Pakiººakakath±vaººan±

Pakiººake y±ni sikkh±pad±ni “kiriy±n²”ti vuccanti, tesa½ vasena k±yo,v±c± ca saha viññattiy± veditabb±. Akiriy±na½ vasena vin± viññattiy± veditabb±,citta½ panettha appam±ºa½ bh³t±rocanasamuµµh±nassa kiriyatt±, acittakatt± ca.Tattha kiriy± ±pattiy± anantaracittasamuµµh±n± veditabb±. Aviññattijanakampi ekacca½b±hullanayena “kiriyan”ti vuccati, yathayida½ paµhamap±r±jika½ viññattiy± abh±vepi“so ce s±diyati, ±patti p±r±jikass±”ti hi vutta½ “na s±diyati an±patt²”tica. Viññattisaªkh±t±pi kiriy± vin± sevanacittena na hoti cittajatt±, vik±rar³patt±,citt±nuparivattikatt± ca. Tasm± kiriy±saªkh±tamida½ viññattir³pa½ itara½ cittajar³pa½viya janakacittena vin± na tiµµhati, itara½ sadd±yatana½ tiµµhati, tasm± kiriy±ya satiekantato tajjanaka½ sevanacitta½ atthiyev±ti katv± na s±diyati an±patt²ti na yujjati.Yasm± viññattijanakampi sam±na½ sevanacitta½ na sabbak±la½ viññatti½ janeti, tasm±vin±pi viññattiy± saya½ uppajjat²ti katv± “s±diyati, ±patti p±r±jikass±”tivutta½. Nuppajjati ce, na s±diyati n±ma, tassa an±patti, teneva bhagav± “ki½cittotva½ bhikkh³”ti citteneva ±patti½ paricchindati, na kiriy±y±ti veditabba½.Ett±vat± cha ±pattisamuµµh±n±ni, t±ni eva ±pattikar± dhamm± n±m±ti ca, cat³h±k±rehi±patti½ ±pajjati k±yena v±c±ya k±yav±c±hi kammav±c±ya ±pajjat²ti ca et±nisuttapad±ni avirodhit±ni honti, aññath± virodhit±ni. Katha½? Yañhi ±patti½kammav±c±ya ±pajjati, na tattha k±y±dayoti ±panna½, tato kammav±c±ya saddhi½±pattikar± dhamm± satt±ti ±pajjati, atha tatth±pi k±y±dayo ekato v± n±n±tov± labbhanti. “Cat³hi ±k±reh²”ti na yujjati, “t²h±k±rehi ±patti½ ±pajjat²”tivattabba½ siy±ti eva½ virodhit±ni honti. Katha½ avirodhit±n²ti? Saviññattik±viññattikabhedabhinnatt±k±y±d²na½. Y± kiriy± ±patti, ta½ ekacca½ k±yena saviññattikena ±pajjati ekacca½ saviññattiy± v±c±ya, ekacca½ saviññattik±hi k±yav±c±hi ±pajjati.Y± pana akiriy± ±patti, ta½ ekacca½ kammav±c±ya ±pajjati, tañca kho avasiµµh±hiaviññattik±hi k±yav±c±hiyeva, na vin± “no ce k±yena v±c±ya paµinissajjati,kammav±c±pariyos±ne ±patti saªgh±disesass±”ti (p±r±. 414, 421) vacanato.Avisesena v± ekacca½ ±patti½ k±yena ±pajjati, ekacca½ v±c±ya, ekacca½k±yav±c±hi. Ya½ panettha k±yav±c±hi, ta½ ekacca½ keval±hi k±yav±c±hi ±pajjati,ekacca½ kammav±c±ya ±pajjat²ti ayamattho veditabboti eva½ avirodhit±ni honti.
