Mah±vaggavaººan±

. Mah±khandhakavaººan±

Bodhikath±vaººan±

Ya½ khandhake l²napad±dibheda-pak±sana½ d±ni supattak±la½;
tasm± apubba½ vinayatthameva, vakkh±mi saªkhepagahaºattha½.
Tattha kenaµµhen±ya½ khandhakoti? Khandh±na½ sam³hatt± vibhaªgo viya. Te pana kathanti? Khandh±na½pak±sanato d²panato. Khandh±ti cettha pabbajj±divinayakammasaªkh±t±, c±rittav±rittasikkh±padasaªkh±t±ca paññattiyo adhippet±. Pabbajj±d²ni hi bhagavat± paññattatt± “paññattiyo”ti vuccanti.Paññattiyañca khandha-saddo dissati “d±rukkhandho aggikkhandho udakakkhandho”ti-±d²suviya. Tesa½ paññattisaªkh±t±na½ khandh±na½ pak±sanato vaººanato pabbajjakkhandhak±dayo v²sati“khandhak±”ti vutt±, avas±ne dve ta½sadisatt± vel±ya sadisatt± s²lassa vel±tivacana½ viya. Apica bh±gar±satthat±pettha yujjate tesa½ paññatt²na½ bh±gato ca r±sitoca vibhattatt±. Ki½ panetesa½ khandhak±na½ anupubbak±raºanti? N±ya½ pucch± sambhavati,aññath± vuttesupi tappasaªg±natikkamanato. Atha v± pabbajjupasampad±pubbaªgamatt± s±sanappavesanassatadatthasaªgahako mah±khandhako paµhama½ vutto. Ken±ti ce? Dhammasaªg±hakattherehi.Bhagavat± pana tattha tattha uppannavatthu½ paµicca tath± tath± vutt±ni, na imin± anukkamena.Ther± pana ta½ ta½ payojana½ paµicca sam±naj±tike ekajjha½ katv± anukkamena sajjh±yi½su.Ses±na½ payojana½ tattha tattheva ±vi bhavissati.
Khandhakovid±ti paññattibh±gar±saµµhena nesa½ khandhatthakovid±, niruttipaµisambhid±p±rappatt±tiattho. Tesa½ anutt±natth±na½ pad±na½ sa½vaººan±. Kasm± paneva½ visesitanti? Tatosesabh±g± yutt±. M±tik±µµhuppattiggahaºampettha padabh±janiyaggahaºeneva veditabba½.Yehi atth± yesa½ padavises±na½ aµµhakath±ya½ pak±sit±, tesa½ te padavisese puna idhavadeyy±ma, vaººan±ya pariyos±na½ kad± bhave te te attheti vutta½, ta½ tassa niddesenayujjati. Utt±n± ceva y± p±¼i, tass± sa½vaººan±ya kinti vattabba½? Na hi atth±utt±n±ti sambhavati. Adhipp±y±nusandh²h²ti-±divacanehipi ta½ vacana½ sambhavat²ti ce?Na, atthaggahaºena cettha padavises±na½ gahitatt±. Te hi atthato anapetatthena, abhidh±natthenav± atthopac±rena v± atth±ti veditabb±. Sa½vaººan±nayoti sa½vaººan± n±ma avuttesuuh±pohakkamanidassanato “nayo”ti vutto.
1. Uruvel±ti yath±vuttav±likar±sivasena laddhan±mako g±mo, tasm± sam²pattheeta½ bhumma½. Tath±bh±vadassanattha½ “najj± nerañjar±ya t²re”ti-±di vutta½. Aññath±tasmi½ v±likar±simhi viharat²ti ±pajjati, “uruvela½ piº¹±ya p±vis²ti yenauruvelasen±nigamo”ti-±divacanavirodho ca. Aµµhakath±ya½ pana m³lak±raºameva dassita½.Tattha ta½ sandh±ya vutta½…pe… daµµhabboti nigamanavacana½. Ta½ kimatthantice? G±ma½ sandh±ya yath±vuttapadatthasambhavadassanattha½. “So pana g±mo tadupac±rena eva½n±ma½ labhat²”ti vacana½ pana avuttasiddhanti katv± na vuttanti veditabba½, atha v±yassa “uruvel±”ti yath±vuttav±likar±sissa, tassa sam²pag±massapi n±ma½. Tattha±yasm± up±litthero na idha g±ma½ sandh±ya “uruvel±ya½ viharat²”ti ±ha gocarag±mapayojan±bh±vato.Na hi bhagav± ta½ g±ma½ gocara½ katv± tad± tattha vih±si, tasm± ettha v±likar±sissasam²pe bodhirukkham³le vih±ra½ sandh±ya so evam±h±ti dassetuk±mo aµµhakath±cariyoevam±h±ti veditabba½, tasm± bhagavato g±mato d³ratare araññe abhisambodhid²panena dutiyuppattiµµh±naniyama½t²hi padehi ak±si theroti veditabba½, aññath± padattayavacanapayojan±bh±vato. Tatthanadant± gacchat²ti nad². Nelañjal±y±ti vattabbe la-k±rassa ra-k±ra½ katv±“nerañjar±y±”ti vutta½, kaddamasev±lavirahitatt± niddosajal±y±ti attho, n²lajal±y±titass± n±mameva v± eta½.
