Paññ±day± attaparatthahet³,
tadanvay± sabbaguº± jinassa;
ubho guº± te guºas±garassa,
vutt± idh±cariyavarena tasm±.
Ett±vat± aµµhakath±dig±th±,
sam±sato vuttapadatthasobh±;
ayampi vitth±ranayoti c±ha½,
uddha½ ito te paµisa½khip±mi.
Dutiyag±th±ya asambudhanti dhamm±na½ yath±sabh±va½ abujjhanto. Buddhanisevitantibuddh±nubuddhapaccekabuddhehi gocarabh±van±sevan±hi yath±raha½ nisevita½. Bhav± bhavantivattam±nabhavato añña½ bhava½ gacchati upagacchati, paµipajjat²ti attho. Atha v± bhavotisassatadiµµhi. Tassa paµipakkhatt± abhavoti ucchedadiµµhi. Bhavoti v± vuddhi. Abhavotih±ni. Bhavoti v± duggati. Abhavoti sugati. “Appam±º± dhamm±, asekkh±dhamm±”ti-±d²su (dha. sa. tikam±tik± 13, 11) viya hi vuddhi-atthatt± ak±rassa.Bh±vayat²ti bhavo, j±ti. Bhavat²ti v± bhavo. Savik±r± bahuvidhakhandhuppattid²pit±. Abhavoti vin±so, j±tibh±va½ maraºabh±vañca gacchat²ti vutta½ hoti.Ettha arahant±na½ maraºampi khaºikavasena gahetabba½. Bhavesu abhavo bhav±bhavo, ta½ bhav±bhava½,bhavesu abh±vapaññatti½ gacchat²ti attho. J²valokoti sattaloko, saªkh±raloka-ok±salok±na½bhav±bhavagaman±sambhavato sattaloka½ j²valokoti viseseti. Avijj±dikilesaj±laviddha½sinotiettha navapi lokuttaradhamm± saªgaha½ gacchanti. Apacayag±mit± hi catumaggadhammassa odhisoavijj±dikilesaj±laviddha½so, so assa atthi, tad±rammaºa½ hutv± tattha sah±yabh±v³pagamanenanibb±nass±pi. Yath±ha “yo kho, ±vuso, r±gakkhayo…pe… ida½ vuccati nibb±nan”ti.Arahattass±pi tath± r±g±dikkhayavacanasabbh±vato. Phalas±maññena tiººampi phal±na½ atth²tinavavidhopesa “avijj±dikilesaj±laviddha½s²”ti vuccati. Atha v± sahacaraºalakkhaºaka-±raºat±yapaµipakkhagocaraggahaºat±. Anabhihitopi hi dhammassa tatr±bhihitova bujjhitabbo iti vacanatok±raºagocaraggahaºena catt±ripi phal±ni gahit±ni. Narak±d²su apatam±na½ dh±reti sugatiya½upp±danen±ti dhammo. Puna sugatimhi ajananak±r² akusaladhamme niv±retv± posetipavatteti va¹¹het²ti dhammo. So pana k±mar³p±r³pabhedato tividho accantasukh±vahanato, tatopiuttamatt± dhammavaro.