Tatr±ya½ sam±sato atthavibh±van±– k±yena ±pajjat²ti k±yena saviññattikena akattabba½katv± ekacca½ ±pajjati, aviññattikena kattabba½ akatv± ±pajjati, tadubhayampik±yakamma½ n±ma. Akatampi hi loke “katan”ti vuccati “ida½ dukkaµa½ may±,ya½ may± puñña½ na katan”ti evam±d²su, s±sane ca “ida½ te, ±vuso ±nanda,dukkaµa½, ya½ tva½ bhagavanta½ na pucch²”ti-±d²su (c³¼ava. 443), evamidha vinayapariy±yek±yena akaraº²yampi “k±yakamman”ti vuccati, ayameva nayo v±c±ya ±pajjat²ti-±d²su.Tattha samuµµh±naggahaºa½ kattabbato v± akattabbato v± k±y±dibhed±pekkhameva ±patti½±pajjati, na aññath±ti dassanattha½. Kiriy±ggahaºa½ k±y±d²na½ saviññattik±viññattikabhedadassanattha½.Saññ±ggahaºa½ ±pattiy± aªg±naªgacittavisesadassanattha½, tena ya½ citta½ kiriy±lakkhaºe,akiriy±lakkhaºe v± sannihita½, yato v± kiriy± v± akiriy± v± hoti, nata½ avisesena ±pattiy± aªga½ v± anaªga½ v± hoti, kintu y±ya saññ±ya “saññ±vimokkhan”tivuccati, t±ya sampayutta½ citta½ aªga½, itara½ anaªganti dassita½ hoti. Id±ni yena cittena sikkh±pada½ sacittaka½ hoti, yadabh±v± acittaka½, tenatassa avisesena s±vajjatt± lokavajjabh±vova vuccati, kintu s±vajja½yeva sam±na½ ekacca½lokavajja½ ekacca½ paººattivajjanti dassanattha½ lokavajjaggahaºa½. Cittameva yasm±“lokavajjan”ti vuccati, tasm± manokammampi siy± ±patt²ti aniµµhappasaªganiv±raºattha½kammaggahaºa½. Ya½ panettha akiriy±lakkhaºa½ kamma½, ta½ kusalattikavinimutta½siy±ti aniµµhappasaªganiv±raºattha½ kusalattikaggahaºa½. Y± panettha aby±kat± ±patti,ta½ ekacca½ avedanampi saññ±vedayitanirodhasam±panno ±pajjat²ti katv± vedan±ttika½ettha na labbhat²ti aniµµhappasaªganiv±raºattha½ vedan±ttikaggahaºa½ katanti veditabba½.Sikkh±padañhi sacittakapuggalavasena “ticitta½ tivedanan”ti laddhavoh±ra½ acittaken±pannampi“ticitta½ tivedana”micceva vuccati. Tatrida½ sutta½ “atth±patti acittako±pajjati acittako vuµµh±ti (pari. 324). Atth±patti kusalacitto ±pajjatikusalacitto vuµµh±t²”ti-±di (pari. 470). Anugaºµhipade pana “saññ± sad±an±pattimeva karoti, citta½ ±pattimeva, acittaka½ n±ma vatthu-avij±nana½, nosaññ±vimokkha½v²tikkamaj±nana½, idametesa½ n±nattan”ti vutta½.
Sabbasaªg±hakavasen±ti sabbasikkh±pad±na½ saªgahavasena. Bhikkhuniy± c²varad±n±di kiriy±kiriyato.J±tar³parajatapaµiggahaº±di siy± kiriyato. Upanikkhitt±paµikkhepe siy± akiriyato.Desitavatthukapam±º±tikkantakuµikaraºe siy± kiriyato, adesitavatthukapam±º±tikkantakaraºesiy± kiriy±kiriyato. Ya½ cittaªga½ labhatiyev±ti k±yacitta½ v±c±cittantieva½. Vin±pi citten±ti ettha vin±pi cittena sah±pi citten±ti adhipp±yo.Yo so saviññattiko, aviññattiko ca vutto k±yo, tassa kamma½ k±yakamma½,tath± vac²kamma½. Tattha saviññattiko k±yo uppattiy± kamma½ s±dheti, itaroanuppattiy±. Tath± v±c±ti veditabba½, sikkh±padanti “yo tattha n±mak±yo padak±yo”tivacanato v²tikkame yujjat²ti vutta½. “Hasitupp±davoµµhabban±nipi ±pattisamuµµh±pakacitt±ni.Idampi na may± paricchinnanti hasam±no passati yad±, tad± voµµhabbana½ javanagatikan”tianugaºµhipade vutta½. Abhiññ±citt±ni paññatti½ aj±nitv± iddhivikubban±dik±legahetabb±ni.
