Up±sakattapaµivedan±kath±vaººan±

15. Kaººasukhato hadayaªgamatoti vacanameva sandh±ya vutta½. Anattukka½sanatoti-±dipuggalavasena, kaººasukhatoti sotindriya½ sandh±ya. ¾p±th±ramaº²yatoti ñ±º±p±th±ramaº²yato.Sayameva heµµh±mukhaj±ta½ v±, maggo pana asoko hoti. Tad± hi soko pah²yam±no.Cariy±di-anuk³lato appaµik³la½. “Madhuramiman”ti vuttatt± “dhammamiman”tivacana½ adhika½ viya dissati. Tasm± “r±gavir±gamiman”ti eva½ visu½ visu½ yojetv±puna piº¹etv± dhammamima½ upeh²ti yojetabba½, “dhammameva saraºatthamupeh²”ti paµhantikir±ti d²peti. Saraºagat±na½ teneva saraºagamanena bhaya½ sant±sa½ duggati½ parikkilesa½dukkha½ hi½sat²ti ratanattaya½ saraºa½ n±ma. Tappas±dataggarut±d²hi vihatakilesotappar±yanat±k±rappavatto cittupp±do saraºagamana½. Ta½samaªg²satto saraºa½ gacchati.Pabhedena pana duvidha½ saraºagamana½ lokuttara½ lokiyanti. Tattha lokuttara½ diµµhasacc±na½maggakkhaºe saraºagamanupakkilesasamucchedena nibb±n±rammaºa½ hutv± kiccato sakalepiratanattaye ijjhati. Lokiya½ puthujjan±na½ saraºagamanupakkilesa½ tadaªgavikkhambhanena ±rammaºatobuddh±diguº±rammaºa½ hutv± ijjhati. Ta½ atthato ratanattaye saddh±paµil±bho saddh±m³lik±ca samm±diµµhi. Lokuttarassa catt±ri s±maññaphal±ni vip±kaphala½, sabbadukkhakkhayo±nisa½saphala½. “Yo ca buddhañca dhammañca…pe… sabbadukkh± pamuccat²”ti (dha.pa. 190-192) hi vutta½. Lokiyassa bhavabhogasampad±. “Ye keci buddha½ saraºa½gat±se”ti (d². ni. 2.332; sa½. ni. 1.37) hi vutta½. Lokiyasaraºagamana½ t²suvatth³su aññ±ºasa½sayamicch±ñ±º±d²hi sa½kilissati, na mah±jutika½ hoti, na mah±vipph±ra½.Lokuttarassa natthi sa½kileso. Lokiyassa s±vajjo anavajjoti duvidho bhedo.Tattha aññasatth±r±d²su attasanniyy±tan±d²hi s±vajjo hoti, so aniµµhaphalo. Anavajjok±lakiriy±ya, so avip±katt± aphalo. Lokuttarassa nevatthi bhedo. Bhavantarepihi ariyas±vako añña½ satth±ra½ na uddisati. Yo koci saraºagato gahaµµho up±sako.Ratanattaya-up±sanato up±sako. Pañca veramaºiyo s²la½. Satthasattama½samajjavisav±ºijj±rahita½dhammena j²vika½ ±j²vo. Vuttas²l±j²vavipatti vipatti n±ma. Vipar²t±sampatti.
