9. Dutiyaduµµhadosasikkh±padavaººan±

391. Ve¼uvaneyev±ti ida½ tehi vuttavela½ sandh±ya vutta½. “Pubbe maya½ ±vusosutena avocumh±”ti “amhehi s± uss±hit± kupitehi anattamaneh²”ti-±divacana½sandh±ya vutta½, aññabh±gassa idanti manussabhikkhubh±vato aññabh±gassa tiracch±nachagalakabh±gassaida½ chagalakaj±ta½ adhikaraºa½. Aññabh±go v± assa atth²ti so tiracch±nachagalakabh±vasaªkh±toaññabh±go assa chagalakassa atth²ti sv±ya½ chagalako aññabh±giya½ adhikaraºa½ n±ma.
Tattha paµim±ya sar²ra½, sil±puttakassa sar²ranti nidassana½, paµhama½ panettha nibbacana½j±tipadatthotiv±d²na½ matena vutta½. S± hi s±mibh±vena, niccabh±vena ca padh±natt±sattisabh±ve µhit±. Tabbipar²takatt± byatt±kati j±tiyo tu padattho iti imassa suttassavasena dutiya½ nibbacana½ vuttanti veditabba½. N±makaraºasaññ±ya ±dh±rotiettha n±mameva n±makaraºa½. N±ma½ karont±na½ saññ± n±makaraºasaññ±, tass±. Manussaj±tikochagalakaj±ti-±dh±ro n±ma. Na hi ta½ n±ma½ kacchapaloma½ viya an±dh±ranti adhipp±yo.Ta½ pana chagalakassa dabboti dinnan±ma½ “deso”ti vuccati. Tasm± thera½ am³laken±ti-±din±aññampi vatthu½ therassa lissati silissati voh±ramatteneva, na atthato, ²saka½ all²yat²tilesoti adhipp±yo. Yasm± desales± atthato ninn±n±karaº±, tasm± “kañcidesa½lesamatta½ up±d±y±”ti uddharitv± “dasa les± j±tileso”ti-±di vuttanti veditabba½.Yath± nid±ne eva½ sikkh±padapaññattiyampi m±tik±yampi ayamevattho. Yasm±aññabh±giyassa adhikaraºass±ti chagalakassa. Kañcidesa½ lesamatta½ up±d±y±tidabboti n±ma½ up±d±y±ti ayamattho aµµhuppattivaseneva ±vibh³to, tasm± na vibhatto.Kiñca bhiyyo aniyamatt±. Na hi mettiyabh³majak±na½ viya sabbesampi chagalakameva aññabh±giya½adhikaraºa½ hoti. Añña½ gomahi½ s±dikampi hoti, na ca mettiyabh³majak± viyasabbepi n±malesamattameva up±diyanti. Aññampi j±tiles±di½ up±diyanti, tasm± aniyamatt±ca yath±vuttanayena na vibhatta½. Kiñca bhiyyo tath± vutte chagalakasseva aññabh±giyat±sambhavati, na aññassa, yena sova dassito. Leso ca n±ma lesova, na j±ti-±di, yenasova dassitoti eva½ micch±g±happasaªgato ca tath± na vibhatto.
