Ganth±rambhakath±vaººan±

Id±ni ass±rambho– tattha yoti aniyamaniddeso, tena visuddhaj±tikulagott±d²na½kilesamalavisuddhiy±, p³j±rahat±ya v± ak±raºata½ dassetv± yo koci imiss± samantap±s±dik±ya±dig±th±ya niddiµµhalokan±thattahetu½ yath±vuttahetum³lena thiratara½ acala½ katv±yath±vuttahetuk±la½ accantameva p³rento avas±ne yath±vuttahetuphala½ samp±detv± yath±vuttahetuphalappayojana½s±dheti, sova paramap³j±rahoti niyameti.
Ett±vat±–
Bhayasammohaduddiµµhi-paº±mo nesa sabbath±;
paññ±pubbaªgamo eso, paº±moti nidassito.
Tatra het³ti atidukkar±ni ti½sap±ramit±saªkh±t±ni puññakamm±ni. T±ni hi accantadukkhenakasirena vacanapath±t²t±nubh±vena mahat± uss±hena kar²yant²ti atidukkar±ni n±ma.Atidukkaratt± eva hi tesa½ atidullabha½ loke anaññas±dh±raºa½ n±thattasaªkh±ta½ phala½phalanti, ta½ tattha hetuphala½; hetum³la½ n±ma yath±vuttassa hetuno nipph±danasamatth±mah±karuº±, s± ±dipaºidh±nato paµµh±ya “mutto mocess±m²”ti-±din± nayena y±vahetuphalappayojan±, t±va abbocchinna½ pavattati. Ya½ sandh±ya vutta½–
“Sak±nan± sagrivar± sas±gar±,
gat± vin±sa½ bahuso vasundhar±;
yugantak±le salil±nal±nile,
na bodhisattassa mah±tap± kuto”ti.
Y±ya samann±gatatt± “namo mah±k±ruºikassa tass±”ti ±ha. Hetuk±la½ n±ma catu-aµµhaso¼asa-asaªkhyeyy±dippabhedok±lo, ya½ sandh±y±ha “kappakoµ²hipi appameyya½ k±lan”ti. Tattha accantasa½yogattheupayogavacana½ veditabba½ “m±sa½ adh²te, divasa½ carat²”ti-±d²su viya. K±mañcaso k±lo asaªkhyeyyavasena pameyyo viññeyyo, tath±pi kappakoµivasena aviññeyyata½sandh±ya “kappakoµ²hipi appameyya½ k±lan”ti ±ha. Tattha k±layat²ti k±lo,khipati viddha½sayati satt±na½ j²vitamiti attho. Kala vikkhepe. Tattha kapp²yati sa½kapp²yatis±sapapabbat±d²hi upam±hi kevala½ sa½kapp²yati, na manussadivasam±sasa½vacchar±digaºan±yagaº²yat²ti kappo. Ekanti-±digaºanapathassa koµibh³tatt± koµi, kapp±na½koµiyo kappakoµiyo T±hipi na pam²yat²ti appameyyo, ta½ appameyya½.Karontoti n±natthatt± dh±t³na½ d±na½ dento, s²la½ rakkhanto, lobhakkhandhato nikkhamanto,attahitaparahit±dibheda½ ta½ ta½ dhamma½ paj±nanto, vividhena v±y±mena ghaµento v±yamanto,ta½ ta½ satt±par±dha½ khamanto, paµiññ±sammutiparamatthasacc±ni sacc±yanto, ta½ ta½ sattahita½adhiµµhahanto, sakalaloka½ mett±yanto, mitt±mitt±dibheda½ pakkhap±ta½ pah±ya ta½ ta½ satta½ajjhupekkhanto c±ti attho. Kheda½ gatoti anantappabheda½ mahanta½ sa½s±radukkha½anubhavanaµµhena gato, sampattotyattho. Sa½s±radukkhañhi s±r²rika½ m±nasikañca sukha½khedayati p±tayat²ti “khedo”ti vuccati. Lokahit±y±ti ida½ yath±vuttahetuphalappayojananidassana½,“sa½s±radukkh±nubhavanak±raºanidassanan”tipi eke–
“‘J±tisa½s±radukkh±na½, gantu½ sakkopi nibbuti½;
ciralliµµhopi sa½s±re, karuº±yeva kevalan’ti.–

Ca vuttan”ti, tamayutta½. Na hi bhagav± lokahit±ya sa½s±radukkhamanubhavati. Na hikassaci dukkh±nubhavana½ lokassa upak±ra½ ±vahati. Eva½ paneta½ dasseti ti½sap±ramit±pabheda½hetu½, p±ramit±phalabh³ta½ n±thattasaªkh±ta½ phalañca. Yath± c±ha “mamañhi, ±nanda, kaly±ºamitta½±gamma j±tidhamm± satt± j±tiy± parimuccant²”ti-±di (sa½. ni. 1.129; 5.2).Tattha bhagav± yath±vuttahet³hi satt±na½ vineyyabh±vanipph±danapaññ±b²j±ni vapi, hetuphalenaparipakkindriyabh±vena parinipphannavineyyabh±ve satte vinayi, sa½s±radukkhato mocay²tiattho. Na eva½ sa½s±radukkhena lokassa upak±ra½ kiñci ak±si, tasm± karontoatidukkar±ni lokahit±y±ti sambandho. Imiss± yojan±ya sabbapaµhamassa bodhisattassauppattik±lato paµµh±ya bodhisattassa n±thattasaªkh±tap±ramit±hetuphal±dhigamo veditabbo.Yo n±thoti hi sambandho adhippeto. Imassa panatthassa–

