P±r±jikavaººan±

Verañjakaº¹o

Verañjakaº¹avaººan±

“Tena samayena buddho bhagav± ves±liya½ viharati mah±vane k³µ±g±ras±l±ya½.Tena kho pana samayena ves±liy± avid³re kalandag±mo n±ma hot²”ti vinayanid±ne±rabhitabbe verañjakaº¹assa ±rambho kimatthoti ce? Vuccate– m³lato pabhuti vinayanid±na½dassetu½. Yadi eva½ “paµhama½ ±vuso up±li p±r±jika½ kattha paññattanti,ves±liyan”ti vacanena virujjhat²ti ce? Na virujjhati. Kasm±? Kattha paññattantihi nid±napucch±. Eva½ santepi “paµhamassa p±r±jikassa ki½nid±nan”ti pucchites±dh±raºamah±nid±navissajjana½ ayutta½ viy±ti? N±yutta½, sabbesa½ sikkh±pad±na½ p±µekka½nid±nassa puµµhatt± tassa vissajjetabbatt± ca sabbas±dh±raºamah±nid±na½ paµhamam±ha. Ekantenapucch±vissajjanakkamena p±r±jik±d²ni saªgaha½ ±ropit±ni. Katha½ ±ropit±n²tice? ¾yasmat± mah±kassapena anukkamena sabbopi vinayo pucchito, puµµhena ca ±yasmat±up±littherena yath±sambhava½ nirantara½ vissajjitameva. Apucchit±nipi vin²tavatthu-±d²niyujjam±n±ni vatth³ni antokatv± vissajjanakkameneva gaºasajjh±yamaka½s³ti veditabba½.Aññath± verañjakaº¹a½ paµhamap±r±jikasseva nid±nanti v± anadhik±rika½ v± nippayojana½v± p±µekka½ sikkh±padanid±napucch±nantara½ tadeva vissajjetabbanti v± ±pajjati, tasm±±dito pabhuti vinayanid±na½ dassetu½ “tena samayen±”ti-±di ±raddha½.
Id±ni nid±nabhaºane payojana½ vakkh±ma– vinayassa-±º±desanatt± bhagavato t±va ±º±rahabh±vad²pana½ ±º±bh³tassa ca vinayassa anaññavisayabh±vad²pana½, ±º±ya µhit±na½ s±vak±na½ mah±nubh±vad²panañc±titividhamassa payojana½. Katha½? ¾º±s±san±raho hi bhagav± pah²nakilesatt±, adhigataguºavisesatt±,lokajeµµhaseµµhatt±, t±dibh±vappattatt± ca, arasar³pat±d²hi aµµhahi akkosavatth³hi akampanatobhagavato t±dibh±vappatti veditabb±, aµµhannampi tesa½ akkosavatth³na½ attani sambhavapariy±yad²panap±¼iy±pah²nakilesat± veditabb± Catunna½ jh±n±na½ tissannañca vijj±na½ adhigamaparid²panenaadhigataguºavisesat± veditabb±. “N±ha½ ta½ br±hmaºa pass±mi sadevake…pe… muddh±pitassa vipateyy±”ti ca “jeµµho seµµho lokass±”ti ca vacanena jeµµhaseµµhat± veditabb±,idañca bhagavato ±º±rahabh±vad²panappayojana½. “¾gamehi tva½ s±riputta, ±gamehi tva½s±riputta, tath±gatova tattha k±la½ j±nissat²”ti vacana½ anaññavisayabh±vad²pana½. “S±dh±ha½,bhante, pathavi½ parivatteyyan”ti ca “ek±ha½, bhante, p±ºi½ abhinimminiss±m²”tica “s±dhu, bhante, sabbo bhikkhusaªgho uttarakuru½ piº¹±ya gaccheyy±”ti ca imehitherassa t²hi s²han±dehi ±º±ya µhit±na½ s±vak±na½ mah±nubh±vat±d²pana½ veditabba½.S±vatthiy±d²su aviharitv± kimattha½ bhagav± verañj±yameva tad± vih±s²ti ce? Na¼eruyakkhassap²tisañjananattha½, bhikkhusaªghassa bhikkh±vasena akilamanattha½, verañjabr±hmaºassa pas±dasañjananattha½,mah±moggall±nattherassa ±nubh±vad²panaµµh±nabh³tatt±, s±riputtattherassa vinayapaññattiy±canahetubh³taparivitakkanaµµh±nabh³tatt±ca. Tesu pacchima½ balavak±raºa½, tena vutta½ aµµhakath±ya½ “tena samayen±ti yenak±lena ±yasmato…pe… tena k±len±”ti. Purimesu cat³su asaªgahak±raºesupaµhamena bhagav± mett±bh±van±din± amanuss±na½ cittasa½rakkhaºena bhikkh³na½ ±dara½ janeti.Dutiyena paris±vacarena bhikkhun± eva½ paris± saªgahetabb±, eva½ appicchena santuµµhena cabhavitabbanti v± dasseti. Tatiyena paccaye nirapekkhena kul±nuggaho k±tabboti.Catutthena eva½ mah±nubh±ven±pi paccayattha½ na loluppa½ k±tabba½, kevala½ paradattupaj²vin±bhavitabbanti dasseti. “Ten±ti-±dip±µhassa…pe… vinayassatthavaººanan”ti vacanatoañño ten±ti-±dip±µho, añño vinayo ±pajjati.
