. Saªgh±disesakaº¹o

1. Sukkavissaµµhisikkh±padavaººan±

235. “Okkamant±nan”ti p±µho. Etth±ha– “yo pana bhikkh³”ti k±rakoidha kasm± na niddiµµhoti? Abhi-niddesena imassa s±pekkh±bh±vadassanattha½. Katha½?Kaº¹uvan±di-adhipp±yacetan±vasena cetentassa kaº¹uvan±di-upakkamena upakkamantassa,methunar±gavasena ³ru-±d²su dukkaµavatth³su, vaº±d²su thullaccayavatth³su ca upakkamantassasukkavissaµµhiy± satipi na saªgh±diseso. Mocanass±dasaªkh±t±dhipp±y±pekkh±va sukkavissaµµhisati upakkame, na aññath± “an±patti na mocan±dhipp±yass±”ti vacanato. Tasm± tadatthadassanattha½idha k±rako na niddiµµho, aññath± “yo pana bhikkhu sañcetanika½ sukkavissaµµhi½ ±pajjeyy±”tik±rake niddiµµhe “ceteti na upakkamati muccati, an±patt²”ti vuttavacanavirodho.“Sañcetanik±ya sukkavissaµµhiy± aññatra supinant±”ti bhumme niddiµµhepi sova virodho±pajjati, tasm± tadubhayavacanakkama½ avatv± “sañcetanik± sukkavissaµµhi aññatra supinant±”tivutta½. Tattha nimittatthe bhummavacan±bh±vato hetutthaniyamo na kato hoti. Tasmi½akate sañcetanik± sukkavissaµµhi aññatra supinant± saªgh±dises±patti, upakkameasati an±patt²ti ayamattho d²pitoti veditabba½.
236-7. Sañcetanik±ti ettha paµhamaviggahena upasaggassa s±tthakat± dassit±, dutiyenaikapaccayassa. V±tapittasemharuhir±di±sayabhedatoti attho. Dh±t³ti ettha “pathav²dh±tu-±dayocatasso, cakkhudh±tu-±dayo v± aµµh±ras±”ti gaºµhipade likhita½. Vatthis²santivatthipuµassa s²sa½. “Aªgaj±tassa m³la½ adhippeta½, na aggas²san”ti vadanti.Tathev±ti “nimitte upakkamato”ti-±di½ gaºh±ti. Tato muccitv±ti “nasakalak±yato, tasm± pana µh±n± cutamatte hot³”ti gaºµhipade likhita½. “Dakasota½otiººamatte”ti imin± na samet²ti ce Tato dakasotorohaºañcetth±ti-±di vuccati.Tassattho– nimitte upakkama½ katv± sukka½ µh±n± c±vetv± puna vippaµis±ravasenadakasotorohaºa½ niv±retu½ adhiv±sem²ti. Tato bahi nikkhamante adhiv±setu½ nasakk±, tath±pi adhiv±san±dhipp±yena adhiv±setv± antar± dakasotato uddha½niv±retu½ asakkuºeyyat±ya “anikkhante v±”ti vutta½. Kasm±? Ýh±n± cutañhiavassa½ dakasota½ otarat²ti aµµhakath±dhipp±yo gaºµhipad±dhipp±yena sameti. Tatomuccitv±ti sakaµµh±nato. Sakasar²rato hi bahi nikkhantameva hoti, tato “bahinikkhante v± anikkhante v±”ti vacana½ virujjheyya. Yasm± pana tamh± tamh± sar²rapades±cuta½ avassa½ dakasota½ otarati, tasm± vutta½ “dakasota½ otiººamatte”ti, imin±ca ±pattiy± p±kaµak±la½ dasseti, ki½ vutta½ hoti? Mocanass±dena nimitte upakkamatosukka½ bahutarampi sar²rapades± cuta½ tattha tattha lagg±vasesa½ yattaka½ ek± khuddakamakkhik±piveyya, tattake dakasota½ otiººamatte saªgh±dises±patti. Vuttañhi kaªkh±vitaraºiya½(kaªkh±. aµµha. sukkavissaµµhisikkh±padavaººan±) “dakasota½ anotiººepi saªgh±diseso”ti-±di.Tattakassa bahi nikkhamana½ asallakkhento “ceteti upakkamati na muccati, ±pattithullaccayass±”ti vacanato thullaccayanti saññ±ya desentopi na muccati, pass±vampivaººata½ passitv± vatthikosagatassa picchilat±ya v± ñatv± saªgh±disesato vuµµh±tabba½.Ayamettha tatiyattherav±de yutti. Sabb±cariy± ime eva tayo ther±, tesampi dakasotorohaºa½nimitte upakkamananti aya½ dutiyo vinicchayo s±dh±raºato ettha, eva½ upatissattherovadati kira.