Bodhirukkham³leti ettha ca bodhi vuccati abhisambodho. So ca atthatobhagavato catutthamaggañ±ºa½ hoti “vimokkhantikameta½ n±man”ti (paµi. ma. 1.162)paµisambhid±vacanato. Kiñc±pi ta½ n±makaraºabh³ta½ catutthaphalañ±ºampi vattu½ sambhavati,kattabbakicc±na½ pana karaºato ta½ catutthamaggañ±ºameva ettha bodh²ti veditabba½. Tenevap±¼iya½ “tatiyavijj±ya ±sav±na½ khayañ±º±y±”ti tadeva dassita½. Aµµhakath±ya½pana “bojjhaªg±”ti, “bodhipakkhiy± dhamm±”ti ca. Tattha yasm± cat³su maggesu ñ±ºa½“bodh²”ti vuccati, tasm± s±maññato vattuk±mat±dhipp±yavasena “bodhi vuccaticat³su maggesu ñ±ºan”ti (c³¼ani. khaggavis±ºasuttaniddesa 121) vutta½ idh±dhippetañ±ºassapitadantogadhatt±. Atha v± p±¼iya½ bhagavato ±dimaggattayavacanassa vuttaµµh±n±bh±v± catutthamaggañ±ºamevabhagavato uppanna½, na bhagav± sot±pann±dibh±va½ patv± buddho j±toti samayantarappasaªganiv±raºattha½“cat³s³”ti vutta½ ±dittayassa catuttha-upanissayasambhavena bodhipariy±yasiddhito. “Puggalopisen±sanampi upanissayapaccayena paccayo”ti (paµµh±. 1.1.9 paccayaniddesa) vacanato phalahetukophalajanako rukkho phalarukkhoti viya bodhiheturukkho bodhirukkhoti veditabbo.Ettha “yasm± kevala½ bodh²ti rukkhassapi n±ma½, tasm± bodh²”ti parato vutta½.Nigrodh±dirukkhato assa visesanavacana½ pana tadaññabodhim³lappasaªganiv±raºattha½. Maggañ±ºañhikusalam³latt± bodhi ca ta½ m³lañc±ti saªkhya½ labheyya. Paµham±bhisambuddho nis²dat²tisambandho. Tena abhisambuddhadivasena saddhi½ aµµh±ha½ ekapallaªkena nisinnabh±va½ dasseti.Ettha eka-saddo tassa nisajj±saªkh±tassa pabbajj±nuyog±nur³passa pallaªkassa aññena iriy±pathenaanantariyabh±va½ athassa akopitabh±va½ dasseti. Vimuttisukhanti ettha vimuttiya½v± sukhanti na sambhavati. Pañcamajjh±nikatt± bhagavato phalasam±pattisaªkh±t± vimutti evaanujaªghanaµµhena nibb±nasukhanti vimuttisukha½, ta½ sam±pajjanena paµisa½ved² anubhavantonis²di. Veneyyak±l±natikkamanato ta½ apekkham±no nis²di, na vimuttisukhasaªgena.
Atha khoti adhik±rantar±rambhe nip±tadvaya½. Tena vimuttisukha½ paµisa½vedayam±no napaµiccasamupp±da½ manas±k±si, kintu tato vuµµh±y±ti dasseti Paµivedhavasenevasumanasikatassa paµiccasamupp±dassa punappuna½ manasikaraºa½ gambh²ratt± ass±dajananato,na apubbanayadassan±dhipp±yato. Paccakkhabh³tasabbadhammatt± bhagavato asammohato, paµividdhassavisayato v± manasikaraºa½ pana vijitadesapaccavekkhaºa½ viya rañño apubba½ p²ti½ janeti.Vuttañhi “am±nus² rat² hoti, samm± dhamma½ vipassato”ti (dha. pa. 373). Rattiy±paµhama½ y±manti accantasa½yogavasena upayogavacana½, tena tassa vikappan±nattata½ dasseti.Kiñc±pi “anulomapaµiloma½ manas±k±s²”ti ekatova vutta½, tath±pi imin± anukkamen±tidassanattha½ “avijj±paccay±”ti-±di. Tattha ca kiñc±pi pavattimattapaccavekkhaº±adhippet± katha½ paññ±yat²ti? Paµhamabh±v±ya, paµilomamanasikaraºa½ pana anulome paccay±na½,paccayuppann±nañca tath±bh±vas±dhanattha½. Yasm± avijj±ya eva nirodh± saªkh±ranirodho, na aññath±,tasm± saªkh±r±na½ avijj± paccayo, tass± ca saªkh±r± phalanti d²panato. Tath± nibb±napaccavekkhaº±yaanulomamanasikaraºa½ k±raºanirodh± phalanirodhas±dhanattha½. Ettha ca anubh±vato nibb±na½dassita½. Na hi ta½ avijj±dinirodhamattanti. Tattha “yato khaya½ paccay±na½ aved²”tivacanena anulomo n±dhippetoti siddha½. Maggapaccavekkhaº±ya vattabba½ natthi, ubhayatthapikiccato, ±rammaºato ca tassa maggassa visayato ca tattha maggo dassito.
