Visakkiyad³tapadaniddese “vattuk±mat±ya ca kicchenettha vatv± payojana½ natth²tibhagavat± na vuttan”ti vutta½. Ya½ pana “m³laµµhasseva dukkaµan”ti aµµhakath±ya½vutta½. Tatr±ya½ vic±raº±– ±cariyena ±ºattena buddharakkhitena tadatthe saªgharakkhitasseva±rocite kiñc±pi yo “s±dh³”ti paµiggaºh±ti, atha kho ±cariyasseveta½ dukkaµa½visaªketatt±, na buddharakkhitassa, kasm±? Atthas±dhakacetan±ya ±pannatt±. Teneva “±º±pakassaca vadhakassa ca ±patti p±r±jikass±”ti p±¼iya½ vutta½, ta½ pana m³laµµhena ±pajjitabbadukkaµa½“m³laµµhassa an±patt²”ti imin± aparicchinnok±satt± na vutta½.
Avisaªkete “m³laµµhassa ±patti thullaccayass±”ti vuttatt± visaªkete±patti dukkaµass±ti siddhanti veditabba½. “Vadhako paµiggaºh±ti, ±patti dukkaµass±”tiida½ pana dukkaµa½ vadhakasseva. So hi paµhama½ ±º±paka½ buddharakkhita½ p±r±jik±patti½p±petv± saya½ j²vit± voropetv± ±pajjissat²ti kiñc±pi p±¼iya½ “so ta½j²vit± voropeti, ±º±pakassa ca vadhakassa ca ±patti p±r±jikass±”ti na vutta½,tath±pi ta½ atthato vuttameva, “yato p±r±jika½ paññattan”ti pubbe vuttanayatt±ca ta½ na vutta½. “So ta½ j²vit± voropeti, ±patti sabbesa½ p±r±jikass±”tihi pubbe vutta½. Ettha pubbe ±cariyantev±sik±na½ vuttadukkaµathullaccay±pattiyopaµhamameva an±pann± p±r±jik±pattiy± ±pannatt±. Tath±pi vadhakassa p±r±jik±pattiy±tesa½ p±r±jikabh±vo p±kaµo j±toti katv± “±patti sabbesa½ p±r±jikass±”tiekato vutta½, na tath± “±º±pakassa, vadhakassa ca ±patti p±r±jikass±”ti ettha.Kasm±? Vadhakassa dukkaµ±pattiy± ±pannatt±. So hi paµhama½ dukkaµ±patti½ ±pajjitv±pacch± p±r±jika½ ±pajjati. Yadi pana antev±sik± kevala½ ±cariyassa garukat±yas±sana½ ±rocenti saya½ amaraº±dhipp±y± sam±n± p±r±jikena an±patti. Akappiyas±sanaharaºapaccay±dukkaµ±patti hoti eva, imassatthassa s±dhanattha½ dhammapadavatth³hi migaluddakassa bhariy±yasot±pann±ya dhanu-usus³l±did±na½ nidassana½ vadanti eke. Ta½ tittiraj±takena(j±. 1.4.73 ±dayo) sameti, tasm± suttañca aµµhakathañca anulomet²ti no takkoti±cariyo. Idha pana d³taparampar±ya ca “itthann±massa p±vada, itthann±mo itthann±ma½ p±vadat³”tiettha avisesetv± vuttatt± v±c±ya v± ±rocetu, hatthamudd±ya v±, paººena v±, d³tenav± ±rocetu, visaªketo natthi. Sace visesetv± m³laµµho, antar±d³to v± vadati,tadatikkame visaªketoti veditabba½.
