. P±r±jikakaº¹avaººan±

Ganth±rambhavaººan±

Vibhaªge viya bhikkh³na½, vitth±ramabhisaªkhata½;
akatv± bhikkhun²nampi, vakkhe gaºµhipadakkama½.
Yo bhikkhun²na½ vibhaªgo assa, tassa sa½vaººan±kkamo pattoti attho.

Ganth±rambhavaººan± niµµhit±.

1. Paµhamap±r±jikasikkh±padavaººan±

656-7. Tattha tattha µh±nuppattikapaññ± v²ma½s±. Padapaµip±µiy± ev±ti m±tik±padapaµip±µiy± eva. “Vuttanti saªg²tik±na½ upasaªkappan±na½ vibh±jana½ vuttan”ti likhita½.
658. “Ehibhikkhun²ti bhikkhun², t²hi saraºagamanehi upasampann±ti bhikkhun²”tiida½ pana desan±vil±savasena vuttanti eke. Aññabuddhak±le atth²ti eke, ta½ nayutta½ viya dissati amh±kampi buddhak±le sambhavappasaªgato, ehibhikkhuniy± paµisedhach±y±dissanatoca. Yath±ha dhammapade vis±kh±vatthusmi½ (dha. pa. aµµha. 1. vis±kh±vatthu) “tassa c²varad±nassanissandena ima½ mah±lat±pas±dhana½ labhi. Itth²nañhi c²varad±na½ mah±lat±pas±dhanabhaº¹ena matthaka½pappoti, puris±na½ iddhimayapattac²varen±”ti. T²hi saraºagamanehi upasampann±ya pana bhikkhuniy± sambhavo aññabuddhak±le kad±ci siy±, nattheva amh±ka½ buddhak±le. Desan±vil±senapana bhikkhudesan±kkameneva bhikkhuniniddeso vutto, teneva bhikkhusaªghavasena ekato-upasampann±bhikkhuniyo vijjam±n±pi tattha na vutt±. T±sa½ atthit± im±ya pariv±rakath±ya veditabb±–
“Ubho ekato upasampann±,
ubhinna½ hatthato c²vara½ paµiggaºheyya;
siy± ±pattiyo n±n±,
pañh± mes± kusalehi cintit±”ti. (Pari. 479).
Atha v± puthujjanak±le ehibhikkhusaraºagamanena upasampannova itthiliªgap±tubh±vena bhikkhunibh±veµhit± puris³pasampanna½ up±d±ya “ehibhikkhun²”ti, “t²hi saraºagamanehi upasampann±bhikkhun²”ti ca saªkhya½ gacchati. No ce, ta½ vacana½ virujjheyy±ti eke, vic±retv±gahetabba½. “Viññ³ paµibalo”ti dvinna½ avassavabh±vassa ijjhanato vutta½. Ettha yasm±ya½ kiñci ±misa½ paµiggaºhant²na½ aggahatth± puris±na½ hatthehi kad±ci miss²bh±va½gacchanti, vandant±na½ v± puris±na½ sir±ni aggap±dehi missit±ni kad±ci honti,kesacchedanak±le v± sira½ puris±na½ hatthehi missita½ hoti, citta½ n±meta½atiraddhagavesi, durakkhiya½ v±, tasm± “m± atilahu½ p±r±jik±patti bhikkhun²na½ hot³”tibuddh± bhagavanto k±ruññena p±r±jikakkhettapariccheda½, thullaccayakkhettaparicchedañcavisu½ visu½ desesunti veditabba½.
659. Tabbahulanayena s± vutt±ti ettha ayamanugaºµhipadakkamo– yebhuyyena kiriyasamuµµh±natt±“kiriyasamuµµh±nan”ti vutta½. “K±yasa½sagga½ sam±pajjeyy±”ti avatv± pana“s±diyeyy±”ti vuttatt± akiriyatopi samuµµh±t²ti veditabba½. Yath± cettha,eva½ heµµh± “manussitthiy± tayo magge methuna½ dhamma½ paµisevantassa ±patti p±r±jikass±”ti-±din±nayena kiriyasamuµµh±nata½ vatv± tadanantara½ “bhikkhupaccatthik±…pe… so ce pavesana½s±diyati, ±patti p±r±jikass±”ti-±din± (p±r±. 56) nayena akiriyasamuµµh±nat±yapivuttatt± paµhamap±r±jikass±pi tabbahulanayeneva kiriyasamuµµh±nat± veditabb±. Na hipavesanas±diyan±dimhi kiriyasamuµµh±nat± dissati. Aªgaj±tacalanañcettha na s±rato daµµhabba½“so ce pavesana½ na s±diyati, paviµµha½ na s±diyati, µhita½ na s±diyati,uddharaºa½ s±diyati, ±patti p±r±jikass±”ti (p±r±. 