. Kathinakkhandhakavaŗŗan±

Kathin±nuj±nanakath±vaŗŗan±

306. “Kathinanti pańc±nisa½se antokaraŗasamatthat±ya thiranti attho”tilikhita½. “Pańca kappant²”ti avatv± “kappissant²”ti an±gatavacana½ “vo”tiimassa s±mivacanapakkhe yujjati tesa½ tasmi½ khaŗe anatthatakathinatt±. Dv²su panetesuatthavikappesu pacchimo yutto sabbesampi tesa½ p±veyyak±na½ sabbadhutaŖgadharatt±. Nimantana½s±diyantasseva hi an±mantac±ro pańńatto, tath± gaŗabhojana½. Asam±d±nac±ro anadhiµµhitatic²varassanatthi atec²varikassa y±vadatthac²varacatutth±dic²varaggahaŗasambhavato. Itarass±pi anadhiµµh±namukhenalabbhati. C²varupp±do apa½suk³likasseva. “Kathinatthatas²m±yan”ti upac±ras²ma½sandh±ya vutta½. Upac±ras²maµµhassa matakac²var±dibh±giyat±ya baddhas²m±ya tatrupp±d±bh±vato vińńeyyameta½upac±ras²m±vettha adhippet±ti. Kathinatth±ra½ ke labhant²ti ke s±dhent²ti attho.Pańca jan± s±dhenti. Kathinadussassa hi d±yak± pacchimakoµiy± catt±ro honti.Eko paµigg±hakoti. “Tatra ce, bhikkhave, yv±ya½ catuvaggo bhikkhusaŖgho µhapetv±t²ŗi kamm±ni upasampada½ pav±raŗa½ abbh±nan”ti (mah±va. 388) campeyyakkhandhakevuttatt± “na pańcavaggakaraŗ²yan”ti gahetabba½. “Yassa saŖgho kathinadussa½ deti,ta½ hatthap±se akatv±pi bahis²m±ya µhitassapi d±tu½ vaµµat²”ti vadanti, ta½ hatthap±sekatv± eva d±tabba½. Kasm±? “Tassa kammappattatt±”ti vutta½. “Tatrupp±denataŗ¹ul±din± vatthesu cet±pitesu atthatakathin±nameva t±ni vatth±ni p±puŗanti.Vatthehi pana taŗ¹ul±d²su cet±pitesu sabbesa½ t±ni p±puŗant²”ti vutta½. Paµhamapav±raŗ±yapav±rit± labhant²ti ida½ ukkaµµhakoµiy± vutta½. Antar±yena appav±rit±nampi vutthavass±na½kathinatth±rasambhavato itare gaŗap³rake katv± kathina½ attharitabbanti katha½ pańń±yat²tice? “Dvinna½ puggal±na½ atthata½ hoti kathina½ atth±rakassa ca anumodakassa c±”ti(pari. 403) pariv±re ekavacanakaraŗato, tattheva “saŖghassa atthata½ hoti kathina½,gaŗassa puggalassa atthata½ hoti kathinan”ti (pari. 414) vacanato ca.
Ańńasmi½ vih±re vutthavass±pi na labhant²ti ida½ ki½ ekas²masmi½,ud±hu n±n±s²masminti? Kińcettha– yadi t±va ekas²masmi½, parato “sace panaekas²m±ya bah³ vih±r± honti, sabbe bhikkh³ sannip±tetv± ekattha kathina½ attharitabba½,visu½ visu½ attharitu½ na vaµµat²”ti imin± aµµhakath±vacanena virujjhati. Idańhivacana½ sabbesa½yeva eko kathinatth±roti d²peti. Atha n±n±s²masmi½, upanandassaek±dhipp±yad±n±numatiy± virujjhati. Vuttańheta½ “detha, bhikkhave, moghapurisassaek±dhipp±yan”ti (mah±va. 364). Idańhi vacana½ dv²supi ±v±sesu tassa kathinatth±rasiddhi½d²pet²ti. Avirodhova icchitabbo appaµisiddhatt±, tasm± ekas²masmi½ v± n±n±s²masmi½v± n±n³pac±re ańńasmi½ vih±re vutthavass±pi na labhant²ti adhipp±yo veditabbo.“Pacchimik±ya upasampanno paµhamapav±raŗ±ya pav±retumpi labhati, vassiko ca hoti±nisa½sańca labhat²ti s±maŗer±na½ vass³pagamana½ anuńń±ta½ hoti, s±maŗer± kathin±nisa½sa½labhant²”ti vadanti.
