Vin²tavatthuvaººan±

67. Vin²t±ni vinicchit±ni vatth³ni vin²tavatth³ni. Tesa½ tesa½ “tenakho pana samayena aññataro bhikkh³”ti-±d²na½ vatth³na½ p±µekka½ n±magaºana½ uddharitv±uddharitv± ³n±dhikadosasodhanaµµhena udd±n± ca t± matr±disiddhig±th±hi chandovicitilakkhaºenag±th± c±ti “udd±nag±th± n±m±”ti vutta½, de, sodhane iti dh±tussa r³pa½udd±n±ti veditabba½. Im± pana udd±nag±th± dhammasaªg±hakattherehi saªg²tik±le µhapit±,katth±ti ce? Padabh±jan²y±vas±ne. “Vatthug±th± n±ma ‘tena kho pana samayena aññatarobhikkh³’ti-±d²na½ imesa½ vin²tavatth³na½ nid±n±n²”ti gaºµhipade vutta½, tasm±tattha vuttanayena vin²tavatth³ni eva “vatthug±th±”ti vutt±ti veditabba½. Idametthasam±sato adhipp±yanidassana½ “±patti½ tva½, bhikkhu, ±panno p±r±jikan”tim³l±pattidassanavasena v±, “an±patti, bhikkhu, p±r±jikassa, ±patti saªgh±disesassa,dukkaµass±”ti ±pattibhedadassanavasena v±, “an±patti, bhikkhu, as±diyantass±”tian±pattidassanavasena v± y±ni vatth³ni vin²t±ni vinicchit±ni, t±ni vin²tavatth³nin±ma. Tesa½ vin²tavatth³na½ nid±navatthud²pik± tanti vatthug±th± n±ma. Udd±nag±th±va“vatthug±th±”ti vutt±ti eke. Tesa½ “imin± lakkhaºena ±yati½ vinayadhar± vinaya½vinicchinissant²”ti vacanena virujjhati. Na hi udd±nag±th±ya½ kiñcipi vinicchayalakkhaºa½dissati, udd±nag±th±na½ visu½ payojana½ vutta½ “sukha½ vinayadhar± uggaºhissant²”ti,tasm± payojanan±nattatopeta½ n±natta½ veditabba½. Tatth±ya½ viggaho– vatth³ni eva g±th±vatthug±th±. Vin²tavatthuto visesanatthamettha g±th±ggahaºa½. Udd±nag±th±to visesanattha½vatthuggahaºanti veditabba½. Keci pana “g±th±na½ vatth³n²ti vattabbe vatthug±th±tivuttan”ti vadanti. Makkaµivatthu½ aññe tattha bhikkh³ ±rocesu½, idha sayameva.Tattha k±raºassa “bhagavat± sikkh±pada½ paññattan”ti vuttatt± vajjiputtak±pi aññeeva. “Tattha ±nandatthero, idha te ev±”ti aññatarasmi½ gaºµhipade vutta½. ¾cariyassaadhipp±yo pubbe vutto, tasm± upaparikkhitabba½.
67-8. Ñatv±ti apucchitv± sayameva ñatv±. Pokkharanti sar²ra½ bheripokkhara½viya. Lokiy± avikala½ “sundaran”ti vadanti, tasm± vaººapokkharat±y±ti paµhamenatthenavisiµµhak±yacchavit±y±ti attho, dutiyena vaººasundarat±y±ti. “Uppalagabbhavaººatt± suvaººavaºº±,tasm± uppalavaºº±ti n±ma½ labh²”ti gaºµhipade vutta½. N²luppalavaºº± k±yacchav²tivacana½ pana s±macchavi½ d²peti. Loke pana “uppalasam± pasatthas±m±”ti vacanato “y±s±m± s±mavaºº± s±matanumajjh±, s± p±ricariy± sagge mama v±so”ti vacanato s±macchavik±itth²na½ pasatth±. “Y±vass± na½ andhak±ran”tipi p±µho. Kilesak±mehi vatthuk±mesuyo na limpati.
