5. Nis²danasanthatasikkh±padavaººan±

565. N±ssudha koc²ti ettha assudha-iti avadh±raºatthe nip±to. Tattha kiñc±pi“eva½ bhanteti kho te bhikkh³”ti bahuvacana½ vutta½, tath±pi te bhikkh³ bhagavato paµissuºitv±idha tesu bhikkh³su koci bhagavanta½ n±ssudha upasaªkamati aññatra eken±ti attho gahetabbo.Ta½ sugg±ha½ ek±ha½ bhante bhagavanta½ varanti-±d²su (mah±va. 337) viya, anuj±n±mi…pe…yath±sukha½ ma½ dassan±ya upasaªkamant³ti dassanatth±ya upasaªkamantu.
566-7. “Maya½ ±yasmanta½ upasenan”ti tassa gaºap±mokkhatt± vutta½. ¾raññikapiº¹ap±tikapa½suk³likavasenasabb±ni vutt±ni. Tenev±ha aµµhakath±ya½ “santhate catutthac²varasaññit±y±”ti.Ki½ sabbepi te c²vara½ na bujjhant²ti ce? Yath± hotu. Katama½ c²vara½ n±m±ti?Channa½ aññatara½ vikappanupaga½ pacchimanti. Kiñca v±yima½ av±yimanti? V±yimamev±ti.Katarasutten±ti? Addh± so suttameva na passati, siveyyaka½ dussayuga½, iddhimayikañcadevadattiyañca ac²vara½ karoti. Yadi eva½ av±yimamp²ti vad±m²ti. Eva½ sante siddh±santhate c²varasaññit± kambalas²sena uºº±mayas±maññato. Ki½ pana te santhata½ adhiµµhahi½s³ti?Duµµhu adhiµµhahi½su ac²varatt±, na adhiµµh±nupagatt± ca santhatassa. Atha n±dhiµµhahi½su, pubbevatattha ac²varasaññino eteti katv± tattha c²varasaññit±ya tadubhaya½ na yujjat²ti. Ki½paneta½ adhiµµh±nupaga½ natth²ti? Tatthev±gata½ apiceta½ avikappanupaga½ ce,c²vara½ na hoti, aññath± “c²vara½ n±ma channa½ c²var±na½ aññataran”ti ett±vat± siddha½“vikappanupaga½ pacchiman”ti na vattabba½. Atha na vikappanupagampi c²varameva siddha½,anadhiµµh±nupaga½ avikappanupagañca ekajjha½ “c²varan”ti saªkhya½ gacchati. Tenev±ha “tec²varikassacatutthac²vara½ vattam±na½ a½sak±s±vameva vaµµat²”ti.
Apica santhate c²varasaññit± na kevala½ tesa½yeva, aññesampi anubandhati eva “pur±ºasanthata½n±ma saki½ nivatthampi saki½ p±rutamp²”ti vacanato. Aµµhakath±cariyo panassa ac²varata½sandh±yabh±sitatthad²panena d²peti. Nivatthap±rutanti etesa½ nisinnañceva nipannañc±tiattho. Apica eva½ santepi santhate c²varasaññit± anubandhati eva. Khandhake (mah±va.358) hi “nis²dana½ adhiµµh±tu½ na vikappetun”ti ca, pariv±re (pari. 329)“nava c²var±ni adhiµµh±tabb±n²”ti ca nis²danasikkh±pade “das± vidatth²”ti caidha “nis²dana½ n±ma sadasa½ vuccat²”ti ca vutta½, aµµhakath±yañcassa “santhatasadisa½santharitv± ekasmi½ ante sugatavidatthiy± vidatthimattapadese dv²su µh±nesu ph±letv±tisso das± kar²yanti, t±hi das±hi sadasa½ n±ma vuccat²”ti ca “nis²dana½ vuttanayenaadhiµµh±tabbameva, tañca kho pam±ºayutta½ ekameva, dve na vaµµant²”ti ca vutta½, tasm±nis²dana½ n±ma navanna½ c²var±na½ aññatara½ c²vara½ adhiµµh±tabba½, tañca santhatasadisa½ e¼akalomamayasanthatavisesantisiddha½, tath± nis²danameva nis²danasanthatañca siddha½. Por±ºagaºµhipade ca “ekamev±”tivutta½. Tasmi½ siddhe siddh± santhate c²varasaññit±ti attho. Kasm±? Santhatas±maññato.
