8. Kum±ribh³tavaggavaŗŗan±

2. Dutiy±disikkh±padavaŗŗan±

1124. “Anuj±n±mi bhikkhave, aµµh±rasavass±ya kum±ribh³t±ya…pe… sikkh±sammuti½d±tun”ti idha vutta½ viya “anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, dasavass±ya gihigat±ya…pe…sikkh±sammuti½ d±tun”ti na vutta½, tasm± “paripuŗŗadv±dasavass±ya eva gihigat±yasikkh±sammuti d±tabb±”ti vutta½. Gihigat±ya sikkh±sammuti d±tabb±ti eketikatv± dasavass±yapi vaµµati Kasm±? “An±patti paripuŗŗadv±dasavassa½ paripuŗŗasańń±vuµµh±pet²’ti (p±ci. 1093-1095) ca ‘an±patti paripuŗŗadv±dasavassa½ gihigata½…pe…sikkhitasikkha½ vuµµh±pet²’ti (p±ci. 1097-1101) ca vuttatt±”ti por±ŗagaŗµhipadevutta½. Ki½ imin± parih±rena. “Dasavass±ya gihigat±ya sikkh±sammuti d±tabb±”tihi vutta½. “Gihigat±tipi vattu½ na vaµµat²’ti sace vadanti, kamma½ kuppat²”tilikhita½.
1146. Ahameva n³na…pe… alajjin², y± saŖghoti ettha y± ahameva n³na b±l±tiattho. “Ya½ saŖgho”tipi atthi, tattha ya½ yasm± deti, tasm± ahameva n³na b±l±tiattho.
1159. Purisasa½saµµh± kum±rakasa½saµµh± caŗ¹² sok±v±s±vakatha½ sikkham±n±ti vuccati,padabh±jane eva c±ya½ sikkham±n± “chasu dhammesu sikkhitasikkh±”ti kasm± vuttanti?Pubbe gahitasikkhatt±, pubbe paripuŗŗasikkhatt± ca eva½ vuccat²ti veditabba½.
1166-7. Pah³ta½ kh±dan²ya½ bhojan²ya½ passitv±ti ettha “sikkham±n±ya ń±tak±kira samp±dayi½su, ta½ passitv± there bhikkh³ uyyojesi. Uyyojetv± tesa½ chanda½gahetv± pubbe chandad±yake gaŗa½ katv± ses±na½ chanda½ chandameva katv± kamma½k±r±pes²”ti por±ŗagaŗµhipade vutta½. Chanda½ vissajjetv±ti ettha anugaŗµhipadeeva½ vutta½ “ida½ kamma½ ajja na kattabba½. ‘Yath±sukhan’ti vatv± vissajjita½hoti, tasm± yo koci mukharo, b±lo v± kińc±pi ‘yath±sukhan’ti vadati, ther±yattatt±pana therassa anumatiy± satiy± vissajjito hoti, asatiy± na hoti, tath±pi punachanda½ gahetv±va kamma½ karonti, aya½ payogo. Gahaŗe payojana½ pana natthi. SaŖghattheroce vissajjeti, chanda½ gahetv±va k±tabba½. Chanda½ vissajjetv± k±yena vuµµhit±y±tiettha idha samb±dho, ‘amukamhi µh±ne kariss±m±’ti hatthap±sa½ vijahitv±pi gacchantice, natthi doso. Kińc±pi natthi, t± pana hatthap±sa½ avijahitv±va gacchanti, aya½payogo”ti. “Rattip±riv±siye uposathapav±raŗ±va na vaµµati, ańńakamma½ pana vaµµati.Uposathapav±raŗ±pi anuposathapav±raŗadivase na vaµµanti, itara½ sabbak±la½ vaµµati. Parisap±riv±siye hatthap±sa½ avijahitv± cat³su gatesu catuvaggakaraŗ²ye ańńasmi½ pańcasudasasu v²sat²su gatesu sesehi visu½ tahi½ tahi½ gantv±pi puna sannip±taµµh±na½ ±gantv±k±tu½ vaµµati. Ajjh±sayap±riv±siye hatthap±sa½ avijahitv± yath±nisinn±va nisinn±ce, puna k±tu½ vaµµati hatthap±sassa avijahitatt±”ti por±ŗagaŗµhipade vutta½.Tesa½ por±ŗ±na½ matena chandap±riv±siyameveka½ na vaµµat²ti ±pannaŖgańca dassita½, idh±pita½ visu½ na dassita½ asambhavatoti eke. Chandad±yake parisa½ patv± gate tassa pubbachandad±na½chandap±riv±siyanti no takkoti ±cariyo.
