2. Dutiyap±r±jika½

Dhaniyavatthuvaººan±

84. Dutiye r±j³hi eva pariggahitatt± “r±jagahan”ti laddhan±make sam²patthena, adhikaraºatthenaca paµiladdhabhummavibhattike gijjhak³µe pabbate cat³hi vih±rehi viharantoti adhipp±yo.Tassa “vassa½ upagacchi½s³”ti imin± sambandho veditabbo. Tayo eva hi ñatti½ µhapetv±gaºakamma½ karonti, na tato ³n± adhik± v± akiriyatt±. Tattha vinayapariy±yenasaªghagaºapuggalakammakosallattha½ ida½ pakiººaka½ veditabba½– atthi saªghakamma½ saªgho evakaroti, na gaºo na puggalo, ta½ apalokanakammassa kammalakkhaºekadesa½ µhapetv± itara½catubbidhampi kamma½ veditabba½. Atthi saªghakamma½ saªgho ca karoti, gaºo ca karoti,puggalo ca karoti. Kiñc±ti? Ya½ pubbe µhapita½. Vuttañheta½ pariv±raµµhakath±ya½“yasmi½ vih±re dve tayo jan± vasanti tehi nis²ditv± katampi saªghena katasadisameva.Yasmi½ pana vih±re eko bhikkhu hoti, tena bhikkhun± uposathadivase pubbakaraºapubbakicca½katv± nisinnena katampi katikavatta½ saªghena katasadisameva hot²”ti (pari. aµµha.495-496). Punapi vutta½ “ekabhikkhuke pana vih±re ekena s±vitepipurimakatik± paµippassambhati ev±”ti. Atthi gaºakamma½ saªgho karoti, gaºo karoti,puggalo karoti, ta½ tayo p±risuddhi-uposath± aññesa½ santike kar²yanti, tassa vasenaveditabba½. Atthi gaºakamma½ gaºova karoti, na saªgho na puggalo, ta½ p±risuddhi-uposathoaññamañña½ ±rocanavasena kar²yati, tassa vasena veditabba½. Atthi puggalakamma½ puggalovakaroti, na saªgho na gaºo, ta½ adhiµµh±nuposathavasena veditabba½. Atthi gaºakamma½ ekaccovagaºo karoti, ekacco na karoti, tattha añattika½ dve eva karonti, na tayo. Sañattika½tayova karonti, na tato ³n± adhik± v±, tena vutta½ “tayo eva hi ñatti½ µhapetv±gaºakamma½ karonti, na tato ³n± adhik± v± akiriyatt±”ti. Tasm± tayova vinayapariy±yenasampahul±, na tato uddhanti veditabba½. Anugaºµhipade pana “kiñc±pi kammalakkhaºa½tayova karonti, atha kho tehi kata½ saªghena katasadisanti vuttatt± ekena pariy±yenatayo jan± vinayapariy±yenapi saªgho”ti vutta½, ida½ sabbampi vinayakamma½ up±d±ya vutta½,l±bha½ pana up±d±ya antamaso ekopi anupasampannopi “saªgho”ti saªkhya½ gacchatikira. Pav±raº±divasassa aruºuggamanasamanantarameva “vutthagass±”ti vuccanti, ukka½sanayena“p±µipadadivasato paµµh±y±”ti vutta½, teneva “mah±pav±raº±ya pav±rit±”tivutta½. Aññath± antar±yena apav±rit± “vutthavass±”ti na vuccant²ti ±pajjati.Thambh±di kaµµhakammanti veditabba½. Keci tanuka½ d±rutthambha½ antokatv± mattik±maya½thambha½ karonti, aya½ pana tath± na ak±si, tena vutta½ “sabbamattik±maya½ kuµika½karitv±”ti. Telamiss±ya tambamattik±ya.