69. Itthiliªga½ p±tubh³tanti itthisaºµh±na½ p±tubh³ta½, tañca kho purisindriyassaantaradh±nena itthindriyassa p±tubh±vena. Eva½ purisindriyap±tubh±vepi. Etena yath±brahm±na½ purisindriya½ nuppajjati, kevala½ purisasaºµh±nameva uppajjati,yath± ca kassaci paº¹akassa vin±pi purisindriyena purisasaºµh±na½ uppajjati, na tath±tesanti dassita½ hoti, ta½ pana itthindriya½, purisindriya½ v± antaradh±yanta½ marant±na½viya paµilomakkamena sattarasamacittakkhaºato paµµh±ya antaradh±yati. Paccuppanne indriyeniruddhe itara½ visabh±gindriya½ p±tubhavati. Yasm± mah±nidda½ okkantasseva kirassavisabh±gindriya½ p±tubhavati, tasm± “rattibh±ge nidda½ okkantass±”ti vutta½.“Anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, ta½yeva upajjha½ tameva upasampadan”ti vacanato pavattin²yeva upajjh±y±,upasampad±cariy± bhikkhun²yeva ±cariy±ti katv± t±sa½ upajjh±yavatta½, ±cariyavattañcaimin± bhikkhun±sad±s±ya½ p±ta½ bhikkhunupassaya½ gantv± k±tabba½, t±hi ca imassa vih±ra½±gamma saddhivih±rikavatt±di k±tabba½ nu khoti ce? “Anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, bhikkhun²hisaªgamitun”ti vacanena vin±bh±vad²panato kevala½ na puna upajjh± gahetabb±, na ca upasampad±k±tabb±ti dassanatthameva “anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, ta½yeva upajjhan”ti-±di vuttanti veditabba½.Tattha bhikkhun²hi saªgamitunti bhikkh³hi vin± hutv± bhikkhun²hi eva saddhi½ samaªg² bhavitu½anuj±n±m²ti attho, tasm± imin± p±¼ilesena “tass± eva g±mantar±d²hi an±patt²”tiaµµhakath±vacana½ siddha½ hoti, ±gantv± saªgamitu½ sakk±, yañca bhagavat± gamana½ anuññ±ta½,ta½ niss±ya kuto g±mantar±dipaccay± ±patti. Na hi bhagav± ±pattiya½ niyojet²tiyuttameva ta½, aññath± “y± ±pattiyo bhikkh³na½ bhikkhun²hi as±dh±raº±, t±hi ±patt²hian±patt²”ti p±¼ivacanato na g±mantar±d²hi an±patt²ti ±pajjati. S±dh±raºat± ±pattiyeva“y± ±pattiyo bhikkh³na½ bhikkhun²hi as±dh±raº±, y± ca bhikkhun²hi saªgamantiy± g±mantaranad²p±rarattivippav±sagaºa-oh²yan±pattiyo,t±hi ±patt²hi an±patt²”ti na vuttatt±ti ce? Na vutta½ aniµµhappasaªgato. Bhikkhun²hisaddhi½ saªkant±yapi tass± t± pah±ya aññ±hi saªgamantiy± g±mantar±d²hi an±patti evasabbak±lanti imassa aniµµhappasaªgato tath± na vuttanti attho. Tattha g±mantar±patt±divatthu½sañcicca tasmi½ k±le ajjh±carant²pi s± liªgap±tubh±vena k±raºena an±pajjanato an±patti.An±pajjanaµµheneva vuµµh±ti n±m±ti veditabb±. Tath± yog² anuppanne evakilese nirodheti. Abandhanopi patto “³napañcabandhano”ti vuccati, sabbaso v±pana na s±veti appaccakkh±t± hoti sikkh±, evamidha an±pann±pi ±patti vuµµhit±n±ma hot²ti veditabb±.