Etth±ha– “catunna½, bhikkhave, ariyasacc±na½ ananubodh± appaµivedh± evamida½ d²ghamaddh±na½sandh±vita½ sa½saritan’ti (d². ni. 2.155; mah±va. 287) vacanato catusaccadhamma½ asambudha½bhav± bhava½ gacchati j²valokoti siddha½. Tasm± ya½ asambudha½ gacchati, tasseva “tass±”ti ante ta½niddesena niyamanato catusaccadhammopi avijj±dikilesaj±laviddha½s²dhammavaroti c±pajjati. Aññath± “namo avijj±dikilesaj±laviddha½sinodhammavarassa tass±”ti ta½niddesena sam±navibhattikaraºa½ na yujjati atippasaªganiyamanato,“avijj±dikilesaj±laviddha½sino dhammavarass±”ti vacana½ visesanavacana½. Tasm±dukkhasamudayasacc±na½ tabbh±vappasaªgo natth²ti ce? Na, ta½niddesena sam±navibhattiµµh±ne avisesitatt±.Api ca maggasaccanirodhasaccesu phal±na½ apariy±pannatt± nava lokuttaradhamm± saªgahit±tivacanavirodho, phal±na½ asaªgahe verañjakaº¹avaººan±ya½ na kevala½ ariyamaggo ceva nibb±nañca,api ca ariyaphaladhammehi saddhi½ pariyattidhammopi. Vuttañheta½ “r±gavir±gamanejamasoka½…pe…dhammamima½ saraºatthamupeh²”ti (vi. va. 887) vacanavirodho c±ti pubb±paraviruddh± es±g±th± s±sanaviruddh± c±”ti? Vuccate– sabbametamayutta½ vuttag±thatth±j±nanato.Ettha hi ±cariyena pavattipavattihetuvisayavibh±go ca dassito. Katha½? Tattha asambudhantiasambodho, so atthato avijj±, t±ya ca taºhup±d±n±ni gahit±ni, tayopi te dhamm±samudayasacca½, bhav±bhavanti ettha dukkhasacca½ vutta½. Sugatiduggatippabhedo hi bhavoatthato pañcup±d±nakkhandh± honti. “Evametassa kevalassa dukkhakkhandhassa samudayo hot²”ti(mah±va. 1) vacanato dukkhappavatti pavatti n±ma, dukkhasamudayo pavattihetu n±ma,avijj±saªkh±tassa ca pavattihetussa aggahitaggahaºena nirodhamaggasaccadvaya½ visayo n±ma.Vuttañheta½ “tattha katam± avijj±? Dukkhe aññ±ºa½…pe… dukkhanirodhag±miniy±paµipad±ya aññ±ºan”ti (vibha. 226).
Ettha ca nirodhasacca½ buddhena gocar±sevan±ya ±sevita½, maggasacca½ bh±van±sevan±ya. Ett±vat±asambudha½ buddhanisevita½ yanti upayogappatto yo visayo nirodho ca maggo ca, tassayath±vutt±vijj±dikilesaj±lattayaviddha½sino namo dhammavarass±ti aya½ g±th±ya attho. Pariyattidhammopikilesaviddha½sanassa suttantanayena upanissayapaccayatt± kilesaviddha½sanas²lat±ya “avijj±dikilesaj±laviddha½s²”tivattu½ sambhavati. Evañhi sati r±gavir±g±ti g±thattho, so dhamma½ deseti…pe…brahmacariya½ pak±set²ti suttattho ca asesato gahito hoti. Atha v± im±yag±th±ya kevala½ pariyattidhammova gahito hoti, ya½ sandh±y±ha “so dhamma½ deseti±dikaly±ºa½…pe… brahmacariya½ pak±set²”ti (d². ni. 1.190; p±r±. 1),tampi asambudha½ buddheheva nisevita½ gocar±sevan±ya anaññanisevita½. Yath±ha “bhagava½m³lak±no, bhante, dhamm± bhagava½nettik± bhagava½paµisaraº±…pe… bhagavato sutv± bhikkh³dh±ressant²”ti (sa½. ni. 2.146).