16. Lacch±ma nu khoti duggate sandh±ya vutta½. Sakkhiss±ma nukho noti samiddhesandh±ya. Tattha verañj±ya½. Paggayhat²ti patta½ paggaho, tena paggahena patten±tiattho. Sam±d±yev±ti nidassana½. Na ca vaµµat²ti puna p±ka½ kiñc±pivaµµati, tath±pi na suµµhu pakkatt± vutta½, “uttaº¹ulabhatta½ labhitv±pi pidhetu½na vaµµat²”ti aµµhakath±vacanañcettha s±dhaka½. “S±vak±na½ v± sikkh±pada½ paññapess±m²”tiimin± vacanena ±j²vap±risuddhis²la½ sandh±ya “pacch± s²lan”ti vutta½. Up±littheropita½ ta½ vatthu½ paµicca bhagavat± bah³ni sikkh±pad±ni paññatt±ni atth²ti d²peti.Yadi eva½ verañj±ya½ “etassa bhagav± k±lo”ti vacana½ na samet²ti ce? Na, tatopubbe sikkh±pad±bh±vappasaªgato. Thero pana paññatt±ni µhapetv± id±ni paññapetabb±ni p±timokkhuddesappahonak±nisandh±y±ha. Bhagav±pi “na t±va s±riputta satth± s±vak±na½ sikkh±pada½ paññapet²”tibhadd±lisutte (ma. ni. 2.134; ±dayo) viya ekaccesu paññattesupi tato para½paññapetabb±ni sandh±y±ha. Idheva aµµhakath±ya½ “s±mampi pacana½ samaºas±ruppa½ na hotina ca vaµµat²”ti vacanañca, tath± “ratticchedo v± vassacchedo v±”ti-±divacan±ni caatthi. Aññath± “dv²h±k±rehi buddh± bhagavanto bhikkh³ paµipucchant²”ti idheveda½ p±¼iµhapana½virujjhat²ti ±cariyena vic±rita½, ta½ sundara½ pubbepi paññattasikkh±padasambhavato.Kintu idha p±¼iµhapanavirodhavic±raº± pana nippayojan± viya mama dissati. Kasm±? Up±littherenasaªg²tik±le vuttap±µhatt±. Ratticchedoti satt±hakicca½ sandh±ya vutto. “Satt±hakaraº²yenagantv± ratticchedo v± vassacchedo v± ekabhikkhun±pi na kato”ti vutta½ kiramah±-aµµhakath±ya½, tasm± vassacchedassa k±raºe sati satt±hakicca½ k±tu½ vaµµat²tieke. Vinayadhar± pana nicchanti, tasm± aµµhakath±dhipp±yo v²ma½sitabbo, im±ya verañj±ya½appicchat±dipaµipad±ya pasann±. S±l²na½ vikati s±livikati.
17-8. Upapannaphaloti bahuphalo. “Khudda½ madhun”ti p±µho. Thera½ s²han±da½nad±petu½ pucch²ti imin± ±cariyo ya½ pubbe ±º±ya µhit±na½ s±vak±na½mah±nubh±vat±dassana½ “verañj±ya½ niv±sappayojanan”ti amhehi vutta½, ta½ samp±deti,r±jagahe verañj±yañc±ti ubhayattha vitakkupp±de ekato piº¹etv± dassento “athakho ±yasmato s±riputtass±”ti-±dim±ha. K±la½ sandh±ya cira½, µhiti½ sandh±yacir±ti viggaho.
K±ma½ hinoti attano phalanibbattiy± sah±ya½ gacchat²ti kattari hetu, tath±piidha tena karaºabh³tena tassa phala½ hinoti pavattat²ti hetu. Tath± ghaµantiten±ti ghaµo. Kil±sunoti payojan±bh±vena av±vaµ±. Abbokiºº±ni visabh±gehi.¾g±miniy± an±gateti attho. Imesa½yeva noti dassanattha½ “sabbabuddh±na½ h²”tivutta½. Y±vas±sanapariyant±ti y±va buddh± dharanti, t±v±ti attho. Khattiyabr±hmaº±vaucc±, tatth±pi visesa½ dassetu½ “uccan²ca-u¼±ru¼±rabhog±”ti. “Manasi katv±”tipip±µho. Upasamp±dya-upasamp±dya-icceta½ dvaya½ m±gadhe “upasampajj±”ti vuccati. Anup±d±y±ti±rammaºakaraºavasena aggahetv±. ¾saveh²ti kattari tatiy±vibhatti. Citt±n²tipaccattabahuvacana½. Vimucci½s³ti kammak±rake. Vimocit±n²ti adhipp±yoti±cariyo. ¾saveh²ti padañca paccatte karaºavacana½ katv± gaºµhipade attho pak±sito.Yadi ariyamaggena niruddh±na½ ±sav±na½ vasena an±savat±, loke citt±nipi an±sav±siyu½. Na hi niruddh±ni citt±ni ±rammaº±ni karont²ti t±ni aniruddh±savavasenas±sav±n²ti ce. Sot±pannassa maggacitta½ uparimaggavajjh±savavasena s±sava½, avasiµµh±savasamucchindan±nubh±vatt±phal±ni s±sav±ni siyunti? Na, ±savasamucchindan±nubh±v±gataphalatt±. Bhi½sanassakaraºa½ bhi½sanakata½, tasmi½ bhi½sanakatasmi½, bhi½sanakiriy±y±ti attho. Itthiliªga½vipall±sa½ katv± napu½sakaliªga½, purisaliªga½ v± katv±. Nimittattheti ettha–
“Cammani d²pina½ hanti, dantesu hanti kuñjara½;
v±lesu c±mari½ hanti, siªgesu sarabho hato”ti.–

Adhikaraºa½.