58) ettha µhita na s±diyanepakatiy±pi paripuººacalanatt±. S±diyanapaccay± hi sevanacalanañcettha na dissatev±titabbahulanayeneva kiriyasamuµµh±nat± gahetabb±. Tattha tattha aµµhakath±su kasm± tabbahulanayoavuttoti ce? “Yo pana bhikkhu methuna½ dhamma½ paµiseveyy±”ti (p±r±.39, 42) m±tik±ya½ kiriyasamuµµh±nassa sar³pena vuttatt± tadanur³pavasena vibhaªganayamanoloketv±“kiriyasamuµµh±na”micceva vutta½. Yath± cetesu tabbahulanayena kiriyasamuµµh±nat±vutt±, tath± sur±d²na½ akusaleneva p±tabbat±, na itarath± “ya½ akusaleneva ±pajjati,aya½ lokavajj±, ses± paººattivajj±”ti (kaªkh±. aµµha. paµhamap±r±jikavaººan±) vuttelokavajjapaººattivajj±na½ niyamanalakkhaºasiddhi hoti, tath± ta½ avatv± “yass± sacittakapakkhecitta½ akusalameva hoti, aya½ lokavajj±. Ses± paººattivajj±”ti vutte lokavajjavacana½niratthaka½ siy± vatthu-aj±nanapakkhepi akusaleneva p±tabbatt±. Yasm± tattha sur±p±nav²tikkamassaakusalacittupp±do natthi, tasm± khandhakaµµhakath±ya½ (mah±va. aµµha. 108) “majjap±nepana bhikkhuno aj±nitv±pi b²jato paµµh±ya majja½ pivantassa p±cittiya½, s±maºero j±nitv±pivanto s²labheda½ ±pajjati, na aj±nitv±”ti vutta½, na vutta½ “vatthu-aj±nanapakkhep±º±tip±t±d²na½ siddhikara-akusalacittupp±dasadise cittupp±de satipi s±maºeros²labheda½ n±pajjat²”ti. Abhinivesavacana½ p±º±tip±t±d²hi sam±naj±tikatt± s±maºer±na½sur±p±nassa. “Sur±dayo panime”ti vatthu½ j±nitv± p±tabbat±divasena v²tikkamantassaakusalassa asambhavo natthi. Tena vutta½ “yassa sacittakapakkhe”ti-±di.
Kiñcettha yuttivacanena arahant±na½ appavisanato sacittak±cittakapakkhesu akusalaniyamotice? Na, dhammat±vasena sekkh±nampi appavisanato. Acittakapakkhe akusalaniyam±bh±vadassanattha½ supantassa mukhe pakkhittajalabindumiva sur±bindu-±dayo ud±haritabb±ti. Tabbahulanayenahi atthe gahite pubben±para½ aµµhakath±ya sameti. “Saddhi½ p±¼iy± avisesatthoparato ±vi bhavissat²ti apare”ti vutta½. Idamettha vic±retabba½ adi vatthuj±nanapakkhe vin± akusalena majjap±na½ siy±, kasm± n±¼imajjha½ n±tikkamatiariy±na½ p±nak±disaññ²nanti? S²labhedavatthuv²tikkamo vin±pi cittena ariy±na½dhammat±vaseneva na sambhavat²ti ce, na, cakkhup±lattheravatthu (dha. pa. aµµha. 1.1) ±divirodhatoti.Apica bhikkhunopi s±maºerassa viya sur±p±na½ sacittakameva kasm± na j±tanti? Appatir³patt±tice, s±maºer±nampi appatir³pameva. Sahadhammik± eva hi te. Mah±s±vajjatt±ti ce?S±maºer±nampi t±disameva. S±maºer±na½ sacittakameva p±r±jika½, itara½ daº¹akammavatth³tice? Bhikkh³nampi majjap±ne natthi. Ettha tikap±cittiyena na bhavitabba½. Majje amajjasaññissadukkaµ±patti paññ±petabb± siy±. Bhikkhussa p±cittiyavatthu s±maºer±na½ p±r±jika½hoti tiracch±nagatas±maºer±na½ viy±ti ce? Acittakampi majjap±n±d²na½ s±maºer±na½p±r±jika½ paññ±petabba½ siy±. N±cittaka½ p±r±jika½ sambhavat²ti ce? Na,paººattivajjampi p±r±jika½ sambhavat²ti. Nik±yantarapakkhe ayameva doso. Amh±kañhilokavajjameva majjap±nanti. Kasm± panettha sur±p±nameva dhammat±vasena ariy± na karont²ti?Na kevala½ sur±p±nameva dhammat±vasena ariy± na karonti, p±ºesupi kodhavasena p±ºasaññit±yas²sacchedan±d²ni na karonti, sad±rasaññ±ya parad±ra½ na v²tikkamanti, anatthabhañjakasaññ±yaatthabhañjakamus± na vadanti, samm±diµµhisaññ±ya micch±diµµhi½ na paµipajjant²ti veditabb±.¾cariy±pi sur±p±ne akusalaniyam±bh±vameva vadanti, tasm± eva m±tik±µµhakath±ya gaºµhipadelokavajjapaººattivajj±dhik±re “sacittakapakkhe-akusalanti sur±p±n±disaªgahattha½, itarath±yassa akusalamev±ti vadeyy±”ti likhita½. Kiriyasamuµµh±nat± panassa tabbahulanayameva,na paµhamap±r±jike. Katha½? K±yasa½saggasikkh±pada½ paµhamap±r±jikasamuµµh±na½. Etthabhikkhussa ca bhikkhuniy± ca k±yasa½saggabh±ve sati bhikkhun² k±yaªgamacopayam±n±pi cittenevaadhiv±sent² ±pajjati, na eva½ bhikkhu. Bhikkhu pana copayam±nova ±pajjati, evamevapaµhamap±r±jikepi copane sati eva ±pajjati, n±sati. Pavesana½ s±diyat²ti ettha pavesanas±diyana½n±ma sevanacittassupp±dananti, eva½ santepi “v²ma½sitv± gahetabban”ti vutta½.

Paµhamap±r±jikasikkh±padavaººan± niµµhit±.