Tiŗŗa½ c²var±na½ ańńatarappahonakanti ida½ “na ańńatra saŖgh±µiy± uttar±saŖgena antarav±sakenaatthata½ hoti kathinan”ti im±ya p±¼iy± virujjhana½ viya dissati. Ayańhi p±¼itiŗŗa½ c²var±na½ ańńataravirahen±pi na atthata½ hoti kathinanti d²pet²ti ce? Na,tadatthaj±nanato, na tiŗŗa½ c²var±na½ ańńataravirahena na atthata½ hoti kathinanti hi d²petuk±mobhagav± ta½ p±¼im±ha. Yadi eva½ “ańńatra saŖgh±µiy± uttar±saŖgena antarav±saken±”tina vattabb± siy±ti ce? Na, adhipp±yaj±nanatova. Yo saŖgh±µiy± attharituk±mo,tassa ańńatra saŖgh±µiy± na atthata½ hoti. Esa nayo itaratth±p²ti ayamettha adhipp±yo.Teneva sukkapakkhe “saŖgh±µiy± atthata½ hot²”ti-±din± nayena ekameva c²vara½vutta½, eva½ sante “catuv²satiy± ±k±rehi anatthata½ hoti kathina½, sattarasahi±k±rehi atthata½ hoti kathinan”ti yath±raha½ ukkaµµhakoµiy± vuttanti veditabba½,tasm± kaŗhapakkhe ullikhita…pe… niss²maµµh±numodan±na½ catuv²satiy± ±k±r±na½sambhavant±na½ sabbena sabba½ abh±venapi nimittakat±d²na½ asambhavant±na½ ańńatarabh±venapina atthata½ hoti kathinanti evamadhipp±yo veditabbo. Sukkapakkhepi ahat±hatakappa…pe…s²maµµh±numodan±na½ sattarasanna½ ±k±r±na½ sambhavant±na½ ańńatarabh±venapi itaresa½ sabbenasabba½ abh±venapi atthata½ hoti kathinanti evamadhipp±yo veditabbo. Ańńath± ańńamańńavirodho,yath±sambhava½ yojetv± veditabbo.
Tatrida½ mukhamattanidassana½– kaŗhapakkhe “uttar±saŖgena atthate kathine na ańńatra saŖgh±µiy±na ańńatra antarav±sakena atthata½ hoti kathinan”ti vacanappam±ŗato ta½ kathina½ anatthata½siy±. Sukkapakkhe ca “animittakatena atthata½ hoti kathinan”ti vacanappam±ŗato animittakatenakathine atthate tańce parikath± kata½, tath±pi atthatameva kathina½ hot²ti aya½ duvidhopivirodho. Yath±vuttanayena adhipp±ye gahite parih±ro hot²ti veditabba½.