Id±ni imasmi½yeva adhik±radvaye anugaºµhipade vuttanayo vuccati– “vadhako paµiggaºh±ti,±patti dukkaµass±”ti vadhakasseva ±patti, na ±º±pakassa buddharakkhitassa. Yadipana so vajjhamaraº±maraºesu avassamaññatara½ karoti, buddharakkhitass±ºattikkhaºe eva p±r±jikadukkaµesuaññatara½ siy±. “Iti cittamano”ti adhik±rato “cittasaªkappo”tietth±pi iti-saddo viya “vadhako paµiggaºh±ti, m³laµµhassa ±patti thullaccayass±”tiadhik±rato “m³laµµhassa ±patti dukkaµass±”ti vuttameva hoti. Kasm± sar³penana vuttanti ce? Tato cuttari nayad±nattha½. “M³laµµhassa ±patti dukkaµass±”tihi vutte m³laµµhasseva vasena niyamitatt± “paµiggaºhantassa dukkaµa½ hot²”tina ñ±yati. “Vadhako paµiggaºh±ti, ±patti dukkaµass±”ti hi aniyametv± vuttesakk± ubhayesa½ vasena dukkaµe yojetu½. Tasm± eva hi aµµhakath±cariyehi adhik±ra½gahetv± “saªgharakkhitena sampaµicchite m³laµµhasseva dukkaµanti veditabban”tivutta½. Paµiggaºhantassa neva anuññ±ta½, na paµikkhitta½, kevalantu buddharakkhitassa aniyamitatt±paµikkhitta½, tassa pana p±r±jikadukkaµesu aññatara½ bhaveyy±ti ayamattho d²pito, tasm±tampi suvutta½. Yasm± ubhayesa½ vasena yojetu½ sakk±, tasm± ±cariyehi “paµiggaºhantasseveta½dukkaµan”ti vutta½. Tattha m³laµµho neva anuññ±to “m³laµµhass±”ti vacan±bh±vato,na ca paµikkhitto “paµiggaºhantassa ±patti dukkaµass±”ti p±¼iy± abh±vato,paµiggaºhanapaccay± vadhakassa dukkaµa½ siy±ti naya½ d±tu½ “m³laµµhass±”ti p±¼iya½avuttatt± “ta½ paµiggaºhantasseveta½ dukkaµan”ti ya½ vutta½, tampi suvutta½.Tatra hi buddharakkhitassa paµikkhitta½, vuttanayena pana tassa ±patti aniyat±ti. Kasm±pana aµµhakath±ya½ anutt±na½ paµiggaºhanapaccay± vadhakassa dukkaµa½ avatv± m³laµµhassevavasena dukkaµa½ vuttanti ce? Aniµµhaniv±raºattha½. “Saªgharakkhitena sampaµicchitepaµiggaºhanapaccay± tassa dukkaµan”ti hi vutte anantaranayena sar³pena vuttatt± idh±pim³laµµhassa thullaccaya½ aµµhakath±ya½ vuttameva hot²ti ±pajjati. Iti ta½ eva½ ±panna½thullaccaya½ utt±nanti ta½ avatv± paµiggaºhantassa dukkaµa½ vutta½. Anutt±natt±aµµhakath±yanti ima½ aniµµhaggahaºa½ niv±retu½ “m³laµµhasseveta½ dukkaµan”ti vutta½.¾cariyena hi vuttanayena paµiggaºhantassa dukkaµampi utt±nameva. Utt±nañca kasm±amh±ka½ khant²ti vuttanti ce? Paµipattid²panattha½. “Piµakattay±d²su appaµihatabuddhiyopi±cariy± sar³pena p±¼iya½ aµµhakath±yañca avuttatt± evar³pesu n±ma µh±nesu eva½ paµipajjanti,kimaªga½ pana m±disoti suhaday± kulaputt± an±gate vuttanayamanatikkamitv± saªkaradosa½vivajjetv± vaººan±velañca anatikkamma paµipajjant²”ti ca aparehi vutta½.Aya½ pana aµµhakath±ya v± avuttatt± evar³pesu n±ma p±µho ±cariyena pacch± nikkhittatt±kesuci potthakesu na dissat²ti katv± sabba½ likhiss±ma. Eva½ sante paµiggahaºe±pattiyeva na siy±, sañcarittapaµiggahaºamaraº±bhinandanesupi ca ±patti hoti, m±raºapaµiggahaºekatha½ na siy±, tasm± paµiggaºhantasseveta½ dukkaµa½, tenevettha “m³laµµhass±”tina vutta½. Purimanayepi ceta½ paµiggaºhantassa veditabbameva, ok±s±bh±vena pana navutta½. Tasm± yo yo paµiggaºh±ti, tassa tassa tappaccay± ±pattiyev±ti ayamettha amh±ka½khanti. Yath± cettha, eva½ adinn±d±nep²ti.
