¾n±p±nassatisam±dhikath±vaººan±

165. Ayampi kho, bhikkhaveti imin± ki½ dasseti? Yesa½ evamassa “bhagavat± ±cikkhitakammaµµh±n±nuyogapaccay±tesa½ bhikkh³na½ j²vitakkhayo ±s²”ti, tesa½ ta½ micch±g±ha½ nisedheti. Kevala½tesa½ bhikkh³na½ pubbe katakammapaccay±va j²vitakkhayo ±si, ida½ pana kammaµµh±na½ tesa½kesañci arahattappattiy±, kesañci an±g±misakad±g±misot±pattiphalappattiy± kesañci paµhamajjh±n±dhigam±ya, kesañci vikkhambhanatadaªgappah±nena attasinehapa-ay±d±n±yaupanissayo hutv±, kesañci sugatiya½ uppattiy± upanissayo ahos²ti s±tthik±vame asubhakath±, kintu “s±dhu, bhante bhagav±, añña½ pariy±ya½ ±cikkhat³”ti±nandena y±citatt± añña½ pariy±ya½ ±cikkh±mi, yath± vo pubbe ±cikkhita-asubhakammaµµh±n±nuyog±,eva½ ayampi kho bhikkhaveti yojan± veditabb±. “Ass±savasena upaµµh±na½ sat²”tivutta½. S± hi ta½ ass±sa½, pass±sa½ v± ±rammaºa½ katv± pubbabh±ge, aparabh±gepana ass±sapass±sapabhavanimitta½ ±rammaºa½ katv± upaµµh±t²ti ca tath± vutt±.
Asubhe pavatta½ asubhanti v± pavatta½ bh±van±kamma½ asubhakamma½, tadevaaññassa punappuna½ uppajjanakassa k±raºaµµhena µh±natt± asubhakammaµµh±na½, ±rammaºa½ v±asubhakammassa padaµµh±naµµhena µh±nanti asubhakammaµµh±nanti idha asubhajjh±na½, teneva “o¼±rik±rammaºatt±”tivutta½. Paµivedhavasen±ti vitakk±di-aªgapaµil±bhavasena. ¾rammaºasantat±y±tianukkamena santak±la½ up±d±ya vuttak±yadarathappaµipassaddhivasena nibbuto. Parikamma½v±ti kasiºaparikamma½ kira nimittupp±dapariyos±na½. Tad± hi nirass±datt± asanta½,appaºihitañca. Yath± upac±re n²varaºavigamena, aªgap±tubh±vena ca santat± hoti, na tath±idha, ida½ pana “±disamann±h±rato”ti vutta½. Dutiyavikappe asecanakotiatittikaro, tena vutta½ “ojavanto”ti. Cetasikasukha½ jh±nakkhaºepi atthi,eva½ santepi “ubhopi jh±n± vuµµhitasseva gahetabb±”ti vutta½. Samathena sakasant±neavikkhambhite. Itarath± p±pak±na½ jh±nena sahuppatti siy±. Khandh±d²na½ lokuttarap±dakatt±nibbedhabh±giya½, visesena yassa nibbedhabh±giya½ hoti, ta½ sandh±ya v±. “Anicc±nupass²ti-±dicatukkavasenaanupubbena ariyamaggavu¹¹hippatto samucchindati, ses±nameta½ natth²”ti likhita½.
