3. Paramparabhojanasikkh±padavaººan±

221. Adhiµµhit±ti niccappavatt±. Badaracuººasakkar±d²hi yojita½ badaras±¼ava½.Kirakammak±ren±ti kirassa kammak±rena.
226. “Vikappetv± gaºh±h²”ti etth±hu por±ºatther± “bhagavato sammukh±avikappetv± gehato nikkhamitv± rathik±ya aññatarassa bhikkhuno santike vikappesi,vikappentena pana ‘mayha½ bhattapacc±sa½ itthann±massa damm²’ti vattabba½, itarena vattabba½‘tassa santaka½ paribhuñja v± yath±paccaya½ v± karoh²”’ti. Pañcasusahadhammikes³tisammukh± µhitassa sahadhammikassa yassa vikappetuk±mo, ta½ sahadhammika½ adisv± gahaµµhassav± santike, sayameva v± “pañcasu sahadhammikesu itthann±massa vikappem²”ti vatv±bhuñjitabbanti eke, eva½ sati thero tasmi½yeva nisinnova tath± v±ca½ nicch±retv±paµiggaºh±t²ti takko dissati. Mah±paccariy±d²su pana parammukh± vikappan±vavutt±, s± “tena h±nanda, vikappetv± gaºh±h²”ti imin± sameti, tath±pi m±tik±µµhakath±ya½(kaªkh±. aµµha. paramparabhojanasikkh±padavaººan±) “tasm± yo bhikkhu pañcasu sahadhammikesu aññatarassa ‘mayha½ bhattapacc±sa½ tuyha½ damm²’ti v± ‘vikappem²’ti v±eva½ sammukh± v± ‘itthann±massa damm²’ti v± ‘vikappem²’ti v± eva½ parammukh± v±”tivacanato sahadhammikassa santike eva vattabba½, na sayamev±ti dissati. Yasm± aya½pacchimanayo por±ºagaºµhipadenapi sameti, tasm± idha m±tik±µµhakath±nus±rena atthoveditabbo. Ettha kiñc±pi “te manuss±…pe… bhojanamada½s³”ti vacanato akappiyanimantana½paññ±yati, tath±pi therassa kukkuccuppattik±raºena bhattena so nimantitoti veditabbo.Aññath± parato “dve tayo nimantane ekato bhuñjat²”ti vacanena, an±pattiv±rena cavirujjhati.
229. Etth±ya½ vic±raº±– “añño manusso patta½ gaºh±ti, na d±tabban”ti vacanatoaparabh±ge akappiyanimantanena natthi payojana½, pubbabh±geyeva akappiyanimantanena payojanantisvepi bhante ±gaccheyy±th±ti ettha katara½ akappiyanimantana½, tasm± adhipp±yocettha pam±ºanti. Na, “piº¹±ya caritv± laddhabhatta½ bhuñjati, ±patt²”ti vacanatoti.Tattha “svepi bhante”ti ettha yath± vacanamatta½ aggahetv± akappiyanimantanakkamena atthogahito, tath± “piº¹±ya caritv±”ti etth±pi antar± akappiyanimantanena laddhabhatta½sandh±ya vuttanti attho gahetabbo. Piº¹±ya hi caranta½ disv± “ettha, bhante, bhatta½gaºhath±”ti dinnampi akappiyanimantanena laddha½ n±ma hoti. Voh±rena pana “piº¹±yacaritv± laddhabhattan”ti vuccati, eva½sampadamida½ daµµhabba½. Aññath± m±tik±µµhakath±ya½“gaºabhojane vuttanayeneva pañcahi bhojanehi nimantitassa…pe… parassa parassa bhojane”tivuttavacanavirodho. Idañhi vacana½ yena paµhama½ nimantito, tato paµhamanimantita½ ±d±yagato parassa parassa nimantanakad±yakassa bhojaneti atthaparid²panato nimantanato laddhabhattassabhojaneyeva ±patt²ti d²peti. “Dve tayo nimantane ekato”ti vacanenapi sameti,aññath± “yena nimantito, tassa bhojanato parassa bhojane”ti ettaka½ vattabba½ siy±,p±¼iya½ v± “nimantanena ekatobhuñjat²”ti ettaka½ vattabba½ siy±. Dutiyanimantanassapaµhamabhojane ±pattippasaªganiv±raºattha½ “yena yen±”ti-±di vutta½. Nimantanapaµip±µiy±bhuñjat²ti p±¼²ti ce? Na, “an±patti niccabhatte”ti-±dip±¼ivirodhato.
