Kusasaªk±manavatthukath±vaººan±

138. Mah±paccariy±d²su ya½ vutta½ “paduddh±reneva k±retabbo”ti, ta½ suvutta½.Kintu tassa parikapp±vah±rakamatta½ na dissat²ti dassanattha½ ida½ vutta½. Uddh±rev±ya½ ±panno, tasm± disv± gacchanto “paduddh±reneva k±retabbo”ti ida½ tatthaduvuttanti vutta½ hoti. Katha½? “S±µakatthiko s±µakapasibbakameva gahetv±bahi nikkhamitv± s±µakabh±va½ ñatv± ‘pacch± gaºhiss±m²’ti eva½ parikappetv± gaºhati,na uddh±re ev±pajjati. Yad± bahi µhatv± ‘s±µako ayan’ti disv± gacchati,tad± paduddh±reneva k±retabbo”ti na vuttameta½, kintu kiñc±pi parikappo dissati,pubbabh±ge avah±rakkhaºe na dissat²ti na so parikapp±vah±ro, ayamattho mah±-aµµhakath±ya½vuttova, tasm± “ñ±yamev±”ti vadanti. Kammantas±l± n±ma kassak±na½ vanacchedak±na½geh±ni. Aya½ t±v±ti sace upac±ras²manti-±di y±va therav±do mah±-aµµhakath±nayo,tattha keci pan±ti-±di na gahetabba½ therav±datt± yutti-abh±vato, na hi s±hatthikeeva½vidh± atthas±dhakacetan± hoti. ¾ºattike eva atthas±dhakacetan±. “Sesa½ mah±paccariya½vuttenatthena samet²”ti vutta½.
Kusasaªk±manakaraºe sace paro “n±ya½ mama santako”ti j±n±ti, itarassa hatthato muttamattep±r±jik±patti kh²lasaªk±mane viya. “Attano santaka½ sace j±n±ti, na hot²”tivadanti. Eva½ sante pañcak±ni saªkar±ni hont²ti upaparikkhitabba½.
140. Par±nuddayat±y±ti ettha par±nuddayat±ya koµippattena bhagavat± kasm± “an±pattipetapariggahe tiracch±nagatapariggahe”ti (p±r±. 131) vuttanti ce? Par±nuddayat±yaeva. Yassa hi parikkh±rassa ±d±ne r±j±no cora½ gahetv± na hanan±d²ni kareyyu½,tasmimpi n±ma samaºo gotamo p±r±jika½ paññapetv± bhikkhu½ abhikkhu½ karot²timah±jano bhagavati pas±daññathatta½ ±pajjitv± ap±yupago hoti. Apetapariggahit± rukkh±d²ca dullabh±, na ca sakk± ñ±tunti rukkh±d²hi p±pabh²ruko up±sakajano paµim±gharacetiyabodhigharavih±r±d²niakatv± mahato puññakkhandhato parih±yeyya. “Rukkham³lasen±sana½ pa½suk³lac²vara½ niss±yapabbajj±”ti (mah±va. 128) vuttanissay± ca anissay± honti. Parapariggahitasaññinohi bhikkh³ rukkham³lapa½suk³l±ni na s±diyissant²ti, pabbajj± ca na sambhaveyyu½,sappadaµµhak±le ch±rikatth±ya rukkha½ aggahetv± maraºa½ v± nigaccheyyu½, acchinnac²var±dik±les±kh±bhaªg±di½ aggahetv± nagg± hutv± titthiyaladdhimeva suladdhi viya d²pent± vicareyyu½,tato titthiyesveva loko pas²ditv± diµµhiggahaºa½ patv± sa½s±rakh±ºuko bhaveyya,tasm± bhagav± par±nuddayat±ya eva “an±patti petapariggahe”ti-±dim±h±tiveditabba½.
141. Aparampi bh±ga½ deh²ti “gahita½ viññattisadisatt± neva bhaº¹adeyya½ na p±r±jikan”tilikhita½, ida½ pakatijane yujjati. “Sace pana s±miko v± tena ±ºatto v± ‘aparassasah±yabhikkhussa bh±ga½ esa gaºh±ti y±cati v±’ti ya½ aparabh±ga½ deti, ta½ bhaº¹adeyyan”tivadanti.
