16. “Na, bhikkhave, d±yo ±limpitabbo, yo ±limpeyya, ±patti dukkaµass±”ti (c³¼ava. 283) vacanato vane aggi na d±tabbo. Sace (p±r±. aµµha. 2.190) pana “etthantare yo koci satto marat³”ti aggi½ deti, p±r±jik±nantariyathullaccayap±cittiyavatth³na½ anur³pato p±r±jik±d²ni akusalar±si ca hoti. “Allatiŗavanappatayo ¹ayhant³”ti aggi½ dentassa p±cittiya½, “dabb³pakaraŗ±ni vinassant³”ti aggi½ dentassa dukkaµa½. “Khi¹¹±dhipp±yenapi dukkaµan”ti saŖkhepaµµhakath±ya½ vutta½. “Ya½ kińci allasukkha½ sa-indriy±nindriya½ ¹ayhat³”ti aggi½ dentassa vatthuvasena p±r±jikathullaccayap±cittiyadukkaµ±ni veditabb±ni.
Paµaggid±na½ pana parittakaraŗańca bhagavat± anuńń±ta½, tasm± arańńe vanakammikehi v± dinna½ saya½ v± uµµhita½ aggi½ ±gacchanta½ disv± “tiŗakuµiyo m± vinassant³”ti tassa aggino paµi-aggi½ d±tu½ vaµµati, yena saddhi½ ±gacchanto aggi ekato hutv± nirup±d±no nibb±ti. “Parittampi k±tu½ vaµµat²”ti tiŗakuµik±na½ samant± bh³mitacchana½ parikh±khaŗana½ v±, yath± ±gato aggi up±d±na½ alabhitv± nibb±ti, etańca sabba½ uµµhiteyeva aggismi½ asati anupasampanne sayampi k±tu½ vaµµati. Anuµµhite pana anupasampannehi kappiyavoh±rena k±retabba½, udakena pana nibb±pentehi app±ŗakameva udaka½ ±sińcitabba½.
17. Assaddhesu (p±r±. aµµha. 2.181) micch±diµµhikulesu sakkacca½ paŗ²tabhojana½ labhitv± anupaparikkhitv± neva attan± paribhuńjitabba½, na paresa½ d±tabba½. Visamissampi hi t±ni kul±ni piŗ¹ap±ta½ denti. Yampi ±bhidosika½ bhatta½ v± khajjaka½ v± tato labhati, tampi na paribhuńjitabba½. Apihitavatthumpi hi sappavicchik±d²hi adhisayita½ cha¹¹an²yadhamma½ t±ni kul±ni denti. Gandhahalidd±dimakkhitopi tato piŗ¹ap±to na gahetabbo. Sar²re rogaµµh±n±ni puńchitv± µhapitabhattampi hi t±ni d±tabba½ mańńant²ti.
18. “An±patti, bhikkhave, gopakassa d±ne”ti (p±r±. 156) vutta½. Tattha (p±r±. aµµha. 1.156) katara½ gopakad±na½ vaµµati, katara½ na vaµµati? Mah±sumatthero t±va ±ha “ya½ gopakassa paricchinditv± dinna½ hoti ‘ettaka½ divase divase gaŗh±’ti, tadeva vaµµati, tato uttari na vaµµat²”ti. Mah±padumatthero pan±ha “ki½ gopak±na½ paŗŗa½ ±ropetv± nimittasańńa½ v± katv± dinna½ atthi, etesa½ hatthe vissaµµhakassa ete issar±, tasm± ya½ denti, ta½ bahukampi vaµµat²”ti. Kurundaµµhakath±ya½ pana vutta½ “manuss±na½ ±r±ma½ v± ańńa½ v± phal±phala½ d±rak± rakkhanti, tehi dinna½ vaµµati, ±har±petv± pana na gahetabba½. SaŖghike pana cetiyassa santake ca keŗiy± gahetv± rakkhantasseva d±na½ vaµµati, vetanena rakkhantassa attano bh±gamatta½ vaµµat²”ti. Mah±paccariya½ pana “ya½ gih²na½ ±r±marakkhak± bhikkh³na½ denti, etampi vaµµati. BhikkhusaŖghassa ±r±magopak± ya½ attano bhatiy± khaŗ¹itv± denti, eta½ vaµµati. Yopi upa¹¹h±r±ma½ v± kecideva rukkhe v± bhati½ labhitv± rakkhati, tassapi attano sampattarukkhatoyeva d±tu½ vaµµati, keŗiy± gahetv± rakkhantassa pana sabbampi vaµµat²”ti vutta½. Eta½ pana sabba½ byańjanato n±na½, atthato ekameva, tasm± adhipp±ya½ ńatv± gahetabba½.