Tatrida½ sanniµµh±na½– parisap±riv±siye aµµhakath±ya½ “ańńatra gacch±m±ti chanda½ avissajjetv±vauµµhahanti…pe… kamma½ k±tu½ vaµµat²”ti vuttavacane hatthap±s± vijahana½ na pańń±yati.Ettha pana kammappatt±na½ hatthap±sassa avijahanameva icchitabbanti katv± por±ŗagaŗµhipadevutta½. Kińc±pi na pańń±yati, appaµikkhittatt± pana vaµµat²ti ce? Na, paµikkhittatt±.Katha½? Chando n±ma kammappattesu bhikkh³su ekas²m±ya sannipatitesu ±gacchati, n±sannipatitesu.Idha hi “chanda½ avissajjetv±”ti ca “chandassa pana avissaµµhatt±”ti ca vutta½.“Ajjh±saya½ avissajjetv±”ti ca “ajjh±sayassa avissaµµhatt±”ti ca na vutta½, tasm±chandassa avissajjana½ kammappatt±na½ hatthap±s±vijahaneneva hoti, na vijahaneti siddha½.
Hoti cettha–
“Yato ±gamana½ yassa, tadabh±vassa niggahe;
tasm± sannipatitesu, bhikkh³su tassa bhedato”ti.
Rattip±riv±siyachando viya rattip±riv±siyap±risuddhip²ti tadanulomena vaµµati sv±tan±yachando v± p±risuddhi v± pav±raŗ± v±, t±ya kamma½ k±tu½ vaµµati. Uposathapav±raŗ±pana anuposathadivase na vaµµati, itara½ vaµµati. Pannarasi-uposatha½ c±tuddasiya½ k±tu½vaµµati khettatt±. Na c±tuddasi-uposatha½ pannarasiya½ akhettatt± anuposathadivasatt± p±µipadadivasatt±tiekacce ±cariy±, tasm± tesa½ matena c±tuddasi-uposatha½ tatiya½, sattama½ v±pannarasiya½ k±tu½ na vaµµati. Ya½ panettha vutta½ aµµhakath±ya½ “sace c±tuddasika½uposatha½ kariss±m±ti nisinn±, pannarasoti k±tu½ vaµµat²”ti. Tato “pannarasiyameva‘c±tuddasika½ uposatha½ kariss±m±’ti nisinn± punadivase attano ta½ uposatha½ ‘pannaraso’tik±tu½ vaµµat²ti attho”ti eva½ pariharanti, ta½ tesa½ mata½ “tath±r³papaccaye satiańńasmimpi c±tuddase uposatha½ k±tu½ vaµµat²”ti (kaŖkh±. aµµha. nid±navaŗŗan±) imin±m±tik±µµhakath±vacanena na sameti. Na hi tattha “ańńasmimpi pannarase c±tuddasika½k±tu½ vaµµat²”ti vutta½. Eva½ santepi “saki½ pakkhassa c±tuddase v± pannarase v±”tianuńń±tadivase pariy±pannatt± channa½ c±tuddasik±na½ pacchim± pannaras² anuposathadivasona hot²ti siddha½ hoti. Kińc±pi siddha½, imin± pana “±v±sik±na½ pannaraso,±gantuk±na½ c±tuddaso, ±gantukehi ±v±sik±na½ samasamehi v± appatarehi v± anuvattitabban”tivacanamettha niratthaka½ hot²ti veditabba½.

Dutiy±disikkh±padavaŗŗan± niµµhit±.

Kum±ribh³tavaggavaŗŗan± niµµhit±.