Pabbajj±kath±vaººan±

25. Yena samayena bhagav± pañcavaggiye pañcamiya½ arahatte patiµµh±petv± sattamiya½ n±¼akattherassan±¼akapaµipada½ ±cikkhitv± bhaddapadapuººam±ya½ yasassa indriy±na½ paripakkabh±va½ ñatv±ta½ udikkhanto b±r±ºasiya½ vih±si, tena samayena yaso n±m±ti sambandho. Tassa kirauppattito paµµh±ya tassa kulassa kittisaddasaªkh±to, parijanasaªkh±to v± yaso visesato pava¹¹hati.Tena tassa m±t±pitaro eva½ n±mamaka½su. “Sukhum±lo”ti-±di kimattha½ ±yasmat±up±littherena vuttanti? Pacchimajanassa nekkhamme samuss±hanajananattha½. Eva½ uttamabhogasamappit±nampiuttamesu bhogesu appamattaken±pi asubhanimittena vitajjetv± k±l±k±la½agaºetv± vivek±bhiratiy± mahanta½ bhogakkhandha½ tiºa½ viya pah±ya gehato nikkhaman±ahosi, kassa panaññassa na siy±ti adhipp±yo. Samaªg²bh³tass±ti tehi ekatta½upagatassa, avivittass±ti attho. Nidd± okkam²ti man±pesupi visayesu pavatti½niv±retv± tassa citta½ atikkamitv± abhibhavitv± attano vasa½ upanes²ti attho.Sabbarattiyo c±ti tayopi y±me. Tena parijanassa vik±radassane k±raºa½ dasseti.Ratti-saddo panettha k±le s³riy±bh±ve, y±me ca pavattat²ti viññeyyo. Y±mevidhaviññeyyo tic²varavippav±se ca. Kaccheti kacchapasse. Kaºµheti kaºµhassaheµµh±. Mudiªgassa hi upari kaºµha½ µhapetv± sayantiy± kaºµhe mudiªga½ addas±ti attho.¾¼ambaranti paºava½. Ubhatomukhassa tanuk± d²gh±. Vitthinnasamatalassa v±ditassa eta½adhivacana½. Vippalapantiyoti supinadassan±divasena asambandhapal±pa½ vippalapantiyo.Sus±na½ maññeti sus±na½ viya addasa saka½ parijananti sambandho. ¾d²navotiasubhabh±vo. Nibbid±ya citta½ saºµh±t²ti vimuccituk±mat±saªkh±t±ya ukkaºµh±yacitta½ nam²ti attho. Ud±na½ ud±nes²ti “ito paµµh±ya im±hi itth²hi sahan±ha½ bhaviss±m²”ti attamanav±ca½ nicch±resi. Dve kira ±k±r± tassa pam±dasuttaparijanadassanep±kaµ± j±t± kiles±na½ balavabh±vo, asubh±k±rassa ati-o¼±rikabh±vo ca. Eva½sati o¼±rikatare ca asubh±k±re kilesavasen±ya½ sabbopi loko ettha p²¼itomucchito. Aho kiles± balavatar±ti hi passato passato tassa dvepi te ±k±r± p±kaµ±j±t±, yenevamavoc±ti.
“Suvaººap±duk±yo ±rohitv±”ti etenassa nissaªgat±ya vissaµµhagamana½ d²peti.So hi balavasa½veg±bhitunnahadayatt± parijanassa pabodhe satipi attano gamananiv±raºasamatthabh±va½asaham±no att±na½ takkento vissaµµho agam±si. Amanuss±ti devat±. T± hi manussehisugatipaµivedhañ±ºasaºµh±n±diguºas±maññena “amanuss±”ti vuccanti. Na hi asam±naj±tik±tiracch±n±dayo “abr±hmaº±”ti v± “avasal±”ti v± vuccanti, kintu j±tisabh±gat±yaeva vasal±dayo “abr±hmaº±”ti vuccanti, eva½ manussehi kenaci ±k±rena sabh±gat±ya devat± “amanuss±”ti vutt±. Aññath± manuss± na hont²ti tiracch±nagat±pi“amanuss±”ti vattabb± bhaveyyu½.