Etth±ha– katha½ adasameva santhata½ c²varasaªkhya½ na gacchati. Anekampi anadhiµµhitampi mahantampivaµµati, yato sadasameva santhata½ c²varasaªkhya½ gacchati, tato adhiµµh±nañca upagacchat²ti.Asanthatapariy±pannatt± orena ca channa½ vass±na½ vin±pi sammuti½, tañca por±ºa½ vissajjetv±eva, na avissajjetv± “tañca kho pam±ºayutta½ ekameva, dve na vaµµant²”ti (p±r±.aµµha. 2.469) vacanatoti. Ath±pi siy± santhata½ sayanatthameva kar²yati, nis²dana½ asanthatamev±ti.Tañca na niyamato “pur±ºasanthata½ n±ma saki½ nivattha½ saki½ p±rutamp²”ti vuttatt±ti.Ettha vuccati, na ettha k±raºa½ pariyesitabba½ vinayapaññattiy± anaññavisayatt±.
Santhatassa pana ac²varabh±ve aya½ yutti– ±dito “t²ºi santhat±ni panavinayakamma½ katv± paµilabhitv± paribhuñjitu½ na vaµµant²”ti aµµhakath±vacanato t±niakappiy±n²ti siddha½, bhagavat± ca khom±d²ni cha anuññ±t±n²ti koseyya½ kappiyantisiddha½. Eva½ sante suddhakoseyyampi c²vara½ kappiya½ j±ta½, pageva kosiyamissakasanthatac²varanti ±pajjati. Tath± kambalañca anuññ±ta½, tañca suddhikampi hoti j±tik±¼akabh±vena,pageva od±tagocariyamissakasanthatac²varanti ±pajjati. Tato ca aññamaññavirodho, tasm±na santhata½ c²vara½ n±ma hoti, nis²dana½ pana hoti tassa pam±ºasaºµh±naparicchedasambhavato.Etth±hu keci ±cariy± “duvidha½ nis²dana½ santhata½, asanthatañca. Tattha santhata½ santhatameva.Asanthata½ khom±dichabbidha½, tadanuloma½ v± hoti, ayametesa½ viseso”ti.
Etth±ha– kasm± panettha “santhata½ pana bhikkhun±”ti sikkh±pada½ apaññ±petv± “nis²danasanthatan”tipaññattanti? C²varasaññit±ya santhat±na½ ujjhitatt± tesa½ ac²varabh±vadassanattha½ tath±paññattanti vutta½ hoti, tasm± te bhikkh³ dhutaªgabhedabhay± t±ni ujjhitv± teras±pidhutaªg±ni sam±diyi½su, s²sadassanavasena t²ºeva vutt±ni, bhagav± ca tesa½ santhata½ anuj±ni,tato nesa½ eva½ hoti “nis²danac²varasaºµh±nampeta½ nis²danasanthata½ no anuññ±ta½, catutthac²varabh±venapageva katasanthata½ v±”ti. Tato santhate nesa½ c²varasaññit± na bhavissat²ti tadattha½bhagavat± nis²danasanthatanti paññattanti adhipp±yo. “Pacchim±ni dve vaµµant²”ti katha½paññ±yat²ti ce? “An±patti aññena kata½ paµilabhitv± paribhuñjat²”ti vacanatoti.

Nis²danasanthatasikkh±padavaººan± niµµhit±.