Padabh±jan²yavaººan±

271. “Ratta½ citta½ imasmi½ atthe adhippeta½ vipariºatan”ti kiñc±pis±maññena vutta½, vin²tavatth³su “m±tuy± m±tupemena ±masati…pe… ±pattidukkaµass±”ti vuttatt± k±yasa½saggar±geneva rattanti veditabba½. Tath± “m±tug±mon±ma manussitth²”ti kiñc±pi avisesena vutta½, atha kho avinaµµhindriy±va manussitth²idh±dhippet± “matitthiy± k±yasa½sagga½ sam±pajji…pe… ±patti thullaccayass±”tivuttatt±. “Manussitth²”ti ett±vat± siddhe “na yakkh² na pet² na tiracch±nagat±”tivacana½ avinaµµhindriy±pi na sabb± manussaviggah± itth² idha manussitth² n±ma. Yakkhi-±dayohi attano j±tisiddhena iddhivisesena ijjhantiyo manussaviggah±pi hont²ti dassanattha½vutta½. T±su yakkh² thullaccayavatthu hoti vin²tavatth³su yakkhiy± k±yasa½saggenathullaccayassa vuttatt±. Tadanulomatt± petitth², devitth² ca thullaccayavatthu. Tiracch±nagatitth²dukkaµavatthu. Tiracch±nagatamanussaviggahitth² ca thullaccayavatthumev±ti eke. Vibhaªgepana “manussitth² ca hoti manussitthisaññ²”ti p±¼iy± abh±vena “itth² ca hotiyakkhisaññ²”ti-±divacane sati yakkhi-±d²na½ anitthit±pasaªgato, “itth² a hoti itthisaññ²”ti-±dimhi yakkhi-±d²na½ antokaraºe sati t±sa½ saªgh±disesavatthubh±vappasaªgatoca yakkhi-±dayo na vutt±ti veditabb±. Eke pana “vin²tavatthumhi ‘aññataro bhikkhutiracch±nagatitthiy± k±ya…pe… dukkaµass±’ti ettha amanussaviggah± p±katikatiracch±nagatitth²adhippet±, tasm± dukkaµa½ vutta½. ‘Itth² ca hoti tiracch±nagatasaññ²ti tiracch±nagat±ca hoti itthisaññ²’ti-±div±resupi p±katikatiracch±nagatova adhippeto, so ca tiracch±nagatapurisova.Teneva duµµhullav±c±-attaka-±map±ricariyasikkh±padesu manussapurisapaµisa½yuttav±r±viya tiracch±napaµisa½yuttav±r±pi n±gat±”ti vadanti. Tath± paº¹akoti idha manussapaº¹akova,purisoti ca idha manussapurisova ±gato, tasm± amanussitth² amanussapaº¹ako amanussapurisotiracch±nagatitth² tiracch±nagatapaº¹ako manuss±manussatiracch±nagata-ubhatobyañjanak± c±tiaµµha jan± idha n±gat±, tesa½ vasena vatthusaññ±vimatibhedavasena ±pattibhed±bhedavinicchayo,an±gatav±ragaºan± ca asammuyhantena veditabb±, tath± tesa½ dukamissak±div±r±, ±patti-an±pattibhedavinicchayoca. “Tattha amanussapaº¹aka-amanussapurisatiracch±nagatitthitiracch±nagatapaº¹ak±ti catt±rodukkaµavatthuk±, amanussitthimanussa-ubhatobyañjanak± thullaccayavatthuk±, amanussa-ubhatobyañjanak±tiracch±nagata-ubhatobyañjanak± dukkaµavatthuk±, p±¼iya½ pana amanussitthiy± an±gatatt±amanussapaº¹ak±, ubhatobyañjanak± puris± ca n±gat±. Tiracch±nagatitthipaº¹aka-ubhatobyañjanak±tiracch±nagatapurisena sam±nagatikatt± n±gat±, manussa-ubhatobyañjanako manussapaº¹akena sam±nagatikatt±an±gato”ti vadanti. Aµµhakath±ya½ (p±r±. aµµha. 2.281) pana “n±gam±ºavik±yapi supaººam±ºavik±yapikinnariy±pi g±viy±pi dukkaµamev±”ti vuttatt± tadeva pam±ºato gahetabba½.