26. Vanagahana½ disv± “sumuttoha½ nagarato”ti pamuditatt± bhagavato avid³re ud±nesi.Ida½ kho yas±ti bhagav± nibb±na½ sandh±y±ha. Tañhi taºh±dikilesehi anupadduta½,anupasaµµhatañca dassanamatten±pi ass±dajananato. Dhamma½ desess±m²ti yena ta½ nibb±na½idha nisinnamattova tva½ adhigamissas²ti adhipp±yo. Kir±ti assaddheyya-abyattiparih±sesunip±to, idha abyattiya½. Suvaººap±duk±yo orohitv±ti ca suvaººap±duk±hiotaritv±. Nissakkatthe hi ida½ paccattavacana½. Tassa nisinnamattasseva añña½ sammodan²ya½katha½ akatv± an±mantetv± anupubbi½ katha½ kathesi. Suparipakkindriyatt±, paµivedhakkhaº±natikkamanattha½anupaddut±nupasaµµhat±na½ p±pakadhammadesan±bhimukhacittatt±, seµµhissa gahapatino acir±gamanadassanatoca. Kimattha½ bhagav± tassa suµµhutara½ sa½viggahadayassa bhavato muccituk±massa bhav±bhav³p±y±nisa½sakatha½paµhamameva kathes²ti? Sabbabhav±d²navadassanattha½. So hi manussalokasseva upadduta-upasaµµhabh±va½addasa, na sagg±nanti kad±ci saggaloka½ sukhato maññeyya. Tattha sukhasaññena nibb±n±bhimukha½citta½ peseyy±ti sagg±nampi ±d²nava½ dassetuk±mat±ya anupubbi½ katha½ ±rabhi.Ettha d±na½, d±n±nisa½sa½, s²l±nisa½sañca kathento d±nas²lakatha½ katheti n±ma.Saggavaººa½ kathento saggakatha½ katheti n±ma. Tattha vatthuk±makilesak±m±na½ aniccata½,apas±data½, mah±d²navatañca kathento k±m±na½ ±d²nava½, ok±ra½, sa½kilesañca pak±seti.Nekkhamme tadabh±vato ca ta½nissaraºato ca tabbipar²ta½ ±nisa½sa½ kathento nekkhamme±nisa½sa½ pak±seti n±ma. Tattha ok±ranti avak±ra½ l±makabh±va½. Sa½kilesantisa½kilissana½ b±dhana½ upat±pana½ v±ti attho. Kallacitta½ paññindriyassa ±nubh±vena,diµµhiyogavicikicch±yog±na½ paññindriyena vihatatt±. Muducitta½ satindriyasam±yogena,vihi½s±s±rambh±dikilesapavesa½ niv±retv± cittamudut±dikusaladhammappavesana½ karonta½sahaj±ta½ citta½ mudu½ karoti. Sam±dhindriyassa ±nubh±vena vin²varaºacitta½.Tañhi visesato n²varaºavipakkhabh³tanti. V²riyindriyavasena udaggacitta½. Tañhithinamiddhasaªkh±tal²nabh±vavipakkhanti. Saddhindriyassa ±nubh±vena pasannacitta½tassa pas±dalakkhaºatt±. S±mukka½sik±ti eta½ visayavasena desana½ up±littheropak±seti. Sacc±ni hi s±mukka½sikadesan±ya visay±ni. Aññath± dukkh±d²ni s±mukka½sik±dhammadesan±ti ±pajjati tassa vibh±vane sacc±na½ niddiµµhatt±.