Ettha pana yo pana bhikkhu bhikkh³na½ sikkh±s±j²vasam±panno…pe… methuna½dhamma½ paµisevanto atthi koci p±r±jiko hoti asa½v±so, atthi koci na p±r±jikohoti asa½v±so. Dukkaµathullaccayavatth³su paµisevanto atthi koci na p±r±jiko.Pakkhapaº¹ako apaº¹akapakkhe upasampanno paº¹akapakkhe methuna½ dhamma½ paµisevanto sop±r±jika½ ±patti½ n±pajjat²ti na p±r±jiko n±ma. Na hi abhikkhuno ±pattin±ma atthi. So an±pattikatt± apaº¹akapakkhe ±gato ki½ asa½v±so hoti na hot²ti?Hoti, “abhabbo tena sar²rabandhanen±”ti (p±r±. 55; mah±va. 129) hi vutta½.“Yo pana, bhikkhu, bhikkh³na½…pe… asa½v±so”ti (p±r±. 44) vuttatt± yopana bhikkhubh±vena methuna½ dhamma½ paµisevati, so eva abhabbo. N±ya½ ap±r±jikatt±tice? Na, “byattena bhikkhun± paµibalena saªgho ñ±petabbo”ti (mah±va. 86) vuttaµµh±neyath± abhikkhun± kammav±c±ya s±vit±yapi kamma½ ruhati kammavipattiy± asambhavato,eva½sampadamida½ daµµhabba½. Tatrida½ yutti– upasampannapubbo eva ce kammav±ca½ s±veti,saªgho ca tasmi½ upasampannasaññ², evañce kamma½ ruhati, na aññath±ti no khant²ti ±cariyo.Gahaµµho v± titthiyo v± paº¹ako v± anupasampannasaññ² kammav±ca½ s±veti, saªghenakammav±c± na vutt± hoti, “saªgho upasamp±deyya, saªgho upasamp±deti, upasampanno saªghen±”ti(mah±va. 127) hi vacanato saªghena kammav±c±ya vattabb±ya saªghapariy±pannena, saªghapariy±pannasaññitenav± ekena vutt± saªghena vutt±va hot²ti veditabbo, ayameva sabbakammesu yutti.Tath± atthi methuna½ dhamma½ paµisevanto koci n±setabbo “yo bhikkhun²d³sako,aya½ n±setabbo”ti vuttatt± eva, so anupasampannova, sahaseyy±patti-±di½ janeti,tassa omasane ca dukkaµa½ hoti. Abhikkhuniy± methuna½ dhamma½ paµisevanto na n±setabbo“antimavatthu½ ajjh±panno, bhikkhave, anupasampanno…pe… n±setabbo”ti p±¼iy±abh±vato. Teneva so upasampannasaªkhya½ gacchati, na sahaseyy±patt±di½ janeti, kevala½ asa½v±sotikatv± gaºap³rako na hoti, ekakamma½ ekuddesopi hi sa½v±soti vutto. Samasikkhat±pisa½v±soti katv± so tena saddhi½ natth²ti padasodhamm±patti½ pana janet²ti k±raºacch±y±dissati. Yath± bhikkhuniy± saddhi½ bhikkhusaªghassa ekakamm±dino sa½v±sassaabh±v± bhikkhun² asa½v±s± bhikkhussa, tath± bhikkhu ca bhikkhuniy±, padasodhamm±patti½pana janeti. Tath± “antimavatthu½ ajjh±pannopi ekacco yo n±setabbo”ti avuttotiimin± nidassanena s± k±raºacch±y± gahaºa½ na gacchati.