“Yadeva paµhama½ citta-muppanna½ tava bodhaye;
tva½ tadevassa lokassa, p³jike parivasittha”.–
Iti vacana½ s±dhaka½. Paµhamacittassa p±ramit±bh±vo rukkhassa aªkurato paµµh±ya uppatti-upam±yas±dhetabbo. Etth±ha– “kheda½ gatoti vacana½ niratthaka½ yath±vuttanayenaguºas±dhan±sambhavato”ti? Na, antar± anivattanakabh±vad²panato. Dukkar±ni karontokheda½ gato eva, na antar± kheda½ asahanto nivattat²ti d²peti. Lokadukkh±panayanak±massav± bhagavato attano dukkh±nubhavanasamatthata½ dasseti.
“Yassa kassaci varadossa½, y±v±ha½ sabbasattadukkh±ni;
sabb±ni sabbak±la½ yuga½, padmasseva bujjhantomh²”ti.–

Eva½adhipp±yassa attamattadukkh±nubhavanasamatthat±ya k±yeva kath±ti atisaya½ attha½ dasset²tiattho. Atha v± kheda½ gatoti by±p±ra½ paricaya½ gatotipi attho sambhavati.Kamm±d²su saby±p±ra½ purisa½ disv± santi hi loke vatt±ro “khinnoya½ kamme,khinnoya½ satte”ti-±di. Imiss± yojan±ya n±thoti imin± buddhatt±dhigamasiddha½ koµippatta½n±thabh±va½ patv± µhitak±lo dassitoti veditabbo. Keci “mah±k±ruºikass±tivadanto buddhabh³tass±ti dasset²”ti likhanti, ta½ na sundara½ viya, bodhisattak±lepitabboh±rasabbh±vato. Tasm± so ettaka½ k±la½ dukkar±ni karonto avas±ne dukkarap±ramit±p±rip³riy±t±sa½ phalabh³ta½ n±thabh±va½ patv± lokahit±ya by±p±ra½ gatoti ayamattho nidassitohoti. “Bodhi½ gato”ti vuttepi subyatta½ hetuphala½ dassita½ hoti. Buddhabh±vappattassevaca n±thassa namo kato hoti visesavacanasabbh±vato, na bodhisattassa. Eva½ santepi vinay±dhik±roidh±dhippeto. So ca pabbajitak±lato paµµh±ya y±vamaraºak±l± hoti. Ta½ ativiya paritta½k±la½ lajjino atisukara½ s²lamatta½ ekakassa attano hit±ya attamattadukkh±panayan±dhipp±yenaparip³rento ko n±ma idhalokaparalok±tikkamasukha½ na gaccheyya, nanu bhagav± sakalalokadukkh±panayan±dhipp±yenakappakoµ²hipi appameyya½ k±la½ karonto atidukkaranirass±da½ kheda½ gatotiaññ±padesena guºa½ vaººeti ±cariyo.