Yasm± pana s± purisena sahaseyy±patti½ an±pajjant²pi sakkoti bhikkhun²hi saªgamitu½ tasm± an±patt²ti katv± aµµhakath±ya½ “ubhinnampi sahaseyy±patti hot²”ti vutta½.Vuttañheta½ pariv±re “aparehipi cat³h±k±rehi ±patti½ ±pajjati saªghamajjhegaºamajjhe puggalassa santike liªgap±tubh±ven±”ti (pari. 324). Ya½ pana vutta½ pariv±re“atth±patti ±pajjanto vuµµh±ti vuµµhahanto ±pajjat²”ti (pari. 324), tassa sahaseyy±di½±pajjati as±dh±raº±patt²hi vuµµh±ti, tadubhayampi sandh±ya vuttanti veditabba½. D³revih±ro hoti pañcadhanusatika½ pacchima½, vih±rato paµµh±ya g±ma½ pavisantiy± g±mantara½hot²ti attho. Sa½vidahana½ parimocetv±ti addh±nagamanasa½vidahana½ akatv±ti attho.T± kopetv±ti pariccajitv±ti attho. “Paripuººavassas±maºeren±p²”tivacanato aparipuººavassassa upajjh±yaggahaºa½ natth²ti viya dissati. Vinayakamma½ katv±µhapitoti vikappetv± µhapito. Avikappit±na½ das±h±tikkame nissaggiyat± veditabb±.Puna paµiggahetv± satt±ha½ vaµµat²ti pana “anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, bhikkh³na½ sannidhi½bhikkhun²hi paµigg±h±petv± paribhuñjitun”ti (c³¼ava. 421) vacanato vutta½. Anapekkhavissajjanen±tivatthu½ anapekkhavissajjanena v± paµiggahaºena v± puna paµiggahetv± paribhuñjiss±m²ti.Pakkham±nattak±le punadeva liªga½ parivattati ch±ratta½ m±nattameva d±tabbanti sace,bhikkhuk±le appaµicchann±ya ±pattiy±, no paµicchann±y±ti no laddh²ti ±cariyo.
Pariv±sad±na½ pana natth²ti bhikkhuniy± ch±dan±sambhavato vuttanti veditabba½. Sace bhikkhun²as±dh±raºa½ p±r±jik±patti½ ±pajjitv± purisaliªga½ paµilabhati, bhikkh³su upasampada½na labhati, pabbajja½ labhati, anupabbajitv± bhikkhubh±ve µhito sahaseyy±patti½ na janeti.Vibbhant±ya bhikkhuniy± purisaliªge p±tubh³te bhikkh³su upasampada½ na labhati, p±r±jika½.Avibbhantam±nassa gahaµµhasseva sato bhikkhun²d³sakassa sace itthiliªga½ p±tubhavati, nevabhikkhun²su upasampada½ labhati, na puna liªgaparivatte j±te bhikkh³su v±ti.Bhikkhuniy± liªgaparivatte sati bhikkhu hoti, so ce sikkha½ paccakkh±ya vibbhamitv± itthiliªga½paµilabheyya, bhikkhun²su upasampada½ paµilabhati ubhayattha pubbe p±r±jikabh±va½ appattatt±.Y± pana bhikkhun² paripuººadv±dasavass± purisaliªga½ paµilabheyya, upasampanno bhikkhu eva.Puna sikkha½ paccakkh±ya ±gato na upasamp±detabbo aparipuººav²sativassatt±. Punaliªgaparivatte sati bhikkhun²su upasampada½ labhati. Eva½ ce katadv±dasasaªgahassa d±rakassaliªgaparivatte sati gihigat± itth² hoti, paripuººadv±dasavass± upasamp±detabb± kira.Bhikkhuniy± itthiliªgantaradh±nena, bhikkhussa v± purisaliªgantaradh±nena pakkhapaº¹akabh±vo bhaveyya,na s± bhikkhun² bhikkhun²hi n±setabb± bhikkhu v± bhikkh³hi