8. Adhiµµh±navikappanavinicchayakath±

44. Adhiµµh±navikappanesu pana– anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, tic²vara½ adhiµµh±tu½ navikappetu½, vassikas±µika½ vass±na½ c±tum±sa½ adhiµµh±tu½ tato para½ vikappetu½,nis²dana½ adhiµµh±tu½ na vikappetu½, paccattharaŗa½ adhiµµh±tu½ na vikappetu½, kaŗ¹uppaµicch±di½y±va ±b±dh± adhiµµh±tu½ tato para½ vikappetu½, mukhapuńchanaco¼a½ adhiµµh±tu½ na vikappetu½,parikkh±raco¼a½ adhiµµh±tu½ na vikappetun”ti (mah±va. 358) vacanato tic²var±diniy±menevaadhiµµhahitv± paribhuńjituka-±mena “ima½ saŖgh±µi½ adhiµµh±m²”ti-±din± n±ma½ vatv±adhiµµh±tabba½. Vikappentena pana n±ma½ aggahetv±va “ima½ c²vara½ tuyha½ vikappem²”ti vatv± vikappetabba½. Tattha (p±r±. aµµha. 2.469) tic²vara½ adhiµµhahantenarajitv± kappabindu½ datv± pam±ŗayuttameva adhiµµh±tabba½. Assa pam±ŗa½ ukkaµµhaparicchedenasugatac²varato ³naka½ vaµµati, l±makaparicchedena saŖgh±µiy± uttar±saŖgassa ca d²ghato muµµhipańcaka½,tiriya½ muµµhittika½ pam±ŗa½ vaµµati. Antarav±sako d²ghaso muµµhipańcako, tiriya½dvihatthopi vaµµati. P±rupanenapi hi sakk± n±bhi½ paµicch±detunti. Vuttappam±ŗatopana atirekańca ³nakańca “parikkh±raco¼akan”ti adhiµµh±tabba½.
Tattha yasm± “dve c²varassa adhiµµh±n± k±yena v± adhiµµheti, v±c±ya v± adhiµµhet²”ti(pari. 322) vutta½, tasm± pur±ŗasaŖgh±µi½ “ima½ saŖgh±µi½ paccuddhar±m²”ti paccuddharitv±nava½ saŖgh±µi½ hatthena gahetv± “ima½ saŖgh±µi½ adhiµµh±m²”ti cittena ±bhoga½ katv±k±yavik±ra½ karontena k±yena adhiµµh±tabb±. Ida½ k±yena adhiµµh±na½, ta½ yena kenacisar²r±vayavena aphusantassa na vaµµati. V±c±ya adhiµµh±ne pana vac²bheda½ katv± v±c±yaadhiµµh±tabb±. Tatra duvidha½ adhiµµh±na½– sace hatthap±se hoti, “ima½ saŖgh±µi½ adhiµµh±m²”tiv±c± bhinditabb±. Atha antogabbhe v± uparip±s±de v± s±mantavih±re v± hoti,µhapitaµµh±na½ sallakkhetv± “eta½ saŖgh±µi½ adhiµµh±m²”ti v±c± bhinditabb±. Esa nayouttar±saŖge antarav±sake ca. N±mamattameva hi viseso, tasm± sabb±ni saŖgh±µi½ uttar±saŖga½antarav±sakanti eva½ attano n±meneva adhiµµh±tabb±ni. Sace adhiµµhahitv± µhapitavatthehisaŖgh±µi-±d²ni karoti, niµµhite rajane ca kappe ca “ima½ paccuddhar±m²”ti paccuddharitv±puna adhiµµh±tabb±ni. Adhiµµhitena pana saddhi½ mahantatarameva dutiyapaµµa½ v± khaŗ¹a½ v± sibbantenapuna adhiµµh±tabba½. Same v± khuddake v± adhiµµh±nakicca½ natthi.