20-21. Naciraµµhitikak±raºe kathite ciraµµhitikak±raºa½ atthato vuttapaµipakkhavasenakiñc±pi siddha½, tath±pi ta½ therassa vinayapaññattiy±can±ya ok±sak±raº±dhipp±yatovinayapaññattiy±canok±sa½ p±petu½ puna bhagavanta½ “ko pana, bhante, het³”tipucchi. Bhagav±pi y±cana½ sampaµicchituk±mo by±k±si. “¾savaµµh±n²y± saªghe p±tubhavant²”tipuggalassa saªghapariy±pannatt± vutta½. ¾daratthavasenevettha dvikkhattu½ vuttanti yasm±thero pubbe r±jagahe, sampati verañj±yanti dvikkhattu½ k±ci, tasm± ±darena punappuna½y±cayam±na½ passitv± sayampi bhagav± ±dareneva “±gamehi tva½ s±riputt±”ti ±ha.Teneta½ d²peti “m± tva½ punappuna½ y±c±hi, sampaµicchit±va may± te y±can±, pubbenanutavay±cana½ sampaµicchat±va may± ettake k±le ettak±ni sikkh±pad±ni paññatt±ni, nat±va me s±vak±na½ ±º±p±timokkhuddes±nuj±nanak±lo sampatto, takk±num±navasenatay± ‘etassa bhagav± k±lo’ti punappuna½ niddisiyam±nopi nesa so k±lo, kintutath±gatova tattha k±la½ j±nissat²”ti. Yasm± pana “sikkh±padapaññattik±lato pabhuti±º±p±timokkhameva uddisiyat²”ti vutta½, tasm± p±timokkhuddesappahonakasikkh±padamevasandh±y±ha. “Tatth±ti sikkh±padapaññattiy±can±pekkha½ bhummavacanan”ti ekameva pada½vutta½ tass± siddhiy± itarassa siddhito. “S±vak±na½ visayabh±vanti imin± mah±padumattherav±dopaµikkhitto”ti anugaºµhipade vutta½, ta½ sundara½ viya. Sammukhe garah±.Parammukhe upav±do. “Na, bhikkhave, ³nadasavassena…pe… dukkaµass±”ti (mah±va.75) ida½ sikkh±pada½ bhagav± buddhattena dasavassiko hutv± paññapesi ³nadasavassikassatassa tath± sikkh±padapaññattiy± abh±vato. Na tad± atirekadasavassikova dasavassik±na½rattaññumahattappattito, tasm± ta½ sikkh±pada½ verañj±ya½ vass±v±sato pubbe r±jagaheeva paññattanti siddha½, tasmi½ siddhe siddhameva “y±va na saªgho rattaññumahatta½ pattotivacana½ ito pubbe paµhamay±can±yapi vuttan”ti. Aµµhakath±yampi rattaññumahattappattak±le“dve sikkh±pad±n²”ti gaºanaparicchedavacana½ paµhamay±can±ya vuttavacana½ sandh±ya vutta½.Aññath± rattaññumahattappattak±le dve eva, na aññanti ±pajjati.
“Atha kho ±yasmato s±riputtass±”ti-±dimhi ayam±dito paµµh±ya atthavibh±van±–aya½ kir±yasm± assajittherato paµiladdha½ ekag±th±mattaka½ dhammapariy±ya½ nayasatasahassehivivecento arahatta½ patv± s±vakap±ram²ñ±ºe µhito “aho vata mah±nubh±voya½ saddhammo,yo vin±pi dhammas±min± parammukhato sutamattepi mayha½ mahanta½ guºavisesa½ janesi, s±dhuvat±ya½ saddhammo cira½ tiµµheyy±”ti cintento “katames±na½ nu kho buddh±na½ bhagavant±na½…pe…na ciraµµhitikan”ti tamattha½, k±raºañca attano aggas±vakañ±ºena paµivijjhitv± “s±vak±na½sikkh±pada½ paññattanti-±diciraµµhitik±raºan”ti niµµha½ katv± vinayapaññattiy±canok±sakaraºattha½bhagavanta½ pucchi. Tato pañhassa vissajjane vinayapaññattiy±canok±se sampatte “etassabhagav± k±lo, etassa sugata k±lo”ti vinayapaññatti½ y±ci. Tato bhagav± tass±y±can±ya sampaµicchitabh±va½, “etassa bhagav± k±lo”ti vuttak±lassa ak±lata½, k±lassaca anaññavisayata½ d²pento “±gamehi tvan”ti-±dim±ha, tato bhagav± tassa y±cana½,sattesu k±ruññatañca paµicca “tena kho pana samayena bhikkh³ anupajjh±yak± an±cariyak±anovadiyam±n±”ti-±din± (mah±va. 64) nayena vepullamahattata½ paµicca satth± s±vak±na½upajjh±yavatt±d²ni vinayakamm±ni, tadanur³pasikkh±pad±ni ca paññapesi. Tato anukkamenadv±dasamavassa½ verañj±ya½ vasi. Tad± ca ±yasm± s±riputto satth±r± niddiµµhesu ciraµµhitihet³suj±tesu “navaªgasatthus±sanamahattat± ca sampati j±t±, vinayapaññatti ca bahutar± j±t±,p±timokkhuddeso eveko na t±va s±vak±na½ anuññ±to, so ca parisuddhena saªghena kar²yati.Saªghopi etarahi parisuddho pacchimakassa sot±pannatt±”ti cintetv± p±timokkhuddesa½ anuj±n±petuk±moyattakehi ca sikkh±padehi p±timokkhuddeso anuj±n²yati, tattak±na½ paññattiy±canapubbaªgama½p±timokkhuddesa½ y±canto pubbuppannavitakkas³canapucch±vissajjanakkamavasena y±canok±sesampatte “etassa bhagav± k±lo”ti-±dim±ha.