148-9. Kh±dantassa bhaº¹adeyyanti corassa v± s±mikassa v± sampattassa dinna½sudinnameva kira. Avisesen±ti “uss±hagat±na½ v±”ti avatv± vutta½, nahi katipay±na½ anuss±hat±ya saªghikamasaªghika½ hoti. Mah±-aµµhakath±yampi “yadi sa-uss±h±vagacchanti, theyyacittena paribhuñjato avah±ro hot²”ti vuttatt± tadubhayameka½. Cha¹¹itavih±reupac±ras²m±ya pam±ºa½ j±nitu½ na sakk±, aya½ pana bhikkhu upac±ras²m±ya bahi µhatv±ghaºµipaharaº±di½ katv± paribhuñjati kh±dati, tena eva½ kh±dita½ sukh±ditanti attho.“Itaravih±re tattha dittavidhin±va paµipajjitabban”ti vutta½. “Sukh±dita½ antovih±ratt±”tilikhita½, ±gat±n±gat±na½ santakatt±ti “c±tuddisassa saªghassa dem²”ti dinnatt±vutta½. Eva½ avatv± “saªghassa dem²”ti dinnampi t±disameva. Tath± hi bahi µhitol±bha½ na labhati bhagavato vacanen±ti veditabba½.
153. “Matas³karo”ti vacanato tameva j²vanta½ bhaº¹adeyyanti katv± d±tu½ nalabhati. Vajjha½ vaµµat²ti d²pita½ hoti. Maddanto gacchati, bhaº¹adeyyanti etthakittaka½ bhaº¹adeyya½, na hi sakk± “ettak± s³kar± madditv± gat± gamissant²”tij±nitunti? Yattake s±mik±na½ dinne te “dinna½ mama bhaº¹an”ti tussanti,tattaka½ d±tabba½. No ce tussanti, atikkantas³karam³la½ datv± ki½ op±tokhaºitv± d±tabboti? Na d±tabbo. Atha ki½ codiyam±nassa ubhinna½ dhuranikkhepena p±r±jika½hot²ti? Na hoti, kevala½ kappiyaparikkh±ra½ datv± tosetabbova s±miko, esevanayo aññesupi evar³pes³ti no takkoti ±cariyo. “Tadaheva v± dutiyadivase v±maddanto gacchat²”ti vutta½. Gumbe khipati, bhaº¹adeyyamev±ti avassa½pavisanake sandh±ya vutta½. Ettha ekasmi½ vih±re paracakk±dibhaya½ ±gata½. M³lavatthucchedanti“sabbasen±sana½ ete issar±”ti vacanato itare anissar±ti d²pita½ hoti.
156. ¾r±marakkhak±ti vissaµµhavasena gahetabba½. Adhipp±ya½ ñatv±ti ettha yassad±na½ paµiggaºhanta½ bhikkhu½, bh±ga½ v± s±mik± na rakkhanti na daº¹enti, tassa d±na½appaµicch±detv± gahetu½ vaµµat²ti idha sanniµµh±na½. Tampi “na vaµµati saªghike”tivutta½. Ayameva bhikkhu issaroti yattha so icchati, tattha attañ±tahetu½labhati kira attho. Apica “daharo”ti vadanti. Savatthukanti saha bh³miy±tivutta½ hoti. “Garubhaº¹a½ hot²”ti vatv± “tiºamatta½ pana na d±tabban”tivutta½, ta½ kintu garubhaº¹anti ce, arakkhiya-agopiyaµµh±ne, vinassanakabh±ve ca µhita½sandh±ya vutta½. Kappiyepi c±ti vatv±, avatv± v± gahaºayutte m±t±disantakepitheyyacittupp±dena. Ida½ pana sikkh±pada½ “r±j±pimesa½ abhippasanno”ti (p±r±.86) vacanato l±bhaggamahatta½, vepullamahattañca pattak±le paññattanti siddha½.

Dutiyap±r±jikavaººan± niµµhit±.