Tic²vara½ pana parikkh±raco¼a½ adhiµµh±tu½ vaµµati, na vaµµat²ti? Mah±padumatthero kir±ha“tic²vara½ tic²varameva adhiµµh±tabba½, sace parikkh±raco¼±dhiµµh±na½ labheyya, udositasikkh±padeparih±ro niratthako bhaveyy±”ti. Eva½ vutte kira avases± bhikkh³ ±ha½su “parikkh±raco¼ampibhagavat±va ‘adhiµµh±tabban’ti vutta½, tasm± vaµµat²”ti. Mah±paccariyampi vutta½“parikkh±raco¼a½ n±ma p±µekka½ nidh±namukhameta½. Tic²vara½ ‘parikkh±raco¼an’ti adhiµµhahitv±paribhuńjitu½ vaµµati, udositasikkh±pade (p±r±. 471 ±dayo) pana tic²vara½ adhiµµhahitv±pariharantassa parih±ro vutto”ti. UbhatovibhaŖgabh±ŗako puŗŗav±likav±s²mah±tissattheropi kir±ha “maya½ pubbe mah±ther±na½ assumh± ‘arańńav±sino bhikkh³rukkhasusir±d²su c²vara½ µhapetv± padh±na½ padahanatth±ya gacchanti, s±mantavih±re dhammassavanatth±yagat±nańca tesa½ s³riye uµµhite s±maŗer± v± daharabhikkh³ v± pattac²vara½ gahetv± gacchanti,tasm± sukhaparibhogattha½ tic²vara½ parikkh±raco¼a½ adhiµµh±tu½ vaµµat²”’ti. Mah±paccariyampivutta½ “pubbe ±rańńik± bhikkh³ abaddhas²m±ya dupparih±ranti tic²vara½ parikkh±raco¼amevaadhiµµhahitv± paribhuńji½s³”ti.
45. Vassikas±µik± anatirittappam±ŗ± n±ma½ gahetv± vuttanayeneva catt±rovassike m±se adhiµµh±tabb±, tato para½ paccuddharitv± vikappetabb±. Vaŗŗabhedamattaratt±pices± vaµµati, dve pana na vaµµanti. Nis²dana½ vuttanayena adhiµµh±tabbameva, tańca kho pam±ŗayutta½ekameva, dve na vaµµanti. Paccattharaŗampi adhiµµh±tabbameva, ta½ pana mahantampi vaµµati,ekampi vaµµati, bah³nipi vaµµanti, n²lampi p²takampi sadasampi pupphadasamp²ti sabbappak±ra½vaµµati. Kaŗ¹uppaµicch±di y±va ±b±dho atthi, t±va pam±ŗik± adhiµµh±tabb±. ¾b±dhev³pasante paccuddharitv± vikappetabb±, ek±va vaµµati. Mukhapuńchanaco¼a½ adhiµµh±tabbameva,y±va eka½ dhov²yati, t±va ańńa½ paribhogatth±ya icchitabbanti dvepi vaµµanti. Aparepana ther± “nidh±namukhameta½, bah³nipi vaµµant²”ti vadanti. Parikkh±raco¼e gaŗan±natthi, yattaka½ icchati, tattaka½ adhiµµh±tabbameva. Thavik±pi pariss±vanampivikappan³pagapacchimac²varappam±ŗa½ “parikkh±raco¼an”ti adhiµµh±tabbameva. Tassa pam±ŗa½d²ghato dve vidatthiyo tiriya½ vidatthi, ta½ pana d²ghato va¹¹hak²hatthappam±ŗa½, vitth±ratotato upa¹¹happam±ŗa½ hoti. Tatr±ya½ p±¼i “anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, ±y±mena aµµhaŖgula½sugataŖgulena caturaŖgulavitthata½ pacchima½ c²vara½ vikappetun”ti (mah±va. 358).Bah³nipi ekato katv± “im±ni c²var±ni parikkh±raco¼±ni adhiµµh±m²”ti adhiµµh±tumpivaµµatiyeva. Bhesajjanavakammam±t±pitu-±d²na½ atth±ya µhapentena anadhiµµhitepi natthi ±patti.Mańcabhisi p²µhabhisi bimbohana½ p±v±ro kojavoti etesu pana sen±sanaparikkh±ratth±yadinnapaccattharaŗe ca adhiµµh±nakicca½ natthiyeva.