27. Catuddis±ti cat³su dis±su. Abhisaªkhares²ti abhisaªkhari. Kimatthantice? Ubhinna½ paµilabhitabbavisesantar±yanisedhanattha½. Yadi so putta½ passeyya, puttassapidhammacakkhupaµil±bho arahattuppatti, seµµhissapi dhammacakkhupaµil±bho na siy±. Diµµhasaccopi“dehi te m±tuy± j²vitan”ti vadanto kimañña½ na kareyya. Yasopi ta½ vacana½ sutv±arah±pi sam±no saya½ appaµikkhipitv± bhagavanta½ ullokento kimaññ±ya saºµhaheyya.
28. Ubhohipi pattabbavisesakoµiy± pattatt± bhagav± puna ta½ paµippassambhesi. Pubbeag±rikabh³toti tassa sot±pannak±la½ sandh±y±ha. Sot±panno hi ag±ramajjhe vasan±rahatt±ag±riyabh³to n±ma hoti apabbajito. Sampati pabbajito sam±no ag±ramajjhavasanassa abhabbatt±“ag±riko”ti na vuccati, tasm± evam±ha. Yassa diµµhoti sambandho, yena diµµhotivutta½ hoti. “Seyyath±pi pubbe ag±rikabh³to”ti vacanena laddhanayatt± pacch±gahapati gihivesadh±rimeva yasa½ sandh±y±ha “yasena kulaputtena pacch±samaºen±”ti.Tattha cara brahmacariyanti ±bhisam±c±rikas²la½ brahmacariya½ cara parip³rehit±va, y±va samm±dukkhassantakiriy±, y±va cuticitt±ti adhipp±yo. Liªgabrahmacariya½sandh±y±ti por±º±, tañca yutta½. Liªgamattañhi sandh±ya so ±yasm± “labheyy±ha½,bhante, pabbajja½ upasampadan”ti ±ha.
Kimattha½ bhagav± yasassa m±tu, paj±patiy± ca bhattakicca½ akatv±va dhamma½ deses²ti?Yasassa pabbajj±ya sokasallasamappitatt± d±nañca somanassikacittena na dadeyyu½, sattharica domanassappatt± hutv± maggapaµivedhampi na labheyyunti bhagav± paµhama½ t±va t± vigatasokasallahaday±yokatv± puna bhattakicca½ ak±si.
30. Seµµh±nuseµµh²nanti anukkamaseµµh²nanti por±º±. “Seµµhino c±nuseµµhinoca y±ni kul±ni, t±ni seµµh±nuseµµh±ni kul±ni, tesa½ seµµh±nuseµµh²na½kul±nan”ti likhita½. Dhammavinayoti s±sanabrahmacariya½ p±vacananti idha atthatoeka½. Atha v± dhammena vinayo, na daº¹asattheh²ti dhammavinayo, dhamm±ya vinayo, na hi½satthantiv± dhammato vinayo, n±dhammatoti v± dhammo vinayo, n±dhammoti v± dhamm±na½ vinayo,na aññesanti v± dhammak±yatt±, dhammas±mitt± v± dhammo bhagav±, tassa dhammassa vinayo,na takkik±nanti v± dhammavinayo. Sam±n±dhikaraºavasena v± dhammavinayo n²luppala½viya, dhammo ca vinayo c±ti dhammavinayo phal±phala½ viya napu½sakamiti pulliªg±padesatoassa liªgabh±vo siddho, yassa v± dhammo vinayo, so dhammavinayo setapaµo puriso viya,dhammena yutto v± vinayo dhammavinayo assaratho viy±ti evam±din± nayena yojan± veditabb±.
