Paµhamamah±saªg²tikath±vaººan±

Paµhamamah±saªg²ti n±ma c±ti ettha ca-saddo atirekattho, tena aññ±pi atth²ti d²peti.Tampi s±lavana½ upagantv± mittasuhajje apaloketv± nivattanato upavattananti p±kaµa½j±ta½ kira. Yamakas±l±nanti ek± kira s±lapanti s²sabh±ge, ek± p±dabh±ge.Tatr±pi eko taruºas±lo s²sabh±gassa ±sanne hoti, eko p±dabh±gassa, m³lakhandhaviµapapattehiaññamañña½ sa½sibbitv± µhitas±l±nantipi vutta½. Anup±dises±ya nibb±nadh±tuy±tiitthambh³talakkhaºe karaºavacana½ “katakicco p²tija h±sa ceto averamukhen±bhatakuº¹alen±”ti-±d²suviya. Parinibb±ne parinibb±nahetu, tasmi½ µh±ne v± m± socittha cittena, m±paridevittha v±c±ya “paridevana½ vil±pan”ti vacanato. Mah±samaºen±ti nissakkatthekaraºavacana½. S³riya½’s³bhi paµukar±’bh±’riºassa t±º± ityatreva. Yañca bhagavato anuggaha½,tassa anuggahass±ti ±cariy±. Ekacce pana “ya½ yasm± aha½ anuggahito”ti vadanti.Nibbasan±n²ti niµµhitavasanakicc±ni, may± paribhuñjitv± apan²t±ni adi suyutt±ni dh±ressas²ti pucchati, kavacasadis±ni s±º±ni. Issariyasadis± navaanupubbavih±r±dayo. Aµµha sam±pattiyo nirodhasam±patti ca paµil±bhakkamena “anupubbavih±r±”tivutt±.
An±gate sannikaµµhe, tath±t²te cirantane;
k±ladvayepi kav²hi, pur±saddo payujjate.
Satthus±sanameva pariyatti satthus±sanapariyatti, s± suttageyy±divasena navaªg±. Tipiµakamevasabbapariyattippabheda½ dh±rent²ti tipiµakasabbapariyattippabhedadhar±. “Vin± nasakk±”ti na vattabba½ “tipiµakasabbapariyattippabhedadhare”ti vuttatt±, eva½ santepiatthi viseso tehi sammukh±pi asammukh±pi suta½, therena pana asammukh±paµiggahita½n±ma natth²ti. Na v±yanti ettha ti vibh±s±, aññ±sipi na aññ±sip²ti attho.Tatra uccinane. Bahusaddo vipullattho “anantap±ra½ bahu veditabbamitya”treva. Pubbe“tipiµakasabbapa-ayattippabhedadhare”ti vuttatt± “bahu c±nena…pe… pariyatto”tina yujjat²ti ce? Na, tipiµakassa anantatt±, tasm± amhe up±d±ya tena bahu pariyattotiadhipp±yo. Itarath± ±nandatthero tehi appassutoti ±pajjati, “asammukh± paµiggahita½n±ma natth²”ti vacanavirodho ca. A¹¹ham±so atikkantoti ettha eko divasonaµµho, so p±µipadadivaso, kol±haladivaso n±ma so, tasm± idha na gahito. Sa½vegavatthu½kittetv± k²¼anato s±dhuk²¼ana½ n±ma. Svep²ti api-saddo apekkh±mant±nuññ±ya.Subhasutta½ “aciraparinibbute bhagavat²”ti (d². ni. 1.444) vuttatt± catur±s²tidhammakkhandhasahassesuantogadha½ na hot²ti ce? Na, bhagavato k±le laddhanayatt± kath±vatthu viya. Cha¹¹it±patit± ukl±p± cha¹¹itapatita-ukl±p±. ¾º± eva appaµihataµµhena cakkanti ±º±cakka½.Ekato ettha nipatant²ti ekanip±tana½. ¾k±sena ±gantv± nis²d²ti eketieta½ dutiyav±re gamana½ sandh±y±ti ±yasm± upatisso Paµhama½ v± ±k±sena gantv±parisa½ patv± bhikkhupanti½ ap²¼ento pathaviya½ nimujjitv± ±sane eva att±na½ dassesi.Ubhayath± ca ±p±tha½ gato, tena ubhayampi yujjati, aññath± dv²su eka½ abh³ta½ ±pajjati.
