. Uposathakkhandhakavaººan±

Sannip±t±nuj±nan±dikath±vaººan±

132-3. Tena samayen±ti attano ov±dap±timokkhuddese dhura½ nikkhipitv±bhikkh³na½yeva visu½ uposathakaraºa½ anuj±nitv± µhitasamayena. Ko pana soti? Majjhimabodhiya½p±timokkhuddesappahonakasikkh±pad±na½ pariniµµh±nak±lo. Tenev±ha “t±ni nesa½ p±timokkhuddesa½anuj±neyyan”ti. “Evañca pana, bhikkhave, uddisitabban”ti nid±nuddesa½ paññ±petuk±mat±yaca sikkh±pad±na½ uddesaparicchedanidassanatthañca vutta½. Aññath± “evañca pana, bhikkhave, ima½sikkh±pada½ uddiseyyath±”ti sabbasikkh±pad±na½ uddisitabbakkamassa dassitatt± id±ni“evañca pana, bhikkhave, uddisitabban”ti ida½ niratthaka½ ±pajjati, idañca sabbasaªghuposatha½sandh±ya vutta½.
134. “Ya½n³na ayy±pi…pe… sannipateyyun”ti bah³na½ adhik±rappavatti. Tatr±pivinaya½ ±gamma vutto bhikkhu s±mi, na kevala½ saªghattheroti dassanattha½, saªghassag±ravayuttavacan±rahat±dassanatthañca “suº±tu me, bhante”ti ±ha. Tattha saya½ cethero, bhikkhu½ sandh±ya “±vuso”ti vattu½ yujjati. Katha½ paññ±yati? Buddhak±lesaªghatthero abyatto n±ma dullabho. Sabbakammav±c±ya payoganidassane ca “suº±tu me,bhante, saªgho” icceva bhagav± dasset²ti ce? Evameta½ tath± dassanato. Saªgha½ up±d±yasaªghattheren±pi “suº±tu me, bhante, saªgho”ti vattabba½, bhikkhu½ up±d±ya “±vuso”timah±kassapassa kammav±c±ya payogadassanato, p±risuddhi-uposathe ca therena bhikkhun± “parisuddhoaha½, ±vuso”ti payogadassanato ca. “Yadi saªghassa pattakallan”ti parato paññ±petabbeuposathakaraºantar±ye sandh±y±ha. Uposathassa bahuvidhatt± sar³pato vattu½ “p±timokkha½uddiseyy±”ti ±ha. Ett±vat± ñatti½ niµµhapesi. Ñattidutiyakammato eva hi uposathakamma½.Na, tatiy±nuss±vanasambhavatoti ce? Na, aññehi ñatticatutthakammehi asadisatt±.Na hi ettha catukkhattu½ “suº±tu me”ti ±rabh²yat²ti. Aññehi ñattidutiyehiasadisatt± ñattidutiyampi m±hot³ti ce? Na, ñattidutiyakammassa aññath±pikattabbato. Tath± hi ñattidutiyakamma½ ekacca½ apalokanavasenapi k±tu½ vaµµati, naañña½ aññath± k±tu½ vaµµati. Katha½ paññ±yat²ti? Idameva uposathakamma½ ñ±paka½.
“Ki½ saªghassa pubbakiccan”ti ida½ na ñatti niµµhapetv± vattabba½, tañhi ñattitopuretarameva kar²yat²ti. Tasm± “suº±tu me, bhante, saªgho, ki½ saªghassa pubbakicca½,yadi saªghass±”ti vattabba½ siy±ti? Tath±pi na vattabba½, na hi ta½ ñattiy± antokar²yat²ti.Yadi eva½ sabbattha na vattabba½ payojan±bh±v±ti ce? Na, yath±gataµµh±neyeva vattabbato, parapad±pekkhat±y±tivutta½ hoti. Ida½ pubbakicca½ akatv± uposatha½ karonto saªgho, puggalo v± µhapanakkhett±tikkame±pajjati. Na hi tasmi½ khette atikkante sammajjan±sanodakapad²pakaraºe ±pattimokkhohoti. Uposathakammato pubbe kattabbakicc±karaºapaccayatt± tass± ±pattiy±, na s±kammapariyos±n±pekkh± etth±gatasampaj±namus±v±d±patti viya, tasm± p±timokkhuddesakobhikkhu “p±risuddhi½ ±yasmanto ±roceth±”ti vattuk±mo paµhama½yeva parisuddh±parisuddhapaccaya½pubbakicca½ sar±peti. Tañhi kata½ parisuddhapaccayo hoti, akata½ aparisuddhapaccayo,teneva ubhay±pekkh±dhipp±yena “kata½ na katan”ti avatv± “ki½ saªghassa pubbakicca”miccev±ha. Tattha akatapakkhe t±va p±risuddhi-±rocanakkamanidassanattha½ parato “yassasiy± ±patti, so ±vi kareyy±”ti ca, katapakkhe “asantiy± ±pattiy± tuºh²bhavitabban”ti ca vakkhati.