34. “Khaº¹as²ma½ netv±”ti bhaº¹ukamm±rocanapaµiharaºattha½ vutta½. Tena “sabhikkhukevih±re aññampi etassa kese chind±”ti vattu½ na vaµµat²ti. Pabb±jetv±tiimassa adhipp±yapak±sanattha½ “k±s±y±ni acch±detv± eh²”ti vutta½.Upajjh±yo ce kesamassu-oropan±d²ni akatv± pabbajattha½ saraº±ni deti, na ruhati pabbajj±.Kammav±ca½ s±vetv± upasamp±deti, ruhati upasampad±. Appattac²var±na½ upasampad±siddhidassanato,kammavipattiy± abh±vato ceta½ yujjatev±ti eke. Hoti cettha–
“Saliªgasseva pabbajj±, viliªgass±pi cetar±;
apetapubbavesassa, ta½ dvaya½ iti c±pare”ti.
Bhikkhun± hi sahatthena v± ±ºattiy± v± dinnameva k±s±va½ vaµµati, adinna½na vaµµat²ti pana santesveva k±s±vesu, n±santesu asambhavatoti tesa½ adhipp±yo.Evañca pana, bhikkhave, pabb±jetabbo upasamp±detabbo. Paµhama½…pe…anuj±n±mi,bhikkhave, imehi t²hi saraºagamanehi pabbajja½ upasampadanti ettha imin± anukkamenadinnehi t²hi saraºagamanehi pabbajja½ upasampada½ anuj±n±mi kevaleh²ti adhipp±yadassanato–
¾dinnapubbaliªgassa, naggass±pi dvaya½ bhave;
netarass±ti no khanti, sabbap±µh±nulomatoti.–
¾cariyo ¾cariyena adinna½ na vaµµat²ti ettha “pabbajj± na ruhat²tivadant²”ti likhita½. Por±ºagaºµhipadepi tatheva likhita½. Ur±d²ni µh±n±nin±ma. Sa½vut±d²ni karaº±ni n±ma. “Anun±sikanta½ katv± ekasambandha½ katv±d±nak±le antar± aµµhatv± vattabba½. Vicchinditv± d±nepi yath±vuttaµµh±ne eva vicchedo,aññatra na vaµµat²”ti likhita½. Anun±sikante diyyam±ne khalitv± “buddha½ saraºa½gacch±m²”ti mak±rena miss²bh³te khette otiººatt± vaµµat²ti upatissatthero.Missa½ katv± vattu½ vaµµati, vacanak±le pana anun±sikaµµh±ne viccheda½ akatv±vattabbanti dhammasiritthero. “Eva½ kammav±c±yamp²”ti vutta½. Ubhatosuddhiy±vavaµµat²ti ettha mah±thero patitadant±dik±raºat±ya acaturassa½ katv± vadati, byattas±maºerosam²pe µhito pabbajj±pekkha½ byatta½ vad±peti. Mah±therena avutta½ vad±pet²ti navaµµati. Kammav±c±ya itaro bhikkhu ce vadati, vaµµat²ti. Saªgho hi kamma½ karoti,na puggaloti. Na n±n±s²mapavattakammav±c±s±maññanayena paµikkhipitabbatt±. Atha therenacaturassa½ vutta½ pabbajj±pekkha½ vattu½ asakkonta½ s±maºero saya½ vatv± vad±peti,ubhatosuddhi eva hoti therena vuttasseva vuttatt±. Buddha½ saraºa½ gacchanto as±dh±raºebuddhaguºe, dhamma½ saraºa½ gacchanto nibb±na½, saªgha½ saraºa½ gacchanto sekkhadhamma½,asekkhadhammañca saraºa½ gacchat²ti aggahitaggahaºavasena yojan± k±tabb±. Aññath± saraºattayasaªkaradoso.Sabbamassa kappiy±kappiyanti dasasikkh±padavinimutta½ par±m±s±par±m±s±di.“¾bhisam±c±rikesu vinetabbo”ti vacanato sekhiya-upajjh±yavatt±di-±bhisam±c±rikas²lamanenap³retabba½. Tattha c±rittassa akaraºe v±rittassa karaºe daº¹akamm±raho hot²ti d²peti.

Pabbajj±kath±vaººan± niµµhit±.