Tattha “ya½ bhagav± s±vak±na½ sikkh±pada½ paññapeyy±”ti p±timokkhuddesappahonakasikkh±pada½sandh±y±ha, ayamattho bhadd±lisuttena (ma. ni. 2.134 ±dayo) d²petabbo attha hi bah³su sikkh±padesu paññattesu, paññapiyam±nesu ca “na t±va bhadd±li satth±s±vak±na½ sikkh±pada½ paññapet²”ti-±di (ma. ni. 2.145) vutta½ apaññatta½ up±d±ya,tath± idh±pi apaññatta½ sandh±ya vuttanti veditabba½. Parisuddhatt± saªghassa sampati s±vak±na½±º±p±timokkhuddesa½ n±nuj±n±m²ti dassento “nirabbudo”ti-±dim±ha. Nahi parisuddhe saªghe ov±dap±timokkhuddesassa anuddesak±raºa½ atthi, tasmi½ sati ±º±p±timokkhuddes±nuj±nan±dhipp±yato.Tath± ca so tato aµµhanna½vass±na½ accayena anuññ±to. Yath±ha p±timokkhaµhapanakkhandhake(c³¼ava. 386) “na d±n±ha½, bhikkhave, ito para½ uposatha½ kariss±mi…pe… p±timokkha½uddiseyy±th±”ti. Ya½ pana upasampadakkhandhake (mah±va. 129) “tena kho pana samayenabhikkh³ aññatara½ bhikkhu½ upasamp±detv± ekaka½ oh±ya pakkami½su…pe… so tass±methuna½ dhamma½ paµisevitv± cirena agam±s²”ti vatthu ±gata½, ta½ sudinnavatthutoparato uppannampi tattha yath±dhik±ra½ samodh±netu½ vutta½. Tath± tattheva “ubhay±nikho panassa p±timokkh±ni vitth±rena sv±gat±ni hont²”ti-±din± (p±ci. 147; a.ni. 8.52; 10.33) aªg±nipi veditabb±ni. Na hi ±dito eva ubhatop±timokkh±nisiddh±n²ti. Apica ±dito paµµh±ya ayamanukkamo veditabbo, seyyathida½– r±hulakum±reuppanne bodhisatto nikkhamitv± chabbass±ni dukkara½ katv± sattame abhisambuddho, tasmi½eva sa½vacchare kapilavatthu½ gantv± r±hulakum±ra½ pabb±jesi. Ambalaµµhikar±hulov±dasuttaµµhakath±ya½(ma. ni. aµµha. 2.107 ±dayo) “ayañhi ±yasm± sattavassikak±le bhagavanta½ c²varakaººegahetv± ‘d±yajja½ me samaºa dehi, d±yajja½ me samaºa deh²’ti d±yajja½ y±cam±nobhagavat± dhammasen±patis±riputtattherassa niyy±detv± pabb±jito”ti ca vutta½, tasm±r±hulakum±ra½ ±rabbha “anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, t²hi saraºagamanehi s±maºerapabbajjan”ti(mah±va. 105) vuttatt± saraºagaman³pasampad± paµhamavassabbhantare eva paµikkhitt±, ñatticatutthakammavasenaupasampad± anuññ±t±ti paññ±yati. Apica r±hulavatthumhi “na, bhikkhave, ananuññ±tom±t±pit³hi putto pabb±jetabbo, yo pabb±jeyya, ±patti dukkaµass±”ti (mah±va.105) sikkh±pada½ paññatta½, tasm± ito pubbepi sikkh±pad±ni paññatt±n²ti siddha½.