Ekakav±ravaººan±

321. Ekuttarikanaye ±patti j±nitabb±ti ettha ±patti n±maki½ paramatthasabh±v±, ud±hu na vattabbasabh±v±ti? Na vattabbasabh±v±. Vuttañhi pariv±re“vatthu j±nitabba½, gotta½ j±nitabba½, n±ma½ j±nitabba½, ±patti j±nitabb±”tietesa½ pad±na½ vibhaªge “methunadhammoti vatthu ca gottañca. P±r±jikanti n±mañceva±patti c±”ti. N±mañca gottañca “n±magotta½ na j²rat²”ti (sa½. ni. 1.76)vacanato sammutimatta½, tasm± “kusalattikavinimutt± na vattabbadhammabh³t± ekacc± sammutiev±”ti vutta½. Ya½ pana vutta½ samathakkhandhake “±patt±dhikaraºa½ siy± akusala½,siy± aby±katan”ti (c³¼ava. 222), ta½ “viv±d±dhikaraºa½ siy± kusala½, siy±akusala½, siy± aby±katan”ti (c³¼ava. 220) ettha viya pariy±yato vutta½. Atthatohi viv±do n±ma ekacco sammutiviseso. Yo cittasamaªgino, so “ta½ cittapariy±yenapana siy± kusalan”ti-±di voh±raladdho, tath± ±patt±dhikaraºamp²ti daµµhabba½. Tenevavutta½ aµµhakath±ya½ “±patti½ ±pajjam±no hi akusalacitto v± ±pajjati kusal±by±katacittov±”ti (kaªkh±. aµµha. paµhamap±r±jikavaººan±). Aññath± samathehi adhikaraº²yat± nasambhavati. Na hi samath± kusal±di½ akusal±di½ v± adhikiccapavattanti, samathavasenav± kusal±di sammati. Na ca kusalassa viv±dassa, anuv±dassa v± kusal±disamathehiv³pasametabbat± ±pajjat²ti tesa½ adhikaraºamattameva na sambhaveyya, tasm± adhikaraº±na½,samath±nañca kusal±dibh±vo pariy±yadesan±ya labbhati, no aññath±, teneva sammukh±vinayeviya ±patt±dhikaraºe tika½ na p³rita½. Sañcicca ±patti½ ±pajjam±nassa yasm±sañcetan± ekantato akusal±va hoti. Itarassa sacittakassa v± acittakassa v± tad±bh±vamatta½up±d±ya “aby±katan”ti vutta½. Yath± hi “tikkhattu½ codayam±no ta½ c²vara½abhinipph±deyya, icceta½ kusalan”ti-±d²su (p±r±. 538) na kusalasaddo sukhavip±ko,“sampar±yik±na½ akusal±na½ dhamm±na½ paµigh±t±y±”ti-±d²su (pari. 498) na akusal±v± hoti. Itarassa sacittakassa v± acittakassa v± tad±bh±vamatta½ up±d±ya“aby±katan”ti vutta½. Yath± hi dvikkhattu½ codayam±no ta½ c²vara½ abhinipph±deyya,ya½ panettha “±patt±dhikaraºa½ akusalan”ti vutta½, tassa vasena tadakusalato sattavin²tavatth³ni veditabb±ni, tato c²varanti sambhavato ac²varak±, antar±pattik±ca. Anantarikalakkhaºappattassa vasena niyat± ca n±m±ti veditabba½. Sammutiniddese garukalahukaniddesopisambhavati. Aññath± “anantar±yik± paººattivajj±, anavajj±paººatt²”ti ca vutt±.Kuµik±ramahallak±patti antar±yik± lokavajjas±vajjapaººattito. Sampaj±namus±v±doomasav±d±dito garuk±di na sambhaveyya, tato v± aya½ lahuk±d²ti ida½ sabba½ ekacc±na½±cariy±na½ mata½, “sabba½ ayuttan”ti vadanti. Kasm±? Yasm± “p±r±jikantin±mañceva ±pattic±”ti vacanena ce ±patti na vattabbadhammo siy±, vatthu ca navattabbadhammo siy± gottena sam±n±dhikaraºabh±vena vuttatt±, tasm± “methunadhammo”tipada½ ajjh±c±rasaªkh±ta½ vatthuñca d²peti. Ajjh±c±ravaseneva ±pattiy± laddhan±ma½ as±dh±raºan±matt±“gottan”ti ca vuccat²ti aya½ tattha attho.