Tatr±ya½ vic±raº±– “na, bhikkhave, tiracch±nagatassa nisinnaparis±ya p±timokkha½ uddisitabban”ti(mah±va. 183) ettha “tiracch±nagatoti yassa upasampad± paµikkhitt±”ti (kaªkh±. aµµha.nid±navaººan±) aµµhakath±ya½ vuttatt± tiracch±nagatamanussaviggaho p±katikatiracch±nagatatovisiµµho, tath± yakkhapetatiracch±nagatamanussaviggah±na½ “tiracch±nagatassa ca dukkhuppattiya½apica dukkaµamev±”ti ettha visesetv± vuttatt± ca “patanar³pa½ pam±ºa½,na maraºar³pan”ti ettha ±pattivisesavacanato ca “ubhato avassute yakkhassa v± petassa v±paº¹akassa v± tiracch±nagatamanussaviggahassa v± adhakkhaka½ ubbhaj±ºumaº¹ala½ k±yena k±ya½±masati, ±patti thullaccayass±”ti (p±ci. 661) s±maññena vacanato ca so visiµµhotisiddha½. Visiµµhatt± ca tiracch±nagatamanussaviggahitthiy± k±yasa½sagga½ sam±pajjantass±tiviseso hoti, tasm± tattha ±pattivisesena bhavitabba½. Yadi k±yasa½saggasikkh±padetiracch±nagatamanussaviggahitth²pi adhippet±, r³pas±maññena saññ±vir±gatt±sambhavato duµµhullav±c±-attak±map±ricariyasikkh±padesupis± vattabb± bhaveyya, s± c±n±gat±. Sar³pena sa½khittav±ratt± n±gat±ti ce? Itth²ca hoti tiracch±nagato ca ubhinna½ itthisaññ²ti idha ±gatatt± purisaliªganiddeso na yujjati,tasm± tiracch±nagatapuriso ca idha ±gato, tiracch±nagatamanussaviggahitthiy± p±¼iya½ an±gat±yapidukkaµameva aµµhakath±ya½ vuttatt±ti imassa vacanassa k±raºacch±y± pariyesitabb±ti adhipp±yo.Ida½ na yujjati. Kasm±? Itth²na½, puris±nañca ekato vacane purisaliªgasabbh±vato.Idha tiracch±nagatapurisapaº¹akitthiyo tissopi ekato sampiº¹etv± “tiracch±nagato”tivutta½.
Tattha ca manussaviggah±manussaviggahesu itthipaº¹akapurisasaññit± yath±sambhava½ veditabb±.Duµµhullav±c±disikkh±padadvaye v±r±na½ sa½khittatt± purisatiracch±nagat±dayo n±gat±. Yath±vuttesu±patti, tath± tatth±pi. Aññath± purisa½ obh±santassa ca an±patt²ti paº¹aka½ obh±santassaca thullaccayanti m±tik±µµhakath±ya½ vutta½. Tasm± te v±r± sa½khitt±ti paññ±yant²ti.Viseso ca paº¹ake, purise, tiracch±nagate ca itthisaññissa atthi, tath±pi tattha dukkaµa½vutta½, tasm± aµµhakath±ya½ vuttameva pam±ºanti dvinnametesa½ v±d±na½ yattha yuttiv± k±raºa½ v± atireka½ dissati, ta½ vic±retv± gahetabbanti ±ricayo. Evar³pesuµh±nesu suµµhu vic±retv± kathetabba½.
Tattha p±¼iya½ ±gatav±ragaºan± t±va eva½ saªkhepato veditabb±– itthim³lak± pañca v±r±paº¹akapurisatiracch±nagatam³lak± ca pañca pañc±ti v²sati v±r± ekam³lak±, tath±dum³lak± v²sati, missakam³lak± v²sat²ti saµµhi v±r±, t±ni t²ºiv²satik±ni honti. Ekekasmi½ v²satike ekekam³lav±ra½ gahetv± k±yenak±yapaµibaddhav±r± tayo vutt±. Ses± sattapaññ±sa v±r± sa½khitt±, tath± k±yapaµibaddhenak±yav±r± tayo vutt±, ses± sa½khitt±, eva½ k±yapaµibaddhena k±yapaµibaddhav±repi nissaggiyenak±yav±repi nissaggiyena k±yapaµibaddhav±repi nissaggiyena nissaggiyav±repi tayo tayov±r± vutt±, ses± sa½khitt±. Eva½ channa½ tik±na½ vasena aµµh±rasa v±r± ±gat±tisar³pato vutt±, ses± dvecatt±l²s±dhik±ni t²ºi v±rasat±ni sa½khitt±ni. Tatopara½ m±tug±massa s±rattapakkhe k±yena k±yanti ekameka½ va¹¹hetv± pubbe vutt±aµµh±rasa v±r± ±gat±ti ekav²sati v±r± sar³pena ±gat±, navanavut±dhik±ni t²ºi v±rasat±nisa½khitt±ni. Tato para½ ±patt±n±pattid²pak± catt±ro sevan±dhipp±yam³lak± catt±romokkh±dhipp±yam³lak±ti dve catukk± ±gat±.