Yo ±nisa½sa½ bahu½ det²ti imin± paccayalolabh±va½ viya d²peti, tath±pibhagavat± y±vadatthac²varapariyesanapańń±panamukhena dv±ra½ dinnanti katv± saŖgh±nuggahattha½ hoti.“Ak±tu½ na hot²ti an±dariyena akarontassa dukkaµan”ti likhita½. Anumod±m±tiettha sabbasaŖg±hikavasena eva½ vutta½. “Anumod±m²”ti ekakena vattabba½, itarath±“na vaµµat²”ti mah±-aµµhakath±ya½ kira vutta½. Kathinac²vara½ adhiµµhahitv± “im±yasaŖgh±µiy± kathina½ atthar±m²”ti v±c±ya bhinnamatt±ya puggalassa atthata½ hoti.“Kammav±c± pana ek±yeva vaµµat²ti kathinadussassa eva kammav±c±, sesac²varad±neapalokanamev±ti attho”ti likhita½. Ekas²m±y±ti eka-upac±ras²m±y±ti atthoyujjati. Keci pana “baddhas²m± adhippet± ekas²m±ya ekaµµh±ne attharite sabbattha attharita½hoti ‘sabbe bhikkh³ sannipatitv±’ti vuttatt±, tehipi anumodantehi attharitamevahoti, upac±raparicchinne tattha tattha laddha½ tehi tehi laddhabba½ hoti. Tattha paviµµhehipilabhitabba½ sabbehipi attharitatt±, aya½ viseso. Mah±-aµµhakath±yampi evameva vuttan”tivadanti, v²ma½sitabba½.
308. Catuv²sati ±k±ravantat±ya mah±bh³mika½. “D²ghasibbitanti pacch±katasibbana½,ovaµµitv± sibbana½ v±”ti likhita½. Kaŗ¹usa½ n±ma pubbabandhana½. Paµhamacimilik±ghaµetv± µhapit± hot²ti kathinadussa½ dubbala½ disv± ta½ balavat±attano pakatidussena saddhi½ ghaµetv± dupaµµa½ katv± sibbituk±mehi kathinadussatopakatidussassa mahantat±ya paµhama½ tappam±ŗ±nur³pa½ bandhakaŗ¹use ghaµetv± rajjukehibandhitv± kata½ hot²ti adhipp±yo. Kathinac²varassa appat±ya paµhama½ baddhadussa½ kucchicimilik±hoti, mah±paccariya½, kurundiyańca vuttavacananidassana½, byańjane eva bhedo, atthenatth²ti dassanattha½ katanti veditabba½. “Imin± ki½ d²pet²ti ce? Tath±kata½ dupaµµac²vara½pakatic²varassa mahantat±ya pakatic²varasaŖkhyameva gacchati, na kathinac²varasaŖkhyanti kassacisiy±, neva½ daµµhabba½. Eva½ kucchicimilikabh±vena µhitampi kathinac²vara½. Mahantampita½ pakatic²vara½ attano kathinac²varamev±ti. Heµµhimakoµiy± pańcakassa icchitabbatt±kathinadussa½ khaŗ¹±khaŗ¹a½ bahudh± chinditv± sibbituk±mo kathinac²varato paµµa½ gahetv±ańńasmi½ akathinac²vare paµµam±ropet²”ti likhita½. Atha v± bah³ni kathinaduss±nipa½suk³l±ni khuddakakhuddak±ni ekac²varatth±ya, mahant±ni ca ³natth±ya dinn±ni honti.Kathinac²varatoti bhikkhu ekaccato kathinac²varato paµµa½ gahetv± ańńasmi½ ±ropeti.Etth±ha– ki½ pa½suk³l±ni kathinaduss±ni vikappanupagapacchim±ni d±tabb±ni,ud±hu khuddak±nip²ti? Ettha ac²varasaŖkhyatt± khuddak±ni d±tu½ na vaµµati. Kammav±c±tattha na ruhat²ti eke. “Pa½suk³lena atthata½ hot²”ti p±¼iya½ nayad±natokucchicimilikabh±vena µhitassa kathinadussassa attano sabh±vena anadhiµµh±nupagassa pur±ŗac²varabh±venevaadhiµµh±n±rahassapi kathinac²varabh±v±numatimukhena aµµhakath±ya½ pad±nato ca khuddak±nipid±tu½ vaµµati. Tańhi kathinatth±rako ghaµetv± kathinac²vara½ karissat²ti katv±kappat²ti eke, yuttatara½ gahetabba½.