175. Araho rahosaññ²niddes±d²su kiñc±pi p±¼iya½, aµµhakath±yañca dukkaµamevavutta½, tath±pi tattha parampar±ya sutv± marat³ti adhipp±yena ullapantassa uddese satiuddiµµhassa maraºena ±patti p±r±jikassa, asati yassa kassaci maraºena ±patti p±r±jikassa.“Itthann±mo sutv± me vajjhassa ±rocet³”ti uddisitv± ullapantassa visaªketat± d³taparampar±yavuttatt± veditabb±. Sace “yo koci sutv± vadat³”ti ullapati, vajjho sayamevasutv± marati, visaªketatt± na p±r±jika½. Yo koci sutv± vadati, so ce marati,p±r±jika½. “Yo koci mama vacana½ sutv± ta½ m±ret³”ti ullapati, yo kocisutv± m±reti, p±r±jika½, sayameva sutv± m±reti, visaªketatt± na p±r±jikantieva½ yath±sambhavo veditabbo.
176. M³la½ datv± muccat²ti ettha bhinditv±, bhañjitv±, cavitv±, cuººetv±,aggimhi pakkhipitv± v± pageva muccat²ti atthato vuttameva hoti. Yesa½ hatthatom³la½ gahitanti yesa½ ñ±takapariv±rit±na½ hatthato m³la½ tena bhikkhun± gahita½,potthakas±mikahatthato pubbe dinnam³la½ puna gahetv± tesaññeva ñ±tak±d²na½ datv±muccati, eva½ potthakas±mikasseva santaka½ j±ta½ hoti. Anugaºµhipade pana “sacepiso vippaµis±r² hutv± s²gha½ tesa½ m³la½ datv± muccat²”ti vutta½, ta½ yena dhanenapotthako k²to, tañca dhana½ sandh±ya vutta½. Kasm±? Potthakas±mikahatthato dhanegahite potthake adinnepi muccanato. Sace añña½ dhana½ sandh±ya vutta½, nayutta½ potthakassa attaniyabh±vato amocitatt±. Sace potthaka½ s±mik±na½ datv± m³la½na gaºh±ti, na muccati attaniyabh±vato amocitatt±. Sace potthaka½ m³laµµhena diyyam±na½“taveva hot³”ti appeti, muccati attaniyabh±vato mocitatt±. Etth±ya½ vic±raº±–yath± cetiya½ v± paµima½ pokkharaºi½ setu½ v± kiºitv± gahitampi k±rakasseveta½puñña½, na kiºitv± gahitassa, tath± p±pampi yena potthako likhito, tasseva yujjati,na itarass±ti ce? Na, “satthah±raka½ v±ssa pariyeseyy±”ti vacanato. Parena hikatasattha½ labhitv± upanikkhipantassa p±r±jikanti siddha½. Eva½ parena likhitampi potthaka½labhitv± yath± vajjho ta½ passitv± marati, tath± upanikkhipeyya p±r±jikanti siddha½ hot²ti.Cetiy±d²ti etamanidassana½ karaºapaccaya½ hi ta½ kamma½ ida½maraºapaccayanti eva½±cariyena vic±rita½. Mama pana cetiy±dinidassaneneva sopi attho s±dhetabbo viya paµibh±ti.