Lokahit±y±ti ettha lokiyati ettha dukkhanti loko, luyate v± j±tijar±maraºadukkheh²tiloko, imin± sattaloka½ j±tilokañca saªgaºh±ti. Tasm± tassa sattalokassa idhalokaparalokahita½atikkantaparalok±na½ v± ucchinnalokasamuday±na½ lok±na½ idha j±tilokeok±saloke v± diµµhadhammasukhavih±rasaªkh±tañca hita½ sampiº¹etv± lokassa, lok±na½,loke v± hitanti sar³pekadesekasesa½ katv± “lokahita”miccev±ha. N±thotisabbasatt±na½ ±say±nusayacariy±dhimuttibhed±nur³padhammadesanasamatthat±ya “dhamma½ vo, bhikkhave,desess±mi…pe… ta½ suº±th±”ti (ma. ni. 3.420) eva½ y±canaµµhen±pi n±thatetin±tho. Bhikkh³na½ v²tikkam±nur³pa½ sikkh±padapaññ±panena diµµhadhammikasampar±yik±ya cakaruº±ya upagantv± tapati, suttantavasena v± tesa½ sabbasatt±na½ anusayite kilesekaruº±ya ca paññ±ya ca upagantv± tapati, abhidhammavasena v± te te saªkh±re anicc±dilakkhaºavasenaupaparikkhitv± attano kilese paññ±ya upecca paricchinditv± tapat²ti tapanaµµhen±pin±thateti n±tho. Sadevake loke appaµipuggalatt± kenaci appaµihatadhammadesanatt± paramacittissariyappavattitoca issariyaµµhen±pi n±thateti n±tho. “Dhammiy± kath±ya sandassesi sam±dapesi samuttejesisampaha½ses²”ti (mah±va. 90) vacanato sampaha½sanasaªkh±tena ±s²saµµhena, paºidh±nato paµµh±ya“katha½ n±m±ha½ mutto mocayiss±m²”ti-±din± nayena ±s²saµµhena v± n±thateti n±thotiveditabbo, samm±sambuddho. Cat³hipi n±thaªgehi catuves±rajjacatupaµisambhid±dayo sabbepibuddhaguº± yojetabb±, ativitth±rikabhay± pana na yojit±.
Namoti paramatthato buddhaguºabahum±napabbh±r± cittanati, cittanatippabhav± ca vac²k±yanati.Atthu meti p±µhasesena sambandho. Mah±k±ruºikass±ti ettha sabbasattavisayatt±mahuss±happabhavatt± ca mahat² karuº± mah±karuº±. Tattha paºidh±nato paµµh±ya y±va-anup±disesanibb±napurappaves±niyuttoti mah±k±ruºiko, bhagav±. Ettha ca mah±k±ruºikass±ti imin± yath±vuttahetum³la½dasseti. Nikkaruºo hi paradukkhesu ud±sino buddhatth±ya paºidh±namattampi atibh±riyantimaññanto appameyya½ k±la½ atidukkara½ hetu½ p³retv± n±thattasaªkh±ta½ hetuphalappayojanabh³ta½lokahita½ katha½ karissati. Tasm± sabbaguºam³labh³tatt± mah±karuº±guºameva vaººento“namo mah±k±ruºikass±”ti ±ha. Ett±vat± hetu-anur³pa½ phala½, phal±nur³pohetu, dvinnampi anur³pa½ m³la½, tiººampi anur³pa½ payojananti ayamattho dassitohoti.
Eva½ acchariyapuriso, n±tho n±thaguºe µhito;
namoraho an±thassa, n±tham±nassa sampada½.
Ettha siy± “anekesu bhagavato guºesu vijjam±nesu kasm± ‘mah±k±ruºikass±’tiekameva gahitan”ti? Uccate–
Dosah²nassa satthassa, codan± tu na vijjate;
dosayuttamasatthañca, tasm± codan± apattak±ti.
Na may± codan± kat±, kintu pucch± eva kat±. Apica–
“Phala½ satipi rukkhe¹¹he, na patatyavikampite;
codan± y±’tthu satth±na½, pucchan±tyatthaphala½ mahat±.
“Nabhottu½ kurute samm±, gahitu½ n±¹¹hate ghaµa½;
akkhepe hi kate tadi-cchiss±º±buddhibandhana½.
“Yath± himapado paddho, pabuddho gandhalimpiy±;
bhinnatthaviramasseva½, satthakat±tthalimpiy±”ti.–
Eva½ ceka½–
Samm±pi codan± ta½ khalu, guravo viv±ky± vivaddha;
yatisiss± ±ghaµµit±ti-v±kyen±bhyadhika½ gopaya.
Saravat² ±cera½ kiliµµh±, tadicchissajit±tt±na½;
jayatyatt±nam±cero, sadassasseva s±rath²ti.–
Atroccate–
Yassa hi v±kyasahassa½, v±kye v±kye satañca jivh±;
n±ma½ dasabalaguºapadesa½, vattu½ kappenapi na sakk±.
Yath±
Buddhopi buddhassa bhaºeyya vaººa½,
kappampi ce aññamabh±sam±no;
kh²yetha kappo cirad²ghamantare,
vaººo na kh²yetha tath±gatass±ti. (D². ni. aµµha. 1.304; 3.141; ma. ni. aµµha.2.425; ud±. aµµha. 53; cariy±. aµµha. nid±nakath±)–

Cottatt± na sakk± bhagavata½ guº±namavases±bhidh±tu½.

Apica–
Yath± tva½ satt±na½, dasabala tath± ñ±ºakaruº±;
guºadvanda½ seµµha½, tava guºagaº± n±ma tiguº±ti.–

Sabbaguºaseµµhatt± m³latt± ca ekameva vutta½. Atha v± “chasu as±dh±raºañ±ºesu aññataratt±taggahaºena ses±pi gahit±va sahacaraºalakkhaºen±”ti ca vadanti. Visesato panettha abhidhammassakevala½ paññ±visayatt± abhidhammaµµhakath±rambhe ±cariyena “karuº± viya sattesu, paññ±yassa mahesino”ti paññ±guºo vaººito tesa½ tesa½ satt±na½ ±say±nusayaca-ay±dhimuttibhed±nur³paparicchindanapaññ±ya,sattesu mah±karuº±ya ca adhik±ratt±. Suttantaµµhakath±rambhe “karuº±s²talahadaya½, paññ±pajjotavihatamohataman”tibhagavato ubhopi paññ±karuº±guº± vaººit±. Idha pana vinaye ±say±dinirapekkha½ kevala½karuº±ya p±katikasatten±pi asotabb±raha½ suºanto, apucchitabb±raha½ pucchanto, avattabb±rahañcavadanto sikkh±pada½ paññapes²ti karuº±guºoyeveko vaººitoti veditabbo.