Nissayapaµippassaddhikath±vaŗŗan±

83. Disa½ gatoti tattha dhuranikkhittav±so hutv± tirog±ma½ gato. Yatthanissayo labbhati, tattha gantabbanti etth±pi upajjh±ye vuttanayeneva “katip±henagamiss±m²”ti gamane cesa uss±ho rakkhati. M± idha paµikkam²ti m± idha gaccha.Sabh±g± n±ma upajjh±yassa siss±. Tattha nissaya½ gahetv±. Yadi eva½ ko visesotice? Tena ida½ vuccati “appeva n±ma khameyy±”ti. Vasitu½ vaµµat²ti upajjh±yenapariccattatt± upajjh±yasamodh±na½ niratthakanti attho. Sace upajjh±yo cirena anuggahetuk±mohoti, tato paµµh±ya upajjh±yova nissayo. Upajjh±yo ce alajj² hoti, saddhivih±rikenaanekakkhattu½ v±retv± aviramanta½ upajjh±ya½ pah±ya vin±pi nissayapaŗ±manena ańńassasantike nissaya½ gahetv± vasitabba½. Upajjh±yassa ce liŖga½ parivattati, ekadivasampina rakkhati. Pakkhapaŗ¹ako ce hoti, nissayaj±tiko ce “upajjh±yassa sukkapakkha½±gameh²”ti vadati, sayameva v± ±gameti, vaµµati. Upajjh±yo ce ukkhepaniyakammakatohoti, n±n±sa½v±sakabh³miya½ µhitatt± nissayo paµippassambhati. Samm±vattanta½ pana passitv±kammapaµippassaddhi½ ±gametu½ labhati. M±natt±c±r² ce hoti, abbh±na½ ±gametabba½.D²gha½ ce pariv±sa½ carati, ańńassa santike nissayo gahetabbo, upajjh±yasamodh±na½appam±ŗa½. Pariv±sam±nattac±rin± hi na nissayo d±tabbo. Ya½ pana p±riv±sikakkhandhakaµµhakath±ya½vutta½ “saddhivih±rik±nampi s±diyantassa dukkaµamev±”ti-±di (c³¼ava. aµµha. 75),ta½ yath±vuttamattha½ s±dheti eva. Ya½ pana vutta½ “sace saddh±pabbajit± kulaputt±‘tumhe, bhante, vinayakammamatta½ karoth±”ti vatv± vatta½ karontiyeva, g±mappavesana½±pucchantiyeva, ta½ v±ritak±lato paµµh±ya an±patt²”ti. Ta½ vattas±diyanapaccay± dukkaµ±bh±vamattad²panattha½,saddhivih±rik±na½ s±pekkhata½ v± sandh±ya vuttanti veditabba½. Tasm± te ce upajjh±yenav±rit±nur³pameva paµipajjanti, nissayo tesa½ paµippassaddhoti siddha½ hoti.
Dve le¹¹up±te atikkamitv± nivattat²ti “ett±vat± dis±pakkanto n±ma hoti,tasm± antev±sike anikkhittadhurepi nissayo paµippassambhati. ¾cariyupajjh±y± dvele¹¹up±te anatikkamma le¹¹up±tadvayabbhantare tirovih±repi parikkhitte, aparikkhittev± vasitu½ vaµµat²”ti likhita½. Aparikkhitteyev±ti no takkoti ±cariyo, etthapana aparikkhittassa parikkhep±rahaµµh±nato vimutte ańńasmi½ vih±re vasant²ti adhipp±yo.Vih±roti cettha “t±disassa vih±rassa ante µhit± ek± kuµik± adhippet±tiupatissatthero”ti vutta½. Tattha “sace ubhopi ±cariyantev±sik± kenaci…pe…nissayo na paµippassambhat²”ti imin± s±mańńato vuttena aµµhakath±vacanena dhammasirittherav±dosameti. Aparikkhitte v±ti dvinna½ le¹¹up±t±na½ anto parikkhitto v± hotiaparikkhitto v±. “Bahis²man”ti ca vuttatt± antovih±ras²m±ya½ dve le¹¹up±teatikkamitv±pi vasitu½ vaµµat²ti siddhatt± pana upatissattherav±do na sameti.Ek±v±se hi parikkhitte v± aparikkhitte v± antamaso antotiyojanepi vasato nissayona paµippassambhati. So ca upac±ras²m±ya paricchinno, s± ca upac±ras²m± parikkhittassavih±rassa parikkhepena aparikkhittassa parikkhep±rahaµµh±nena paricchinno ek±v±so.