puna pakatibh±v±pattisambhav± akatipaº¹aka½ pana sandh±ya “paº¹ako n±setabbo”ti vutta½. Pakkhapaº¹ako hi sa½v±san±san±yan±setabbo, itaro ubhayan±san±y±ti attho. Yadi tesa½ puna pakatibh±vo bhaveyya, “anuj±n±mi,bhikkhave, ta½yeva upajjha½ tameva upasampada½ t±niyeva vass±ni bhikkhun²hi saªgamitun”tiaya½ vidhi sambhavati. Sace nesa½ liªgantara½ p±tubhaveyya, so ca vidhi, y± ±pattiyobhikkh³na½ bhikkhun²hi s±dh±raº±, t± ±pattiyo bhikkhun²na½ santike vuµµh±tu½ as±dh±raº±hian±patt²ti ayampi vidhi sambhavati. Ya½ vutta½ pariv±re “saha paµil±bhena purima½jahati, pacchime patiµµh±ti, viññattiyo paµippassambhanti, paññattiyo nirujjhanti, sahapaµil±bhena pacchima½ jahati, purime patiµµh±ti, viññattiyo”ti-±di, ta½ yath±vuttavidhi½sandh±ya vuttanti amh±ka½ khant²ti ±cariyo. Itthiliªga½, purisaliªga½ v± antaradh±yanta½ki½ sakalampi sar²ra½ gahetv± antaradh±yati, ud±hu sayameva. Kiñcettha– yadi t±vasakala½ sar²ra½ gahetv± antaradh±yati, aya½ puggalo cuto bhaveyya. Tasm± s±maññ±cuto bhaveyya, puna upasampajjanto opap±tiko bhaveyya. Atha sayameva antaradh±yati,sopi bh±vo tassa virujjhati. Itthindriy±d²ni hi sakalampi sar²ra½ by±petv±µhit±n²ti khaºanirodho viya tesa½ antaradh±na½ veditabba½, tasm± yath±vuttadosappasaªg±bh±voveditabbo. Aññamañña½ sa½saµµhappabh±na½ d²p±na½ ekappabh±nirodhepi itariss± µh±na½viya sesasar²raµµh±na½ tattha hot²ti veditabba½.
71-2. Muccatu v± m± v± dukkaµamev±ti mocanar±g±bh±vato. Avisayotias±diyana½ n±ma evar³pe µh±ne dukkaranti attho. Methunadhammo n±ma ubhinna½ v±y±menanipajjati “tassa dvaya½dvayasam±patt²”ti vuttatt±, tasm± tva½ m± v±y±ma, eva½ tean±patti bhavissati, kiriyañheta½ sikkh±padanti vutta½ hoti, “±patti½ tva½bhikkhu ±panno p±r±jikan”ti vacanato akiriyampeta½ sikkh±pada½ yebhuyyena “kiriyan”tivuccat²ti siddha½ hoti.
73-4. “P±r±jikabhayena ±k±sagatameva katv± pavesan±d²ni karontassa sahas± t±luka½v± passa½ v± aªgaj±ta½ chupati ce, dukkaµamev±”ti vadanti. Kasm±? Na methunar±gatt±ti,v²ma½sitabba½. Dant±na½ b±hirabh±vo oµµh±na½ b±hirabh±vo viya thullaccayavatthu hot²tivutta½ “bahi nikkhantadante jivh±ya ca thullaccayan”ti. Ta½ puggala½ visaññi½katv±ti vacanena so puggalo khittacitto n±ma hot²ti dassita½ hoti. Yo pana puggalona visaññ²kato, so ce attano aªgaj±tassa dh±tughaµµanacariºijjhiºik±disaññ±ya s±diyati,methunasaññ±ya abh±vato visaññ²pakkhameva bhajat²ti tassa an±patticch±y± dissati. “Methunameta½maññe kassaci amanussass±”ti ñatv± s±diyantassa ±patti eva. Paº¹akassa methunadhammantipaº¹akassa vaccamagge v± mukhe v±, bhummatthe v± s±mivacana½. Avedayantassapi sevanacittavasena±patti santhateneva sevane viya.