“¾patt±dhikaraºassa ki½ pubbaªgamanti? Lobho pubbaªgamo, doso, moho, alobho,adoso, amoho pubbaªgamo”ti “kati het³ti? Cha het³ tayo akusalahet³,tayo aby±katahet³”ti ca vuttatt± nippariy±yeneva “±patt±dhikaraºa½ siy± akusala½,siy± aby±katan”ti vutta½. Samathakkhandhake pana sandh±yabh±sitavasena tath± eva vutta½.Tasm± ±patt±dhikaraºa½ sabh±vato nippariy±yeneva akusal± catt±ro khandh±, r³pa-aby±kat±ca honti. “Natthi ±patt±dhikaraºa½ kusalan”ti (c³¼ava. 222) vuttatt± kusalamevapaµikkhitta½, kh²º±sav±na½ kiriy±by±kata½ n±ma hot²ti kusale paµikkhitte kiriy±by±katampipaµikkhittameva hoti. Tasmi½ paµikkhitte sabbath± av±vaµa½ vip±k±by±kata½ paµikkhittamevahoti. Nibb±n±by±kate vattabbameva natth²ti eke, ta½ ayutta½ “cha hetuyo”tivuttatt±. Kiñc±pi vutta½ s±maññena, tath±pi vip±kahetuyeva tattha adhippeto,na kiriy±hetu, te hi kusalasabh±v± ca, tasm± r³pa½, vip±k±by±katañc±patti. Tatthaakusal±pattito vin²tavatth³ni. Itarass±pi ±dito ch±dan± kusalacittatoti vutta½ hoti. Antar±yikaniyatas±vajjapaññattibh±vopi cass± vevacanavasena veditabbopaººattivajj±ya, sañcicca ±pann±ya ca, tasm± “j²vitindriya½ siy± s±rammaºa½ siy±an±rammaºan”ti vacana½ viya ekant±kusala½ anekant±kusalañca lokavajja½, ekant±by±kata½bh³t±rocana½ anekant±by±katañca sesa½ paººattivajja½ ekato sampiº¹etv± “±patt±dhikaraºa½siy± akusala½ siy±by±katan”ti vutta½. Samathakkhandhake pana paººattivajjamevasandh±ya tath± vutta½. Vuttañheta½ aµµhakath±ya½, gaºµhipade ca “±patt±dhikaraºa½ siy±akusala½, siy± aby±kata½, natthi ±patt±dhikaraºa½ kusalan’ti ettha sandh±yabh±sitavasenaattho veditabbo. Yasmiñhi pathavikhaºan±dike ±patt±dhikaraºe apakataññuno sandh±yaappaharitakaraº±dik±le kusalacitta½ aªga½ hoti, khaºan±dipayogasaªkh±ta½ r³p±by±kata½±pattisamuµµh±penta½ hot²ti adhipp±yo”ti. Ya½ sandh±ya vutta½ “atth±pattikusalacitto ±pajjati, kusalacitto vuµµh±t²”ti-±di. Tasmiñhi satina sakk± vattu½ “natthi ±patt±dhikaraºa½ kusalan”ti. Yasm± ±pattisamuµµh±paka½citta½ sandh±ya vutta½ na hoti, tasm± na yida½ aªgappahonakacitta½ sandh±ya vutta½.Yadi ta½ sandh±ya vutta½, “siy± kusalan”ti ca vattabba½ bhaveyya, na ca vutta½.Tasm± ida½ pana sandh±ya vutta½– ya½ t±va ±patt±dhikaraºa½ lokavajja½, ta½ ekantatoakusalameva, tattha “siy± akusalan”ti vikappo natthi. Ya½ pana paººattivajja½, ta½yasm± sañcicca “ima½ ±patti½ v²tikkam±m²”ti v²tikkamantasseva akusala½hoti, asañcicca pana kiñci aj±nantassa sahaseyy±divasena ±pajjato r³pavip±ka½ aby±kata½hoti anuµµh±nato. Tasm± tassa paººattivajjassa sañcicc±sañciccavasena ima½ vikappabh±va½sandh±ya ida½ vutta½ “±patt±dhikaraºa½ siy± akusala½, siy± aby±kata½, natthi±patt±dhikaraºa½ kusalan”ti.
