Hatthacchinn±divatthukath±vaººan±

119. Ida½ t±va sabbath± hotu, “m³ga½ pabb±jenti, badhira½ pabb±jent²”ti ida½katha½ sambhavitumarahati ±dito paµµh±ya “anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, imehi t²hi saraºagamanehipabbajjan”ti-±din± (mah±va. 34) anuññ±tatt±ti? Vuccate– “evañca pana, bhikkhave,pabb±jetabboti. Eva½ vadeh²ti vattabbo…pe… tatiyampi saªgha½ saraºa½ gacch±m²”tiettha “eva½ vadeh²ti vattabbo”ti imassa vacanassa micch± attha½ gahetv± m³ga½ pabb±jesu½.“Eva½ vadeh²”ti ta½ pabbajj±pekkha½ ±º±petv± saya½ upajjh±yena vattabbo “tatiya½saªgha½ saraºa½ gacch±m²”ti, so pabbajj±pekkho tath± ±ºatto upajjh±yavacanassa anu anuvadatu v±, m± v±, tattha tattha bhagav± “k±yena viññ±peti, v±c±ya viññ±peti,k±yena v±c±ya viññ±peti, gahito hoti upajjh±yo. Dinno hoti chando. Dinn±hoti p±risuddhi. Dinn± hoti pav±raº±”ti vadati. Tadanum±nena v± k±yena tenapabbajj±pekkhena viññatta½ hoti saraºagamananti v± lokepi k±yena viññ±pento “eva½vadat²”ti vuccati, ta½ pariy±ya½ gahetv± m³ga½ pabb±jent²ti veditabba½. Por±ºagaºµhipade“m³ga½ katha½ pabb±jent²’ti puccha½ katv± tassa k±yappas±dasambhavato k±yena ah±ra½ datv± hatthamudd±ya viññ±petv± pabb±jesun”ti vutta½. Ki½ bahun±, aya½panettha s±ro– yath± pubbe pabbajj±dhik±re vattam±ne pabbajj±bhil±pa½ upacchinditv±“paº¹ako, bhikkhave, anupasampanno na upasamp±detabbo”ti-±din± nayena upasampadavasenevaabhil±po kato. Theyyasa½v±sakapade asambhavato kiñc±pi so na kato pabbajj±va tatthakat±, sabbattha pana upasampad±bhil±pena adhippet± tadanubh±vato. Upasampad±ya pabbajj±ya v±rit±yaupasampad± v±rit± hot²ti katv±. Tath± idha upasampad±dhik±re vattam±ne upasampad±bhil±pa½upacchinditv± upasampadameva sandh±ya pabbajj±bhil±po katoti veditabbo. K±ma½ sona kattabbo, m³gapade asambhavato tassa vasena ±dito paµµh±ya upasampad±bhil±pova kattabboviya dissati, tath±pi tasseva m³gapadassa vasena ±dito paµµh±ya pabbajj±bhil±pova katomicch±gahaºaniv±raºattha½. Katha½? “M³go, bhikkhave, appatto os±raºa½, tañce saªghoos±reti, sos±rito”ti (mah±va. 396) vacanato m³go upasampanno hot²ti siddha½.So “kevala½ upasampannova hoti, na pana pabbajito tassa pabbajj±ya asambhavato”ti micch±g±hohoti. Ta½ pariccaj±petv± yo upasampanno, so pabbajitova hoti. Pabbajito pana atthikoci upasampanno, atthi koci anupasampanno. Ima½ samm±g±ha½ upp±deti bhagav±tiveditabba½.