Tatiyag±th±ya s²l±dayo kiñc±pi lokiyalokuttar± yath±sambhava½ labbhanti, tath±pi ante“ariyasaªghan”ti vacanato s²l±dayo catt±ro dhammakkhandh± lokuttar±va. Ettha ca “s²lasam±dhipaññ±vimuttivimuttiñ±ºappabhut²h²”tivattabbe sar³pekasesa½ katv± “vimuttiñ±ºappabhut²h²”ti vutta½. Ettha cakiñc±pi vimutt²ti phaladhamm±va sutte adhippet±, tath±pi “magg± vuµµhahitv± magga½paccavekkhati. Pah²ne kilese paccavekkhati. Phala½ paccavekkhati. Nibb±na½ paccavekkhat²”ti(paµµh±. 1.1.410) vacanato magg±dipaccavekkhaºañ±ºa½ vimuttiñ±ºanti veditabba½. Vimuttivimokkho khayoti hi atthato eka½. “Khaye ñ±ºa½ anupp±de ñ±ºanti (dha. sa. dukam±tik±142; d². ni. 3.304) ettha khayo n±ma maggo, r±gakkhayo dosakkhayoti phalanibb±n±na½adhivacanan”ti sutte ±gatameva. Pah²nakiles±na½ khayo p±katiko khayo eva. Pabhuti-saddenatisso vijj± cha abhiññ± catasso paµisambhid±ti evam±dayo guº± saªgahit±. Samann±gamaµµhenaaparih²naµµhena ca yutto. Khetta½ jan±na½ kusalatthik±nanti “anuttara½ puññakkhetta½lokass±”ti suttato kusalassa viruhanaµµh±natt±, suttantanayena upanissayapaccayatt±ca k±ma½ kusalassa khetta½ hoti saªgho, na kusalatthik±na½ jan±na½. Tasm± na yujjat²tice? Na, suttatthasambhavato. Sutte “anuttara½ puññakkhetta½ lokass±”ti (sa½.ni. 4.341) hi vutta½. Kassa lokassa? Puññatthikassa khetta½ saªgho, puññupanissayatt±puññakkhetta½ hoti saªgho, kusalatthik±nanti ca vuccanti. Lokepi hi devadattassakhetta½ yaññadattassa khetta½ s±liyavupanissayatt± s±likhetta½ yavakhettanti ca vuccati.Ariyasaªghanti vigatakilesatt± ariya½ parisuddha½ ariy±na½, ariyabh±va½ v± patta½s²ladiµµhis±maññena saªghatatt± saªgha½. “Ariya-saddena sammutisaªgha½ niv±ret²”ti kecilikhanti, ta½ na sundara½ vimuttiñ±ºaguºaggahaºena visesitatt±. Siras±ti min± k±ma½ k±yanati½ dasseti, tath±pi uttamasaªghe guºag±ravena uttamaªgameva niddisanto“siras± nam±m²”ty±ha. Sirassa pana uttamat± uttam±na½ cakkhusotindriy±na½ nissayatt±,tesa½ uttamat± ca dassan±nuttariyasavan±nuttariyahetut±ya veditabb±. Etth±ha– anusandhikusalo
“Upoggh±to padañceva, padattho padaviggaho;
codan±pratyavajj±na½, by±khy± tantassa chabbidh±”ti.–
Evamavatv± kasm± ratanattayapaº±ma½ paµhama½ vuttanti? Vuccate– sat±c±ratt±. ¾c±rokiresa sappuris±na½, yadida½ sa½vaººan±rambhe ratanattayap³j±vidh±na½. Tasm± “sat±c±ratobhaµµh± m± maya½ hom±”ti kar²yati, catugambh²rabh±vayuttañca vinayapiµaka½ sa½vaººetuk±massamah±samudda½ og±hantassa viya paññ±veyyattiyasamann±gatass±pi mahanta½ bhaya½ hoti, bhayakkhay±vahañceta½ratanattayaguº±nussaraºajanita½ paº±map³j±vidh±na½. Yath±ha “eva½ buddha½ sarant±nan”ti-±di(sa½. ni. 1.249). Apic±cariyo satthup³j±vidh±nena asatthari satth±bhinivesassalokassa yath±bh³ta½ satthari eva samm±sambuddhe satthusambh±vana½ upp±deti, asatthari satthusambh±vana½pariccaj±peti, “tath±gatappavedita½ dhammavinaya½ attano dahat²”ti vuttadosa½ pariharati.Antar±yabahulatt± khandhasantatiy± vippakat±ya vinayasa½vaººan±ya attano ±yuvaººasukhabal±na½parikkhayasambhav±saªk±ya “abhiv±danas²lissa…pe… ±yu vaººo sukha½ balan”ti (dha.pa. 109) vutt±nisa½se y±va sa½vaººan±pariyos±n± pattheti. Api cettha buddhassa bhagavatopaº±map³j±vidh±na½ samm±sambuddhabh±v±dhigamattha½ buddhay±na½ paµipajjant±na½ uss±ha½janeti. Lokiyalokuttarabhedassa, lokuttarasseva v± saddhammassa p³j±vidh±na½ paccekabuddhabh±v±dhigamattha½paccekabuddhay±na½ paµipajjant±na½ uss±ha½ janeti. Saddhammapaµivedhamatt±bhil±sino hite. Paramatthasaªghap³j±vidh±na½ paramatthasaªghabh±v±dhigamattha½ s±vakay±na½ paµipajjant±na½ uss±ha½janeti, maªgal±d²ni v± s±tth±ni anantar±y±ni ciraµµhitik±ni bahumat±ni ca bhavant²tieva½laddhik±na½ cittaparitosanattha½ “p³j± ca p³janeyy±nan”ti bhagavat± pasatthamaªgala½ karoti.Vuccate ca–
“Maªgala½ bhagav± buddho, dhammo saªgho ca maªgala½;
maªgal±d²ni s±tth±ni, s²gha½ sijjhanti sabbaso.