P±risuddhi½ ±yasmanto ±rocetha. Ki½k±raº±? Yasm± p±timokkha½ uddisiss±mi.Ettha ca “uddis±m²”ti vattam±nak±la½ apar±masitv± “uddisiss±m²”ti an±gatak±lapar±masanenayv±ya½ “d±ni nesa½ p±timokkhuddesa½ anuj±neyyan”ti (mah±va. 150) ettha vuttap±timokkhuddeso,ta½ sandh±ya “p±timokkha½ uddisiss±m²”ti vuttanti eke. Yasm± “pañcime, bhikkhave,p±timokkhuddes±”ti vutta½, tasm± vattam±nassa nid±nuddesasaªkh±tassa p±timokkhassa yadeta½ante “kaccittha parisuddh±”ti-±dika½ y±vatatiy±nuss±vana½, tasseva ±pattikhettatt±,avayavepi avayav²voh±rasambhavato ca idha ±pattikhettameva sandh±ya “p±timokkha½ uddisiss±m²”ti vutta½. Evañhi vutte yasm± parato ±pattikhetta½ ±gamissati, tasm±±pattibh²ruk± tumhe sabbeva paµhamameva p±risuddhi½ ±roceth±ti ayamattho sambhavati.Vattam±nak±lavasena vutte “p±risuddhi½ ±yasmanto ±roceth±”ti vacanameva nasambhavati tad±rocanassa paµhama½ icchitabbatt±, pageva tassa karaº±bh±vena “p±timokkha½ uddisiss±m²”tivacana½. Aya½ nayo santiy± ±pattiy± ±rocane yujjati, na tuºh²bh±ve, akammapariyos±n±tuºh²bh±vappattito, eva½ santepi tasmi½ yujjateva. P±timokkhuddesako hi aññamañña½±patti-±vikaraºa½ akatv± tuºh²bh³te bhikkh³ passitv± teneva tuºh²bh±vena ±rocitap±risuddhikohutv± “suº±tu me, bhante”ti p±timokkhuddesa½ ±rabhi.
Etth±ha– paµhama½ “saªgho uposatha½ kareyya, p±timokkha½ uddiseyy±”ti vuttatt± idh±pi“saªgho uposatha½ karissati, p±timokkha½ uddisissat²”ti vattabba½, atha “puggalassauddes±”ti lakkhaºatt± yath±rutameva vattabba½, tath±pi “uposatha½ kariss±mi, p±timokkha½uddisiss±m²”ti vattabbanti? Na vattabba½ lakkhaºavirodhato, aniµµhappasaªgato ca. Puggalassauddes± eva hi saªghassa uposatho kato hoti, na puggalassa uposathakaraºena. Tañca sovakarissati, na saªghoti aniµµhappasaªgova ±pajjati. “Suº±th±”ti vutte acittas±maggippasaªgabhay±“suºom±”ti vutta½. “Suºiss±m±”ti vattabba½ “uddisiss±m²”ti vuttatt±tice? Na vattabba½, ±pattikhettadassan±dhipp±yanirapekkhat±ya “suºoma” icceva vattabba½.Ekapadeneva hissa tadadhipp±yo atikkantoti. Yadi eva½ kimattha½ ta½ sabbeheva±raddhanti ce? “Uddisiss±m²”ti imin± as±dh±raºavacanena ±pannassa acittas±maggippasaªganiv±raºattha½.Saram±nen±ti imin± cassa sampaj±namus±v±dassa sacittakata½ dasseti. Antar±yikodhammo vutto bhagavat±ti eva½ akiriyasamuµµh±nass±pi eva½ parittakassa imassa mus±v±dassamah±d²navata½ dasseti. Visuddh±pekkhen±ti s±vasesa½ ±patti½ up±d±ya an±pattibh±vasaªkh±ta½anavasesañca up±d±ya gihibh±vasaªkh±ta½ visuddhi½ icchantena kasm± ±vi k±tabb±? Antar±yabh±v±nupagamanenaph±suvih±rapaccayatt±. Idha “ajjuposatho pannaraso”ti na vutta½ paratodivasaniyamassa kattuk±mat±dhipp±yena avuttatt±. Eva½ pana te bhikkh³ sabbadivasesuuddisi½su.