Tath±bh±vapaµisedhano c±ti so¼asavatthukassa titthiy±na½ natthit±ya vutta½. Sabbapaµham±na½pana catunna½ pad±na½ vasena lokiyajjh±nameva tesa½ atthi, tasmi½ lokuttarapadaµµh±na½ natthieva. “Phalamuttamanti phale uttaman”ti vutta½. Ututtay±nuk³lanti gimhearaññe, hemante rukkham³le, vasantak±le suññ±g±re gato. Semhadh±tukassa arañña½,pittadh±tukassa rukkham³la½, v±tadh±tukassa suññ±g±ra½ anuk³la½. Mohacaritassaarañña½ anuk³la½ mah±-araññe citta½ na saªkuµati, dosacaritassa rukkham³la½, r±gacaritassasuññ±g±ra½. Ýh±nacaªkam±ni uddhaccapakkhik±ni, sayana½ l²napakkhika½, pallaªk±bhujanena nisajj±yada¼habh±va½, ujuk±ya½ paºidh±nena ass±sapass±s±na½ pavattanasukha½ “parimukha½ satin”tiimin± ±rammaºapariggah³p±ya½ dasseti. K±r²ti karaºas²lo Etassa vibhaªge“assasati passasat²”ti avatv± “sato k±r²”ti vutta½. Tasm± “assasatipassasat²”ti vutte “paµhamacatukka½ eva labbhati, na ses±n²”ti ca “d²gha½ass±savasen±tialopasam±sa½ katv±”iti ca “ekatthat±ya avikkhepan”ti ca “asambhogavasena paj±nato”tica “tena ñ±ºen±”ti ca “paj±natoti vuttañ±ºen±”ti ca “satok±r²tisatisampajaññ±hik±r²”ti ca “paµinissagg±nupassino ass±s±va paµinissagg±nupassi-ass±s±”tica likhita½. Uppaµip±µiy± ±gatampi yujjateva, tena µh±nena paµisiddha½. T±lu½±hacca nibb±yanato kira potako sampatij±tova khipitasadda½ karoti, chandap±mojjavasenacha purim± tayoti nava. Eken±k±ren±ti ass±savasena v± pass±savasena v± eva½±n±p±nassati½ bh±vayato k±ye k±y±nupassan±satikammaµµh±nabh±van± sampajjati.
K±yoti ass±sapass±s±. Upaµµh±na½ sati. D²ghanti s²gha½ gata½ ass±sapass±sa½.Addh±nasaªkh±teti k±lasaªkh±te viya k±lakoµµh±seti attho, d²ghak±le v±ti attho.Eko hi ass±samev³palakkheti, eko pass±sa½, eko ubhaya½, tasm± “vibh±ga½ akatv±”tiv± vutta½, chandoti eva½ ass±sato, pass±sato ca ass±do uppajjati, tassa vasenakattukamyat±chando uppajjati. Tato p±mojjanti. Ass±sapass±s±na½ duviññeyyavisayatt±citta½ vivattati, gaºana½ pah±ya phuµµhaµµh±nameva manasi karontassa kevala½ upekkh±vasaºµh±ti. Catt±ro vaºº±ti “pattassa tayo vaºº±”ti-±d²su viya catt±ro saºµh±n±tiattho.
Tath±bh³tass±ti ±n±p±nassati½ bh±vayato. Sa½varoti satisa½varo. Atha v± paµhamenajh±nena n²varaº±na½, dutiyena vitakkavic±r±na½, tatiyena p²tiy±, catutthena sukhadukkh±na½,±k±s±nañc±yatanasam±pattiy± r³pasaññ±ya, paµighasaññ±ya, n±nattasaññ±ya v± pah±na½.