Ýh±n± cutañhi avassa½ dakasota½ otarat²ti katv± “µh±n± c±vanamattenevettha ±pattiveditabb±”ti vutta½. Dakasota½ otiººe eva ±patti. Sukkassa hi sakala½sar²ra½ µh±na½, anotiººe µh±n± cuta½ n±ma na hot²ti v²ma½sitabba½. ¾bhidhammikatt±therassa “sukkavissaµµhi n±ma r±gasamuµµh±n± hot²”ti (kath±. aµµha. 307) kath±vatthuµµhakath±ya½vuttatt± sambhavo cittasamuµµh±no, “ta½ asuci½ ekadesa½ mukhena aggahesi, ekadesa½aªgaj±te pakkhip²”ti (p±r±. 503) vacanato utusamuµµh±no ca dissati, so ca kho av²tar±gasseva“aµµh±nameta½, bhikkhave, anavak±so ya½ arahato asuci mucceyy±”ti (mah±va. 353;kath±. 313) vacanato. Par³p±h±raµµhakath±ya½ “atthi tassa ±sayoti tassa sukkassa ucc±rapass±v±na½viya patiµµh±nok±so atth²”ti (kath±. aµµha. 309) canato tassa ±sayotisiddha½. P±katikacittasamuµµh±nar³pa½ viya asa½saµµhatt±, nikkhamanato ca “vatthis²sa½, kaµi,k±yo”ti tidh± sukkassa µh±na½ pakappenti ±cariy±. Sappavisa½ viya ta½ daµµhabba½,na ca visassa µh±naniyamo, kodhavasena phusantassa hoti, evamassa na ca µh±naniyamo, r±gavasenaupakkamantassa hot²ti takko.
Khobhakaraºapaccayo n±ma bhesajjasen±san±h±r±dipaccayo. Sa½saggabhedatop²ti etesudv²hipi t²hipi. Pah²navipall±satt±ti ettha ya½ kiñci supinantena sekkhaputhujjan±passanti, ta½ sabba½ vipallattha½ abh³tamev±ti ±pajjati. Tato “ya½ pana pubbanimittatopassati. Ta½ ekantasaccameva hot²”ti ida½ virujjhati, tasm± na visaya½ sandh±ya vutta½.So hi sacco v± hoti, aliko v±ti katv± tañce sandh±ya vutta½ siy±, “asekkh±pah²navipall±satt± saccameva passanti, n±saccan”ti vattabba½ siy±. Kintu dassana½sandh±ya vutta½. Tañhi abh³ta½, apassantopi hi passanto viya asuºantopi suºanto viyaamunantopi munanto viya hoti. Saccampi vipassat²ti no takkoti ±cariyo. Ta½r³panimitt±di-±rammaºa½ na hoti, ±gantukapaccuppanna½ r³panimitt±di-±rammaºa½ sandh±yavutta½. Kammanimittagatinimittabh³t±ni hi r³panimitt±d²ni bhavaªgassa ±rammaº±nihonti eva. Tattha kammanimittamat²tameva, gatinimitta½ thoka½ k±la½ paccuppanna½siy±.
¿dis±n²ti paccakkhato anubh³tapubbaparikappit±gantukapaccuppannar³panimitt±di-±rammaº±ni,r±g±disampayutt±ni c±ti attho. Makkaµassa nidd± lahuparivatt± hoti.So hi rukkhas±khato patanabhay± abhikkhaºa½ umm²lati ca supati ca. Manuss± kiñc±pi punappuna½umm²lanti subyattatara½ paµibuddh± viya passanti, atha kho paµibuddh±na½ punappuna½ bhavaªgotaraºa½viya supinak±lepi tesa½ bhavaªgotaraºa½ hoti, yena “supat²”ti vuccati. “Bhavaªgacittenahi supat²”ti vacanato bhavaªgotaraºa½ karajak±yassa niruss±hasantabh±v³panissayatt± “nidd±”tivuccati. S± karajak±yassa dubbalabh±vena supinadassanak±le bhavaªgato uttaraºe satipiniruss±hasantabh±vappattiy± “pavattat²”ti ca vuccati, yato satt± “paµibuddh±”tina vuccanti, karajak±yassa niruss±hasantasabh±vappattito ca tannissita½ adayavatthu na suppasanna½ hoti, tato tannissit±pi cittappavatti asuppasannavaµµinissitad²pappabh±viya. Teneva aµµhakath±ya½ “sv±ya½ dubbalavatthukatt± cetan±ya paµisandhi½ ±ka¹¹hitu½asamattho”ti-±di vutta½.