85. “M± pacchim± janat± p±ºesu p±tabyata½ ±pajj²”ti imin± anuddesasikkh±padenayattha iµµhakapacana pattapacana kuµikaraºa vih±rak±r±pana navakammakaraºa khaº¹aphullapaµisaªkharaºavih±rasammajjana paµaggid±na k³papokkharaº²khaº±pan±d²su p±tabyata½ j±nantena bhikkhun± kappiyavacanampina vattabbanti dasseti, teneva pariy±ya½ avatv± tesa½ sikkh±pad±na½ an±pattiv±resu“an±patti asatiy± aj±nantass±”ti vutta½. “Antar±pattisikkh±padan”tipietassa n±mameva. “Gacchatheta½, bhikkhave, kuµika½ bhindath±”ti imin± kata½ labhitv±tattha vasant±nampi dukkaµamev±ti ca siddha½. Aññath± hi bhagav± na bhind±peyya.Esa nayo bhedanaka½ chedanaka½ udd±lanakanti etth±pi, ±pattibhed±va. Tato eva hi bhedanakasikkh±pad±d²su viya “aññena kata½ paµilabhitv± paribhuñjati, ±patti dukkaµass±”tina vutta½, tath± aññassatth±ya karoti, cetiy±d²na½ atth±ya karoti, dukkaµamev±tica siddha½, aññath± kuµik±rasikkh±pad±d²su viya “aññassatth±ya v±s±g±ra½ µhapetv±sabbattha, an±patt²”ti nayameva vadeyya, na bhind±peyya. Sabbamattik±mayabh±va½ pana mocetv±kaµµhap±s±º±dimissa½ katv± paribhuñjati, an±patti. Tath± hi chedanakasikkh±pad±d²subhagavat± nayo dinno “aññena kata½ pam±º±tikkanta½ paµilabhitv± chinditv± paribhuñjat²”ti-±d²su.Keci pana “vayakammamp²ti etena m³la½ datv± k±r±pitampi atthi, tena ta½ aññenakatampi na vaµµat²ti siddhan”ti vadanti, ta½ na sundara½. Kasm±? Sambh±re kiºitv±sayameva karontass±pi vayakammasambhavato. Ki½ v± p±¼ilese sati aµµhakath±lesanayo.Iµµhak±hi giñjak±vasathasaªkhepena kat± vaµµat²ti ettha pakati-iµµhak±hi cinitv± kattabb±vasathogiñjak±vasatho n±ma. S± hi “mattik±may±”ti na vuccati, “iµµhakakuµik±”tvevavuccati, tasm± thusagomayatiºapal±lamiss± mattik±may±pi apakkiµµhakamay±pi “sabbamattik±may±”tvevavuccat²ti no khant²ti ±cariyo, bhasm±dayo hi mattik±ya da¼hibh±vatthameva ±d²yanti,apakkiµµhakamay±pi giñjak±vasathasaªkhya½ na gacchati, na ca ±yasm± dhaniyo ekappah±renevakumbhak±ro viya kumbha½ ta½ kuµika½ niµµh±pesi, anukkamena pana sukkh±petv±sukkh±petv± mattik±piº¹ehi cinitv± niµµh±pesi, apakkiµµhakamay± kuµi viya sabbamattik±may±kuµi ek±baddh± hoti, na tath± pakkiµµhakamay±, tasm± s± kappat²ti eke. Sabbamattik±may±yakuµiy± bahi ce tiºakuµik±di½ katv± anto vasati, dukkaµameva. Sace tatthatattha chidda½ katv± bandhitv± ek±baddha½ karoti, vaµµati. Anto ce tiºakuµik±di½katv± anto vasati, vaµµati. K±rako eva ce vasati, karaºapaccay± dukkaµa½ ±pajjati,na vasanapaccay±. Sace anto v± bahi v± ubhayattha v± sudh±ya limpati, vaµµati. Yasm±sabbamattik±may± kuµi sukar± bhinditu½, tasm± tattha µhapita½ pattac²var±di agutta½hoti, cor±d²hi avaharitu½ sakk±, tena vutta½ “pattac²varaguttatth±y±”ti.