“S²lanti veramaºi s²la½, cetan± s²la½, sa½varo s²la½, av²tikkamo s²lan”ti(paµi. ma. 1.39 thoka½ visadisa½) vuttavidhin±pettha attho daµµhabbo. “Atthato tath±tath± pavattadhamm± upadh±raºasam±dh±nasaªkh±tena s²lanaµµhena s²lanti vuccant²”ti vutta½. Tath±“aya½ imasmi½ atthe adhippet± sikkh±”ti etth±pi cetan±s²lameva, katthaci viratis²lamp²tiattho daµµhabbo. Aññath± paººattivajjesupi sikkh±padesu viratippasaªgo ahosi p±timokkhasa½varasa½vuto viharat²ti katv± tass±pi viratippasaªgo. Tasmi½ ±rammaºeti±n±p±n±rammaºe. T±ya satiy±ti tattha uppannasatiy±. “Tena manasik±ren±ti±vajjanen±”ti likhita½. Etena n±n±vajjanappavattid²panato n±n±javanav±rehipi sikkhatin±m±ti d²pita½ hoti, yena pana manasik±rena v±. ѱºupp±dan±d²s³ti ettha ±disaddenay±va pariyos±na½ veditabba½. “Tatr±ti tasmi½ ±n±p±n±rammaºe. Evanti id±nivattabbanayen±”ti likhita½. Tatr±ti tesa½ ass±sapass±s±na½ v±. Tañhi “pubbeapariggahitak±le”ti imin± suµµhu sameti. “Paµhamav±do d²ghabh±ºak±na½.Te hi ‘paµhamajjh±na½ labhitv± n±n±sane nis²ditv± dutiyatth±ya v±y±mato upac±revitakkavic±ravasena o¼±rikacittappavattik±le pavatta-ass±sapass±savasena o¼±rik±’tivadanti. ‘Majjhimabh±ºak± jh±nal±bhissa sam±pajjanak±le, ek±sanapaµil±bhe ca upar³paricittappavattiy± santabh±vato paµhamato dutiyassupac±re sukhumata½ vadant²”’ti likhita½.
Vipassan±ya½ pan±ti catudh±tuvavatth±namukhena abhiniviµµhassa aya½ kamo, aññassa c±tiveditabba½. Ettaka½ r³pa½, na ito aññanti dassana½ sandh±ya “sakalar³papariggahe”tivutta½. R³p±r³papariggaheti ettha aniccat±dilakkhaº±rammaºikabhaªg±nupassanato pabhutibalavat² vipassan±. Pubbe vuttanayen±ti sabbesa½yeva pana matena apariggahitak±leti-±din±.Sodhan± n±ma vissajjana½. Ass±ti “passambhaya½ k±yasaªkh±ran”ti padassa.
Purato naman± ±naman±. Tiriya½ naman± vinaman±. Suµµhu naman± sannaman±.Pacch± naman± paºaman±. J±ºuke gahetv± µh±na½ viya iñjan±ti ±naman±d²na½±vibh±vatthamuttanti veditabba½. Yath±r³pehi ±naman±di v± kampan±di v± hoti,tath±r³pe passambhayanti sambandho. Iti kir±ti iti ce. Eva½ santeti santasukhumampice passambhati. Pabh±van±ti upp±dana½. Ass±sapass±s±na½ v³pasantatt± ±n±p±nassatisam±dhissabh±van± na hoti. Yasm± ta½ natthi, tasm± na sam±pajjati, sam±pattiy± abh±vena na vuµµhahanti.Iti kir±ti evameta½ t±va vacananti tadeta½ Saddova saddanimitta½,“sato assasati sato passasat²”ti pad±ni patiµµhapetv± dvatti½sapad±ni catt±ri catukk±niveditabb±ni.
Appaµip²¼ananti tesa½ kiles±na½ anupp±dana½ kiñc±pi cetiyaªgaºavatt±d²nipi atthatop±timokkhasa½varas²le saªgaha½ gacchanti “yassa siy± ±patt²”ti (mah±va. 134) vacanato.Tath±pi “na t±va, s±riputta, satth± s±vak±na½ sikkh±pada½ paññapeti uddisati p±timokkha½,y±va na idhekacce ±savaµµh±n²y± dhamm± saªghe p±tubhavant²”ti ettha anadhippetatt± “±bhisam±c±rikan”tivutta½. “Ya½ panettha ±pattiµµh±niya½ na hoti, ta½ amissamev±”ti vutta½.