Sace pana (p±r±. aµµha. 2.636-38) ń±takapav±ritaµµh±nato sutta½ labhitv± ń±takapav±ritenevatantav±yena ańńena v± m³la½ datv± c²vara½ v±y±peti, v±y±panapaccay± an±patti.Das±h±tikkamanapaccay± pana ±patti½ rakkhantena vikappanupagappam±ŗamatte v²te tanteµhita½yeva adhiµµh±tabba½. Das±h±tikkamena niµµh±piyam±nańhi nissaggiya½ bhaveyy±ti.ѱtak±d²hi tanta½ ±rop±petv± “tumh±ka½, bhante, ida½ c²vara½ gaŗheyy±th±”tiniyy±titepi eseva nayo.
Sace tantav±yo eva½ payojito v± saya½ d±tuk±mo v± hutv± “aha½, bhante, tumh±ka½c²vara½ asukadivase n±ma v±yitv± µhapess±m²”ti vadati, bhikkhu ca tena paricchinnadivasatopaµµh±ya das±ha½ atikk±meti, nissaggiya½ p±cittiya½. Sace pana tantav±yo “aha½tumh±ka½ c²vara½ v±yitv± s±sana½ pesess±m²”ti vatv± tatheva karoti, tena pesitabhikkhupana tassa bhikkhuno na ±roceti, ańńo disv± v± sutv± v± “tumh±ka½, bhante,c²vara½ niµµhitan”ti ±roceti, etassa ±rocana½ na pam±ŗa½. Yad± pana tena pesitoyeva±roceti, tassa vacana½ sutadivasato paµµh±ya das±ha½ atikk±mayato nissaggiya½ p±cittiya½.
Sace tantav±yo “aha½ tumh±ka½ c²vara½ v±yitv± kassaci hatthe pahiŗiss±m²”tivatv± tatheva karoti, c²vara½ gahetv± gatabhikkhu pana attano pariveŗe µhapetv± tassana ±roceti, ańńo koci bhaŗati “api, bhante, adhun± ±bhata½ c²vara½ sundaran”ti.Kuhi½, ±vuso, c²varanti. Itthann±massa hatthe pesitanti. Etassapi vacana½ na pam±ŗa½.Yad± pana so bhikkhu c²vara½ deti, laddhadivasato paµµh±ya das±ha½ atikk±mayato nissaggiya½p±cittiya½. Sace pana v±y±panam³la½ adinna½ hoti, y±va k±kaŗikamattampi avasiµµha½,t±va rakkhati.
46. Adhiµµhitac²vara½ (p±r±. aµµha. 2.469) pana paribhuńjato katha½ adhiµµh±na½ vijahat²ti Ańńassa d±nena acchinditv± gahaŗena viss±sagg±hena h²n±y±vattanena sikkh±paccakkh±nenak±lakiriy±ya liŖgaparivattanena paccuddharaŗena chiddabh±ven±ti imehi navahi k±raŗehivijahati. Tattha purimehi aµµhahi sabbac²var±ni adhiµµh±na½ vijahanti, chiddabh±venapana tic²varasseva sabbaµµhakath±su adhiµµh±navijahana½ vutta½, tańca nakhapiµµhippam±ŗena chiddena.Tattha nakhapiµµhippam±ŗa½ kaniµµhaŖgulinakhavasena veditabba½, chiddańca vinividdhachiddameva. Chiddassahi abbhantare ekatantu cepi acchinno hoti, rakkhati. Tattha saŖgh±µiy± ca uttar±saŖgassaca d²ghantato vidatthippam±ŗassa, tiriyantato aµµhaŖgulappam±ŗassa padesassa orato chidda½ adhiµµh±na½bhindati, antarav±sakassa pana d²ghantato vidatthippam±ŗasseva, tiriyantato caturaŖgulappam±ŗassapadesassa orato chidda½ adhiµµh±na½ bhindati, parato na bhindati, tasm± j±te chidde tic²vara½atirekac²varaµµh±ne tiµµhati, s³cikamma½ katv± puna adhiµµh±tabba½. Yo pana dubbalaµµh±nepaµhama½ agga¼a½ datv± pacch± dubbalaµµh±na½ chinditv± apaneti, adhiµµh±na½ na bhijjati.Maŗ¹alaparivattanepi eseva nayo. Dupaµµassa ekasmi½ paµale chidde v± j±te ga¼ite v±adhiµµh±na½ na bhijjati, khuddaka½ c²vara½ mahanta½ karoti, mahanta½ v± khuddaka½ karoti,adhiµµh±na½ na bhijjati. Ubho koµiyo majjhe karonto sace paµhama½ chinditv± pacch±ghaµeti, adhiµµh±na½ bhijjati. Atha ghaµetv± chindati, na bhijjati. Rajakehi dhov±petv±seta½ k±r±pentassapi adhiµµh±na½ adhiµµh±namev±ti. Aya½ t±va adhiµµh±ne vinicchayo.