Apicettha ayampi vinicchayo veditabbo (p±r±. aµµha. 1.156)– yattha ±v±sik± ±gantuk±na½ na denti, phalav±re ca sampatte ańńesa½ abh±va½ disv± corik±ya attan±va kh±danti, tattha ±gantukehi ghaŗµi½ paharitv± bh±jetv± paribhuńjitu½ vaµµati. Yattha pana ±v±sik± rukkhe rakkhitv± phalav±re sampatte bh±jetv± kh±danti, cat³su paccayesu samm± upanenti, anissar± tattha ±gantuk±. Yepi rukkh± c²varatth±ya niyametv± dinn±, tesupi ±gantuk± anissar±. Esa nayo sesapaccayatth±ya niyametv± dinnepi. Ye pana tath± aniyametv± ±v±sik± ca te rakkhitv± gopetv± corik±ya paribhuńjanti, na tesu ±v±sik±na½ katik±ya µh±tabba½. Ye phalaparibhogatth±ya dinn±, ±v±sik± ca ne rakkhitv± gopetv± samm± upanenti, tesuyeva tesa½ katik±ya µh±tabba½. Mah±paccariya½ pana vutta½ “catunna½ paccay±na½ niyametv± dinna½ theyyacittena paribhuńjanto bhaŗ¹a½ aggh±petv± k±retabbo, paribhogavasena bh±jetv± paribhuńjantassa bhaŗ¹adeyya½. Ya½ panettha sen±sanatth±ya niyamita½, ta½ paribhogavaseneva bh±jetv± paribhuńjantassa thullaccayańca bhaŗ¹adeyyańc±”ti.
Odissa c²varatth±ya dinna½ c²vareyeva upanetabba½. Sace dubbhikkha½ hoti, bhikkh³ piŗ¹ap±tena kilamanti, c²vara½ pana sulabha½, saŖghasuµµhut±ya apalokanakamma½ katv± piŗ¹ap±tepi upanetu½ vaµµati. Sen±sanena gil±napaccayena v± kilamantesu saŖghasuµµhut±ya apalokanakamma½ katv± tadatth±yapi upanetu½ vaµµati. Odissa piŗ¹ap±tatth±ya ca gil±napaccayatth±ya ca dinnepi eseva nayo. Odissa sen±sanatth±ya dinna½ pana garubhaŗ¹a½ hoti, ta½ rakkhitv± gopetv± tadatthameva upanetabba½. Sace pana dubbhikkha½ hoti, bhikkh³ piŗ¹ap±tena na y±penti, ettha r±jarogacorabhay±d²hi ańńattha gacchant±na½ vih±r± palujjanti, t±lan±¼iker±dike vin±senti, sen±sanapaccaya½ pana niss±ya y±petu½ sakk± hoti, evar³pe k±le sen±sana½ vissajjetv±pi sen±sanajagganatth±ya paribhogo bhagavat± anuńń±to. Tasm± eka½ v± dve v± varasen±san±ni µhapetv± itar±ni l±makakoµiy± piŗ¹ap±tatth±ya vissajjetu½ vaµµanti, m³lavatthuccheda½ pana katv± na upanetabba½.