Tattak± p±º±tip±t±ti “ek±pi cetan± kiccavasena ‘tattak±’ti vutt±satipaµµh±nasammappadh±n±na½ catukkat± viy±”ti likhita½. Pam±ºe µhapetv±tiattan± adhippetappam±ºe. “Kata½ may± evar³pe ±v±µe khaºite tasmi½ patitv± marat³”tiadhipp±yena vadhako ±v±µappam±ºa½ niyametv± sace khaºi, ta½ sandh±ya vutta½ “imasmi½±v±µe”ti. Id±ni khaºitabba½ sandh±ya ettakappam±ºassa aniyamitatt± “ekasmimpikud±lappah±re”ti-±di vutta½, suttantikattherehi kiñc±pi upaµhata½, tath±pisanniµµh±pakacetan± ubhayattha atthev±ti ±cariy±. Bah³na½ maraºe ±rammaºaniyame kathantice? Vajjhesu ekassa j²vitindriye ±lambite sabbesam±lambitameva hoti. Ekassamaraºepi na tassa sakala½ j²vita½ sakk± ±lambitu½ na uppajjam±na½, uppanna½, nirujjham±na½,atthit±yap±º±tip±tacetan±va paccuppann±rammaº±, purej±t±rammaº± ca hoti, tasm±tampi yujjati. Pacchimakoµiy± ekacittakkhaºe purej±ta½ hutv± µhita½ ta½ j²vitam±lambaºa½katv± sattamajavanapariy±pannacetan±ya opakkame kate atthato tassa sattassa sabba½ j²vitindriyam±lambita½,voropitañca hoti, ito panaññath± na sakk±; evameva pubbabh±ge “bah³pisatte m±rem²”ticintetv± sanniµµh±nak±le visapakkhipan±d²su eka½ payoga½ s±dhayam±n±vuttappak±racetan± tesu ekassa vuttappak±ra½ j²vitindriya½ ±lambaºa½ katv± uppajjati,eva½ uppann±ya panek±ya sabbepi te m±rit± honti t±ya eva sabbesa½ maraºasiddhito, aññath±na sakk± voropetu½, ±lambitu½ v±. Tattha ek±ya cetan±ya bah³na½ maraºe akusalar±sikathanti ce? Visu½ visu½ maraºe pavattacetan±na½ kiccakaraºato. Katha½? T± panasabb± upapajjavedan²y±va honti, tasm± t±su y±ya k±yaci dinn±ya paµisandhiy± itar±sabb±pi “tato balavatarakusalapaµib±hit± ahosikamman”ti-±dikoµµh±sa½ bhajanti, punapivip±ka½ janitu½ na sakkonti. Apar±pariyavedan²y±pi viya ta½ paµib±hitv± kusalacetan±paµisandhi½ deti, tath± ayampi cetan± anantarabhave eva paµisandhid±n±divasena t±sa½kiccalesakaraºato ek±pi sam±n± “r±s²”ti vutt±. T±ya pana dinn±ya paµisandhiy±atitikkho vip±ko hoti. Ayamettha visesoti-±di anugaºµhipade papañcita½.
Amarituk±m± v±ti adhipp±yatt± opap±tikamaraºepi ±patti. “‘Nibbattitv±’tivuttatt± patana½ na dissat²ti ce? Opap±tikatta½, patanañca ekamev±”ti likhita½.Atha v± “sabbath±pi anuddissev±”ti vacanato ettha marat³ti adhipp±yasambhavato“uttaritu½ asakkonto marati p±r±jikamev±”ti suvutta½. Sace “patitv±marat³”ti niyametv± khaºito hoti, opap±tikamanusso ca nibbattitv± µhitaniyameneva“uttaritu½ na sakk±”ti cintetv± marat²ti p±r±jikacch±y± na dissati, tenavutta½ “uttaritu½ asakkonto”ti. So hi uttaritu½ asakkonto punappuna½patitv± marati, tena p±topi tassa siddho hot²ti adhipp±yo. Tattha siy±– yopana “uttaritu½ asakkonto marat²”ti vutto, so op±takhaºanakkhaºe ar³palokej²vati. Vadhakacetan± ca “aniyato dhammo micchattaniyatassa dhammassa ±rammaºapaccayenapaccayo, r³paj²vitindriya½ m±tugh±tikammassa pitugh±tikammassa arahantagh±tikammassa ruhirupp±dakammassa±rammaºapaccayena paccayo”ti (paµµh±. 