Tattha khaºo n±ma aµµhakkhaºavinimutto navamo khaºo, tasmi½ sati uppajjati. Samav±yon±ma cakkhundriy±dik±raºas±magg², tasmi½ sati uppajjati. Hetu n±ma r³p±di-±rammaºa½.Tasm± tasmi½ khaºak±raºasamav±yahetumhi sati tesa½ phass±d²na½ bh±vo vijjam±nat± hot²tivutta½ hoti. Idha pana hetu-attho karaºattho ca sambhavat²ti ettha atthadvayamekassasambhavat²ti idha vinaye vuttassa samayasaddassa kattukaraºatthe tatiy± hetumhi ca ityuttatt±.So dubbiññeyyoti “tath±gatova tattha k±la½ j±nissat²”ti vuttatt±ti vutta½hoti. Tena samayen±ti tassa samayassa k±raº± “annena vasati vijj±ya vasat²”ti yath±,anna½ v± vijja½ v± labh±m²ti tadattha½ vasat²tyattho. Eva½ “tena samayena viharat²”tivutte hetvatthe tatiy± daµµhabb±, tasm± sikkh±padapaññattiy± samayañca v²tikkamañca olokayam±notattha tattha vih±s²ti vutta½ hoti. Tatiyap±r±jik±d²su “icch±maha½, bhikkhave,addham±sa½ paµisall²yitun”ti (p±r±. 162) evam±d²su daµµhabb±, tasm±dutiy± k±laddh±ne accantasa½yogeti dutiy±tra sambhavati “m±samadh²te divasamadh²te”tiyath±. Idha pana hetu-attho karaºattho ca sambhavat²ti ettha yassa karaºavacanassa hetu-atthosambhavati, tena samayena hetubh³tena ta½ ta½ vatthuv²tikkamasaªkh±ta½ v²tikkamasamayasaªkh±ta½v± sikkh±padapaññattihetuñca apekkham±no bhagav± tattha tattha vih±si. Yassa karaºattho sambhavati,tena karaºabh³tena samayena sampattena sikkh±pad±ni paññ±payanto bhagav± tattha tattha vih±s²tiadhipp±yo.
Gaºµhipade pana “sudinn±d²na½ v²tikkamova k±raºa½ n±ma, tassa niyamabh³to k±lopana karaºameva ta½ k±la½ anatikkamitv±va sikkh±padassa paññapetabbatt±”ti vutta½,ta½ niddosa½. Ya½ pana vutta½ “ida½ karaºa½ pubbabh±gatt± paµhama½ vattabbampi pacch±vuttan”ti, ta½ duvutta½. Hetu-atthato hi yath± pacch± karaºattho yojiyam±no anukkamenevayoga½ gacchati, tath± ca yojito. Ya½ pana aµµhakath±cariyo pacch± vutta½ ida½ karaºattha½paµhama½ yojetv± paµhama½ vutta½ hetu-attha½ pacch± yojesi, ta½ yojan±sukhatt±tiveditabbanti ±cariyena likhita½. Ito paµµh±ya yattha yattha “±cariyena likhitan”tiv± “±cariyassa takko”ti v± vuccati, tattha tattha ±cariyo n±ma ±nand±cariyokalasapurav±s²ti gahetabbo. Etth±ha– yath± suttante “eka½ samaya½ bhagav±”ti vuccati,tath± “tena samayena bhagav± verañj±yan”ti vattabba½, atha savevacana½ vattuk±mo thero,tath±gato sugatoti-±d²nipi vattabb±ni, atha imasseva padadvayassa gahaºe kiñci payojana½atthi, ta½ vattabbanti? Vuccate– kesañci buddhassa bhagavato paramagambh²ra½ ajjh±sayakkama½aj±nata½ “apaññatte sikkh±pade an±d²navadasso…pe… abhiviññ±pes²”ti-±dika½(p±r±. 36) “atha kho bhagav± ±yasmanta½ sudinna½ paµipucch²”ti-±dikañca (p±r±.39) “s±diyi tva½ bhikkh³ti. N±ha½ bhagav± s±diyin”ti-±dikañca (p±r±. 72) tath± pur±ºavoh±rika½ bhikkhu½ pucchitv± tena vuttaparicchedena dutiyap±r±jikapaññ±panañcadevadattassa pabbajj±nuj±nanañc±ti evam±dika½ vinayapariyatti½ disv± buddhasubuddhata½ paµiccasaªk± sambhaveyya, “tath± ki½ pana tuyha½ chavassa khe¼±sakass±”ti (c³¼ava. 336)evam±dika½ pharusavacanapaµisa½yutta½ vinayapariyatti½ niss±ya kh²º±savatta½ paµicca saªk±sambhaveyya, tadubhayasaªk±vinodanattha½ ±yasmat± up±littherena idameva padadvayaggahaºa½ sabbatthakatanti veditabba½. Teneta½ d²peti– k±ma½ sabbañeyyabuddhatt± buddhoyeva, bhaggasabbadosatt±bhagav±va, so satth±ti. Paratopi vutta½ “j±nant±pi tath±gat± pucchanti…pe…anatthasa½hite setugh±to tath±gat±nan”ti (p±r±. 16). Suttante ca vutta½ “saºhenapikesi vinemi pharusenap²”ti-±di (a. ni. 4.111).