Tatth±ha– “paµiccasamupp±da½ paµiloma½ manas±k±s²”ti na yujjati, na hi paµilom±padesenaniddiµµha½ nibb±na½ paµiccasamupp±do bhavitumarahat²ti? Vuccate– na, tadatthaj±nanato.Anulomapaµilomanti hi bh±vanapu½saka½. Anulomato, paµilomato ca ta½ paµiccasamupp±da½manas±k±s²ti hi tattha attho. Aññath± nirodhassa paµilomappasaªg±pattiyev±pajjati. Paµilomeca panetasmi½ anukkamaniyamo anulome anukkamaniyamato siddhoti veditabba½. Eva½sati paµiccasamupp±dassa paµilomo n±ma apaµiccasamupp±doti siddha½ hoti. Tena vutta½aµµhakath±ya½ “nirodho hot²ti anupp±do hot²”ti-±di. Eva½ santepubb±paravirodho hoti. Katha½? Paµicc±ti hi imin± phalassa paccayapariggahena, paccay±nañcapaccay±yattupagamanena tassa upp±d±bhimukhabh±vad²panato asamupp±do na sambhavati,tasm± apaµiccasamupp±doti eva½ ubhayapaµikkhepena panassa paµilomat± veditabb±ti eke.Ta½ ayutta½ tassa anulomabh±vaniyamanato, atth±tisay±bh±vato, tasm± appaµiccasamupp±dotassa paµilomoti veditabba½. Teneva bhagavat± p±¼iya½ paccayapaccayuppannanirodho vutto.Tattha hi “avijj±ya tveva asesavir±ganirodh±”ti eva½ paccayassa samucchinnapaccayabh±vavasenapaccayanirodha½, phalassa paccayapaµiggah±bh±vavasena paccayuppannanirodhañca d²peti. Duvidhop±¼iya½ nirodho atthato anupp±do n±ma hot²ti katv± aµµhakath±ya½ “nirodhohot²ti anupp±do hot²”ti vutta½. Eva½ sante nibb±na½ paccayapaccayuppann±na½nirodhamattanti ±pajjat²ti ce? Na, tass±nubh±vad²pan±dhipp±yato. Viditavel±yantimanasikatavel±yanti attho, aññath± tato pubbe aviditappasaªgato.
Jh±yatoti ettha k±ma½ lakkhaº³panijjh±nena jh±yato bodhipakkhiyadhamm± p±tubhavanti,catu-ariyasaccadhamm± v± pak±santi, tath±pi pubbabh±ge samath±diy±nikavibh±gadassanattha½ ±rammaº³panijjh±naggahaºa½.Catusaccadhammaggahaºa½ k±ma½ anulomapaµiccasamupp±dadassan±dhik±rena virujjhati, tath±pi“yo dukkha½ parij±n±ti, so samudaya½ pajahat²”ti laddhivasena katanti veditabba½.
2. “Paccayakkhayass±”ti kiccapariy±yavasena vutta½. Tena paccayanibb±na½, tadupanissayanibb±nañc±tiduvidha½ nibb±na½ dassita½ hot²ti. K±mañca ta½ na kevala½ paccayakkhayamatta½ karoti,atha kho paccayuppannakkhayampi karoti. Yato ubhinnampi nirodho dassito, tath±pi hetunirodh±phalanirodhoti katv± “paccayakkhayass±”ti vutta½. Vuttappak±r± dhamm±tiettha catusaccaggahaºa½ paµhamag±th±ya½ vuttanayavipall±sena katanti veditabba½.
3. Samudayanirodhasaªkh±to atthoti ettha samudayo kiccavasena, nirodho ±rammaºakiriy±ya.Etena dvippak±r± nirodh± dassit± honti tassa anubh±vassa vasen±ti attho. Yasm±pallaªk±bhujitaµµh±nañca “pallaªko”ti vuccati, tasm± phal±dhigamaµµh±na½ “pallaªkan”ti vutta½.