Sace pana koci vinaye apakataññ³ “ya½ kusalacitto ±pajjati, ida½ vuccati±patt±dhikaraºa½ kusalan”ti vadeyya, tasseva½v±dino acittak±na½ e¼akalom±disamuµµh±n±nampikusalacittasamaªgik±le t±sa½ ±patt²na½ kusalacitto ±pajjeyya, na v± ±pajjati Ki½k±raºa½? Na ca tattha vijjam±nampi kusalacitta½ ±pattiy± aªga½.Attabh±vo sabh±vo pakat²ti vutta½ hoti. Katara½ pana tass± ±pattiy± tad± aªgasabh±voti?Vuccate– k±yavac²viññattivasena pana calitassa k±yassa, pavatt±ya v±c±ya c±ti etesa½dvinna½ calitappavatt±na½ k±yav±c±na½ aññatarameva aªgasabh±vo, tañca r³pakkhandhapariy±pannatt±aby±katanti. Ki½ vutta½ hoti? K±yo, v±c± ca tad± ±patt±dhikaraºanti vutta½hoti. Y± panettha akusal±pattikkhaºe k±yav±c±yo aby±katabh±vo, t± abboh±rik±honti k±yavac²kammak±le manokamma½ viya. Tad± hi k±yav±c±yo ±pattikar±diµµh±netiµµhanti. Ya½ sandh±ya vutta½ “±pattikar± dhamm± j±nitabb±. Kati m³l±n²ticha ±pattisamuµµh±n±ni m³l±n²”ti-±di. Yad± pana k±yav±c±yo ±pattiy± aªgameva honti,tad± “citta½ citt±dhipateyyan”ti (dha. sa. aµµha. 1 k±m±vacarakusalavaººan±) vacana½viya pubbapayog±na½ aparapayogassa paccayabh±vato ±pattikar±dipaññatti½ na vijahanti. Yath±tabbh±vepi “±patt±dhikaraºassa kati vatth³n²ti? Satta ±pattikkhandh± vatth³ni.Kati bh³miyoti? Satta ±pattikkhandh± bh³miyo”ti vutta½. Tath± tabbh±vepi ±pattikar±“±pattisamuµµh±n±”icceva vuccant²ti veditabb±. Ett±vat± ±patti n±ma catt±roakusalakkhandh± sañcicca v²tikkamak±le bh³t±rocana½ µhapetv± sabb±pi avisesato,visesato pana sabb±pi ekant±kusal± akusal±, anekant±kusal± pana giraggasamajjacitt±g±rasaªgh±ni-itth±laªk±ragandhavaººakav±sitapiññ±kappabhed±,bhikkhuni-±d²na½ ummaddanaparimaddanappabhed± c±ti dasappabhed± sakan±mehi paricchinditv±vatthuj±nanasacittakak±le eva akusal±, tadabh±vato acittakak±le vin± an±patt±dhikaraºenakammaµµh±n±dis²sena kusalacittena ta½ ta½ vatthu½ v²tikkamantassa ±patti kevala½r³pa-aby±katameva.