Upahatindriyavatthusmi½ “etamattha½ ±rocesu½, so ±roces²”ti duvidho p±µho atthi.Tattha “±rocesun”ti vuttap±µho “vediyi v± so bhikkhave”ti vuttatt± sundara½,aññath± “±patti½ tva½ bhikkh³”ti vattabba½ siy±. “Vediy± v±”ti d²pav±sinopaµhanti kira, methunadhammassa pubbapayog± hatthagg±h±dayo, tasm± “dukkaµamevassa hot²”tiimin± purimapadena sambandho. Yasm± pana dukkaµamevassa hoti, tasm± y±va s²sa½ nap±puº±ti puggalo, t±va dukkaµe tiµµhat²ti sambandho veditabbo. S²sa½ n±mamaggapaµip±dana½. “S²sa½ na p±puº±t²ti p±r±jika½ na hoti t±va pubbapayogadukkaµetiµµhat²”ti aññatarasmi½ gaºµhipade likhita½ Ucc±liªgap±ºakadaµµhen±tiettha bh±vaniµµh±paccayo veditabbo. Daµµhena da½sena kh±danen±ti hi atthato eka½.
76-7. Saªg±mas²se yuddhamukhe yodhapuriso viy±ya½ bhikkh³ti “saªg±mas²sayodho bhikkh³”tivuccati. Rukkhas³cidv±ra½ upilav±ya, ekena v± bah³hi v± kaºµakehi thakitabba½kaºµakadv±ra½. Dussadv±ra½ s±ºidv±rañca dussas±ºidv±ra½. “Kilañjas±º²”ti-±din±vutta½ sabbampi dussas±ºiyameva saªgahetv± vutta½. Ekasadisatt± “ekan”ti vutta½.¾k±sataleti hammiyataleti attho. Ayañhettha saªkhepoti id±ni vattabba½ sandh±yavutta½. “Kiñci karont± nisinn± hont²ti vuttatt± nipann±na½ ±pucchana½na vaµµat²”ti vadanti. “Yath±paricchedameva ca na uµµh±ti, tassa ±pattiyev±”ti kiñc±piavisesena vutta½, an±dariyadukkaµ±patti eva tattha adhippet±. Katha½ paññ±yat²ti?“Ratti½ dv±ra½ vivaritv± nipanno aruºe uggate uµµhahati, an±patt²”ti vuttatt±,mah±paccariya½ visesetv± “an±dariyadukkaµ±pi na muccat²”ti vuttatt± ca, tenaitarasm± dukkaµ± muccat²ti adhipp±yo. Yath±paricchedameva ca na uµµh±ti, tassa ±pattiyev±tiettha na an±dariyadukkaµa½ sandh±ya vutta½. Yath±paricchedamev±ti avadh±raºatt± paricchedatoabbhantare na hot²ti vutta½ hoti. Puna “supat²”ti vuttaµµh±ne viya sanniµµh±na½gahetv± vutta½. Eva½ nipajjantoti nipajjanak±le ±pajjitabbadukkaµameva sandh±yavutta½, tasm± yath±paricchedena uµµhahantassa dve dukkaµ±n²ti vutta½ hot²ti. Andhakaµµhakath±yampi“yadi ratti½ dv±ra½ asa½varitv± nipanno ‘div± vuµµhahiss±m²’ti, an±dariye ±patti dukkaµass±”ti vutta½, etth±pi “nipanno”ti vuttatt± “aruºe uµµhite uµµh±h²”tina vuttatt± ca j±nitabba½. “Mah±paccariya½ an±dariyadukkaµameva sandh±ya vutta½,na aµµhakath±ya½ vuttadukkaµan”ti eke vadanti. Tassa an±patt²ti atthato anipannatt±vutta½. “Sace pana ratti½ sa½varitv± nipanno, aruºuµµh±nasamaye koci vivarati,dv±rajaggan±d²ni akatv± nipannassa ±pattiyeva. Kasm±? ¾pattikhettatt±”ti vadanti.