393. Aññabh±giyass±ti cuditakato aññassa. Adhikaraºass±ti manussassa v±amanussassa v± tiracch±nagatassa v±ti eva½ vattabba½. Evañhi vutte manuss±d²na½yevaj±tiles±dayo vutt± honti, aññath± catunna½ adhikaraº±na½ te ±pajjanti “adhikaraºassakañci desa½ lesamattan”ti s±mivacana½ pubbaªgama½ uddiµµhatt±ti ce? Na, n±massaviya j±ti-±d²na½ manuss±d²na½ ±dh±rabh±vaniyamasambhavato, adhikaraºabh±v±niyamatoti vutta½hoti. Niyame ca sati j±tiy± ±dh±ro j±ti, liªgassa ca liªga½, ±pattiy± ca ±panno±dh±ro, viruddh±nampi asam±dinn±nampi pattac²var±na½ s±miko ±dh±ro, yena adhikaraºasaªkhya½gaccheyy±ti ±pajjat²ti adhikaraºass±ti pada½ abh±jetabbameva bhaveyy±ti na uddharitabba½siy±, uddharitabba½. Tasm± “adhikaraºanti vacanas±maññato”ti-±di sabba½ vattabba½.Ap±kaµ± ito aññatra dassitaµµh±n±bh±vato. J±nitabb± ca vinayadharehi yasm±aññath± pariv±re “viv±d±dhikaraºa½ catunna½ adhikaraº±na½ viv±d±dhikaraºa½ bhajat²”ti-±din±nayena an±gataµµh±ne “kasm±”ti vutte k±raºa½ na paññ±yeyya, tasm± tesa½ tabbh±giyat±ca aññabh±giyat± ca j±nitabb± vinayadharehi. T±su hi viññ±t±su viv±d±dhikaraºa½viv±d±dhikaraºa½ bhajati. Kasm±? Tabbh±giyatt±. Itara½ na bhajati aññabh±giyatt±tisukhak±raºato paññ±yanti, tasm± vacanas±maññato laddha½ adhikaraºa½ niss±y±ti-±di.Tattha yasm± ±pattaññabh±giya½ mah±visaya½, itarehi asadisaniddesañca, tasm±ta½ adhikaraºapariy±pannampi sam±na½ visu½ vutta½ “±pattaññabh±giya½ v± hot²”ti.Adhikaraºapariy±pannatt± ca “adhikaraºaññabh±giya½ v±”ti ettha vuttanti veditabba½.Tatth±pi mah±visayatt±, m±tik±ya½ ±gatatt± ca paµhama½ aññabh±giyat± vutt±, pacch±tabbh±giyat±ti veditabb±. Tattha yasm± adhikaraºaññabh±giyavacanena atth±pattinayena siddha½.Adhikaraºa½ tabbh±giya½, tasm± “adhikaraºa½ tabbh±giya½ hot²”ti eva½ uddesa½akatv± “katha½ adhikaraºa½ adhikaraºassa tabbh±giya½ hot²”ti pucch±pubbaªgamaniddesokato. Tatth±pi ±patt±dhikaraºassa aññabh±giyat± kiñc±pi p±r±jikena anuddha½sibh±dhik±ratt±p±r±jik±na½yeva vasena vutt±, atha kho ses±pattikkhandhavasen±pi veditabb±. Y±ca s± codan± “asuko n±ma bhikkhu saªgh±disesa½ ajjh±pajjanto diµµho hot²”ti-±dik±,tattha “saªgh±disese thullaccayadiµµhi hoti, dubbh±site saªgh±disesadiµµhi hot²”tievam±dik± vinaye apakataññut±ya, ta½ta½vatthusarikkhat±ya v± vutt±ti veditabb±.Sabbatth±pi “p±r±jikadiµµhi hot²”ti na vutta½. Tath±saññino an±pattito. “Tabbh±giyavic±raº±yan”titabbh±giyapadaniddese aññabh±giyat±yapi niddiµµhatt± vutta½.
Vatthusabh±gat±y±ti anuv±davatthusabh±gat±y±ti attho. Aññath± “catasso vipattiyo”tivacana½ virujjheyya. Sabh±vasarikkh±sarikkhato c±ti sabh±vena sadis±sadisato. Tatthajh±n±divatthuvisabh±gat±yapi sabh±vasarikkhat±ya uttarimanussadhammap±r±jik±patti tassevatabbh±giy±va hoti. Tath± vatthuvasena anuv±d±dhikaraºa½, kicc±dhikaraºañca p±µekka½catubbidhampi vuttaññabh±giya½ na j±ta½, tasm± tadaññabh±giyat±ya vidit±ya tabbh±giyat±p±riyesayuttiy± avutt±pi sijjhat²ti katv± “aññabh±giyameva paµhama½ niddiµµhan”tipivattu½ yujjati. Eka½sena tabbh±giya½ na hot²ti sarikkhavasena arahatta½ ±pattian±patt²ti viv±dasabbh±vato aby±katabh±vena viv±d±dhikaraºassapi aññabh±giya½ siy±,p±¼iya½ ±patt±dhikaraºassa vuttatt± eva½ vutta½, ±dito paµµh±y±ti “aññabh±giyassaadhikaraºass±”ti ito paµµh±ya. “Methunar±gena manussaviggaho dosen±ti-±din±sarikkhato c±”ti likhita½. Ta½ vatthuvisabh±gat±ya eva siddha½. Aya½ pana vatthusabh±gat±yapisati ±pattisabh±gat± sarikkhatoti no takkoti ca, ekasmimpi hi vatthusmi½ ±pattibhedohot²ti ±cariyo. Parato vuttanayena veditabbanti sambandho.