Yo pana ±r±mo catupaccayatth±ya niyametv± dinno, tattha apalokanakamma½ na k±tabba½. Yena paccayena pana ³na½, tadattha½ upanetu½ vaµµati, ±r±mo paµijaggitabbo, vetana½ datv±pi jagg±petu½ vaµµati. Ye pana vetana½ labhitv± ±r±meyeva geha½ katv± vasant± rakkhanti, te ce ±gat±na½ bhikkh³na½ n±¼ikera½ v± t±lapakka½ v± denti, ya½ tesa½ saŖghena anuńń±ta½ hoti “divase divase ettaka½ n±ma kh±dath±”ti, tadeva te d±tu½ labhanti, tato uttari tesa½ dent±nampi gahetu½ na vaµµanti. Yo pana ±r±ma½ keŗiy± gahetv± saŖghassa catupaccayatth±ya kappiyabhaŗ¹ameva deti, aya½ bahukampi d±tu½ labhati. Cetiyassa pad²patth±ya v± khaŗ¹aphullapaµisaŖkharaŗatth±ya v± dinna-±r±mopi jaggitabbo, vetana½ datv±pi jagg±petabbo. Vetanańca panettha cetiyasantakampi saŖghasantakampi d±tu½ vaµµati. Etampi ±r±ma½ vetanena tattheva vasitv± rakkhant±nańca keŗiy± gahetv± kappiyabhaŗ¹ad±yak±nańca tatthaj±takaphalad±na½ vuttanayeneva veditabba½.
19. Dhammikarakkha½ (p±ci. aµµha. 679) y±cantena at²ta½ an±gata½ v± ±rabbha odissa ±cikkhitu½ na vaµµati. At²tańhi ±rabbha atthi odissa ±cikkhan±, atthi anodissa ±cikkhan±, an±gata½ ±rabbhapi atthi odissa ±cikkhan±, atthi anodissa ±cikkhan±. Katha½ at²ta½ ±rabbha odissa ±cikkhan± hoti? Bhikkh³na½ vih±re g±mad±rak± v± dhutt±dayo v± ye keci an±c±ra½ ±caranti, rukkha½ v± chindanti, phal±phala½ v± haranti, parikkh±re v± acchindanti, bhikkhu voh±rike upasaŖkamitv± “amh±ka½ vih±re ida½ n±ma katan”ti vadati. “Ken±”ti vutte “asukena ca asukena c±”ti ±cikkhati. Eva½ at²ta½ ±rabbha odissa ±cikkhan± hoti, s± na vaµµati. Tańce sutv± te voh±rik± tesa½ daŗ¹a½ karonti, sabba½ bhikkhussa g²v± hoti, “daŗ¹a½ gaŗhissant²”ti adhipp±yepi sati g²v±yeva hoti. Sace pana “tassa daŗ¹a½ gaŗhath±”ti vadati, pańcam±sakamatte gahite p±r±jika½ hoti. “Ken±”ti vutte pana “asuken±ti vattu½ amh±ka½ na vaµµati, tumheyeva j±nissatha. Kevalańhi maya½ rakkha½ y±c±ma, ta½ no detha, avahaµabhaŗ¹ańca ±har±peth±”ti vattabba½. Eva½ anodissa ±cikkhan± hoti, s± vaµµati. Eva½ vutte sacepi te voh±rik± k±rake gavesitv± tesa½ daŗ¹a½ karonti, sabbas±pateyyepi gahite bhikkhuno neva g²v±, na ±patti. Parikkh±ra½ harante disv± tesa½ anatthak±mat±ya “coro coro”ti vattumpi na vaµµati. Eva½ vuttepi hi ya½ tesa½ daŗ¹a½ karonti, sabba½ bhikkhuno g²v± hoti. Attano vacanakara½ pana “imin± me parikkh±ro gahito, ta½ ±har±pehi, m± cassa daŗ¹a½ karoh²”ti vattu½ vaµµati. D±sad±s²v±pi-±d²nampi atth±ya a¹¹a½ karonti aya½ akappiya-a¹¹o n±ma, na vaµµati.