Atha kho ±yasm± mah±kassapo ±yasmanta½ up±li½ pucchi…pe… ±yasm±up±litthero vissajjes²ti ida½ pubbe “paµhama½ ±vuso up±l²”ti-±din±(c³¼ava. 439) vuttapucch±vissajjana½ saªkhipitv± saªg²tik±rakehi dassitavacananti gaºµhipadelikhita½. Tath± hotu, kimattha½ panettha “nid±nampi pucchi, puggalampi pucchi,vatthumpi pucch²”ti eva½ pubbe dassit±nukkamena avatv± “vatthumpi pucchi, nid±nampipucchi, puggalampi pucch²”ti eva½ anukkamo katoti? “Vatthum³lakatt± sikkh±padapaññattiy±uppaµip±µiy± vuttan”ti vadanti eke. Ettha pana vic±raº± verañjakaº¹e sampattekar²yati. R±j±g±raketi eva½n±make uyy±ne. Abhiraman±raha½ kira r±j±g±rampi.Tattha, yassa vaseneta½ eva½ n±ma½ labhati. Atha kho “±yasm± mah±kassapo”ti-±din±pubbe vuttameva saªkhipitv± dasseti saªg²tik±rako vas²gaºo. Yadi eva½ yath± nid±nampipucchi, puggalampi pucch²ti ettha pucch±kkamo dassito, tath± ±nandattherassa vissajjanakkamopikimattha½ na dassitoti ce? Imin±nukkamena saªgaha½ pañcapi nik±y± an±ru¼h±tidassanattha½. Katha½ pana ±ru¼h±ti? ¾yasm± mah±kassapo pañcapi nik±ye anukkamenevapucchi, ±nandatthero pana anukkameneva pucchitampi apucchitampi tassa tassa suttassasabh±va½ antar± uppanna½ vatthu½ uddesaniddesakkama½ m±tik±vibhaªgakkamanti evam±disabba½anur³pavacana½ pakkhipitv± vissajjesi, tenev±ha “eteneva up±yena pañcapi nik±yepucch²”ti. Atha v± “ambalaµµhik±ya½ r±j±g±rake”ti vattabbe “r±j±g±rakeambalaµµhik±yan”ti uppaµip±µivacanenapi imamattha½ d²peti. “Ambalaµµhik±ya½ viharatir±j±g±rake”ti hi vutta½.
Gahak±ranti imassa attabh±vagehassa k±raka½ taºh±va¹¹haki½ gavesanto yena ñ±ºena sakk±so daµµhu½, tassatth±ya d²paªkarap±dam³le kat±bhin²h±ro ettaka½ k±la½ anekaj±tisa½s±ra½ta½ ñ±ºa½ avindanto vicarinti attho. Dukkh± j±ti punappunanti ida½ gahak±rakagavesanassak±raºavacana½. Sabb± te ph±suk±ti tava sabb± anavasesakilesaph±suk± may±bhagg±. Gahak³µa½ n±ma avijj±. Somanassasahagata½ ñ±ºa½ somanassamaya½. Nahi somanassamaya½ ñ±ºa½ khandhasabh±vabhedato. Da¼h²kammasithilakaraºappayojan±ti yebhuyyat±yavutta½, ta½ pana tattha tattha pak±sayiss±ma. Aññamaññasaªkaravirahite dhammeca vinaye c±ti ettha p±º±tip±to akusalanti evam±d²su maraº±dhipp±yassa j²vitindriyupacchedakappayogasamuµµh±pik±cetan± akusala½, na p±ºasaªkh±taj²vitindriyassa upacchedakasaªkh±to atip±to. Tath±adinnassa parasantakassa ±d±nasaªkh±t± viññatti aby±kato dhammo, tabbiññattisamuµµh±pik±theyyacetan± akusalo dhammoti (paµµh±. 1.1.27) evam±din± aññamaññasaªkaravirahitedhamme paµibalo vinetu½. J±tar³parajata½ parasantaka½ theyyacittena gaºhantassa yath±vatthu½p±r±jikathullaccayadukkaµesu aññatara½, bhaº¹±g±rikas²sena diyyam±na½ gaºhantassap±cittiya½, attatth±ya gaºhantassa nissaggiya½ p±cittiya½, kevala½ lolat±ya gaºhantassaan±m±sadukkaµa½, r³piyacha¹¹akasammatassa an±patt²ti eva½ aññamaññasaªkaravirahite vinayepipaµibalo vinetunti attho. Bh±vet²ti va¹¹heti, etena phalavasena javanavasena cacittassa vuddhi½ dasseti. “Avisiµµhan”ti p±µho, s±dh±raºanti attho.