“Kiccameva kicc±dhikaraºan”ti vuttatt± saªghakamm±nameta½ adhivacana½. Kammalakkhaºantikamm±na½ sabh±va½. Ta½ niss±y±ti pubbeva hi sa½vidh±ya saªgho kamma½ karoti.Atha v± purima½ purimanti pariv±sa-ukkhepaniy±d²ni saªghakamm±ni niss±ya abbh±na-os±raº±diuppannanti katv± vutta½. Tasm± kiñc±pi saªghakammameva kicc±dhikaraºa½, tath±pisesaviseso labbhat²ti dasseti.
394. Atthato eka½, tasm± desassa atthamavatv± “leso”ti-±di vutta½ kira.
395. Savatthuka½ katv±ti puggalassa upari ±ropetv± khattiy±dibh±vena ekaj±tikopid²gharassak±¼akod±t±d²na½ diµµhasutaparisaªkit±na½ vasena aññabh±giyat±, d²gha½ khattiya½ajjh±caranta½ disv± rass±dikhattiyapaññattiy± ±dh±rabh±vato j±tilesena codeti, eka½v± khattiya½ ajjh±caranta½ disv± tato visiµµhaññabh±gabh³ta½ khattiya½ j±tilesa½ gahetv±“khattiyo diµµho tva½ khattiyos²”ti codeti diµµh±di-aññabh±gena. Ettha ca “d²gh±dayo,diµµh±dayo ca j±tin±m±d²na½ vatthubh³tatt± adhikaraºan”ti likhita½. Ta½ “adhikaraºabh±v±niyamato”tivuttadosa½ n±tikkamati, aµµhakath±ya½ “khattiyaj±tipaññattiy± ±dh±ravasena adhikaraºat±ca veditabb±”ti vutta½. Tampi n±magottato aññiss± n±magottapaññattiy± n±makassaci abh±vato na sabbas±dh±raºa½, tasm± “adhikaraºass±”ti paduddh±raºa½ adhikaraºacatukkadassanattha½,ta½ sam±navacanadassanatthanti no takkoti. Tattha d²gh±dino v± diµµh±dino v±tiettha d²gh±dit±, diµµh±dit± ca aññabh±go, yo cuditako itarassa viseso yato aññotivuccati.
399. Lahuka½ ±pattinti p±r±jikato lahuk±patti saªgh±dises±di. Teneva anteta½ dassentena “bhikkhu saªgh±disesa½ ajjh±pajjanto diµµho hot²”ti-±divutta½. ¾pattilesopi kimattha½ j±tiles±dayo viya na vitth±ritoti ce? Tath±asambhavatoti veditabba½.
400. S±µakapatto sar²raµµhapatto. ¾pattiy±ti p±r±jik±pattiy± aññabh±giya½saªgh±dises±di, adhikaraºañca ±pattipaññattiy±. “Leso n±ma ±pattibh±go”ti vuttatt±±pattibh±valeso vuttoti veditabbo, tasm± p±r±jik±pattito aññabh±giyassa ±pattipaññattiy±±dh±raºaµµhena “adhikaraºan”ti saªkhya½ gatassa saªgh±dises±dino ±pattinik±yassa ±pattibh±valesa½gahetv± codan± ±pattilesacodan±ti veditabb±.
408. An±patti tath±saññ² codeti v± cod±peti v±ti ±pattaññabh±giyacodan±yameva,na aññattha. Ett±vat± paµhamaduµµhadose vuttavicaraº±ya sa½sandita½ hoti, ta½ idha katha½paññ±yat²ti ce? Kaªkh±vitaraºiy± vacanato. Vuttañhi “tattha idha ca ±pattaññabh±giyacodan±yatath±saññinopi an±patt²”ti.

Aññ±bh±giyasikkha½ yo, neva sikkhati yuttito. Gacche vinayaviññ³hi, aññabh±giyatañca

Soti.

Dutiyaduµµhadosasikkh±padavaººan± niµµhit±.