Yasm± yakkhagahitakopi visaññ²bh³to viya khittacitto n±ma hoti, assa p±r±jik±pattitoan±patti, pageva aññato, tasm± “yakkhagahitako viya visaññ²bh³topi na muccat²”tiya½ mah±paccariya½ vutta½, ta½ pubbe sañcicca div± nipanno pacch±yakkhagahitakopi visaññ²bh³topi na muccati nipajjanapayogakkhaºe eva ±pannatt±ti adhipp±yenavutta½. Bandhitv± nipajj±pitova muccat²ti na yakkhagahitak±d²sveva, sopi y±vasayameva sayan±dhipp±yo na hoti, t±va muccati. Yad± kilanto hutv± nidd±yituk±mat±yasayan±dhipp±yo hoti, tad± sa½var±petv±, jagg±petv± v± ±bhoga½ v± katv± nidd±yitabba½,aññath± ±patti. Sabh±go ce natthi, na passati v±, na gantu½ v± sakkoti. Cirampiadhiv±setv± pacch± vedan±µµo hutv± an±bhogeneva sayati, tassa “an±patti vedan±µµass±”tivacanena an±patti, tass±pi avisayatt± ±patti na dissat²ti visaññ²bh±venevasupantassa “an±patti khittacittass±”ti vacanena na dissati. ¾cariy± panaeva½ na kathayant²ti avisesena “na dissat²”ti na kathayanti, yadi sañña½ appaµilabhitv±sayati, avasavattatt± ±patti na dissati, sace sañña½ paµilabhitv±pi kilantak±yatt±sayana½ s±diyanto supati, tassa yasm± avasavattatta½ na dissati, tasm± ±patti ev±tikathayant²ti adhipp±yo.
Mah±padumattherav±de yakkhagahitako khittacittako muccati. Bandhitv± nipajj±pitoasayan±dhipp±yatt±, vedan±µµatt± ca muccat²ti adhipp±yo. Eva½ sante p±¼i-aµµhakath±,therav±do ca sameti, tasm± tesa½ tesa½ vinicchay±na½ ayameva adhipp±yoti no khant²ti±cariyo, anugaºµhipade pana yakkhagahitakopi visaññ²bh³topi na muccati n±ma, p±r±jika½±pajjitu½ bhabbo so antarantar± saññ±paµil±bhatoti adhipp±yo. “Bandhitv± nipajj±pitov±”ti kurund²vacanena ekabhaªgena nipannopi na muccat²ti ce? Muccatiyeva.Kasm±? Atthato anipannatt±. Kurund²v±dena mah±-aµµhakath±v±do sameti. Kasm±?Avasavattas±maññato. Kiñc±pi sameti, ±cariy± pana eva½ na kathayanti. Na kevala½teyeva, mah±padumattherop²ti dassanattha½ “mah±padumattheren±”ti vutta½. Mah±padumattherav±de“p±r±jika½ ±pajjitu½ abhabbo yakkhagahitako n±m±”ti ca vutta½, tattha ±cariy±pana eva½ vadanti “sace okkantaniddo aj±nantopi p±de mañcaka½ ±ropeti, ±pattiyev±tivuttatt± yo pana patitv± tattheva sayati na vuµµh±ti, tassa ±patti antarantar± j±nantass±piaj±nantass±pi hot²”ti Sabbaµµhakath±su vuttavacan±ni sampiº¹etv±dassetu½ “idha ko muccati ko na muccat²”ti vutta½. Yakkhagahitako v± visaññ²bh³tov± na kevala½ p±r±jika½ ±pajjitu½ bhabbo eva, sabbopi ±pajjati. Eva½ “bandhitv±nipajj±pitova muccat²”ti vacanena tassapi avasavattatt± “±patti na dissat²”tieva½ na kathayanti. Yasm± ummattakakhittacittavedan±µµesu aññataro na hoti, tasm± “±pattiyev±”tikathayanti. Ida½ kira sabba½ na saªg²ti½ ±ru¼ha½. “Pavesana½ s±diyat²ti-±din±vuttatt± akiriy±pi hot²ti vadanti, ta½ na gahetabba½, yad± pana s±diyati, tad±sukhum±pi viññatti hoti ev±ti idha kiriy± ev±”ti anugaºµhipade vutta½.

Paµhamap±r±jikavaººan± niµµhit±.