Tatth±ya½ viseso– yadida½ m±tik±ya par±masanapada½, tena yasm± ±masan±d²ni chupanapariyos±n±nidv±dasapi pad±ni gahit±ni, tasm± paduddh±ra½ akatv± “±masan± par±masana½ chupanan”ti±ha. Par±masana½ n±ma ±masan±. “Chupanan”ti hi vutte par±masanampi visu½ekatta½ bhaveyy±ti veditabba½. Itth² ca hoti itthisaññ² c±ti imasmi½ paµhamav±reeva dv±dasapi ±masan±d²ni yojetv± dassit±ni. Tato para½ ±dimhi dve pad±n²ticatt±ri pad±ni ±gat±ni, itar±ni sa½khitt±n²ti veditabb±ni. Nissaggiyena k±yav±r±d²supana sabb±k±rena al±bhato ±masanameveka½ ±gata½, netar±ni. “Sañcopeti harat²”tip±µho, sañcopeti ca. Gaºµhipadesu pana “purimanayenev±ti rajjuvatth±d²hi parikkhipane”tica pacch± “purimanayenev±ti sammasan± hot²”ti ca “veºigg±he ±pattiy±paññattatt± lomaphusanepi saªgh±diseso”ti ca “ta½ pak±setu½ up±dinnakena h²ti-±divuttan”ti ca likhita½.
Yath±niddiµµhaniddeseti imasmi½yeva yath±niddiµµhe niddese. “Sadisa½ aggahes²”tivutte t±disa½ aggahes²ti garuka½ tattha k±rayeti attho, k±yasa½saggavibhaªge v±tiattho. Itaropi k±yapaµibaddhachupanako. Gahaºe c±ti gahaºa½ v±. Vir±gitetiviraddhe. S±rattanti k±yasa½saggar±gena ratta½, attan± adhippetantiattho. “M±tubhagini-±diviratta½ gaºhiss±m²”ti viratta½ ñ±tipemavasena gaºhi,ettha dukkaµa½ yutta½. “K±yasa½saggar±ga½ v± s±ratta½ gaºhiss±m²”ti viratta½m±tara½ gaºhi, anadhippeta½ gaºhi. Ettha mah±sumattherav±dena thullaccaya½ “k±ya½gaºhiss±m²”ti k±yappaµibaddha½ gaºh±ti, thullaccayanti laddhikatt±. “Itth² ca hotiitthisaññ² s±ratto ca, bhikkhu ca na½ itthiy± k±yena k±ya½ ±masati, ±pattisaªgh±disesass±”ti (p±r±. 273) vacanato saªgh±disesopi kh±yati. “Viratta½ gaºhiss±m²”tis±ratta½ gaºh±ti, etthapi saªgh±disesova kh±yati “n²la½ ghaµµess±m²’ti k±ya½ ghaµµeti,saªgh±diseso”ti vacanato. Ettha pana “na pubbabh±ge k±yasa½saggar±gatt±”ti anugaºµhipadek±raºa½ vutta½. Keci pana “garuk±pattibhayena ‘n²lameva ghaµµess±m²’ti v±y±mantok±ya½ ghaµµeti, pubbabh±ge tassa ‘k±yapaµibaddha½ ghaµµess±m²’ti pavattatt± dukkaµenabhavitabban”ti vadanti. Dhammasiritthero “evar³pe saªgh±diseso”ti vadati kira.“Itthi-ubhatobyañjanaka-itthiy± purisa-ubhatobyañjanakapurise vuttanayena ±pattibhedo,itthiliªgassa paµicchannak±lepi itthivaseneva ±patt²”ti vadanti.