Uposathakkhandhake ek±v±savimatiya½ s²m±ya anuńń±tatt±ti ce? Na, c²varakkhandhakaµµhakath±yavic±ritatt±. Yath±ha “s²maµµhakasaŖgho bh±jetv± gaŗh±t³”ti (mah±va. aµµha. 379).Kataras²m±ya bh±jetabba½? Mah±sivatthero kir±ha “avippav±sas²m±y±”ti. Tatona½ ±ha½su “avippav±sas²m± n±ma tiyojan±pi hoti, eva½ sante tiyojane µhit± l±bha½gaŗhissanti, tiyojane µhatv± ±gantukavatta½ p³retv± ±r±ma½ pavisitabba½ bhavissati,gamiko tiyojana½ gantv± sen±sana½ ±pucchissati, nissayapaµippannassatiyojan±tikkame nissayo paµippassambhissati, p±riv±sikena tiyojana½ atikkamitv±aruŗa½ uµµh±petabba½ bhavissati, bhikkhuniy± tiyojane µhatv± ±r±mappavesan± ±pucchitabb±bhavissati, sabbameta½ upac±ras²m±paricchedavasena k±tu½ vaµµat²ti. Tasm± anto-upac±ras²m±yale¹¹up±tadvaya½ atikkamitv±pi vasato nissayo tiyojan±tikkame nissayo na paµippassambhat²tisiddha½. K±mańcettha upac±ras²m±ya tiyojanappam±ŗ±ya, atirek±ya v± yath±vuttadosappasaŖgosiy±ti. S± hi ±v±sesu va¹¹hantesu va¹¹hati, parih±yantesu parih±yat²ti vuttatt±,tasm± t±disassa vih±rassa ante µhit± ek± kuµi vih±roti idh±dhippet±. S±pitasseva vih±rassa kuµik±va hot²ti katv± so ±v±so hoti. N±n±v±so evace adhippeto, “ante µhit± kuµik±”ti na vattabba½. Dvinna½ le¹¹up±t±na½ abbhantarepana aparikkhitte n±n±v±se nissayo na paµippassambhat²ti yv±ya½ “no takko”tivutto, so t±dise n±n±v±se sen±sanagg±hassa appaµippassaddhinayena vutto. Sen±sanagg±hohi “gahaŗena gahaŗa½ ±layo paµippassambhat²”ti lakkhaŗatt± itarattha paµippassambhati.Tatr±ya½ p±¼i “tena kho pana samayena ±yasm± upanando sakyaputto eko dv²su±v±sesu vassa½ vasi…pe… detha, bhikkhave, moghapurisassa ek±dhipp±yan”ti (mah±va.364). Aµµhakath±yańcassa eva½ vutta½ “idańca n±n±l±bhehi n±n³pac±rehi ekas²mavih±rehikathita½, n±n±s²mavih±re pana sen±sanagg±ho paµippassambhat²”ti (mah±va. aµµha. 364).Aparikkhitt± n±n±v±s± ek³pac±rasaŖkhya½ gacchanti. Parikkhittańca ek³pac±ra½ aparikkhittasaŖkhya½gacchati. Ett±vat± le¹¹up±tadvayabbhantare aparikkhitte ańńasmi½ vih±re vasato nissayopana na paµippassambhati, parikkhitte paµippassambhati ev±ti ayamattho s±dhitoti. Etth±ha–dve le¹¹up±te atikkamitv±va satopi nissayo na paµippassambhati. Vuttańhi nissaggiyaµµhakath±ya½“sace gacchant±na½yeva asampattesu daharesu aruŗa½ uggacchati, c²vara½ nissaggiya½hoti, nissayo pana na paµippassambhat²”ti (p±r±. aµµha. 2.495)? Vuccate– ta½ upajjh±yenasam±game sa-uss±hat±ya vutta½. Idha dhuvav±sa½ sandh±ya, tasm± ańńamańńa½ na vilomenti Keci pana “dve le¹¹up±ta½ atikkamm±ti ida½ devasika½ ±rocetv±vasanavasena vuttan”ti vadanti, ta½ tesa½ matimattamev±ti mama takko. Devasika½ ±rocetv±vatthabbanti hi neva p±¼iya½ na aµµhakath±ya½ dissati, tańca pana apakatańń³hi ±ciŗŗantiveditabba½.

Nissayapaµippassaddhikath±vaŗŗan± niµµhit±.