“Satthu p³j±vidh±nena, evam±d² bah³ guºe;
labhat²ti vij±nanto, satthup³j±paro siy±”ti.
Ettha ca satthupadh±natt± dhammasaªgh±na½ p³j±vidh±na½ satthup³j±vidh±namicceva daµµhabba½ s±sanatolokato ca. Teneta½ vuccati–
“Satth±”ti dhammo sugatena vutto;
nibb±nak±le yamato sa satth±;
suvatthig±th±su “tath±gato”ti;
saªgho ca vutto yamato sa satth±.
Kiñca bhiyyo–
Dhammak±yo yato satth±, dhammo satth± tato mato;
dhammaµµhito so saªgho ca, satthusaªkhya½ nigacchati.
Santi hi loke vatt±ro kosagata½ asi½ gahetv± µhita½ purisa½ visu½ apar±masitv±“asi½ gahetv± µhito eso”ti. Tenev±ha c±riyam±traccev±–
“Namatthu buddharatn±ya, dhammaratn±ya te namo;
namatthu saªgharatn±ya, tiratnasamav±nay²”ti.
Apica sabbadhammesu appaµihatañ±ºanimitt±nuttaravimokkhap±tubh±v±bhisaªkh±ta½ khandhasant±namup±d±ya“buddho”ti yadi paññ±piyati, dhammo paº±m±rahoti k± eva kath±, saªgho ca “saªghe gotamidehi, saªghe te dinne ahañceva p³jito bhaviss±mi saªgho c±”ti vuttatt± bh±jananti d²peti.Atha v± “buddhasubodhito dhammo ±cariyaparampar±ya suvaººabh±jane pakkhittatelamiva aparih±petv±y±vajjatan± ±bhatatt± eva m±dis±nampi sotadv±ramanuppatto”ti saªghassa ±cariyo at²va±darena paº±ma½ karoti “siras± nam±m²”ti.
Eva½ anekavidha½ paº±mappayojana½ vadanti, ±cariyena pana adhippetappayojana½attan± eva vutta½ “iccevamaccantanamassaneyyan”ti-±din± catutthag±th±ya. Iccevantiettha iti-saddo ratanattayap³j±vidh±naparisamattattho. Yadi eva½ yath±vihitamattameva p³j±vidh±na½arahati ratanattaya½, na tato uddhanti ±pajjat²ti aniµµhappasaªganiv±raºattha½ “evamaccantanamassaneyyan”ti±ha. Tattha evanti imin± yath±vuttavidhi½ dasseti. Yath±vuttena vidhin±, aññenav± t±disena accantameva muhuttamapi aµµhatv± abhikkhaºa½ nirantara½ niyamena namassan±raha½namassam±nassa hitamahapphalakaraºatoti attho. Eva½vidha½ dullabhaµµhena mahapphalaµµhena ca siddha½ratanabh±va½ ratanattaya½ namassam±no ya½ puññ±bhisanda½ alattha½ alabhi½. Akusalamala½ tadaªg±dippah±nenapun±t²ti puñña½. Kilesadarathappaµippassaddhiy± s²talatt± citta½ abhisandet²ti abhisando.Puññañca ta½ abhisando c±ti puññ±bhisando, ta½ puññ±bhisanda½. Gaºµhipadepana “puññamahatta½n”ti bhaºanti, “vipulan”ti vacanato so attho na yujjat²ti±cariyo. Atha v± puññ±na½ abhisando puññ±bhisando ta½ puññ±bhisanda½. Sandasavaneti dh±tu. Tasm± puññasota½ puññussayanti attho yujjati, ta½ pana vipula½, naparittanti dassita½ vipula-saddena.