Gaºµhipade pana “dubbalavatthukatt±ti supine upaµµhita½ nimittampi dubbalan”ti likhita½.Ta½ anekattha½ sabbampi nimitta½ hoti, na ca dubbal±rammaºavatthukatt± cetan±, t±yacittappavatti dubbal± at²t±n±gat±rammaº±ya, paññatt±rammaº±ya v± adubbalatt±, avatthuk±yadubbalabh±vo na yujjati cetan±ya avatthuk±ya bh±van±pabh±v±y±tirekabalasabbh±vato. Bh±van±balasamappitañhicitta½ ar³pampi sam±na½ atibh±riyampi karajak±ya½ gahetv± ekacittakkhaºeneva brahmaloka½p±petv± µhapeti. Tappaµibh±ga½ anappitampi k±m±vacaracitta½ karajak±ya½ ±k±selaªghanasamattha½ karoti, pagevetara½. Ki½ panettha ta½ anum±nak±raºa½, yena cittasseva±nubh±voti paññ±yeyya citt±nubh±vena v± laddh±sevan±dikiriy±visesanibbattidassanato,tasm± dubbalavatthukatt±ti dubbalahadayavatthukatt±ti ±cariyassa takko. Attano mandatikkh±k±renatannissitassa cittassa mandatikkhabh±vanipph±danasamatthañce, hadayavatthu cakkhusot±divatthuviya indriya½ bhaveyya, na ceta½ indriya½. Yato dhammasaªgahe up±d±yar³pap±¼iya½ uddes±raha½na j±ta½. Anindriyatt± hi ta½ k±yindriyassa anantara½ na uddiµµha½, vatthur³patt± caavatthur³passa j²vitindriyassa anantarampi na uddiµµha½, tasm± ya½ vutta½ “tassa asuppasannatt±tannissit± ca cittappavatti asuppasann± hot²”ti, ta½ na siddhanti ce? Siddhamevaanindriy±nampi sapp±y±sapp±ya-utu-±h±r±d²na½ paccay±na½ sam±yogato, cittappavattiy±vik±radassanato, paccakkhatt± ca. Yasm± appaµibuddhopi paµibuddha½ viya att±na½ maññat²ti.Ett±vat± karajak±yassa niruss±hasantabh±v±k±raviseso nidd± n±ma. S± cittassabhavaªgotaraº±k±ravisesena hoti, t±ya samann±gato satto bhavaªgato uttiººo supina½ passati,so “kapimiddhapareto”ti vuccati, so sutto appaµibuddho hot²ti ayamatthos±dhito hoti.
Yasm± bhavaªgav±ranirantarat±ya accantasutto n±ma hoti, tasm± “yadi t±va suttopassati, abhidhammavirodho ±pajjat²”ti-±di vutta½. Yasm± pana nidd±kkhaºe napaµibuddho n±ma hoti, tasm± “atha paµibuddho passati, vinayavirodho”ti-±di vutta½,yasm± ca akh²ºaniddo, anotiººabhavaªgo ca atthi, tasm± “kapimiddhapareto passat²”tivutta½. Aññath± aya½ neva sutto na paµibuddho, attan± ta½ nidda½ anokkanto ±pajjeyya.Ett±vat± ca abhidhammo, vinayo, n±gasenattheravacana½ yutti c±ti sabba½ aññamaññasa½sandita½hoti. Tattha kapimiddhaparetoti bhavaªgato uttiººanidd±pareto. S± hi idha kapimiddha½n±ma. “Tattha katama½ middha½? Y± k±yassa akalyat± akammaññat±…pe… supana½,ida½ vuccati middhan”ti (dha. sa. 1163) evam±gata½. Idañhi ar³pa½, imassa phalabh³tokarajak±yassa akalyat±’pacal±yik±supi nidd±viseso k±raºopac±rena “kapimiddhan”tipavuccati. Yañceva “kapimiddhapareto kho, mah±r±ja, supina½ passat²”ti (mi. pa.5.3.5 thoka½ visadisa½) vuttanti.
Ya½ ta½ ±pattivuµµh±nanti ettha yena vinayakammena tato vuµµh±na½ hoti, ta½ idha±pattivuµµh±na½ n±ma. Avayave sam³havoh±rena v±ti ettha s±khacchedako rukkhacchedakotivuccat²ti-±di nidassana½, vedan±kkhandh±di ru¼h²saddassa nidassana½. Na ca may±tiv²ma½sanapadassa tassa kiriya½ sandh±ya, mocane ca sanniµµh±na½ sandh±ya muccanapakatiy±c±ti vutta½.
240. Gehanti pañcak±maguº±. Vanabhaªgiyanti p±bhatika½. Sampayuttasukhavedan±mukhenar±gova “ass±do”ti vutto. Supantassa c±ti ida½ kapimiddhapareto viya bhavaªgasantati½avicchinditv± supanta½ sandh±ya vuttanti, v²ma½sitabba½. Jagganatth±y±ti sodhanatth±ya.
266. “D±rudh²talikalepacitt±na½ aªgaj±tapaµinijjh±nepi dukkaµan”ti vadanti. “Uppannepari¼±he mocanar±gajo”ti likhanti. V±lik±ya v± “hatthik±ma½ nassat²”ti etthaviya “±patti tvan”ti sabbattha p±µho. “Ehi me tva½, ±vuso s±maºera,aªgaj±ta½ gaºh±h²”ti ±gatatt± “vac²kamman”tipi vattu½ yutta½ viya dissati. Eva½sante añña½ “eva½ karoh²”ti ±ºattiy±pi ±patti siy±ti saªkara½hoti. Tasm± na vuttanti gahetabbanti keci.
267. “Pupph±valiya½ s±sava¼iyan”ti duvidho kira.

Sukkavissaµµhisikkh±padavaººan± niµµhit±.