Catubbidhavinayakath±vaººan±

45. N²haritv±ti ettha s±sanato n²haritv±ti attho. “Pañcahup±li, aªgehisamann±gatena bhikkhun± n±nuyuñjitabba½. Katamehi pañcahi? Sutta½ na j±n±ti, sutt±nuloma½na j±n±t²”ti (pari. 442) evam±dito hi pariyattis±sanato sutta½, sutt±nulomañcan²haritv± pak±sesu½. “An±patti eva½ amh±ka½ ±cariy±na½ uggaho paripucch±tibhaºat²”ti evam±dito pariyattis±sanato ±cariyav±da½ n²haritv± pak±sesu½. Bh±rukacchakavatthusmi½“±yasm± up±li evam±ha– an±patti, ±vuso, supinanten±”ti (p±r±. 78)evam±dito pariyattis±sanato eva attanomati½ n²haritv± pak±sesu½. T±ya hi attanomatiy±thero etadaggaµµh±na½ labhi. Api ca vuttañheta½ bhagavat± “anupasampannena paññattena v± apaññattenav± vuccam±no…pe… an±dariya½ karoti, ±patti dukkaµass±”ti (p±ci.343). Tattha hi paññatta½ n±ma sutta½. Sesattaya½ apaññatta½ n±ma. Ten±ya½ “catubbidhañhivinaya½, mah±ther±”ti g±th± suvutt±. Ya½ sandh±ya vutta½ n±gasenattherena. ¾haccapaden±tiaµµha vaººaµµh±n±ni ±hacca vuttena padanik±yen±ti attho, ud±haµena kaºµhokkantenapadasam³hen±ti adhipp±yo. Rasen±ti tassa ±haccabh±sitassa rasena, tato uddhaµena vinicchayen±tiattho. Suttacch±y± viya hi sutt±nuloma½. ¾cariyav±do “±cariyava½so”tivutto p±¼iya½ vutt±na½ ±cariy±na½ parampar±ya ±bhatova pam±ºanti dassanattha½. Adhipp±yotik±raºopapattisiddho uh±pohanayappavatto paccakkh±dipam±ºapatir³pako. Adhipp±yotiettha “attanomat²”ti keci attha½ vadanti.
Pariv±raµµhakath±ya½ idha ca kiñc±pi “sutt±nuloma½ n±ma catt±ro mah±pades±”tivutta½, atha kho mah±padesanayasiddha½ paµikkhitt±paµikkhitta½ anuññ±t±nanuññ±ta½ kappiy±kappiyantiatthato vutta½ hoti. Tattha yasm± µh±na½ ok±so padesoti k±raºavevacan±ni “aµµh±nameta½,±nanda, anavak±so”ti-±di (p±r±. 43) s±sanato, “niggahaµµh±nan”ti ca “asandiµµhiµµh±nan”tica “asandiµµhi ca pana padeso”ti ca lokato, tasm± mah±pades±ti mah±k±raº±n²tiattho. K±raºa½ n±ma ñ±pako hetu idh±dhippeta½. Mahantabh±vo pana tesa½ mah±visayatt±mah±bh³t±na½ viya. Te duvidh± vinayamah±pades± suttantikamah±pades± c±ti.Tattha vinayamah±pades± vinaye payoga½ gacchanti, itare ubhayatth±pi, teneva pariv±reanuyogavatte “dhamma½ na j±n±ti, dhamm±nuloma½ na j±n±t²”ti (pari. 442) vutta½.Tattha dhammanti µhapetv± vinayapiµaka½ avasesapiµakadvaya½. Dhamm±nulomanti suttantikecatt±ro mah±padese. Tattha yo dhamma½ dhamm±nulomañceva j±n±ti, na vinaya½ vinay±nulomañca,so “dhamma½ rakkh±m²”ti vinaya½ ubbinaya½ karoti, itaro “vinaya½ rakkh±m²”tidhamma½ uddhamma½ karoti, ubhaya½ j±nanto ubhayampi samp±deti.
