼aªgupekkh± cha¼±rammaº±, brahmavih±rupekkh± dhamm±rammaº±v±ti±rammaºavasena. Vedanupekkh± vedan±kkhandhena saªgahit±, itar± nava saªkh±rakkhandhen±ti khandhasaªgahavasena.Cha¼aªgupekkh± brahmavih±rabojjhaªgajh±nupekkh± p±risuddhitatramajjhattupekkh± ca atthato ek±,tasm± ekakkhaºe ek±va siy±, na itar±, tath± saªkh±rupekkh±vipassanupekkh±pi. Vedan±v²riyupekkh±na½ekakkhaºe siy± uppatt²ti. Cha¼aªgupekkh± aby±kat±, brahmavih±rupekkh± kusal±by±kat±,tath± ses±. Vedanupekkh± pana siy± akusal±pi. Eva½ kusalattikavasena. Dasapet±saªkhepena catt±rova dhamm± v²riyavedan±tatramajjhattañ±ºavasena. “Dukkhadomanassasukhasomanass±nan”tieva½ pah±nakkamena avatv± vibhaªge vuttanayena kasm± vutt±n²ti ce? Sutt±nurakkhaºattha½.Iµµh±niµµhavipar²tanti ettha “±rammaºavasena aggahetv± iµµh±niµµhavipar²t±k±rena anubhavat²tigahetabban”ti vadanti. Kasm±? Eka½yeva kasiºa½ ±rabbha sabbesa½ pavattito. Tatiyajjh±natopaµµh±ya upak±r± hutv± ±gat±ti satis²sena desan± kat±, vigataval±hak±din± sommat±yarattiy± val±hak±din± k±lussiye satipi div± viya anupak±rik± na hoti ratti½,tasm± “attano upak±rakattena v±”ti vutta½. “S³riyappabh±bhibhav±, rattiy±al±bh±ti ime dve het³ aparisuddhat±ya k±raºa½. Sommabh±vena, attano upak±rakattenac±ti ime dve sabh±gat±ya k±raºan”ti vadanti, tass± aparisuddh±ya j±tiy±ti vutta½hoti, tasm± k±raºavacananti eke.

Jh±nakath±vaººan± niµµhit±.