“Ten±ti-±dip±µhamh±, ko añño vinayo idha;
tassattha½ dassayantova, kare vinayavaººanan”ti.–

Ce? Nanu vutta½ pubbeva “idañhi buddhassa bhagavato attapaccakkhavacana½ na hot²”ti-±di,tasm± up±littherena vuttassa ten±ti-±dip±µhassa attha½ n±nappak±rato dassayanto kariss±mivinayassa bhagavato attapaccakkhavacanabh³tassa atthavaººananti evamettha attho daµµhabbo. Yadieva½ “tena samayena buddho bhagav± verañj±ya½ viharat²ti evam±divacanapaµimaº¹itanid±na½vinayapiµaka½ kena dh±ritan”ti-±divacana½ virujjhati “tena samayen±”ti-±divacanassavinayapiµakapariy±pannabh±vad²panatoti ce? Na, aññatthepi tabboh±rasiddhito “n±n±vidhabhittikammapaµimaº¹itavasanopuriso”ti-±d²su viya. Vinayass±dibh±vena saªg²tik±rakehi anuññ±tatt± vinayapariy±pannat±piyujjati tassa vacanassa. Etth±ha– yath± suttante “eka½ samayan”ti ca, abhidhamme ca“yasmi½ samaye”ti aniyamato vutta½, tath± avatv± idha “tena samayen±”ti paµhama½ta½niddesova kasm± vuttoti? Vuccate– tassa tassa sikkh±padapaññattisamayassa, yassav± sikkh±padapaññattihetubh³tassa samayassa hetu bhagav± tattha tattha vih±si, tassa casamayassa at²tassa tesa½ saªg²tik±rak±na½ vas²na½ suviditatt±. Katha½? “Ye te bhikkh³appicch± te ujjh±yant²”ti-±divacanato, “atha kho te bhikkh³ bhagavato etamattha½ ±rocesun”tica “atha kho bhagav± etasmi½ nid±ne sannip±t±petv±”ti ca “bhikkh³na½ tadanucchavika½tadanu…pe… dasa atthavase paµicca saªghasuµµhut±y±”ti ca “evañca pana, bhikkhave,ima½ sikkh±pada½ uddiseyy±th±”ti ca khandhakesu ca “anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, t²hisaraºagamanehi pabbajjan”ti-±divinayakkamassa vacanato yo so sikkh±padapaññattisamayo, tassatassa vinayakkamassa so paññattisamayo ca suvidito tesa½ pañcasat±na½ dhammadhar±na½ bhikkh³na½,n±ya½ nayo suttant±bhidhammesu sambhavati. Tasm± suviditatt± tena samayena hetubh³tenaviharat²ti viharatipadena ekasambandhatt± ca paµhama½ ya½niddes±dino asambhavato ca vinayapiµaketa½niddesova paµhama½ vutto. Katha½? Ettha “yena kho pana samayena ves±liy± avid³rekalandag±mo n±ma hot²”ti v± “yena kho pana samayena ves±l²…pe… hot²”tiv± asambhavato ya½niddesena avatv± ta½niddesasseva sambhavato “tena kho pana samayena…pe…kalandag±mo n±ma hot²”ti vuttanti, kevala½ suviditatt± v±. Aniyamaniddesavacanantiettha kiñc±pi yath±vuttanayena niyamaniddesavacanameveta½ ta½niddesatt±, tath±pi sampatik±lavasenataditaresa½ bhikkh³na½ aviditatt± “aniyamaniddesavacanan”ti vutta½. Ya½ pana vutta½“ayañhi sabbasmimpi vinaye yutt²”ti, ta½ tabbahulena vuttanti veditabba½.