Katha½ an±gata½ ±rabbha odissa ±cikkhan± hoti? Vuttanayeneva parehi an±c±r±d²su katesu bhikkhu voh±rike eva½ vadati “amh±ka½ vih±re idańcidańca karonti, rakkha½ no detha ±yati½ akaraŗatth±y±”ti. “Kena eva½ katan”ti vutte ca “asukena ca asukena c±”ti ±cikkhati. Eva½ an±gata½ ±rabbha odissa ±cikkhan± hoti, s±pi na vaµµati. Tesańhi daŗ¹e kate purimanayeneva sabba½ bhikkhussa g²v±, sesa½ purimasadisameva. Sace voh±rik± “bhikkh³na½ vih±re evar³pa½ an±c±ra½ karont±na½ ima½ n±ma daŗ¹a½ karom±”ti bheri½ car±petv± ±ŗ±ya atiµµham±ne pariyesitv± daŗ¹a½ karonti, bhikkhuno neva g²v±, na ±patti. Vih±ras²m±ya rukkh±d²ni chindant±na½ v±sipharasu-±d²ni gahetv± p±s±ŗehi koµµenti, na vaµµati. Sace dh±r± bhijjati, k±r±petv± d±tabb±. Upadh±vitv± tesa½ parikkh±re gaŗhanti, tampi na k±tabba½. Lahuparivattańhi citta½, theyyacetan±ya uppann±ya m³lacchejjampi gaccheyya.
20. Ucc±ra½ v± pass±va½ v± saŖk±ra½ v± vigh±sa½ v± tirokuµµe v± tirop±k±re v± cha¹¹etu½ v± cha¹¹±petu½ v± na vaµµati. Catt±ripi (p±ci. aµµha. 826) vatth³ni ekapayogena cha¹¹entassa ekameva dukkaµa½, p±µekka½ cha¹¹entassa vatthugaŗan±ya dukkaµ±ni. ¾ŗattiyampi eseva nayo. Dantakaµµhacha¹¹anepi dukkaµameva. Oloketv± v± avalańje v± ucc±r±d²ni cha¹¹entassa an±patti. Yampi manuss±na½ upabhogaparibhoga½ ropima½ khetta½ hotu n±¼iker±di-±r±mo v±, tatth±pi yattha katthaci ropimaharitaµµh±ne et±ni vatth³ni cha¹¹etu½ na vaµµati. Cha¹¹entassa purimanayeneva ±pattibhedo veditabbo. Khette v± ±r±me v± nis²ditv± bhuńjam±no ucchu-±d²ni v± kh±dam±no gacchanto ucchiµµhodakacalak±d²ni haritaµµh±ne cha¹¹eti, antamaso udaka½ pivitv± matthakacchinnan±¼ikerampi cha¹¹eti, dukkaµa½. Kasitaµµh±ne nikkhittab²je aŖkure uµµhitepi avuµµhitepi dukkaµameva. Anikkhittab²jesu pana khettakoŗ±d²su v± asańj±taropimesu khettamariy±d±d²su v± cha¹¹etu½ vaµµati, manuss±na½ kacavaracha¹¹anaµµh±nepi vaµµati. Manussesu sassa½ uddharitv± gatesu cha¹¹itakhetta½ n±ma hoti, tattha vaµµati. Yattha pana “l±yitampi pubbaŗŗ±di puna uµµhahissat²”ti rakkhanti, tattha na vaµµati.
21. “Na bhikkhave, nah±yam±nena bhikkhun± rukkhe k±yo uggha½setabbo, yo uggha½seyya, ±patti dukkaµass±”ti (c³¼ava. 243) vacanato nah±yantena (c³¼ava. aµµha. 243 ±dayo) rukkhe v± nah±natitthe nikhanitv± µhapitatthambhe v± iµµhakasil±d±rukuµµ±na½ ańńatarasmi½ kuµµe v± k±yo na gha½setabbo.
“Na, bhikkhave, aµµ±ne nah±yitabba½, yo nah±yeyya, ±patti dukkaµass±”ti (c³¼ava. 243) vacanato aµµ±nepi nah±yitu½ na vaµµati. Aµµ±na½ n±ma rukkha½ phalaka½ viya tacchetv± aµµhapad±k±rena r±jiyo chinditv± nah±natitthe nikhananti, tattha cuŗŗ±ni ±kiritv± manuss± k±ya½ gha½santi.