Apica tesa½ hatthacchinn±d²na½ pabbajit±na½ supabbajitabh±vad²panattha½, pabbajj±bh±v±saªk±niv±raºatthañcetthapabbajj±bhil±po kato. Katha½? “Na, bhikkhave, hatthacchinno pabb±jetabbo”ti-±din±paµikkhepena, “pabbajit± supabbajit±”ti vuttaµµh±n±bh±vena ca tesa½ pabbajj±bh±vappasaªk±bhaveyya. Yath± pasaªk±bhave, tath± pasaªka½ µhapeyya. Khandhake upasampada½ sandh±ya “hatthacchinno,bhikkhave, appatto os±raºa½, tañce saªgho os±reti, sos±rito”ti-±din± nayenabhagav± niv±reti. Teneva pana nayena pabbajit± te sabbepi supabbajit± ev±ti d²peti,aññath± sabbepete upasampann±va honti, na pabbajit±ti ayamaniµµhappasaªgo ±pajjati.Katha½? “Hatthacchinno, bhikkhave, na pabb±jetabbo, pabbajito n±setabbo”ti v± “na,bhikkhave, hatthacchinno pabb±jetabbo, yo pabb±jeyya, ±patti dukkaµassa, so a apabbajito”ti v± tantiy± µhapit±ya campeyyakkhandhake “sos±rito”ti vuttatt±kevala½ “ime hatthacchinn±dayo upasampann±va honti, na pabbajit±”ti v± “upasampann±pice pabbajit±, n±setabb±”ti v± aniµµhakoµµh±so ±pajjat²ti adhipp±yo.
Ida½ panettha vic±retabba½– “so ca apabbajito”ti vacan±bh±vato m³gassa pabbajjasiddhippasaªgatopabbajj±pi ekatosuddhiy± hot²ti ayamaniµµhakoµµh±so katha½ n±pajjat²ti? Pabbajj±bhil±penaupasampad± idh±dhippet±ti samm±g±hena n±pajjati, aññath± yath±byañjana½ atthe gahite yath±paññattadukkaµ±bh±vasaªkh±toaparopi aniµµhakoµµh±so ±pajjati. Katha½? “Na, bhikkhave, m³go pabb±jetabbo,yo pabb±jeyya, ±patti dukkaµass±”ti vuttadukkaµa½ pabbajjapariyos±ne hoti,na tass±vippakat±ya. Pubbapayogadukkaµameva hi paµhama½ ±pajjati tasm± m³gassa pabbajjapariyos±nassevaabh±vato imassa dukkaµassa ok±so ca sabbak±la½ na sambhaveyya. Upasampad±vasena panaatthe gahite sambhavati kammanipphattito. Teneva p±¼iya½ “na, bhikkhave, paº¹akoupasamp±detabbo, yo upasamp±deyya, ±patti dukkaµass±”ti dukkaµa½ na paññatta½.Apaññattatt± pubbapayogadukkaµameva cettha sambhavati, netara½, ett±vat± siddhameta½ “pabbajj±bhil±penaupasampad± ca tattha adhippet±, na pabbajj±”ti.
Etth±ha– s±maºerapabbajj± na k±yapayogato hot²ti katha½ paññ±yat²ti? Vuccate–k±yena viññ±pet²ti-±dittik±dassanato. Hoti cettha–
“Appeva sasako koci, patiµµheyya mahaººave;
na tveva catugambh²re, dugg±ho vinayaººave”ti.