Yadi sabba½ ten±ti pada½ aniyamaniddesavacana½ bhaveyya, tena hi bhikkhave bhikkh³na½sikkh±padanti ettha idampi pubbe siddhattha½ ten±ti pada½ aniyamaniddesavacana½ bhaveyya.“Tena samayena buddho bhagav± uruvel±ya½ viharat²”ti-±d²su vutta½ ten±ti padañcaaniyamaniddesavacana½ bhaveyya, na ca hoti, tasm± yesa½ tena ta½niddesena niddiµµhattho avidito,tesa½ vasen±ha “aniyamaniddesavacanametan”ti. Atha v± tato paµhama½ tadatth±dassanato pacch±pita½sambandhena ya½niddesadassanato ca “aniyamaniddesavacanametan”ti vutta½. Atha v± pubbaºh±d²suaya½ n±m±ti aniyametv± k±laparid²panassa samayasaddassa upapadabh±venapi eva½ vattumarahati“yadida½ aniyamaniddesavacanan”ti. Atha v± “ten±”ti vutte tena ghaµena paµen±tisabbatthappasaªganiv±raºattha½ niyama½ karoti “samayen±”ti. Kena pana samayena? Parabh±geatthato siddhena s±riputtassa parivitakkasamayena. Etth±ha– vitakkasamayo ce idh±dhippeto,“parato idha pana hetu-attho karaºattho ca sambhavati. Yo hi so sikkh±padapaññattisamayos±riputt±d²hipi dubbiññeyyo, tena samayena hetubh³tena karaºabh³tena c±”ti-±divacana½virujjhat²ti? Na, b±hullena vuttatt±. Suttant±bhidhammesu viya avatv± idha vinayapiµakekaraºavacanena kasm± niddesoti hi codan±. Tasm± tass± vissajjane b±hullena karaºavacanappayojana½vattuk±mo ±cariyo ±ha “yo so sikkh±padapaññattisamayo”ti-±di. Na sampati vuccam±nassevakaraºavacanassa payojana½ vattuk±mo, imassa pana hetu-atthova sambhavati, na karaºattho, tasm±±ha “aparabh±ge atthato siddhen±”ti-±di. Samayañc±ti ±gamanapaccayasamav±ya½tadanur³pak±lañca up±d±y±ti attho. Paccayas±maggiñca ±gamanak±lañca labhitv± j±niss±m±tiadhipp±yo.
