6. Macchama½savinicchayakath±

38. Macchama½sesu pana macchaggahaŗena sabbampi jalaja½ vutta½. Tattha akappiya½ n±manatthi. Ma½sesu pana manussahatthi-assasunakha-ahis²habyagghad²pi-acchataracch±na½ vasena dasa ma½s±niakappiy±ni. Tattha manussama½se thullaccaya½, sesesu dukkaµa½. Iti imesa½ manuss±d²na½dasanna½ ma½sampi aµµhipi lohitampi cammampi lomampi sabba½ na vaµµati. Vas±su pana ek±manussavas±va na vaµµati. Kh²r±d²su akappiya½ n±ma natthi. Imesu pana akappiyama½sesuaµµhi-±d²su v± ya½ kińci ńatv± v± ańatv± v± kh±dantassa ±pattiyeva. Yad± j±n±ti,tad± desetabb±. “Apucchitv±va kh±diss±m²”ti gaŗhato paµiggahaŗepi dukkaµa½,“pucchitv± kh±diss±m²”ti gaŗhato an±patti. Uddissakata½ pana j±nitv±kh±dantasseva ±patti, pacch± j±nanto ±pattiy± na k±retabbo (mah±va. aµµha. 281).
Tattha (p±r±. aµµha. 2.410) uddissakata½ n±ma bhikkh³na½ atth±ya vadhitv± samp±dita½macchama½sa½. Ubhayampi hi uddissakata½ na vaµµati. Tampi adiµµha½ asuta½ aparisaŖkita½vaµµati. Tikoµiparisuddhańhi macchama½sa½ bhagavat± anuńń±ta½ adiµµha½ asuta½ aparisaŖkita½.Tattha adiµµha½ n±ma bhikkh³na½ atth±ya migamacche vadhitv± gayham±na½ adiµµha½. Asuta½n±ma bhikkh³na½ atth±ya migamacche vadhitv± gahitanti asuta½. AparisaŖkita½ panadiµµhaparisaŖkita½ sutaparisaŖkita½ tadubhayavinimuttaparisaŖkitańca ńatv± tabbipakkhato j±nitabba½.Katha½? Idha bhikkh³ passanti manusse j±lav±gur±dihatthe g±mato v± nikkhamante arańńev± vicarante. Dutiyadivase ca nesa½ ta½ g±ma½ piŗ¹±ya paviµµh±na½ samacchama½sa½ piŗ¹ap±ta½abhiharanti. Te tena diµµhena parisaŖkanti “bhikkh³na½ nu kho atth±ya katan”ti, ida½diµµhaparisaŖkita½, eta½ gahetu½ na vaµµati. Ya½ eva½ aparisaŖkita½, ta½ vaµµati. Sacepana te manuss± “kasm±, bhante, na gaŗhath±”ti pucchitv± tamattha½ sutv± “nayida½,bhante, bhikkh³na½ atth±ya kata½, amhehi attano atth±ya v± r±jayutt±d²na½ v± atth±yakatan”ti vadanti, kappati.
Na heva kho bhikkh³ passanti, apica kho suŗanti “manuss± kira j±lav±gur±dihatth±g±mato v± nikkhamanti, arańńe v± vicarant²”ti. Dutiyadivase ca tesa½ ta½g±ma½ piŗ¹±ya paviµµh±na½ samacchama½sa½ piŗ¹ap±ta½ abhiharanti. Te tena sutena parisaŖkanti“bhikkh³na½ nu kho atth±ya katan”ti, ida½ sutaparisaŖkita½ n±ma, eta½ gahetu½ navaµµati. Ya½ eva½ aparisaŖkita½, ta½ vaµµati. Sace pana te manuss± “kasm±, bhante,na gaŗhath±”ti pucchitv± tamattha½ sutv± “nayida½, bhante, bhikkh³na½ atth±ya kata½,amhehi attano atth±ya v± r±jayutt±d²na½ v± atth±ya katan”ti vadanti, kappati.
Na heva kho pana bhikkh³ passanti na suŗanti, apica kho tesa½ ta½ g±ma½ piŗ¹±ya paviµµh±na½patta½ gahetv± samacchama½sa½ piŗ¹ap±ta½ abhisaŖkharitv± abhiharanti. Te parisaŖkanti “bhikkh³na½nu kho atth±ya katan”ti, ida½ tadubhayavinimuttaparisaŖkita½ n±ma, etampi gahetu½na vaµµati. Ya½ eva½ aparisaŖkita½, ta½ vaµµati. Sace pana te manuss± “kasm±, bhante,na gaŗhath±”ti pucchitv± tamattha½ sutv± “nayida½, bhante, bhikkh³na½ atth±yakata½, amhehi attano atth±ya v± r±jayutt±d²na½ v± atth±ya kata½, pavattama½sa½ v± kappiyamevalabhitv± bhikkh³na½ atth±ya samp±ditan”ti vadanti, kappati. Mat±na½ petakiccatth±yamaŖgal±d²na½ v± atth±ya katepi eseva nayo. Ya½ yańhi bhikkh³na½yeva atth±ya akata½,yattha ca nibbematiko hoti, ta½ sabba½ kappati.
39. Sace pana ekasmi½ vih±re bhikkh³na½ uddissakata½ hoti, te ca attano atth±yakatabh±va½ na j±nanti, ańńe j±nanti. Ye j±nanti, tesa½ na vaµµati, itaresa½ pana vaµµati.Ańńe na j±nanti, teyeva j±nanti, tesa½yeva na vaµµati, ańńesa½ vaµµati. Tepi “amh±ka½atth±ya katan”ti j±nanti, ańńepi “etesa½ atth±ya katan”ti j±nanti, sabbesampina vaµµati. Sabbe na j±nanti, sabbesampi vaµµati. Pańcasu hi sahadhammikesu yassa v±tassa v± atth±ya uddissakata½ sabbesa½ na kappati.
Sace pana koci eka½ bhikkhu½ uddissa p±ŗa½ vadhitv± tassa patta½ p³retv± deti, soca attano atth±ya katabh±va½ j±na½yeva gahetv± ańńassa bhikkhuno deti, so ta½ tassasaddh±ya paribhuńjati, kassa ±patt²ti? Dvinnampi an±patti. Yańhi uddissa kata½,tassa abhuttat±ya an±patti, itarassa aj±nanat±ya. Kappiyama½sassa hi paµiggahaŗe ±pattinatthi, uddissakatańca aj±nitv± bhuttassa pacch± ńatv± ±pattidesan±kicca½ n±ma natthi.Akappiyama½sa½ pana aj±nitv± bhuttena pacch± ńatv±pi ±patti desetabb±. Uddissakatańhińatv± bhuńjatova ±patti, akappiyama½sa½ aj±nitv± bhuńjantassapi ±pattiyeva, tasm±±pattibh²rukena r³pa½ sallakkhentenapi pucchitv±va ma½sa½ paµiggahetabba½. Paribhogak±le“pucchitv± paribhuńjiss±m²”ti v± gahetv± pucchitv±va paribhuńjitabba½. Kasm±?Duvińńeyyatt±. Acchama½sampi hi s³karama½sasadisa½ hoti, d²pima½s±d²ni ca migama½s±disadis±ni,tasm± pucchitv± gahaŗameva vattanti vadanti.

Iti p±¼imuttakavinayavinicchayasaŖgahe

Macchama½savinicchayakath± samatt±.