Gaºµhipade pana “piº¹±ya caritv± laddhabhatta½ kasm± bhuñjitu½ na labhat²tice? ‘Paramparabhojana½ n±ma pañcanna½ bhojan±na½ aññatarena bhojanena nimantito, ta½ µhapetv±pañcanna½ bhojan±na½ aññatara½ bhojana½ bhuñjati, eta½ paramparabhojana½ n±m±’ti vuttatt±”tilikhita½. Yadi eva½ niccabhatt±dikampi na vaµµat²ti ±pajjat²ti niccabhatt±di odissakantice? Ta½ na, tadaññassa attano dhanena nipphannassa, saªghato laddhassa v± p±to pacanakay±guce ghan± hoti, tass±pi, ekakuµika½ g±ma½ upaniss±ya viharato bhikkh±cariyavasena labhitabbaniccabhattassaca akappiyabh±vappasaªgato. Tattha bhikkh±cariyavasena laddha½ na kappati nimantanak±na½ appas±d±vahanatotice? Na, “pañca bhojan±ni µhapetv± sabbattha an±patt²”ti vacanavirodhato. Kh±dan²yampihi parassa kh±ditv± bhuttatt± nimantanabhojana½ abhuñjanto appas±da½ karoti eva, tasm±appas±d±vaha½ appam±ºa½, tasm± niccabhatt±di odissaka½ na sambhavati. Apica heµµh± vuttanayenasaddhi½ idha vuttanayena sa½sanditv± ya½ ya½ khamati, ta½ ta½ gahetabbanti sabbopi kesañci±cariy±na½ vinicchayo. ¾cariyassa pana vinicchayo ante ±vi bhavissati. “Kh²ra½v± rasa½ v± pivato amissamp²ti adhipp±yo”ti vutta½. Gaºµhipade “heµµh± odanen±missetv±upari tiµµhat²”ti likhita½.
Mah±-up±sakoti gehas±miko. Mah±-aµµhakath±ya½ “±patt²”ti vacanena kurundiya½“vaµµat²”ti vacana½ viruddha½ viya dissati. “Dvinnampi adhipp±yo mah±paccariya½vic±rito”ti likhita½. “C±rittatoti ‘santa½ bhikkhu½ an±pucch±’ti paratovattabbato”ti vutta½. Vac²kamma½ avikappana½. Ettha “mah±-up±sako bhikkh³nimanteti…pe… pacch± laddha½ bhatta½ bhuñjantassa ±patti. Piº¹±ya caritv± laddhabhatta½bhuñjati, ±patt²”ti aµµhakath±ya½ vacanato, “k±lasseva piº¹±ya caritv± bhuñjimh±”tip±¼ito, khandhake “na ca, bhikkhave, aññatra nimantane aññassa bhojjay±gu paribhuñjitabb±,yo paribhuñjeyya, yath±dhammo k±retabbo”ti (mah±va. 283) vacanato ca nimantetv±v± pavedetu animantetv± v±, paµhamagahitanimantanassa bhikkhuno paµhamanimantanabhojanato añña½ya½ kiñci parasantaka½ bhojana½ paramparabhojan±patti½ karoti. Attano santaka½, saªghagaºatoladdha½ v± agahaµµhasantaka½ vaµµati, nimantanato paµhama½ nibaddhatt± pana niccabhatt±di parasantakampivaµµati. Khandhake “na ca bhikkhave…pe… yath±dhammo k±retabbo”ti(mah±va. 283) vacana½ parasantakabhojanavuttaniyamana½. Tato hatthakova no takkoti ±cariyo.

Paramparabhojanasikkh±padavaººan± niµµhit±.