Pañcamag±th± yasmi½ vinayapiµake p±¼ito ca atthato ca an³na½ lajj²puggalesu pavattanaµµhenaµhite sakala½ tividhampi s±sana½ tesveva puggalesu patiµµhita½ hoti. Kassas±sananti ce? Aµµhitassa bhagavato. Bhagav± hi µhitihetubh³t±ya ucchedadiµµhiy± abh±venaaµµhitoti vuccati. Ucchedadiµµhiko hi paraloke nirapekkho kevala½ k±masukhallik±nuyogamanuyuñjantotiµµhati, na paralokahit±ni puññ±ni kattu½ by±vaµo hoti, sassatadiµµhiko t±nikattu½ ±y³hati. Bhagav± pana tath± atiµµhanto an±y³hanto majjhima½ paµipada½ paµipajjantosayañca ogha½ tari, pare ca t±resi. Yath±ha “appatiµµha½ khv±ha½, ±vuso, an±y³ha½oghamatarin”ti (sa½. ni. 1.1). Catubrahmavih±ravasena sattesu suµµhu samm± caµhitass±ti atthavasena v± susaºµhitassa. Susaºµhitatt± hesa kevala½ satt±na½ dukkha½apanetuk±mo hita½ upasa½harituk±mo sampattiy± ca pamodito apakkhapatito ca hutv±vinaya½ deseti, tasm± imasmi½ vinayasa½vaººan±dhik±re s±rupp±ya thutiy±thomento ±ha “susaºµhitass±”ti. Gaºµhipade pana “man±piye ca kho, bhikkhave,kammavip±ke paccupaµµhite”ti (d². ni. aµµha. 2.35; ma. ni. aµµha. 2.386) suttassa,“susaºµh±n± sur³pat±”ti (khu. p±. 8.11) suttassa ca vasena susaºµhitass±ti atthovutto, so adhippet±dhik±r±nur³po na hoti. Amissanti ki½ vinaya½ amissa½,ud±hu pubb±cariy±nubh±vanti? Nobhayampi. Amiss± eva hi vinayaµµhakath±. Tasm±bh±vanapu½sakavasena amissa½ ta½ vaººayissanti sambandho. Pubb±cariy±nubh±vantiaµµhakath± “yasm± pure aµµhakath± aka½s³”ti vacanato tesa½ ±nubh±vo n±ma hoti.Kiñci apubba½ disv± santi hi loke vatt±ro “kassesa ±nubh±vo”ti. Athav± bhagavato adhipp±ya½ anugantv± ta½ta½p±µhe attha½ bh±vayati vibh±vayati, tassa tassav± atthassa bh±van± vibh±van±ti ±nubh±vo vuccati aµµhakath±.
Pubb±cariy±nubh±ve sati ki½ puna ta½ vaººayissanti imin± ±rambhen±ti tato vuccantichaµµhasattamaµµhamanavamag±th±yo. Tattha ariyamaggañ±ºambun± niddhotamalatt± visuddhavijjehi, tenevaniddhot±savatt± visuddhapaµisambhidehi, visuddhapaµisambhidatt± ca saddhammasa½vaººanakovideh²tiyojan± veditabb±. Keci “pubb±cariy±ti vutte lok±cariy±pi, s±sane r±hul±cariy±dayopisaªgayhanti, te apanetu½ k±mañc±ti-±di vuttan”ti vadanti. “Ta½ vaººayissan”tivuttatt± pubbaµµhakath±ya ³nabh±vo dassitoti ce? Na, cittehi nayehi sa½vaººitoti dassetu½ “k±mañc±”ti-±di vutta½. Saddhamma½ sa½vaººetu½ kovidehi, t±yasa½vaººan±ya v± kovidehi saddhammasa½vaººanakovidehi.