Tatrida½ mukhamatta½– tattha paµhamo “so ce pavesana½ s±diyati, paviµµha½, µhita½, uddharaºa½s±diyati ±patti, na s±diyati an±patt²”ti ettha vippaµipajjati. So h±yasm±sukhavedan²yassa up±dinnaphoµµhabbassa, k±yindriyassa ca sam±yoge sati paµivij±nantok±yikasukhavedanuppattimattena s±diyati n±m±ti paricchinditv± tassa ±patti p±r±jikass±tiasevan±dhipp±yassapi ±pattippasaªga½ karoti, tath± yassa santhatatt± v± yonidosavasena v±dukkh± as±t± vedan±, v±topahaµagattat±ya v± neva k±yikavedan±, tassa j±nato aj±natopi“an±patti as±diyantass±”ti (p±r±. 76) suttanta½ dassetv± sevan±dhipp±yass±pian±pattippasaªga½ karoti, tath± yadi mocanar±gena upakkamato mutte saªgh±diseso, pagevamethunar±gen±ti dukkaµaµµh±na½ gahetv± saªgh±disesaµµh±na½ karoti, eva½ vinaya½ ubbinaya½karoti n±ma. Itaro “an±patti aj±nantass±ti vuttatt± j±nato j±naneneva sukhavedan± hotu v± m± v± s±diyan± hot²”ti vatv± asevan±dhipp±yassapij±nato an±pattiµµh±ne ±patti½ karoti, anavajja½ s±vajja½ karot²ti eva½ dhamma½uddhamma½ karoti. Ubhaya½ pana j±nanto “bhikkhussa sevanacitta½ upaµµhiteti (p±r±. 57)vacanato sevanacittamevettha pam±ºa½, tassa bh±vena ±patti p±r±jikassa, abh±vena an±patt²”tivatv± ubhayampi rakkhati samp±deti. Imin± nayena sabbasikkh±padesu yath±sambhava½ sappayojan±k±tabb±.
Saªg²ti½ ±ropetv± µhapitap±¼ito vinimutta½ katv± µhapitatt± p±¼ivinimutt± atthato,nayato, anulomato ca p±¼iokkantavinicchayappavatt± anupaviµµhavinicchayavasena pavatt±tiattho. “Na sam³hanissat²”ti j±nantopi bhagav± kevala½ “tesa½ mata½ pacchim± janat±mama vacana½ viya pam±ºa½ karot³”ti dassanatthañca parinibb±nak±le evam±ha “±kaªkham±no,±nanda, saªgho mamaccayena khudd±nukhuddak±ni sikkh±pad±ni sam³hanat³”ti (d². ni. 2.216),teneta½ siddha½ “paññattampi ce sikkh±pada½ sam³hanitu½ yassa saªghassa anuññ±ta½ bhagavat±,tassa paññatt±nuloma½ atirekatthad²pana½, pagev±nuññ±ta½ bhagavat±”ti. Kiñca bhiyyo³n±tirittasikkh±padesu ±cariyakulesu viv±do aññamañña½ na k±tabboti dassanatthañca.Kasm± saªgho na sam³han²ti? Aññamañña½ viv±dappasaªgadassanato. Bhagavat± ca “sabbehevasamaggehi sammodam±nehi avivadam±nehi sikkhitabban”ti vutta½. Tattha ca ekaccether± evam±ha½s³ti ca aññav±dadassanato vivadam±nehi sikkhitabba½ j±ta½, tadabh±vattampiñattidutiyakammav±ca½ s±vetv± avivadam±neheva sikkhitabba½ ak±si.
Apic±ti attano matiy± p±kaµakaraºattha½ ±rambho. Tattha “suttant±bhidhammavinayaµµhakath±s³”tivacanato piµakattayassapi s±dh±raº± es± kath±ti veditabb±, “atha pan±ya½ kappiyan”ti-±divinayasseva. K±rakasaªghasadisanti saªg²tik±rakasaªghasadisa½. “Sutt±dicatukka½appaccakkh±ya tena aviruddhassa kammassa k±rakasaªghasadisan”ti dhammasirittherassa gaºµhipadevutta½, ta½ ayutta½, “suttameva balavatara½. Suttañhi appaµivattiya½ k±rakasaªghasadisan”tietehi padehi ayuttatt±. P±katike pana gaºµhipade “tamattha½ vinicchinitv±tassa k±rakasaªghasadisan”ti vutta½. Parav±d²ti amh±ka½ samayavij±nanako aññanik±yikotivutta½. Parav±d² sutt±nulomanti katha½? “Aññatra udakadantapon±”ti (p±ci.266) sutta½ sakav±dissa, tadanulomato n±¼ikeraphalassa udakampi udakameva hot²tiparav±d² ca.
“N±¼ikerassa ya½ toya½, pur±ºa½ pittabandhana½;
tameva taruºa½ toya½, pittagha½ balabandhanan”ti.–

Eva½ parav±din± vutte sakav±d² dhaññaphalassa gatikatt±, ±h±ratthassa ca pharaºato “y±vak±likamevatan”ti vadanto paµikkhipati. Paro ±cariyav±danti “suªka½ pariharat²ti etthaupac±ra½ okkamitv± kiñc±pi pariharati, avah±ro ev±”ti aµµhakath±vacanato “tath±karonto p±r±jikam±pajjat²”ti parav±din± vutte sakav±d² “suªka½ pariharati,±patti dukkaµass±”ti sutta½ tattheva ±gatamah±-aµµhakath±vacanena saddhi½ dassetv± paµisedheti,tath± karontassa dukkaµamev±ti. Paro attanomat²ti ettha “purebhatta½ parasantaka½avahar±ti purebhattameva hariss±m²ti v±yamantassa pacch±bhatta½ hoti, purebhattapayogovaso, tasm± m³laµµho na muccat²ti tumh±ka½ therav±datt± m³laµµhassa p±r±jikamev±”tiparav±din± vutte sakav±d² “ta½ saªketa½ pure v± pacch± v± ta½ bhaº¹a½ avaharati,m³laµµhassa an±patt²”ti (p±r±. 119) sutta½ dassetv± paµikkhipati.