Api ca “bhikkhu suttabhikkhumhi vippaµipajjati, paµibuddho s±diyati, ubho n±setabb±”ti(p±r±. 66) ca, “tena hi, bhikkhave, mettiya½ bhikkhuni½ n±seth±”ti (p±r±.384) ca vacanato yo saªghamajjha½ pavisitv± anuvijjakena anuvijjiyam±no par±j±pito,sopi anupasampannova, na omasav±dap±cittiya½ janet²ti veditabba½. Kiñc±pi “upasampanna½upasampannasaññ² khu½setuk±mo”ti p±¼i natthi, kiñc±pi kaªkh±vitaraºiya½ “ya½akkosati, tassa upasampannat±, anaññ±padesena j±ti-±d²hi akkosana½, ‘ma½ akkosat²’tij±nan±, atthapurekkh±rat±d²na½ abh±voti im±nettha catt±ri aªg±n²”ti (kaªkh±. aµµha.omasav±dasikkh±padavaººan±) vutta½, tath±pi duµµhadosasikkh±pade “asuddho hoti puggaloaññatara½ p±r±jika½ dhamma½ ajjh±panno, tañce suddhadiµµhi sam±no ok±sa½ k±r±petv±akkos±dhipp±yo vadeti, ±patti omasav±dass±”ti (p±r±. 389) vacanato asuddheupasampannasaññ±ya eva omasantassa p±cittiya½. Asuddhadiµµhissa dukkaµa½. “Suddho hotipuggalo, aññatara½ p±r±jika½ dhamma½ anajjh±panno, tañce suddhadiµµhi sam±no ok±sa½k±r±petv± akkos±dhipp±yo vadeti, ±patti omasav±dass±”ti (p±r±. 389)vacanato pana kaªkh±vitaraºiya½ “tassa upasampannat± upasampannasaññit±”ti na vutta½ aneka½sikatt±tassa aªgass±ti veditabba½.
Api cettha sikkh±paccakkh±takacatukka½ veditabba½, atthi puggalo sikkh±paccakkh±takona sikkh±s±j²vasam±panno, atthi sikkh±s±j²vasam±panno na sikkh±paccakkh±tako, atthisikkh±paccakkh±tako ceva sikkh±s±j²vasam±panno ca, atthi neva sikkh±paccakkh±tako na sikkh±s±j²vasam±panno.Tattha tatiyo bhikkhun²sikkh±paccakkh±tako veditabbo. S± hi y±va na liªga½ pariccajati,k±s±ve sa-uss±h±va sam±n± s±maññ± cavituk±m± sikkha½ paccakkhant²pi bhikkhun² evasikkh±s±j²vasam±pann±va. Vuttañhi bhagavat± “na, bhikkhave, bhikkhuniy± sikkh±paccakkh±nan”ti(c³¼ava. 434). Kad± ca pana s± abhikkhun² hot²ti? Yad± s±maññ±cavituk±m± gihiniv±sana½ niv±seti, s± “vibbhant±”ti saªkhya½ gacchati. Vuttañhibhagavat± “yadeva s± vibbhant±, tadeva abhikkhun²”ti (c³¼ava. 434). Kitt±vat±pana vibbhant± hot²ti? S±maññ± cavituk±m± k±s±vesu an±lay± k±s±va½ v±apaneti, nagg± v± gacchati, tiºapaºº±din± v± paµicch±detv± gacchati, k±s±va½yeva v±gihiniv±san±k±rena niv±seti, od±ta½ v± vattha½ niv±seti, saliªgeneva v± saddhi½titthiyesu pavisitv± kesaluñcan±divata½ sam±diyati, titthiyaliªga½ v± sam±diyati,tad± vibbhant± n±ma hoti. Tattha y± bhikkhuniliªge µhit±va titthiyavata½ sam±diyati,s± titthiyapakkantako bhikkhu viya pacch± pabbajjampi na labhati, ses± pabbajjameveka½labhanti, na upasampada½. P±¼iya½ kiñc±pi “y± s±, bhikkhave, bhikkhun² sak±s±v±titth±yatana½ saªkant±, s± ±gat± na upasamp±detabb±”ti vacanato y± paµhama½ vibbhamitv±pacch± titth±yatana½ saªkant±, s± ±gat± upasamp±detabb±ti anuññ±ta½ viya dissati.Saªg²ti-±cariyehi pana “catuv²sati p±r±jik±n²”ti vuttatt± na puna s± upasamp±detabb±,tasm± eva sikkh±paccakkh±na½ n±nuññ±ta½ bhagavat±. Antimavatthu-ajjh±pann± pana bhikkhun²eva. Pakkhapaº¹ak²pi bhikkhun² eva. Kinti pucch±.