. Bhesajjakkhandhakavaººan±

Pañcabhesajj±dikath±vaººan±

260. “Ya½ bhesajjañceva ass±”ti parato “tadubhayena bhiyyoso matt±yakiss± hont²”ti-±din± virodhadassanato nid±n±napekkha½ yath±l±bhavasena vuttanti veditabba½.Yath±nid±na½ kasm± na vuttanti ce? Tadaññ±pekkh±dhipp±yato. Sabbabuddhak±lepi hisappi-±d²na½ satt±hak±likabh±v±pekkh±ti tath± vacanena bhagavato adhipp±yo, teneva “±h±ratthañcaphareyya, na ca o¼±riko ±h±ro paññ±yeyy±”ti vutta½. Tath± hi k±le paµiggahetv±k±le paribhuñjitunti ettha ca k±laparicchedo na kato. Kutoyeva pana labbh± tadaññ±pekkh±dhipp±yobhagavato m³labhesajj±d²ni t±ni paµiggahetv± y±vaj²vanti k±laparicchedo. Ya½ pana“anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, t±ni pañca bhesajj±ni k±le paµiggahetv± k±le paribhuñjitun”tivacana½, ta½ “sannidhi½ katv± apar±parasmi½ divase k±le eva paribhuñjitu½ anuj±n±m²”tiadhipp±yato vuttanti veditabba½. Aññath± atisayatt±bh±vato “ya½ bhesajjañceva ass±”ti-±divitakkupp±do na sambhavati. Paº²tabhojan±numatiy± pasiddhatt± ±b±dh±nur³pasapp±y±pekkh±yavutt±n²ti ce? Tañca na, bhiyyoso matt±ya kis±dibh±v±pattidassanato. Yath± “ucchurasa½up±d±ya ph±ºitan”ti vutta½, tath± “navan²ta½ up±d±ya sappin”ti vattabbatonavan²ta½ visu½ na vattabbanti ce? Na, visesadassan±dhipp±yato. Yath± ph±ºitaggahaºenasiddhepi parato ucchuraso visu½ anuññ±to ucchus±maññato gu¼odakaµµh±ne µhapan±dhipp±yato.Tath± navan²te visesavidhidassan±dhipp±yato navan²ta½ visu½ anuññ±tanti veditabba½.Visesavidhi panassa bhesajjasikkh±padaµµhakath±vasena veditabba½. Vuttañhi tattha “pacitv±sappi½ katv± paribhuñjituk±mena adhotampi pacitu½ vaµµat²”ti (p±r±. aµµha. 2.622).Tattha sappi pakk±va hoti, n±pakk±. Tath± ph±ºitampi. Navan²ta½ apakkameva.
Etth±ha navan²ta½ viya ucchurasopi satt±hak±likap±¼iya½ eva vattabboti? Na vattabbo.Kasm±? Satt±hak±likap±¼iya½ vutte ucchuraso gu¼±padesena yath± agil±nassaph±ºita½ paµisiddha½, tath± ucchurasop²ti ±pajjati, avutte pana gu¼a½ viya so ph±ºitasaªkhya½na gacchati. Idha avatv± pacch± vacanena gu¼odakaµµh±neva µhapito hoti. Tadatthameva pacch±bhatta½vaµµanakap±nak±dhik±re vutto, tasm± eva y±mak±likoti ce? Na, aµµhakath±virodhato.Na up±d±yatthassa nissayatthatt±ti ce? Ki½ vutta½ hoti– “ucchurasa½ up±d±ya ucchuvikatiph±ºitanti veditabb±”ti (p±r±. aµµha. 2.623) yadeta½ nissaggiyaµµhakath±vacana½, tattha“up±d±y±”ti imassa niss±ya paccaya½ katv±ti atthoti. Na, parato aparakiriy±yaadassanato. Yath± “cakkhuñca paµicca r³pe c±”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 1.204, 400;3.421, 425; sa½. ni. 2.43) “paµicc±”ti imassa ussukkavacanassa “uppajjat²”tiaparakiriy± dissati, na tath± “ucchurasa½ up±d±y±”ti ettha aparakiriy± dissat²ti.Ayuttameta½ tattha tadabh±vepi siddhatt±. Yath± “catt±ro ca mah±bh³t± catunnañca mah±bh³t±na½up±d±ya r³pan”ti (dha. sa. 584) ettha aparakiriy±ya abh±vepi ussukkavacana½ siddha½,tath± etth±pi siy±ti? Na, tattha p±µhases±pekkhatt±. Yath± catt±ro mah±bh³t± up±d±yavutta½, pavattaka½ v± r³panti ima½ p±µhasesa½ s± p±¼i apekkhati, na tath± ida½ aµµhakath±vacana½kañci p±µha½ apekkhati. Paripuººav±dino hi aµµhakath±cariy±. Saññ±karaºamatta½ v± tassar³passa. “Atthi r³pa½ up±d±y±”ti-±d²su (dha. sa. 584) hi saññ±karaºamatta½, evamidh±p²tiveditabba½. Idha pana “ucchurasa½ up±d±y±”ti ucchurasa½ ±di½ katv±, tato paµµh±y±tiattho, tasm± “ucchurasena sa½saµµha½ bhatta½ agil±no bhikkhu viññ±petv± bhuñjantopaº²tabhojanasikkh±padena k±retabbo, bhikkhun² p±µidesaniyen±”ti vutta½, ta½ayuttanti eke. Te visesahetuno abh±va½ dassetv± paññ±petabb±.
