Ek±dasakav±ravaººan±

331. Na vod±yanti na pak±senti. Rogameva rog±taªka½. Rogantar±ya½ v±.

Ekuttarikanayavaººan± niµµhit±.

Uposath±dipucch±vissajjan±vaººan±

332. “Saªgha½, bhante, pav±rem²”ti-±di pav±raºakath± n±ma vin²tag±th±su viya.

Atthavasapakaraºavaººan±

334. Dasa atthavase paµicc±ti ettha tassa tassa sikkh±padassa paññ±pane guºavisesad²panato,apaññ±pane ±d²navadassanato ca saªghasuµµhut± hoti. Tattha yath±sambhava½ lokavajjassa apaººattisambhavassapaññ±pane payogavisuddhi guºo. Paººattisambhavassa pana sekhiyassa lokavajjassa paññ±pane paµipattivisuddhi guºo, paººattivajjassa ±sayavisuddhi guºo appicch±diguº±vahanato,tenev±ha “subharat±ya suposat±ya appicchat±ya appicchassa vaººa½ bh±sitv±”ti. Samaº±c±ravisuddhicassa guºoti veditabba½. Atha v± lokavajjassa paññ±pane saªghasuµµhut± hoti p±kaµ±d²navato,paººattivajjassa paññ±pane saªghaph±sut± hoti p±kaµ±nisa½satt±. Tath± paµhamena dummaªk³na½niggaho, dutiyena pesal±na½ ph±suvih±ro, paµhamena sampar±yik±na½ ±sav±na½ paµigh±to,dutiyena diµµhadhammik±na½, tath± paµhamena appasann±na½ pas±do, dutiyena pasann±na½ bhiyyobh±vo,tath± paµhamena saddhammaµµhiti, dutiyena vinay±nuggaho hot²ti veditabbo. Pariv±ranayenav± paµhamena p±picch±na½ bhikkh³na½ pakkhupacchedo, dutiyena gih²na½ anukamp± hoti.Vuttañheta½ “dve atthavase paµicca tath±gatena s±vak±na½ sikkh±pada½ paññatta½ gih²na½anukamp±ya p±picch±na½ pakkhupacched±y±”ti (pari. 498). Tath± diµµhadhammikasampar±yik±na½ver±na½ vajj±na½ akusal±na½ vasenapi yojan± k±tabb±. Vuttañheta½ “dve atthavase…pe…paññatta½ diµµhadhammik±na½ ver±na½ sampar±yik±na½ ver±na½ paµigh±t±y±”ti-±di(pari. 498). Apicettha sabbampi akataviññattipaµisa½yutta½, gih²na½ p²¼±paµisa½yutta½,tesa½ pas±dabhogakkhayarakkh±paµisa½yuttañca gih²na½ anukamp±ya paññatta½ n±ma, kulad³sakagaºabhojan±nip±picch±na½ pakkhupacched±ya paññatta½. Sabba½ lokavajja½ diµµhadhammikasampar±yikaver±dipaµigh±t±ya m±tug±mena sa½vidh±na½ diµµhadhammikaver±disa½var±ya paññattanti veditabba½. Apicettha±dito paµµh±ya dasa-atthavasapakaraºameva niss±ya vinicchayo veditabbo.
Vatthuv²tikkamena ya½, ekant±kusala½ bhave;
ta½ saªghasuµµhubh±v±ya, paññatta½ lokavajjato.
P±r±jik±di½,
Paññattij±naneneva, yatth±patti na aññath±;
ta½ dhammaµµhitiy± v±pi, pas±dupp±dabuddhiy±.