Brahmujugattoti ettha “niddosatthe, seµµhatthe ca brahma-sadda½ gahetv± niddosa½ hutv±uju gatta½ yassa so brahmujugatto”ti likhita½. Atha v± k±mabhogitt± devind±dayoupam±vasena aggahetv± brahm± viya ujugatto brahmujugatto. Mah±kucchito ghaµo mah±kucchighaµo.Tena sam±no vuccati “mah±kucchighaµasadiso”ti. Galagaº¹²ti desan±mattamevetantikatha½ paññ±yat²ti? “Na, bhikkhave, pañcahi ±b±dhehi phuµµho pabb±jetabbo”ti vacanato. Kil±sopi idh±dhippetoti na kevala½ so eveko, kintupañcahi ±b±dhehi phuµµho, p±¼iya½ ±gat± r±jabhaµ±dayo d±sapariyos±n±, r±hulavatthumhi±gat± ananuññ±tam±t±pitaro c±ti dasapi jan± idh±dhippet±. Tadatthad²panatthameva likhitakakas±hatalakkhaº±hatepubbe vuttepi ±netv± up±litthero idha hatthacchinnap±¼iya½ ±ha. Teneva campeyyakkhandhake“atthi, bhikkhave, puggalo appatto os±raºa½, tañce saªgho os±reti, ekacco sos±rito,ekacco dos±rito”ti (mah±va. 396) imassa vibhaªge “pañcahi ±b±dhehi phuµµh±,r±jabhaµ±, corak±rabhedaka-iº±yikad±s±, ananuññ±tam±t±pitaro c±”ti satta jan±na gahit±, na ca labbhanti, aññath± imepi tassa vibhaªge vattabb± siyu½. Na vattabb±tattha abhabbatt±ti ce? Eva½ sante “saªgho os±reti, ekacco dos±rito”ti imassavibhaªge vattabb± paº¹ak±dayo viya, na ca vutt±. Ubhayattha avuttatt± na cime anubhay±bhavitumarahanti, tasm± avutt±nameva dasanna½ yath±vutt±na½ saªgaºhanattha½ puna likhitak±dayovutt±ti. Atha kimattha½ te idha uppaµip±µiy± vutt±ti? Iº±yikad±s±na½ sos±ritabh±vepiiº±yikad±s± s±mik±na½ d±tabb±ti tadadh²nabh±vadassanattha½. Teneva tattha vutta½ “pal±topi±netv± d±tabbo”ti-±di. Yo panettha coro katakammo pabbajati, r±jabhaµo v± sacekatadoso, iº±yikaggahaºeneva gahitoti veditabbo. Atha v± yath±vuttalakkhaºo sabbopiiº±yikad±s±na½ “sos±rito”ti vattabb±raho na hot²ti katv± tesa½ parivajjanattha½uppaµip±µiy± desan± upari ±rohati, na heµµh±ti d²panato. Likhitako “sos±rito”tivuttatt± desantara½ netabbo. Tath±k±rabhedak±dayop²ti veditabba½.
Ett±vat± bhagavat± attano desan±kusalat±ya pubbe gahitaggahaºena yath±vutt±na½ dasannampipabbajjupasampad±kammanipphatti, uppaµip±µivacanena puggalavemattatañca desan±ya kovid±na½d²pita½ hot²ti veditabba½. Hoti cettha–
“Vattabbayutta½ vacanena vatv±, ayuttamiµµha½ nayadesan±ya;
sand²payanta½ sugatassa v±kya½, citta½ vicitta½va karotip²”ti.
Etth±ha campeyyakkhandhake ³nav²sativasso ubhayattha avuttatt± anubhayosiy±ti? Na siy± avuttatt± eva. Yadi hi tatiy±ya koµiy± bhavitabba½, s± avassa½bhagavat± vattabb±va hoti, na ca vutt±, tasm± na so anubhayo hoti. Atha katara½ pakkha½bhajat²ti? Dos±ritapakkha½ bhajati. Atha kasm± na vuttoti? Sikkh±padena paµisiddhatt±.Upan±ha½ bandhitv±ti puna bandhana½ katv±. “N±n±vidhehi osadhehi p±da½bandhitv± ±v±µake pavesetv± kattabbavidh±nasseta½ adhivacanan”ti likhita½. Kappas²sov± hatth² viya. Gobhattan±¼ik± n±ma gunna½ bhattap±nattha½ katan±¼ik±. Upakkamukhon±ma kudhitamukho vuccati, v±taº¹iko n±ma aº¹akesu vu¹¹hirogena samann±gato.Vikaµo n±ma tiriya½ gamanakap±dehi samann±gato. “Guºi kuº²”tiduvidho kira p±µho. Yesañca pabbajj± paµikkhitt±, upasampad±pi tesa½ paµikkhitt±v±ti-±diyasm± hatthacchinn±dayo upasampad±vaseneva vutt±, tasm± te eva hatthacchinn±dayo sandh±y±ha.

Hatthacchinn±divatthukath±vaººan± niµµhit±.