Ett±vat± “ucchurasa½ up±d±y±ti ucchurasa½ ±di½ katv±”ti-±d²na½ pad±na½ attha½micch± gahetv± yadi “ucchurasa½ up±d±y±”ti vacanena ucchuraso ph±ºita½ siy±,“apakk± v±”ti vacana½ niratthaka½ apakkavacanena ucchurasassa gahitatt±. Atha “pakk±v±”ti vacanena ucchuraso ph±ºitanti siddha½, “ucchurasa½ up±d±y±”ti vacana½ niratthakantiuttara½ vutta½, ta½ anuttaranti s±dhita½ hoti. So cetehi apakk± v±tis±ma½ bhikkhun± apakk± v±. Avatthukapakk± v±ti bhikkhun±va s±ma½vin± vatthun± pakk± v±ti attho. Tasm± aññath± “savatthukapakk± v±”ti ca vattabbantiattho dassito, so duµµhu dassito. Kasm±? Mah±-aµµhakath±ya½ “jh±ma-ucchuph±ºita½v± koµµita-ucchuph±ºita½ v± purebhattameva vaµµat²”ti vuttatt±, “savatthukapakk±v±”ti vacanassa ca laddhivirodhato avuttatt±. “Mah±paccariya½ pana ‘eta½ savatthukapakka½vaµµati no vaµµat²’ti puccha½ katv± ‘ucchuph±ºita½ pacch±bhatta½ no vaµµanaka½ n±manatth²’ti vutta½, ta½ yuttan”ti (p±r±. aµµha. 2.623) vuttatt± ca savatthukapakk±v±ti attho ca vuttoyeva hoti, tasm± duddassitoti siddha½. ¾h±ratthanti ±h±rapayojana½.¾h±rakicca½ y±pananti atthoti ca.
262. Telaparibhogen±ti satt±hak±likaparibhogena.
263. Sati paccayeti ettha satipaccayat± gil±n±gil±navasena dvidh± veditabb±. Vik±labhojanasikkh±padassahi an±pattiv±re y±mak±lik±d²na½ tiººampi avisesena satipaccayat± vutt±.Imasmi½ khandhake “anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, gil±nassa gu¼a½, agil±nassa gu¼odaka½,anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, gil±nassa loºasov²raka½, agil±nassa udakasambhinnan”tivutta½. Tasm± siddha½ satipaccayat± gil±n±gil±navasena duvidh±ti. Aññath± asati paccayegu¼odak±d²su ±pajjati. Tato ca p±¼ivirodho.
Piµµheh²ti pisitatelehi. Koµµhaphalanti koµµharukkhassa phala½. “Madanaphala½v±”ti ca likhita½. Hiªgujatu n±ma hiªgurukkhassa daº¹apallavapav±¼ap±kanipphann±.Hiªgusip±µik± n±ma tassa m³las±khap±kanipphann±. Taka½ n±ma tassa rukkhassatacap±kodaka½. Takapatt²ti tassa pattap±kodaka½. Takapaºº²ti tassa phalap±kodaka½.Atha v± “taka½ n±ma l±kh±. Takapatt²ti kittimalomal±kh±. Takapaºº²tipakkal±kh±”ti likhita½. Ubbhida½ n±ma ³sapa½sumaya½.
264. Chakaºa½ gomaya½. P±katikacuººa½ n±ma apakkakas±vacuººa½, tena“µhapetv± gandhacuººa½ sabba½ vaµµat²”ti vadanti. C±liteh²ti pariss±vitehi.
265. N±n±sambh±rehi katanti n±nosadhehi.