Dhammadesan±paµisa½yutta½ itarañca sekhiya½, ida½ paººattisambhava½ lokavajja½ n±ma. Vatthuno,paññattiy± v± v²tikkamacetan±y±bh±vepi paµikkhittassa karaºe, kattabbassa akaraºev± sati yattha ±patti pahoti, ta½ sabba½ µhapetv± sur±p±na½ paººattivajjantiveditabba½. Tattha ukkoµanake p±cittiya½, “yo pana bhikkhu dhammik±na½ kamm±na½chanda½ datv± pacch± kh²yanadhamma½ ±pajjeyya, p±cittiya½ (p±ci. 475), yo pana bhikkhusaªghe vinicchayakath±ya vattam±n±ya chanda½ adatv± uµµh±y±san± pakkameyya,p±cittiya½ (p±ci. 480), yo pana bhikkhu samaggena saªghena c²vara½ datv± pacch± kh²yanadhamma½±pajjeyya…pe… p±cittiyan”ti (p±ci. 485) evam±di saªghaph±sut±ya paññatta½.“Aññav±dake vihesake p±cittiya½ (p±ci. 101), p±r±jik±d²hi anuddha½sanesaªgh±dises±di ca dummaªk³na½ niggah±ya, anupakhajjanikka¹¹hana-upass³tisikkh±pad±di pesal±na½ph±suvih±r±ya, sabba½ lokavajja½ diµµhadhammikasampar±yik±na½ ±sav±na½ paµigh±t±ya,sabba½ paººattivajja½ diµµhadhammik±nameva sa½var±ya. Sabba½ gihipaµisa½yutta½ appasann±na½v± pas±d±ya pasann±na½ v± bhiyyobh±v±ya ca. Visesena ariµµhasamaºuddesasikkh±pada½, s±maññenapaccayesu mariy±dapaµisa½yuttañca saddhammaµµhitiy±, “appicchass±ya½ dhammo, n±ya½ dhammomahicchass±”ti (d². ni. 3.358; a. ni. 8.30) ±disuttamettha s±dhaka½. “Sikkh±padavivaººake(p±ci. 439) mohanake p±cittiyan”ti-±di (p±ci. 444) vinay±nuggah±ya paññattantiveditabba½. “Bh³tag±map±tabyat±ya p±cittiyan”ti (p±ci. 90) ida½ kimatthantice? Appasann±na½ pas±d±ya, pasann±na½ bhiyyobh±v±ya ca. Katha½?
“Bh³tag±mo saj²voti, avipallattadiµµhino;
tassa kopanasaññ±ya, pas±do buddhas±vake.
“Nijj²vasaññita½peta½, akopento katha½ muni;
j²va½ kopeyya niddoso, macchama½s±nuj±nane.
Evampi–
“Tassa kopanasaññ±ya, pas±do buddhas±vake;
yato titthakar±vime, virat± bh³tag±mato;
lokassa cittarakkhattha½, tatopi virato mun²”ti.–

Pasann±na½ bhiyyobh±vo hoti.

Vivittasen±sanabhogataºh±vasenanijj²vamit±rakkha½;
buddhobhininnañca vivajjayanto;
sikkh±pada½ tattha ca paññapesi.
Nijj²vass±pi ma½sassa, kh±danaka½ yati½ pati;
nindam±na½ jana½ disv±, bh³tag±ma½ pariccaji.
Tikoµiparisuddhatt±, macchama½s±nuj±nane;
paµicca ma½s±nuj±nana½, kamme diµµhippasaªgabhay±.
Aparikkhakassa lokassa, par±nuddayat±ya ca;
bh³tag±map±tabyat±ya, p±º±tip±tappasaªgabhay±.
Tattha pariy±yavacana½ anuj±ni bhagav±, uddissa kata½ paµikkhipi parassa v± p±pappasaªgabhayena.Idha pana bh³tag±map±tabyat±ya p±p±bh±vañ±panattha½ attuddesika½ vih±ra½, kuµiñca anuj±n²tiveditabba½. Pakiriyanti ettha te te payojanavisesasaªkh±t± atthavas±ti atthavasapakaraºanti.

Mah±vaggavaººan± niµµhit±.