Yath±vutten±ti yog±nuyogakammassa padaµµh±natt±. Sallahukavutti aµµhaparikkh±riko.Pañcasandhika½ kammaµµh±nanti ettha jh±nampi nimittampi tadatthajotik±pi pariyattiidha kammaµµh±na½ n±ma. Gaman±gamanasampannat±di sen±sana½. Sa½kiliµµhac²varadhovan±dayokhuddakapalibodh±. “Antar± patita½ nu kho”ti vikampati.
Ajjhatta½ vikkhepagaten±ti niyakajjhatte vikkhepagatena. S±raddh± asam±hitatt±.Upanibandhanathambham³la½ n±ma n±sikagga½, mukhanimitta½ v±. Tatthev±ti n±sikagg±dinimitte.“Dol±phalakassa ekapasse eva ubho koµiyo majjhañca passat²”ti vadanti.
Idha pan±ti kakac³pame. Desatoti phusanakaµµh±nato. “Nimitta½ paµµhapetabbantinimitte sati paµµhapetabb±”ti vutta½. Gar³hi bh±vetabbatt± garukabh±vana½. Ekacce±h³ti ekacce jh±yino ±hu.
“Saññ±n±nat±y±”ti vacanato ekaccehi vuttampi pam±ºameva, saªg²tito paµµh±ya aµµhakath±yaan±gatatt± tath± vutta½. “Mayha½ t±rakar³pa½ nu kho upaµµh±t²”ti-±diparikappe asatipidh±tun±nattena et±sa½ dh±t³na½ uppatti viya kevala½ bh±vayato tath± tath± upaµµh±ti.“Na nimittan’ti vattu½ na vaµµati sampaj±namus±v±datt±”ti vutta½. Kammaµµh±nantiidha vuttapaµibh±ganimittameva.
Nimitte paµibh±ge. N±n±k±ranti “catt±ro vaºº± vattant²”tivuttan±n±vidhata½. Vibh±vayanti j±na½ pak±saya½. Ass±sapass±seti tatosambh³te nimitte, ass±sapass±se v± n±n±k±ra½. Nimitte hi citta½ µhapentovan±n±k±ratañca vibh±veti, ass±sapass±se v± saka½ citta½ nibandhat²ti vuccati.T±rakar³p±divaººato. Kakkha¼att±dilakkhaºato.
Aµµhakath±su paµikkhittanti ±sannabhavaªgatt±ti k±raºa½ vatv± s²ha¼aµµhakath±su paµikkhitta½.Kasm±? Yasm± chaµµhe, sattame v± appan±ya sati maggav²thiya½ phalassa ok±so na hoti,tasm±. Idha hot³ti ce? Na, lokiyappan±pi hi appan±v²thimhi lokuttarena sam±nagatik±v±tipaµiladdhajjh±nopi bhikkhu diµµhadhammasukhavih±ratth±ya jh±na½ sam±pajjitv± satt±ha½ nis²dituk±mocatutthe, pañcame v± appetv± nis²dati, na chaµµhe, sattame v±. Tattha hi appan±.Tato para½ appan±ya ±dh±rabh±va½ na gacchati. ¾sannabhavaªgatt± catuttha½, pañcama½ v± gacchatithale µhitaghaµo viya javan±namantare µhitatt±ti kira ±cariyo.
Puthutt±rammaº±ni an±vajjitv± jh±naªg±neva ±vajjana½ ±vajjanavas² n±ma. Tato para½catunna½, pañcanna½ v± paccavekkhaºacitt±na½ uppajjana½, ta½ paccavekkhaºavas² n±ma.Teneva “paccavekkhaºavas² pana ±vajjanavasiy± eva vutt±”ti vutta½. Sam±pajjanavas²n±ma yattaka½ k±la½ icchati tattaka½ sam±pajjana½, ta½ pana icchitak±lapariccheda½ patiµµh±petu½samatthat±ti. “Adhiµµh±navasiy± vuµµh±navasino aya½ n±natta½ adhiµµh±n±nubh±vena javana½javati, vuµµh±n±nubh±vena pana adhippetato adhika½ javat²”tipi vadanti. Apica pathav²kasiº±di-±rammaºa½±vajjitv± javanañca javitv± puna ±vajjitv± tato pañcama½ jh±na½ citta½ hoti,aya½ kira ukkaµµhaparicchedo. Bhagavato pana ±vajjanasamanantarameva jh±na½ hot²ti sabba½anugaºµhipade vutta½.