2.15.38 micchattaniyatattika) vacanato r³paj²vitindriy±rammaºa½hoti, na ca ta½ ar³p±vacarasattassatthi, na ca s± cetan± “aniyato dhammo micchattaniyatassadhammassa purej±tapaccayena paccayo, ±rammaºapurej±ta½ vatthupurej±ta½ ±rammaºapurej±ta½.R³paj²vitindriya½ m±tugh±tikammassa purej±tapaccayena paccayo”ti (paµµh±.2.15.48 micchattaniyatattika) vacanato an±gat±rammaº± hoti. Añño idha patitv± maraºakasattonatthi, eva½ sante vadhakacetan±ya ki½ ±rammaºanti ce? Yassa kassaci idha j²vanakasattassapaccuppanna½ j²vitindriya½ ±rammaºa½. Kiñc±pi so na marati, atha kho p±º±tip±tohoti eva. Yath± ki½ “yath±kkamena µhite satta jane ekena kaº¹ena vijjhitv± m±rem²”tipubbabh±ge cintetv± sanniµµh±nak±le tesu ekassa j²vitam±rammaºa½ katv± kaº¹a½vissajjeti, kaº¹o ta½ virajjhitv± itare cha jane m±reti, eva½ santepi aya½ p±º±tip±t²eva hoti, evamidh±pi “yo koc²”ti vikappentassa vadhakacetan± yassa kassaci j²vit±rammaºa½katv± pavattati, tasmi½ amatepi itarassa vasena p±º±tip±t². Sace arah± hutv± parinibb±yati,arahantagh±takova hoti. Esa nayo sabbattha evar³pesu. Ayameva hettha ±cariyaparampar±gat±yutti vinicchayakath±ti vutta½.
Patanar³pa½ pam±ºanti ettha yath± m±tuy± patitv± parivattaliªg±ya mat±ya so m±tugh±takohoti, na kevala½ purisagh±tako, tasm± patanasseva vasena ±patti. Kasm±? Patanar³pamaraºar³p±na½ekasant±natt±, tadeva hissa j²vitindriya½, tassa hi parivattana½ natthi, itthipurisindriy±nevapavattiya½ nirujjhanuppajjanak±ni, itthipurisoti ca tattha voh±ramattameva, tasm± m±tugh±takova,na purisagh±takoti, yath± tassa patanar³pavasen±patti, tath± idh±pi patanar³pavasena thullaccaya½ekasant±natt±ti aya½ paµhamatherav±de yutti. Dutiye kiñc±pi peto patito, yakkhoca, atha kho ahetukapaµisandhikatt± akusalavip±kassa “v±mena s³karo hot²”ti(d². ni. aµµha. 2.296; mah±ni. aµµha. 166) ettha vuttayakkh±na½ paµisandhi viya sabbar³p±na½s±dh±raºatt±, amanussaj±tikatt± ca tiracch±nar³pena mate maraºar³pavasena p±cittiya½, vatthuvasenalahuk±pattiy± parivattan± hoti eva tatthaj±takarukkh±dichedanap±cittiyaparivattana½ viya.Ayameva yuttataro, tasm± pacch± vutto. P±r±jikassa pana manussaj±tiko yath±tath± v± patitv± yath± tath± v± maratu, p±r±jikameva garukatt±. Garuk±pattiy± hiviparivattan± natth²ti vutta½.
Thullaccaya½ tiracch±ne, mate bhedassa k±raºa½;
sar³pamaraºa½ tisso, phusso maññeti aññath±.
Gaºµhipade pana “dutiyav±de puthujjanassa patitv± arahatta½ patv± marantassa vasena vutto”tilikhita½. “Tiracch±ne”ti ettha keci vadanti “dev± adhippet±”ti. “Sakasakar³penevamaraºa½ bhavati n±ññath±”ti ca vadanti. Yakkhapetar³pena matepi eseva nayotithullaccayanti attho. “Tiracch±nagatamanussaviggahamaraºe viy±”ti likhita½. Pah±ra½laddh±ti satt±na½ m±raºatth±ya katatt± vutta½.
177. S±dhu suµµhu marat³ti vac²bheda½ karoti. Visabh±garogoti sar²raµµho gaº¹ap²¼ak±di.
178. K±¼±nus±r²ti ekiss± lat±ya m³la½ kira. Mah±kacchapena katapuppha½v±. Ha½sapupphanti ha½s±na½ pakkhapatta½. Heµµh± vuttanayena s±hatthik±ºattikanayañhetthayojetv± k±yav±c±cittato samuµµh±navidhi dassetabbo.

Padabh±jan²yavaººan± niµµhit±.