Sallekhiyeti kilesaj±ta½ b±hulla½ v± sallikhati tanu½ karot²ti sallekho,sallekhassa bh±vo sallekhiya½, tasmi½ sallekhiye. Nosulabh³pameh²ti asulabh³pamehi.Mah±vih±rass±ti mah±vih±rava½sassa. Paññ±ya accuggataµµhena dhajo upam± etesantidhaj³pam±, tehi dhaj³pamehi. Sambuddhavara½ anu-ayehi anugatehi sambuddhavaranvayehi,buddh±dhipp±y±nugeh²ti adhipp±yo. Idha vara-saddo “s±ma½ sacc±ni buddhatt± sambuddho”tivacanato paccekabuddh±pi saªgayhanti. Tasm± te apanetu½ vutto.
Aµµhakath±ya ³nabh±va½ dassetv± id±ni attano karaºavisesa½ tassa payojanañca dassetu½“sa½vaººan±”ti-±dim±ha. Na kiñci attha½ abhisambhuº±t²ti kiñcipayojana½ phala½ hita½ na s±dhet²ti attho “na ta½ tassa bhikkhuno kiñci attha½ anubhot²”ti-±d²su(p±r±. 538) viya. Ajjhesana½ buddhasirivhayass±ti imin± yasm± sahampatibrahmun±ajjhiµµhena dhammo desito bhagavat±, s±riputtassa ajjhesana½ niss±ya vinayo paññatto,tasm± ayampi ±cariyo ta½ ±cariyavatta½ p³jento ima½ sa½vaººana½ buddhasirittherassay±cana½ niss±ya ak±s²ti dasseti. Samanussarantoti tass±bh±va½ d²peti ±darañca.
Tato para½ dve g±th±yo kattabbavidhidassanattha½ vutt±. Tena t±su aµµhakath±su vuttavinicchayapaccayavimati½vinodeti, ekaµµhakath±ya kusalassa v± “aya½ nayo aµµhakath±ya½ natth²”ti paµikkhepa½niv±reti, ayuttatthaparicc±gena tattha abhiniviµµh±na½ abhinivesa½ pariccaj±peti, therav±dadassanenavinayavinicchaya½ pati vinayadhar±na½ k±raºopapattito uh±pohakkama½ dasseti, ayuttattherav±dapaµikkhepenapuggalappam±ºata½ paµikkhipat²ti ime c±nisa½s± kattabbavidhidassanena dassit± honti.Sa½vaººana½ tañca sam±rabhanto tass± sa½vaººan±ya mah±-aµµhakatha½ sar²ra½ katv± sam±rabhissa½,mah±paccariyampi yo vutto vinicchayo, tatheva kurund²n±m±d²su loke vissut±suaµµhakath±su ca yo vutto vinicchayo, tatopi vinicchayato mah±-aµµhakath±nayena, vinayayuttiy±v± yuttamattha½ tassa sar²rassa alaªk±ra½ viya gaºhanto sam±rabhissa½. Ki½ sa½vaººanameva,na aññanti dassanattha½ puna sa½vaººan±ggahaºa½. Atha v± antogadhattherav±da½ sa½vaººana½katv± sam±rabhissanti yojan± veditabb±. Therav±d± hi bahi-aµµhakath±ya vicaranti.Ettha ±di-saddena c³¼apaccari-andhaka-ariyaµµhakath±pannav±r±dayopi saªgahit± Tattha paccar²n±ma s²ha¼abh±s±ya u¼umpa½ kira, tasmi½ nis²ditv± katatt± tameva n±ma½ j±ta½.Kurund²vallivih±ro n±ma atthi, tattha katatt± kurund² n±ma j±t±.