Paro suttanti “aniyatahetudhammo sammattaniyatahetudhammassa ±rammaºapaccayena paccayo”tisutta½ paµµh±ne likhita½ dassetv± “ariyamaggassa na nibb±namev±rammaºan”ti parav±din±vutte sakav±d² “±rammaºattik±disutt±nulome na otarat²”ti paµikkhipati. Sutt±nulomeotaranta½yeva hi sutta½ n±ma, netara½. Tena vutta½ p±¼i-±gata½ paññ±yat²ti ettakenapisiddhe tisso saªg²tiyo ±ru¼hap±¼i-±gata½ paññ±yat²”ti-±di. T±disañhi pam±dalekhanti±cariyo. “Appam±do amata½ pada½, pam±do maccuno padan”ti (dha. pa. 21; netti.26) vacanato dinnabhojane bhuñjitv± parissay±ni parivajjitv± sati½ paccupaµµhapetv± viharantonicco hot²ti. Evar³passa atthassa vasena ±ru¼hampi sutta½ na gahetabba½,tena vutta½ no ce tath± paññ±yat²ti siddhepi “no ce tath± paññ±yati, na otaratina samet²”ti. “B±hirakasutta½ v±”ti vuttatt± attano suttampi atthenaasamenta½ na gahetabba½. Paro ±cariyav±danti-±d²su dv²su nayesu pam±dalekhavasena tatthatattha ±gataµµhakath±vacana½ therav±dehi saddhi½ yojetv± veditabba½.
Atha pan±ya½ ±cariyav±da½. Paro suttanti parav±din± “m³lab²ja½ n±ma haliddi siªgivera½vac±…pe… b²je b²jasaññ² chindati v± ched±peti v± bhindati v±…pe…±patti p±cittiyass±ti (p±ci. 91) tumh±ka½ p±µhatt± haliddigaºµhi½ chindantassap±cittiyan”ti vutte sakav±d² “y±ni v± panaññ±ni atthi m³le sañj±yant²”ti-±di½dassetv± tassa aµµhakath±saªkh±tena ±cariyav±dena paµikkhipati. Na hi gaºµhimhi gaºµhij±yat²ti. Paro sutt±nulomanti parav±din± “an±patti eva½ amh±ka½ ±cariy±na½uggahoti vacanass±nulomato ‘amh±ka½ por±ºabhikkh³ ekap±s±de gabbha½ thaketv± anupasampannenasayitu½ vaµµat²ti tath± katv± ±gat±, tasm± amh±ka½ vaµµat²’ti tumhesu eva ekaccesuvadantesu tumh±ka½ na kiñci vattu½ sakk±”ti vutte sakav±d² “sutta½ sutt±nulomañcauggahitak±na½yeva ±cariy±na½ uggaho pam±ºan”ti-±di-aµµhakath±vacana½ dassetv± paµisedheti.Paro attanomatinti “dv±ra½ vivaritv± an±pucch± sayitesu ke muccant²”ti etthapana dvepi jan± muccanti yo ca yakkhagahitako, yo ca bandhitv± nipajj±pitoti tumh±ka½therav±datt± aññe sabbepi yath± tath± v± nipann±dayopi muccant²ti paµisedheti.
Atha pan±ya½ attanomati½. Paro suttanti “±patti½ ±pajjant²”ti parav±din±gutte sakav±d² “div± kilantar³po mañce nisinno p±de bh³mito amocetv±vanidd±vasena nipajjati, tassa an±patt²”ti-±di-aµµhakath±vacana½ (p±r±. aµµha. 1.77) dassetv±ekabhaªgena nipann±dayopi muccant²ti paµisedheti. Ath±ya½ attanomati½. Paro sutt±nulomanti“domanassa½ p±ha½, dev±naminda, duvidhena vad±mi sevitabbampi asevitabbamp²ti-±divacanehi(d². ni. 2.360) sa½sandanato sad±rapose doso tumh±ka½ natthi, tena utta½ ‘puttad±rassa saªgaho”’ti (khu. p±. 5.6; su. ni. 265) parav±din± vuttekiñc±pi sakav±d² bahussuto na hoti, atha kho r±gasahiteneva akusalena bhavitabbantipaµikkhipati. Sesesupi imin± nayena aññath±pi anur³pato yojetabba½. Ida½ sabba½ upatissatther±dayo±hu. Dhammasiritthero pana “ettha paroti vutto aññanik±yiko, so pana attano sutt±d²niyeva±harati. T±ni sakav±d² attano sutt±dimhi ot±retv± sace sameti gaºh±ti,no ce paµikkhipat²”ti vadati.

Catubbidhavinayakath±vaººan± niµµhit±.