As±dh±raºahetumh²ti ettha kusalam³l±ni na akusal±na½ kad±ci m³l±ni honti,tath± akusalam³l±ni kusal±na½, aby±katam³l±ni na kad±ci kusal±nanti ayamevanayo labbhati, yasm± kusal± het³ ta½samuµµh±n±na½ r³p±na½ hetupaccayena paccayo (paµµh±.1.1.401 ±dayo), tasm± kusal±ni kusal±na½yev±ti-±dinayo na labbhati. Puci vuccatekuµµh±, te mandayati n±sayat²ti pucimando. Satt±na½ hitasukhanipph±dan±dhimuttatantiettha s±maññato vuttasatte dvidh± bhinditv± dassetu½ “manuss±na½ upak±rabahulatan”ti-±divutta½. Bahujanahit±y±ti bahuno janassa hitatth±ya. Paññ±sampattiy± diµµhadhammikasampar±yikahit³padesakohi bhagav±. Sukh±y±ti sukhatth±ya. C±gasampattiy± upak±rakasukhasampad±yakohi esa. Mett±karuº±sampattiy± lok±nukamp±ya m±t±pitaro viya. Lokassa rakkhitagopit±hi esa. Devamanuss±nanti ettha bhabbapuggale veneyyasatteyeva gahetv± tesa½ nibb±namaggaphal±dhigam±yaattano uppatti½ dasseti. “Atth±y±”ti hi vutte paramatthatth±ya nibb±n±ya, “hit±y±”tivutte ta½samp±pakamaggatth±y±ti vutta½ hoti, maggato uttari hita½ n±ma natth²ti.Sukh±y±ti phalasam±pattisukhatth±ya tato uttari sukh±bh±vato. Diµµhis²lasaªgh±ten±tiettha sam±dhi½ paññañca aggahetv± diµµhis²lamattaggahaºa½ sabbasekkh±sekkhas±maññatt±. Kosambakasuttepi(ma. ni. 1.492) “s²las±maññagato viharati, diµµhis±maññagato viharat²”ti vutta½.Diµµhiggahaºena paññ±pi gahit±ti ce? Na, sot±pann±d²nampi paññ±ya parip³rak±ribh±vappasaªgato,tasm± ekalakkhaº±nampi t±sa½ paññ±diµµh²na½ avatthantarabhedo atthi dhitisam±dhindriyasamm±sam±dh²na½viya Aññ±s²ti ettha sotadv±r±nus±rena ñ±t±, atth± sut±ti hi vuccanti“sutameta½, bho gotama, p±pak± sam±c±r± dissanti ceva suyyanti c±”ti-±d²suviya. “Bhikkhu kho, up±li saªgha½ bhindat²”ti-±d²su (c³¼ava. 354) viya avadh±raºatthev±. Verañj±ya½ bhavo vijjam±no. Itthambh³tassa eva½ bh³tassa. Katha½ bh³tassa?Sakyaputtassa sakyakul± pabbajitassa, eva½ hutv± µhitassa kittisaddo abbhuggatoti abhisaddenayoge upayogavacan±ni hont²ti attho.