47. Vikappane pana dve vikappan± sammukh±vikappan± parammukh±vikappan± ca.Katha½ sammukh±vikappan± hoti? C²var±na½ ekabahubh±va½ sannihit±sannihitabh±vańca ńatv±“ima½ c²varan”ti v± “im±ni c²var±n²”ti v± “eta½ c²varan”ti v± “et±nic²var±n²”ti v± vatv± “tuyha½ vikappem²”ti vattabba½, ayamek± sammukh±vikappan±.Ett±vat± nidhetu½ vaµµati, paribhuńjitu½ pana vissajjetu½ v± adhiµµh±tu½ v± na vaµµati.“Mayha½ santaka½, mayha½ santak±ni paribhuńja v± vissajjehi v± yath±paccaya½ v±karoh²”ti eva½ pana vutte paccuddh±ro n±ma hoti, tato pabhuti paribhog±dayopi vaµµanti.
Aparo nayo– tatheva c²var±na½ ekabahubh±va½ sannihit±sannihitabh±vańca ńatv± tasseva bhikkhunosantike “ima½ c²varan”ti v± “im±ni c²var±n²”ti v± “eta½ c²varan”ti v±“et±ni c²var±n²”ti v± vatv± pańcasu sahadhammikesu ańńatarassa attan± abhirucitassayassa kassaci n±ma½ gahetv± “tissassa bhikkhuno vikappem²”ti v± “tiss±ya bhikkhuniy±,tiss±ya sikkham±n±ya, tissassa s±maŗerassa, tiss±ya s±maŗeriy± vikappem²”ti v± vattabba½, aya½ apar±pi sammukh±vikappan±. Ett±vat± nidhetu½ vaµµati, paribhog±d²supana ekampi na vaµµati. Tena pana bhikkhun± “tissassa bhikkhuno santaka½…pe…tiss±ya s±maŗeriy± santaka½ paribhuńja v± vissajjehi v± yath±paccaya½ v± karoh²”tivutte paccuddh±ro n±ma hoti, tato pabhuti paribhog±dayopi vaµµanti.
Katha½ parammukh±vikappan± hoti? C²var±na½ tatheva ekabahubh±va½ sannihit±sannihitabh±vańcańatv± “ima½ c²varan”ti v± “im±ni c²var±n²”ti v± “eta½ c²varan”ti v±“et±ni c²var±n²”ti v± vatv± “tuyha½ vikappanatth±ya damm²”ti vattabba½.Tena vattabbo “ko te mitto v± sandiµµho v±”ti. Tato itarena purimanayeneva“tisso bhikkh³”ti v±…pe… “tiss± s±maŗer²”ti v± vattabba½. Punatena bhikkhun± “aha½ tissassa bhikkhuno damm²”ti v±…pe… “tiss±ya s±maŗeriy±damm²”ti v± vattabba½, aya½ parammukh±vikappan±. Ett±vat± nidhetu½ vaµµati, paribhog±d²supana ekampi na vaµµati. Tena pana bhikkhun± dutiyasammukh±vikappan±ya½ vuttanayeneva“itthann±massa santaka½ paribhuńja v± vissajjehi v± yath±paccaya½ v± karoh²”ti vuttepaccuddh±ro n±ma hoti, tato pabhuti paribhog±dayopi vaµµanti.