“Vatthunti hadayavatthu½. Dv±ranti cakkh±di. ¾rammaºanti r³p±d²”ti likhita½.Yath±pariggahitar³p±rammaºa½ v± viññ±ºa½ passati, aññath±pi passati. Katha½? “Yath±pariggahitar³pavatthudv±r±rammaºa½v±”ti vutta½. Yath±pariggahitar³pesu vatthudv±r±rammaº±ni yassa viññ±ºassa, ta½ viññ±ºa½yath±pariggahitar³pavatthudv±r±rammaºa½ tampi passati, ekassa v± ±rammaºasaddassa lopodaµµhabboti ca mama takko vic±retv±va gahetabbo.
Tato para½ t²su catukkesu dve dve pad±ni ekameka½ katv± gaºetabba½. Samathena ±rammaºatovipassan±vasena asammohato p²tipaµisa½vedanamettha veditabba½. “Dukkhameta½ ñ±ºan”ti-±d²supana “±rammaºato asammohato”ti ya½ vutta½, idha tato vuttanayato uppaµip±µiy±vutta½. Tattha hi yena mohena ta½ dukkha½ paµicchanna½, na upaµµh±ti, tassa vihatatt±v± eva½ pavatte ñ±ºe yath±ruci paccavekkhitu½ icchiticchitak±le samatthabh±vato v± dukkh±d²sut²su asammohato ñ±ºa½ vutta½. Nirodhe ±rammaºato ta½sampayutt± p²tipaµisa½vedan±asammohato na sambhavati mohappah±n±bh±v±, paµisambhid±p±¼ivirodhato ca. Tattha “d²gha½ass±savasen±”ti-±di ±rammaºato dassetu½ vutta½. T±ya satiy± tena ñ±ºenas± p²ti paµisa½vidit± hoti tad±rammaºassa paµisa½viditatt±ti ettha adhipp±yo.“¾vajjato”ti-±di asammohato p²tipaµisa½vedana½ dassetu½ vutta½. Anicc±divasenaj±nato, passato, paccavekkhato ca. Tadadhimuttat±vasena adhiµµhahato, adhimuccato, tath±v²riy±di½ sam±dahato khaºikasam±dhin±.
Abhiññeyyanti ñ±tapariññ±ya. Pariññeyyanti t²raºapariññ±ya. Sabbañhi dukkhasacca½abhiññeyya½, pariññeyyañca. Tatra c±ya½ p²t²ti likhita½. Abhiññeyyanti-±di maggakkhaºa½sandh±y±h±ti vutta½. Maggena asammohasaªkh±tavipassan±kiccanipphattito maggopi abhiññeyy±di-±rammaºa½karonto viya vutto. Vipassan±bh³midassanatthanti samathe k±yikasukh±bh±v± vutta½.Dv²su cittasaªkh±rapades³ti cittasaªkh±rapaµisa½ved²…pe… sikkhati passambhaya½ cittasaªkh±rapaµisa½ved²…pe…sikkhat²ti etesu. Modan±di sabba½ p²tivevacana½. Anicc±nupassan±di kilese,tamm³lake khandh±bhisaªkh±re. Eva½ bh±vitoti na catukkapañcakajjh±nanibbattanenabh±vito. Eva½ sabb±k±raparipuººa½ katv± bh±vito. Vipassan±maggapaccavekkhaºak±lesupipavatta-ass±samukheneva sabba½ dassita½ up±yakusalena bhagavat±.
168. Kasm± ida½ vuccati amheh²ti adhipp±yo.