Samma sam±rabhissanti kattabbavidh±na½ sajjetv± aha½ µhito, tasm± ta½ me nis±ment³tig±th±ya ta½ sa½vaººana½ me mama, may± v± vuccam±nanti p±µhaseso Nis±mentupassantu paññ±cakkhun± suºantu v± saddh±v²riyap²tip±mojj±bhisaªkh±rena saªkharitv± p³jayant±sakkacca½ dhamma½. Kassa dhamma½? Dhammappad²passa tath±gatassa. Ki½ dasseti?Pad²paµµh±niyo hi dhammo hit±hitappak±sanato, pad²padharaµµh±niyo dhammadharo tath±gato, tasm±parinibbutepi tasmi½ tath±gate tattha soka½ akatv± sakkacca dhamma½ paµim±nayant±nis±ment³ti dasseti. Atha v± “dhammak±y± tath±gat±”ti (d². ni. 3.118) vacanatodhammo ca so pad²po c±ti dhammappad²po, bhagav±.
Yo dhammavinayo yath± buddhena vutto, so tatheva buddhaputtehi s±vakehi ñ±to avabuddho,yehi tesa½ buddhaputt±na½ mati½ adhipp±ya½ accajant± niravasesa½ gaºhant±.Pureti pur±, por±ºatther± v±. Aµµhakath±ti aµµhakath±yo, upayogabahuvacana½.
Ya½ atthaj±ta½ aµµhakath±su vutta½, ta½ sabbampi pam±dalekhak±na½ pam±dalekhamatta½ vajjayitv±.Ki½ sabbesampi pam±ºa½? Na, kintu sikkh±su sag±rav±na½ idha vinayamhi paº¹it±na½,mah±-aµµhakath±ya½ pana saccepi alikepi dukkaµameva vutta½, ta½ pam±dalekhanti veditabba½.Pam±dalekha½ vajjayitv± pam±ºa½ hessat²ti sambandho.
Tato c±ti aµµhakath±su vutta-atthaj±tato tantikkama½ p±¼ikkama½. Suttant± sutt±vayav±.Antoti hida½ abbhantar±vayavasambh±van±d²su dissati. Suttantesu bhav± suttantik±,tesa½ suttantik±na½, suttantaganthesu ±gatavacan±nanti attho. Atha v± am²yat²tianto, s±dh²yat²ti adhipp±yo. Kena s±dh²yati? Suttena, suttassa anto suttanto,ko so? So so atthavikappo, tasmi½ suttante niyutt±ni vacan±ni suttantik±ni.Tesa½ suttantik±na½ vacan±namattha½. Tassa tassa ±gamasuttassa abhidhammavinayasuttassac±nur³pa½ parid²payant², aya½ t±vettha sam±sato atthavibh±van±– “itipi so bhagav±”ti-±d²na½(sa½. ni. 2.41; 5.479; a. ni. 6.10; p±r±. 1) suttantik±na½ vacan±namattha½±gamasuttant±nur³pa½. “Viv±d±dhikaraºa½ siy± kusala½ siy± akusala½siy± aby±katan”ti (c³¼ava. 220) evam±d²na½ abhidhammasuttantik±na½ vacan±namattha½abhidhammasuttant±nur³panti evam±di. Hessat²ti bhavissati, kar²yissat²ti adhipp±yo.Vaººan±p²ti ettha api-saddo sampiº¹anattho, so tasm±ti padena yojetabbo. Katha½?Paº¹it±na½ pam±ºatt±pi vitth±ramaggassa sam±sitatt±pi vinicchayassa asesitatt±pi tantikkamassaavokkamitatt±pi suttantikavacan±na½ suttantaµµhakath±nur³pa½ d²panatopi tasm±pi sakkacca½anusikkhitabb±ti. Ettha “tantikkama½ avokkamitv±”ti vacanena siddhepi “aµµhakath±cariy±verañjakaº¹±d²su ‘suttantik±na½ bh±ro’ti gat±, maya½ pana vatv±va gamiss±m±”tidassetu½ “suttantik±nan”ti vutta½ kira.

Ganth±rambhakath±vaººan± niµµhit±.