K±mup±d±napaccay± eva metta½ bh±veti, brahmaloke nibbattat²ti imin±k±mup±d±nahetu kamma½ katv± k±mabhave eva nibbattat²tiv±d²na½ v±do paµikkhittotivadanti, “brahmaloke paº²t± k±m±”ti sutv±, kappetv± v± pacch± “tattha sampatti½anubhaviss±m²”ti k±mup±d±napaccay± tadupaga½ karot²ti brahmalokepi k±man²yaµµhenak±m±, “tad±rammaºatt± taºh± k±mup±d±nanti vutt±”ti ca vadanti, v²ma½sitabba½.Kammañca cakkhussa janakak±raºa½, kammassa m³lak±raºa½ taºh±, tasm± na m³lak±raºa½ hotijanaka½. R³pataºh±dayo dukkhasacca½ khandhapariy±pannatt±, “yampiccha½ na labhati, tampi dukkhan”ti(d². ni. 2.387; ma. ni. 1.131; vibha. 190) vacanato ca. Tassa m³lak±raºabh±venasamuµµh±pik±ti tassa k±raºabh³tassa imassa khandhapañcakassa samuµµh±pik±ti yojetabba½.“¾savasamuday± avijj±samudayo”ti (ma. ni. 1.103) vacanato tassa eva k±raºantipivattu½ vaµµati. Apica “r³p±di viya taºh±pi taºh±ya uppattippah±naµµh±nan”ti vacanator³p±di viya taºh±pi dukkhasacca½ kata½. Vuttañheta½ “r³pataºh± loke piyar³pa½ s±tar³pa½,etthes± taºh± uppajjam±n± uppajjat²”ti (d². ni. 2.400; vibha. 203) ca “etthes±taºh± pah²yam±n± pah²yat²”ti (d². ni. 2.401; ma. ni. 1.134) ca. Visuddhimagge“sabb±k±rena pana up±d±nakkhandhapañcaka½ dukkhañceva ariyasaccañca aññatra taºh±y±”tivacanato idha r³pataºh±dayo dukkhasaccanti vacana½ virujjhat²ti ce? Na, aññamaññ±saªkarabh±venadassetu½ tattha tattha vuttatt±. Yadi taºh± up±d±nakkhandhapariy±pann± na bhaveyya, saccavibhaªge“tattha katame sa½khittena pañcup±d±nakkhandh± dukkh±. Seyyathida½, r³pup±d±nakkhandho e… viññ±ºup±d±nakkhandho”ti (vibha. 202) ettha “µhapetv± taºha½saªkh±rup±d±nakkhandho”ti vattabba½ bhaveyya, na ca vutta½, tasm± dukkhasaccapariy±pann±taºh±ti ce? Na, hetuphalasaªkaradosappasaªgato. Na saªkaradosoti ce? Saccavibhaªgap±¼iyañhipañcahi koµµh±sehi samudayasacca½ niddiµµha½.
Katha½? Taºh±ti eko v±ro, taºh± ca avases± ca kiles±ti dutiyo, taºh± ca avases±ca kiles± avases± ca akusal± dhamm±ti tatiyo, taºh± ca avases± ca kiles± avases±ca akusal± dhamm± t²ºi ca kusalam³l±ni s±sav±n²ti catuttho, taºh± ca avases±ca kiles± avases± ca akusal± dhamm± t²ºi ca kusalam³l±ni s±sav±ni avases±ca s±sav± kusal± dhamm±ti pañcamo v±roti. ¾ma niddiµµha½, tath±pi abhidhammabh±janiyeyeva,na aññasmi½, so ca nayo ariyasaccaniddese na labbhati. Tath± hi tattha “catt±ri sacc±ni”ccev±ha,suttantabh±janiyapañhapucchakesu viya “catt±ri ariyasacc±n²”ti na vutta½, tasm±suttantabh±janiyova pam±ºa½ tattha ca taºh±ya vuttatt±. Yath±ha “tattha katama½ dukkhasamudaya½ariyasacca½, y±ya½ taºh± ponobhavik±…pe… seyyathida½, k±mataºh±”ti-±di(vibha. 203). “Yadanicca½ ta½ dukkhan”ti (sa½. ni. 3.15) imin± pariy±yenavuttatt± tattha vuttampi pam±ºameva. “Paµhama½ jh±na½ upasampajja viharati pathav²kasiºan”ti(dha. sa. 186 ±dayo) vacanato “kasiº±n²”ti jh±n±ni vutt±ni. Keci “uggahanimittapaµibh±ganimittesandh±ya vuttan”ti vadanti, ta½ na sundara½. “Dvatti½s±k±r±pi paººatti½ vissajjetv±paµik³l±ti sati paµµhapetabb±”ti vacanato satigocar± r³p±dayo ca veditabb±.