135. “¾dimetan”ti s²lap±timokkhameva vutta½, kiñc±pi ganthap±timokkhoadhippeto. “Pañcanna½ v±”ti m±tik±ya½ vutt±na½ vasena vutta½. Anajjh±pannov±ti puggal±dhiµµh±nadesan±. Por±ºagaºµhipade pana “‘uposatha½ kareyy±’ti ett±vat±ñatti hoti. Y±vatatiy±nuss±van± n±ma ‘yassa siy± ±patt²’ti-±divacanattaya½, ante‘dutiyampi tatiyampi pucch±m²’ti idañc±ti duvidha½. Tattha paµhama½ ±patti½ saritv±nisinnassa, dutiya½ asarantassa s±raºatthan”ti vutta½. “Vac²dv±re”ti p±kaµavasenaujukameva vutta½. Kiñc±pi k±yaviññattiy±pi kar²yati, k±yakamm±bh±v± pana vac²viññattiy±yeva±vi k±tabb±. “Saªghamajjhe v±”ti-±di lakkhaºavacana½ kira. Saªghuposathakaraºattha½saªghamajjhe ce nisinno, tasmi½ saªghamajjhe. Gaºuposathakaraºatthañce gaºamajjhe nisinno,tasmi½ gaºamajjhe. Ekasseva santike ce p±risuddhi-uposatha½ kattuk±mo, tasmi½ekapuggale ±vi k±tabb±ti, “etena na kevala½ saªghamajjhe ev±ya½ mus±v±do sambhavati,atha kho ettha vuttalakkhaºena asatipi ‘p±risuddhi½ ±yasmanto ±roceth±’ti-±dividh±negaºuposathepi s±pattiko hutv± uposatha½ kattuk±mo an±rocetv± tuºh²bh³tova karotice, sampaj±namus±v±d±patti½ ±pajjat²ti imassatthassa ±vikaraºato lakkhaºavacana½ kiretan”tivadanti takkik±. Aññath± “gaºamajjhev±”ti na vuttanti tesa½ adhipp±yo. ¾rocan±dhipp±yavasenavuttanti no takkoti ±cariyo. ¾rocento hi saªghassa ±rocem²ti adhipp±yena±vi karonto saªghamajjhe ±vi karoti n±ma. Attano ubhatopasse nisinn±na½ ±rocentogaºamajjhe. Ekassev±rocess±mi sabh±gass±ti adhipp±yena ±rocento ekapuggale ±rocetin±ma. Pubbe vibhattapadassa puna vibhajana½ atthavises±bh±vad²panatthanti veditabba½.
136-7. “Na, bhikkhave, devasika½…pe… dukkaµass±”ti vatv± “anuj±n±mi,bhikkhave, uposathe p±timokkha½ uddisitun”ti ida½ anuposathe eva ta½ dukkaµa½ uposathe pana devasikampi vaµµat²ti d²peti, tasm± te bhikkh³ c±tuddasiya½uddisitv±pi pannarasiya½ uddisi½su, ten±ha “saki½ pakkhass±”ti. Tattha purimenas±magg²divaso uposathadivaso ev±ti d²peti. Ubhayena aµµhami½ paµikkhipitv± devasika½paµikkhepassa atippasaªga½ niv±reti. Ki½ vutta½ hoti? Bhinno ce saªgho p±µipadadivasesamaggo hoti, tasmi½ divase s±magg²-uposatha½ karonto ubhayampi dukkaµa½ ±pajjantoubhayena ek²bh³tena niv±rito hot²ti vutta½ hoti. Aññath± s±magg²-uposatho nadevasiko. Ce, ahoratta½ k±tabbo. Tasmiñca pakkhe pakati-uposatho na devasiko.Ce, ahoratta½ k±tabbo. Tasmiñca pakkhe pakati-uposatho anuddiµµho. Ce hoti, s±magg²-uposathok±tabboti ±pajjati. Na apav±danayena gahetabbatt±ti ce? Na, aniµµhappasaªgato.Ki½ vutta½ hoti? S±magg²divase s±magg²-uposatha½ katv± puna tasmi½ pakkhe pakati-uposathadivasesampatte pakati-uposatho na k±tabboti. Apav±doti. Apav±ditabbaµµh±nato aññattha ussaggavidh±na½niv±reti.
Kitt±vat± nu kho s±magg²ti etth±yamadhipp±yo– s±magg² n±mes± sabh±g±na½ sannip±to.Sabh±g± ca n±ma yattak± sahadhammik±, te sabbepi honti, ud±hu ±v±sasabh±gat±yasabh±g± n±ma hont²ti. Tattha yadi sahadhammik±na½ s±magg² s±magg² n±ma, sabbesa½puthuvibhatt±na½ s±magg² icchitabb±. Ath±vasathavasena, ek±v±sasabh±g±nanti vutta½hoti. Aññath± ek±v±se s±magg²ti ±pajjati. M± no agam±s²ti agato m±hoti.