Nicayasannidhi saŖgh±yatt± saŖghena katatt±. Ratt±tikkanta½ nissajjitabbatt± “nissaggiyan”tivuccati. Pańca khaŗ¹±ni paµµ±ni pam±ŗa½ ass±ti pańcaka½. Tena v± atirittenav±ti attho. Tadaheva sańchinnen±ti saŖghena kathinatth±rakassa kammav±ca½ vatv±dinneneva tadaheva sańchinnena samaŗ¹alikatena bhavitabba½. Eva½ dinna½yeva hi pariv±re“pubbakaraŗa½ sattahi dhammehi saŖgahitan”ti vutta½, na d±yakena diyyam±na½, tasm±pariniµµhitapubbakaraŗameva ce d±yako saŖghassa deti, sampaµicchitv± kammav±c±yad±tabba½. Tena ca tasmi½yeva s²m±maŗ¹ale adhiµµhahitv± attharitv± saŖgho anumod±petabbokatapubbakaraŗassa puna kattabb±bh±vato. Atth±rakassa hatthagatameva hi sandh±ya “na ullikhitamatten±”ti-±divutta½. Pariniµµhitapubbakaraŗampi puna dhovitv± visibbitv± k±tabbameva vacanapam±ŗatotice? Na, chinnassa puna ched±sambhavato. Ańńasmi½ µh±ne chinditabbamev±ti ce? Na,pabbajj±dhik±re “kesamassu½ oh±r±petv±”ti vacanappam±ŗato muŗ¹ikassa chinnepikese pariyesitv± sirasmi½ µhapetv± puna oh±r±petv± pabb±jetabbappasaŖgato, naidha na-k±rena paµisiddhatt±ti ce? Na, “na ańńatra saŖgh±µiy±”ti na-k±rena paµisiddhatt±uttar±saŖgena atthate anatthata½ hot²ti aniµµhappasaŖgato, tasm± abhiniveso na k±tabbo.“Bahi-upac±ras²m±ya µhito”ti vuttatt±pi pubbe vuttavinicchayova gahetabbo.
309. Asannidhikatena atthata½ hoti kathinanti ettha ki½ kathinatth±ram±seyevaduvidhopi sannidhi adhippeto, ud±hu tato pubbepi, d±yakena v± kad± d±tabba½,ki½ kathinatth±ram±seyeva, ud±hu tato pubbepi, kathinatth±ram±sepi asukasmi½divaseyeva atth±ratth±ya damm²ti d±tu½ vaµµati na vaµµat²ti ida½ vic±retabba½. Kathinatth±ram±seeva duvidhopi sannidhi. D±yaken±pi vass±v±sika½ viya kathinac²vara½ uddissa dinna½na vaµµati. Kasm±? “Kathinad±yakassa vatta½ atth²”ti-±din± (mah±va. aµµha. 306)nayena aµµhakath±ya½ vuttatt±. Ukkaµµhamattametanti ce? Na, “kathina½ n±ma ati-ukkaµµha½vaµµat²”ti (mah±va. aµµha. 308) vuttatt±. Na ±gamana½ sandh±ya vuttanti ce? Na, idampi±gamanameva sandh±ya vutta½, pubbe dinna½ na vaµµat²ti.
310. Kathinass±ti kathinatth±rassa. Ubbh±r±y±ti v³pasam±ya, appavattiy±ti attho.Kimatthiya½ ubbh±ranidassananti ce? Pańcahi an±pattik±lapariyantadassanena tesu sa½varupp±danattha½.Ańńath± “c²varak±lasamayo n±ma anatthate kathine vass±nassa pacchimo m±so, atthatekathine pańca m±s±”ti (p±r±. 649) vibhaŖge vuttatt± antar±pakkamanantik±di-ubbh±r±bh±vepipańcahi pańcasu m±sesu an±pattiyev±ti micch±g±ho siy± Tato ±pattikhettean±pattikhettasańń±ya ta½ ta½ ±patti½ ±pajjati, itaresańca bhikkh³na½ l±bhantar±ya½karot²ti veditabba½.