Etth±ha– yath± “ekova kho, bhikkhave, khaºo samayo c±”ti ettha khaºasamay±na½ ekoattho, tath± k±lañca samayañca up±d±y±ti k±lasamay±na½ eko attho siy±, apica ±gamanapaccayasamav±yocettha samayo k±lass±pi ±gamanapaccayatt± samayaggahaºeneva so gahitoti visu½ k±lokimattha½ gahitoti ca? Vuccate– appeva n±ma svep²ti k±lassa paµhama½ niyamitatt±na samayo k±lattho Tasmi½ sveti niyamitak±le itaresa½ ±gamanapaccay±na½samav±ya½ paµicca upasaªkameyy±ma yath±niyamitak±lepi pubbaºh±dippabheda½ yath±vuttasamav±y±nur³pa½k±lañca up±d±y±ti sveti paricchinnadivase pubbaºh±dik±laniyatabh±va½ dasseti,tasm± k±lasamay±na½ na ekatthatt± k±lassa visu½ gahaºampi s±tthakanti veditabba½. Yasm±khaºe khaºe tva½ bhikkhu j±yasi ca j²yasi ca m²yasi ceti bhikkhuniy± santike abhikkhaºa½gacchat²ti (p±ci. 198) ca khaºe khaºe bh±sati satthus±sananti ca khaºasaddo anekattho,tath± samayasaddo ca, tasm± ekamekena niyamento “ekova kho, bhikkhave, khaºo ca samayoc±”ti ±ha. Khaºasamay±na½ attho ekattho yujjati khaºo ok±sal±bho, aµµhakkhaºavajjitonavamo khaºoti attho. Attano attano ucched±dayo diµµhigatasaªkh±te samaye ettha pavadant²tisamayappav±dako. Sveva tinduk±c²rasaªkh±t±ya timbarurukkhapantiy± parikkhittatt± tinduk±c²ra½. Ekas±laketi eko s±larukkho. “Kuµik±”tipi vadanti.Atth±bhisamay±ti attano hitapaµil±bh±. Dh²roti ca paº¹ito vuccati,n±ñño. Samm± m±n±bhisamay±ti suµµhu m±nassa pah±nena, samucchedavasena suµµhu m±nappah±nen±tiattho. Dukkhassa p²¼anaµµhoti-±d²su “catunna½ sacc±na½ cat³hi ±k±rehi paµivedho”ti-±d²sukhandhapañcakasaªkh±tassa dukkhassa dukkh±k±rat±yaµµho. Saªkhataµµho k±raºuppatti-attho, dukkh±yavedan±ya sant±paµµho. Sukh±ya vedan±ya vipariº±maµµho. P²¼anaµµh±dikova abhisamayaµµhotiattho daµµhabbo. Gabbhokkantisamayoti-±d²supi pathav²kampana-±lokap±tubh±v±d²hidevamanussesu p±kaµo. Dukkarak±rikasamayopi k±¼o samaºo gotamo na k±¼oti-±din±p±kaµo. Sattasatt±h±ni ca aññ±ni ca diµµhadhammasukhavih±rasamayo.
Accantameva ta½ samayanti ±rambhato paµµh±ya y±va pattasanniµµh±n±, t±va accantasampayogenatasmi½ samaye. Karuº±vih±rena vih±s²ti karuº±kiccavih±rena tasmi½samaye vih±s²ti attho. Ta½ samayañhi karuº±kiccasamaya½. ѱºakicca½ karuº±kiccantidve bhagavato kicc±ni, abhisambodhi ñ±ºakicca½, mah±karuº±sam±patti½ sam±pajjitv±veneyyasatt±valokana½ katv± tadanur³pakaraºa½ karuº±kicca½. “Sannipatit±na½vo, bhikkhave, dvaya½ karaº²yan”ti (ma. ni. 1.273; ud±. 12, 28) hi vutta½, ta½bhagav±pi karotiyeva. Atha v± ±gantukehi bhikkh³hi ±disam±yogañca. Tattha karuº±kicca½vih±ra½ dassento “karuº±vih±rena vih±s²”ti ±ha. Adhikaraºañhi k±latthotiettha hi-k±ro k±raºattho. Tattha hi abhidhamme k±lasam³hakhaºasamav±yahetusaªkh±tavasenapañcavidho samayaµµho daµµhabbo. K±lasam³haµµho samayo katha½ adhikaraºa½ hoti? Adhikaraºamuppattiµµh±na½pubbaºhe j±toti yath±, eva½ k±laµµho samayasaddo daµµhabbo. Katha½ r±saµµho? Yavar±simhij±toti yath±. Tasm± yasmi½ k±le puñje v± citta½ samuppanna½, tasmi½ k±lepuñje v± phass±dayo uppajjant²ti vutta½ hoti. Adhikaraºañh²ti ettha abhidhammeniddiµµha½ adhikaraºa½ k±laµµho sam³haµµho ca hoti, “yasmi½ samaye”ti vutta½ adhikaraºa½sandh±ya vuttanti daµµhabba½. Id±ni bh±venabh±valakkhaºañca dassento “tattha vutt±na”micc±dim±ha.Tattha abhidhamme vutt±na½ bh±vo n±ma kinti? Uppatti vijjam±nat±, s± tesa½ tatthavutt±na½ phass±didhamm±na½, s± pana samayassa bh±vena bh±vo lakkh²yati ñ±yati, tasm±tattha bhummavacananiddeso katoti vutta½ hoti.