Saddh±hirottappab±husaccav²riy±rambhopaµµhitasatisampajaññat±ti ime satta saddhamm± n±ma.Sabh±vatoti dukkhato. Na cavat²ti deve sandh±ya. ѱteyyanti ñ±tabba½.Daµµheyyanti daµµhabba½. Atha v± pana “n±ha½ gamanena lokassa anta½ ñ±teyyan”ti vad±m²tiattho. Lokanti khandhaloka½. Gamanena na pattabboti sar²ragamanena, agatigamanenav± na pattabbo, ariyagamanena lokanta½ patv±va dukkh± atthi pamocananti vutta½ hoti.Samit±v²ti samitakileso. ¾h±raµµhitik±ti paccayaµµhitik±. Ye keci paccayaµµhitik±, sabbe te lujjanapalujjanaµµhena eko lokoti adhipp±yo.Saªkh±r± hi sakasakapaccay±yattat±ya satt± visatt± satt± n±ma. Pariharanti paricaranti.Dis±ti upayogabahuvacana½. Bhanti paµibhanti. Ke te? Teyeva virocam±n±pabhassar± candimas³riy±. Aµµha lokadhamm± saªkh±r±va. “Sinerussa samantato”tivacanato yugandhar±dayo sineru½ parikkhipitv± parimaº¹al±k±rena µhit±ti vadanti.Parikkhipitv± accuggato lokadh±tu aya½. “Ma-k±ro padasandhikaro”ti vadanti.Aññath±pi lakkhaº±dibhedato saªkh±raloka½, ±say±nusayabhedato sattaloka½, cakkav±¼±diparim±ºatook±salokañca sabbath±pi viditatt± lokavid³.
Vimuttiñ±ºadassana½ k±m±vacara½ paritta½ lokiya½, tena sabba½ loka½ katha½abhivati? Asadis±nubh±vatt± sabbaññutaññ±ºa½ viya. Tañhi attano visaye bhagavato sabbaññutaññ±ºagatika½ lahutarappavatti ca bhavaªgacittadvay±nantara½ uppattito. Na kassaci eva½lahutara½ citta½uppajjati, api ±yasmato s±riputtassa, tassa kiresa cittav±ro pañcadasabhavaªg±nantaranti.Aggisikhadh³masikh± ca n±g± kira s²ha¼ad²pe. Atthassa d²paka½ pada½ atthapada½.Ekatthad²paka½ pada½, sabbameta½ v±kyanti attho. Aµµha dis± n±ma aµµha vimokkh±,sam±pattiyo v±. Satthav±ho satth±ti nip±tito yath± pisit±so pis±co. Udakemaº¹³ko aha½ ±si½, na thale maº¹³ko, v±rimattameva gocaro, tassa me tava dhamma½suºantassa s²sa½ daº¹ena sannirumbhitv±ti p±µhaseso. An±daratthe v± s±mivacana½.“Ettakenapi evar³p± iddhi bhavissat²”ti sita½ katv±. Vimokkhoti cetthamaggo, tadanantarika½ ñ±ºa½ n±ma phalañ±ºa½, tasmi½ khaºe buddho n±ma. Sabbassabuddhatt±ti kattari. Bodhet±ti hetukattari. Seµµhatthad²paka½ vacana½ seµµha½n±ma, tath± uttama½. Sacchik±paññatt²ti sabbadhamm±na½ sacchikaraºavasena sayambhut±paññatti, attan± eva v± ñ±t± sacchikat±tipi sacchik±paññatti. Bhag² bhagav± c²varapiº¹ap±t±d²na½.Bhaj² araññavanapatth±ni pant±ni sen±san±ni. Bh±g² atthadhammavimuttirasassa. R±g±dikilesagaºabhaggamak±si.Bh±vitattano bh±vitak±yo. Bhavassa anta½ nibb±na½ magg±dhigamena ta½ gatoti bhavantago.