Keci panettha “appak±se µh±ne kaµisuttakasaññ±ya saªgh±ºi½, mattik±saññ±ya gandhavaººak±di½v± dh±rentiy±pi ±patti, tasm± acittak±yev±”ti vaººayanti. Te “saªgh±ºiy±asaªgh±ºisaññ±ya dh±reti, ±patti p±cittiyass±”ti p±µh±bh±va½ dassetv± paµikkhipitabb±.Sur±p±n±patti pana acittak±pi ekant±kusal±va. Teneva “majje amajjasaññ²pivati, ±patti p±cittiyass±”ti (p±ci. 328) vutta½. Yasm± panettha ±b±dhapaccay±pina sakk± vin± akusalena sur±p±na½ p±tu½, tasm± yath±vuttesu anekant±kusalesuviya lokavajjesu idha “sur±p±nesu an±patti ±b±dhapaccay±”ti na vutta½. S³pasa½p±k±dipana amajjameva. Tattha kukkuccavinodanattha½ “an±patt²”ti vutta½ udakadantapoºe viya.Bh³t±rocan±patti r³p±by±katameva, acittakak±le sahaseyy±di r³pavip±k±by±katameva,tattha supinanto vijjam±nampi akusala½ anaªgatt± abboh±rika½ hoti. Kusalekath±va natthi an±patti sabh±vatt± kusalassa. Tath± kiriy±ti imin± nayena sabbatthayath±sambhava½ akusala½ v± suddhar³pa½ v± savip±ka½ v±ti tidh± bhijjat²ti ayamatthodassito hoti.
Tattha µhapetv± sur±p±na½ ekaccañca paººattivajja½, ekant±kusalañca sacittakameva, bh³t±rocana½acittakameva, sesa½ saha sur±p±nena anekant±kusala½ lokavajjañca anekant±by±kata½paººattivajjañca yebhuyyena sacittak±cittakanti sabbasikkh±pada½ tippabheda½ hoti.Ya½ panettha sacittakameva, ta½ methun±divatthuj±nanacitteneva sacittaka½, sabba½ sekhiya½paººattij±nanacitteneva sacittaka½ “an±dariya½ paµicc±”ti vacanatoti sacittaka½ duvidha½hoti. Ekant±cittaka½ paººattij±nanacitt±bh±vena, na vatthuj±nanacitt±bh±vena. Tadabh±vatoekant±kusala½ sur±p±na½, ekant±by±kata½ sañcaritta½, vatthuj±nanacittassa v± paººattij±nanacittassav± ubhinna½ abh±vena acittakabh±vena acittaka½ hoti. Sur±p±na½ pana sacittaka½hoti vatthuj±nanacitteneva. Ariyapuggal±na½ itaresa½ ubhinna½ v± aññatarassa bh±vena sesa½cittak±cittaka½ Visesato ca vatthuj±nanacitt±bh±vena, apakataññuno paººattij±nanacitt±bh±venav± acittakabh±vena acittaka½ hoti. Tattha ekant±cittakañca sacittakañca “acittaka”miccevavuccati. Aya½ t±va “±patti j±nitabb±”ti ettha vinicchayo.
M³lavisuddhiy± antar±patt²ti antar±patti½ ±pajjitv± m³l±yapaµikassana½katv± µhitena ±pann±patti. Aya½ agghavisuddhiy± antar±patt²ti ambahul± ±pattiyo ±pajjitv± t±su sabbacirapaµicchannavasena agghasamodh±na½ gahetv±vasantena ±pann±patti. “Punapi ±pajjiss±m²”ti sa-uss±heneva cittena.“Aya½ bhikkhuniy± ev±”ti likhita½. “P±r±jikamev±”ti idañca bh³tavasenadassetu½ vutta½. “Eva½ desite pana y± k±ci ±patti na vuµµh±t²ti apare,ta½ na gahetabban”ti vutta½. “Dhammikassa paµissavassa asacc±pane”ti vuttatt± adhammikapaµissavedukkaµa½ na hoti. “Pubbe suddhacittassa ‘tumhe vibbhamath±’ti vutte ‘s±dh³’tipaµissuºitv± sace na vibbhamati an±patti, eva½ sabbatth±”ti ca vutta½. “¾vikaroj±nitabbo”tipi p±¼i. K±lena vakkh±mi, no ak±len±”ti-±d²su pañcadasasudhammesu. Bhabb±pattik± n±ma ±patti½ ±pajjitu½ bhabb±.