Desentassa vasenettha, desan± piµakattaya½;
s±sitabbavaseneta½, s±sanantipi vuccati.
Kathetabbassa atthassa, vasen±pi kath±ti ca;
desan± s±san± kath±, bhedampeva½ pak±saye.
S±sanassa napu½sakatt± “yath±…pe… dhammas±san±n²”ti vutta½. Duccaritasa½kilesa½n±ma atthato cetan±, tath±k±rappavattacittupp±do v±. Anicc±dilakkhaºa½ paµivijjhitv±pavattatt± vipassan±citt±ni visayato lokiy±’bhisamayo asammohato lokuttaro, lokuttaroeva v± abhisamayo visayato nibb±nasaªkh±tassa atthassa, itarassa magg±dikassa asammohatotipieke. Ettha “paµivedho”ti vutta½ ñ±ºa½, ta½ katha½ gambh²ranti ce? Gambh²rassaudakassa pam±ºaggahaºak±le d²ghena pam±ºena bhavitabba½, eva½ alabbhaneyyabh±vadassanattha½ id±n²tivuttanti eke. Yassa catth±ya maggaphalatth±ya. Tañca attha½ n±nubhonti n±dhigacchantikañci attan± adhippeta½, itiv±dapamokkhañca. Kasm±? Atthassa anupaparikkhitv± gahitatt±.Adhigataphalatt± paµividdh±kuppo. Puna kh²º±savaggahaºena arahantameva dasseti,na sekkha½. So hi yath± bhaº¹±g±riko rañño kaµakamakuµ±di½ gopetv± icchiticchitakkhaºeupaneti, eva½ sahetuk±na½ satt±na½ maggaphalatth±ya dhamma½ desesi. T±sa½yeva tatthavinayapiµake pabhedato vuttatt±, v±yamitv± t± eva p±puº±t²ti ±cariy±. Kimattha½tissova vijj± tattha vibhatt±ti? S²lasampattiy± etaparamupanissayabh±vato. “Aparehipisattahaªgehi samann±gato bhikkhu vinayadharo hoti. ¾patti½ j±n±ti, an±patti½,lahuka½ ±patti½, garuka½ ±patti½, anekavihita½ pubbeniv±sa½ anussarati…pe…dibbena cakkhun± visuddhena atikkantam±nusakena satte passati…pe… ±sav±nañcakhay±…pe… upasampajja viharat²”ti (pari. 327) suttamettha s±dhaka½. Vinaya½pariy±puºitv± s²lasampatti½ niss±ya ±savakkhayañ±ºena saheva viya dibbacakkhupubbeniv±s±nussatiñ±º±nipaµilabhati. Visu½ etesa½ parikammakicca½ natth²ti dassanattha½ t±sa½yev±ti vuttantica vadanti eke. Abhidhamme pana tissovijj± cha abhiññ± catasso ca paµisambhid± aññeca sammappadh±n±dayo guºavises± vibhatt±. Kiñc±pi vibhatt±, tath±pi visesato paññ±j±tikatt±catasso paµisambhid± p±puº±t²ti dassanattha½ t±sa½ tatthev±ti avadh±raºavipall±so kato.Attan± duggahitena dhammen±ti p±µhaseso. Kattari ceta½ karaºavacana½, hetutthe ca,attan± duggahitahet³ti adhipp±yo. Kasm± pan±ti “anulomiko”ti vuttattha½d²peti.

Paµhamamah±saªg²tikath±vaººan±nayo.